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Parody: an intentional mockery like changing a well-known

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Parody: an intentional mockery like changing a well-known piece of literature Absurdity: an idea is taken to it s logical extreme (e.g. a baby dies of cleanliness). – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Parody: an intentional mockery like changing a well-known


1
Satire
  • Humor for the intellectuals

2
Satire
  • A literary manner which blends humor with
    criticism for the purpose of instruction or the
    improvement of humanity

3
The necessary ingredients
  • Humor
  • Criticism, either general criticism of humanity
    or human nature or specific criticism of an
    individual or group.
  • Some kind of moral voice simply mocking or
    criticism is not satire.
  • Humor Criticism Inspired Reform

4
Audience
  • Actually very conservative
  • Values the general welfare and the public good
  • Audience is reasonably intelligent, educated and
    rational
  • No point in appealing to fools, they wont get it

5
Satire vs. Sarcasm
  • Satire blend of criticism and humor for the
    purposes of
  • CORRECTION OR IMPROVEMENT
  • Sarcasm simple abuse consisting of a series of
    insults

6
Three GOLDEN Satire Questions
  • 1. What institutions, practice, and/or groups are
    being satirized?
  • 2. What method(s) does the author employ in
    constructing his satire?
  • 3.What is the TONE of the satire?

7
1. What institutions, practice, and/or groups are
being satirized?
  • A group of organization
  • Individuals
  • A sort or type of person
  • A social class
  • Social Manners
  • Modern progress
  • Mankind

8
2. What method(s)/devices does the author employ
in constructing his satire?
  • Parody an intentional mockery like changing a
    well-known piece of literature
  • Absurdity an idea is taken to its logical
    extreme (e.g. a baby dies of cleanliness).
  • Irony the tension between what one expects and
    what actually happens (an Olympic swimmer drowns
    in bathtub).
  • Travesty a literary or artistic composition so
    inferior in quality as to be merely a grotesque
    imitation of its model.

9
2. What method(s)/devices does the author employ
in constructing his satire?
  • Exaggeration making things larger or smaller
    than they really are (e.g. caricature in
    political cartoons hyperbole or exaggerated
    language)
  • Lampoon sharp, often virulent satire directed
    against an individual or institution (National
    Lampoons Christmas Vacation)
  • Euphemism a nice way to talk about unpleasant
    things, often by using particular words (e.g.
    passed awaydied)
  • Understatement saying less than is meant

10
2. What method(s)/devices does the author employ
in constructing his satire?
  • Wit or Word Play concentrated language (e.g.
    puns and limericks What do you get when you
    cross a cow and a duck? Milk and Quakers).

11
3. What is the TONE of the satire?
  • Horatian this form aims to correct through
    broad laughter
  • cheerful
  • urbane
  • tongue--in--cheek
  • optimistic
  • warm
  • witty
  • gentle
  • chiding

12
3. What is the TONE of the satire?
  • Lois Lowrys prize-winning childrens book The
    Giver is of Horatian Satire, as is George
    Orwells Animal Farm.
  • These books both have anti-totalitarian messages
    just as does Orwells much heavier and grimmer
    1984.

13
3. What is the TONE of the satire?
  • One of the characteristics of Horatian satire is
    that it includes a higher percentage of humor.
  • Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels is a Horatian
    Satire but his Modest Proposal is Juvenalian
    Satire.
  • The complete title is, A Modest Proposal for
    Preventing the Children of poor People in
    Ireland, from being a Burden to their Parents or
    Country and for making them beneficial to the
    Publick.

14
3. What is the TONE of the satire?
  • A Child will make two Dishes at an Entertainment
    for Friends and when the Family dines alone, the
    fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable Dish
    and seasoned with a little Pepper and Salt, will
    be very good Boiled on the fourth Day, especially
    in Winter.
  • Few people who read Swifts Modest Proposal
    ever forget it. Because it touches such deep
    psychic nerves, it illustrates the satirists
    major tool, which is playing with the emotions of
    readers or listeners.

15
3. What is the TONE of the satire?
  • Juvenalian this form aims to reforms through
    mocking ridicule
  • cutting
  • bitter
  • angry
  • contemptuous
  • grim
  • sardonic
  • harsh
  • indignant

16
Satire POV
  • Formal Direct Satiric voice speaks in first
    person
  • Informal Indirect Character themselves revel
    their folly ridiculousness through their own
    actions, words and thoughts

17
  • Comedian Dennis Millers popular series of
    books, Rants, are an excellent modern example of
    direct satire.

