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Chapter 10 Shared Decision Making

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Chapter 10 Shared Decision Making: Empowering Teachers Presented by Lynn Clausen, Maura Rae, & Julie Ebert 12/2/09 Let s start with a video Vroom Model of Shared ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 10 Shared Decision Making


1
Chapter 10 Shared Decision Making
  • Empowering Teachers
  • Presented by Lynn Clausen, Maura Rae, Julie
    Ebert
  • 12/2/09

2
  • Lets start with a video

3
Vroom Model of Shared Decision Making
  • Enhancing Quality Acceptance of Decisions
  • Constraints on Decision Making
  • Decision Making Styles

4
Enhancing the Quality of Decisions
  • Quality Rule
  • Leader Information Rule
  • Trust Rule
  • Problem Structure Rule

5
Enhancing Acceptance of Decisions
  • Acceptance Rule
  • Subordinate/Conflict Rule
  • Subordinate Commitment Rule
  • Subordinate Information Rule

6
Constraints on Decision Making
  • The Time Constraint (Motivation/Time)
  • The Development Constraint (Motivation/Development
    )

7
Decision Making Styles
  • Autocratic
  • Informed Autocratic
  • Individual Consultative
  • Group Consultative
  • Group Agreement

8
Decision Making Trees
  • See pages 360 and 361
  • Jargon filled Flowcharts used to help determine
    teacher involvement in decision making
  • Decision tree for Group Decision Making for
    Teacher Development
  • Decision Tree for Decision making under time
    pressure

9
Hoy Tarter Research on Decision Making
  • Research shows that the effectiveness of teacher
    participation depends upon the problem and the
    situation.
  • The roles and functions of both teachers and
    administrators in decision making need to be
    varied according to the nature of the problem.

10
Pros of Teacher Involvement in Shared Decision
Making
  • Important factor for teacher morale
  • Participation in the process is positively
    related to the teachers satisfaction with the
    profession.
  • Teachers prefer principals who involve them in
    decision making.

11
Cons of Teacher Involvement in Shared Decision
Making
  • Decisions fail because of poor quality of
    decisions or the process.
  • Decisions fail because subordinates dont accept
    the final outcome.
  • Teachers neither expect nor want to be involved
    in every decision.

12
Critical Questions About Involving Teachers
  • Under what conditions?
  • To what extent?
  • How should teachers be involved?
  • What is the administrators role in the process?

13
Hoy Tarter Model of Shared Decision Making
  • Zone of Acceptance
  • Trust and Situations
  • Decision Making Structures
  • Leader Roles

14
Zone of Acceptance
  • The more teachers are going to agree with a
    decision, the less they need and want to be
    involved in making the decision.
  • If a decision lies outside ones zones of
    acceptance, participation will be more effective.

15
Points for the Administrator to Consider
  • The test of relevance Do the subordinates have a
    personal stake in the decision outcomes?
  • The test of expertiseDo they have expertise to
    make a useful contribution to the decision?

16
When is Participation in Decisions Effective?
17
Trust and Situations
  • Trust of subordinates should sometimes moderate
    their involvement when personal goals conflict
    with the organizational goals.

18
Types of Situations
  • Democratic Outside Z of A High Trust
    Extensive Participation
  • Conflictual Outside Z of A Little Trust
    Restricted Participation
  • Noncollaborative Not Relevant to Subordinates
    No Expertise Avoid Involvement
  • Stakeholder Personal Stake Little Expertise
    Limited/Occasional Involvement
  • Expert No Personal Stake Knowledge
    Occasional Participation

19
Decision Making StructuresOnce the
administrator has determined that subordinates
should be involved, the next question becomes how
the process should proceed.
  • Group Consensus
  • Group Majority
  • Group Advisory
  • Individual Advisory
  • Unilateral Decision

20
Five Leadership Roles
  • Integrator consensus builder
  • Parliamentarian protective facilitator
  • Educator explains and discusses
  • Solicitor advice seeker
  • Director decision maker

21
Final Key Points
  • Develop a culture that focuses on the goals of a
    schoolstudents come first.
  • Be authentic with teachers tell it like it is.
  • Develop a culture of trust.
  • Develop teacher expertise.
  • Dont burden teachers with decisions they cant
    or dont want to make.
  • Be aware of groupthink. Sometimes when smart
    people think in unison, poor decisions are likely
    to follow. Nurturing the complaining faculty
    member may seem odd but it is an antidote to
    groupthink.
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