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Ch. 10 – Word Identification

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Ch. 10 Word Identification Short Vowels Onsets & Rimes Consonant Clusters & Digraphs Long Vowels R-Controlled Vowels Special Vowel Combinations – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch. 10 – Word Identification


1
Ch. 10 Word Identification
  • Short Vowels
  • Onsets Rimes
  • Consonant Clusters Digraphs
  • Long Vowels
  • R-Controlled Vowels
  • Special Vowel Combinations
  • Phonic Generalizations

2
Short Vowels
  • After consonants are taught
  • Before long vowels
  • Most first words are c-v-c

3
Short Vowels
  • How to teach?
  • Direct practice
  • Connected Text Reading
  • Decodable books
  • Reading A-Z

4
(No Transcript)
5
Onsets and Rimes
  • Onsets the part of the syllable that comes
    before the vowel
  • Rimes AKA phonograms or word families
  • Provides strategy for identifying unknown words

6
Onsets and Rimes- Consonant Substitution
7
(No Transcript)
8
Onsets Rimes- Games
  • Tic-Tac-Toe
  • Hink Pinks
  • Make a Crazy Story

9
Make a Crazy Story
  • Mary went for a walk with her cat bat. They sat
    in the park for awhile and played with a small
    tall dog.

10
Consonant ClustersConsonant Diagraphs
11
Clusters Digraphs Activities
  • Word sorts
  • Group-Response Activity
  • She wore braces now her teeth are __
  • He is not weak, he is ___

12
Long Vowel Sounds
  • Easier to learn
  • Sounds like the name
  • Same teaching strategies as Short Vowels
  • Writing

13
R-Controlled Vowels
  • When a vowel is followed by an R
  • Hard to learn
  • Many variations for same sound
  • How to teach?
  • Read stories
  • Matching activity (hands-on)

14
R-controlled Vowels
15
Special Vowel Combos
16
Special Vowel Combinations
  • Dipthong gliding sound
  • Digraph 2 vowels make 1 sound
  • Not taught as separate categories, but fall under
    Special Vowel Combinations
  • Infrequent and/or too many exceptions

17
Important Special Vowel Combinations
  • AU -OI -OY -OO -OU

18
Phonic Generalizations
  • Teach after basics
  • Obviously aids reading fluency
  • Provide opportunities
  • Memorize vs. Internalize

19
Phonic Generalizations
  • Common Vowel
  • Short vowels between 2 consonants
  • 71
  • When 2 vowels are together the first one does the
    talking
  • 34
  • Silent e at the end means a long vowel before
  • 57

20
Phonic Generalizations
  • Can you think of any?

21
Phonic Generalizations
  • Obstacles
  • Prompting
  • Many exceptions to the rules
  • get friend way sew bread
  • Can you think of any?

22
Phonic Generalizations
  • Help with Onsets and Rimes
  • The human brain appears to have greater facility
    for detecting patterns than for applying rules

23
Phonic Myths
  • Direct Practice activities are good enough
  • Middle High School will never get it
  • Its for bright students only
  • Its the only way to teach reading
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