18
The Death of Common Sense
  • You can't get in your car and not run into
    another idiot who pulls into the gas station with
    his fuel tank on the wrong side and then has to
    get instructions from a NASA team at Houston
    Control to figure out how to maneuver his car so
    that the tank is on the correct side. And you
    can't open a paper without reading about a mondo
    idiot who gets hurt or killed at a railroad
    crossing because they had to try and beat the
    train to get home in time to watch Charlene
    Tilton's salute to porcelain clowns on QVC.

19
Reversal
  • When the satirist uses/describes the
  • opposite of what he actually wants
  • to happen in order to make a point
  • When Colbert discusses the Mexican invasion of
    Hollywood, he truly means that he does not mind
    the immigration but comments on the irrational
    fear conservatives have of Hollywood and
    immigrants.

20
Caricature An exaggerated portrayal of the
weaknesses, frailties, or humorous aspects of an
individual or group.
21
  • Caricatures of the presidential candidates by
    Saturday Night Live cast members in 03 year
    actually changed the way that the candidates
    performed in public.

22
Exaggeration The portrayal of something
trivial or unimportant as very important,
usually to emphasize its triviality.
Diminutization the portrayal of something
perceived as important as something
trivial/unimportant to show its unimportance.
Zoolander and the fashion world Weird Als
Amish Paradise The Rape of the Lock (A. Pope)
23
An Excerpt..
  • The Peer now spreads the glittering Forfex wide,
  • T' inclose the Lock now joins it, to divide.
  • Ev'n then, before the fatal Engine clos'd,
  • A wretched Sylph too fondly interpos'd
  • Fate urged the Sheers, and cut the Sylph in
    twain,
  • (But Airy Substance soon unites again)
  • The meeting Points the sacred Hair dissever
  • From the fair Head, for ever and for ever!

24
Utopias Dystopias
  • A technique often used in satirical novels is the
    contrast between utopian and dystopian societies.
  • The author usually introduces what at first
    appears to be a utopian society, but which the
    reader soon realizes is actually grotesque or
    dystopian.

25
Utopianism A criticism of the status quo
through comparison with a superior kind of
society that highlights the weaknesses of ones
own.
  • Utopia, by Sir Thomas Moore
  • Gargantua and Pantegruel
  • Gullivers Travels, Book II

26
Dystopianism A criticism of certain aspects
of society through comparison to an inferior
society that adopts some of these aspects.
  • George Orwells 1984
  • Aldous Huxleys Brave New World
  • Ray Bradburys Fahrenheit 451
  • Kurt Vonneguts Player Piano
  • Gullivers Travels, Book IV
  • Both Dystopianism and Utopianism use contrast
    to make point.

27
  • Both Dystopianism and Utopianism use contrast to
    make point.

28
Lets Examine Satire
  • In the following clips answer the three GOLDEN
    satire questions
  • 1. What institutions, practice, and/or groups are
    being satirized?
  • 2. What method(s) does the author employ in
    constructing his satire?
  • 3.What is the TONE of the satire?

29
American Psyco
  • To Graphic to view.
  • American Psycho is a psychological thriller and
    satirical novel by Bret Easton Ellis, published
    in 1991. The story is told in the first person by
    the protagonist, serial killer and Manhattan
    businessman Patrick Bateman. A man obsessed with
    the best and most expensive. The book's graphic
    violence and sexual content generated a great
    deal of controversy before and after publication.

30
American Psyco
  • In American Psycho, Bret Easton Ellis
    imaginatively explores the incomprehensible
    depths of madness and captures the insanity of
    violence in our time or any other. Patrick
    Bateman moves among the young and trendy in 1980s
    Manhattan. Young, handsome, and well educated,
    Bateman earns his fortune on Wall Street by day
    while spending his nights in ways we cannot begin
    to fathom. Expressing his true self through
    torture and murder, Bateman prefigures an
    apocalyptic horror that no society could bear to
    confront.

31
  • Snowy Conditions Prove to be Dangerous
    http//www.theonion.com/articles/snowy-conditions-
    proving-hazardous-for-nations-idi,18705/
  • Shrek 2 Movie
  • Fans Lucky to be buried with Oprah
    http//www.theonion.com/video/oprah-invites-hundre
    ds-of-lucky-fans-to-be-buried,18443/
  • Jenifer Aniston Adopts a boy http//www.theonion.
    com/video/jennifer-aniston-adopts-33yearold-boyfri
    end-from-a,17768/
  • Boys tragic death by python http//www.theonion.c
    om/video/boys-tragic-death-could-have-happened-to-
    any-famil,17024/
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