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Health and Wellness

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World Health Organization (1948) ... American Indian. or Alaska Native. Hispanic. Age-adjusted percent. 2010 target ... 'old dogs' can learn new tricks! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Health and Wellness


1
Sarah Salituri
Health and Wellness
Jevaris Allen
Craig Bracher
2
Health Wellness Definitions
  • World Health Organization (1948)
  • "Health is a state of complete physical, mental
    and social well-being and not merely the absence
    of disease"
  • and, "Informed opinion and active cooperation on
    the part of the public are of the utmost
    importance in the improvement of the health of
    the people" (Basch, 1990, p. 342).
  • This official statement was responsible for
    launching the total person ideology from which
    most modern models of health are derived.

3
Medical Definitions
  • "A state characterized by anatomic, physiologic
    and psychological integrity ability to perform
    personally valued family, work and community
    roles ability to deal with physical, biologic,
    psychological and social stress..."  (Stokes
    J. J Community Health 1982833-41)

4
Holistic Definitions
  • A state of complete physical, mental and social
    well-being and not merely the absence of disease
    or infirmity" (WHO, 1948)

5
Measures of Individual Health
  • Health
  • Sense of wellness, measures of self-esteem,
    coping, quality of life.
  • Health problems
  • Presence of abnormal signs and symptoms
  • Biochemical / hematological / x-ray
    abnormalities
  • Subjective sense of being unwell

6
Sources of Data - Individual Health/Illness
  • History
  • Physical exam
  • Radiology
  • Biochemistry and hematology
  • Invasive investigations
  • Diagnoses
  • other

7
Healthy Lifestyle
  • "A healthy lifestyle is a set of health-enhancing
    behaviors, shaped by internally consistent
    values, attitudes, beliefs and external social
    and cultural forces"
  • (Joint Committee on Health Education Terminology,
    1991, p. 252).

8
Measures of Population Health
  • Aggregate health status of individuals (e.g.,
    mortality, morbidity, life expectancy, disease
    rates health behaviours)
  • Environmental indicators (e.g., pollution,
    social inequalities, political stability)
  • Community infrastructure and functioning (e.g.,
    availability accessibility of health services)

9
Sources of Data - Population Health/Illness
  • Surveys
  • Physician billing database
  • Hospital discharge abstracts
  • Communicable disease reports
  • Death certificates
  • Disease registries
  • Absences from school or work
  • Product consumption reports

10
Major health problems
  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Mental health and illnesses
  • Cancer
  • Injury
  • Respiratory diseases - asthma, COPD
  • Diabetes, liver disease
  • Infectious diseases
  • Perinatal conditions

11
Wellness Definitions
  • "A process and not a measurable concrete or
    static state of being Wellness . . . is a
    continuous moving toward a greater awareness of
    yourself and the way in which your environment,
    interpersonal relationships, nutrition, fitness,
    stress, and other factors influence you" (Hafen
    et al., 1988, p. 2).

12
Wellness Definitions
  • "The extent to which an individual or group is
    able to realize aspirations and satisfy needs,
    and to change or cope with the environment.
    Health is a resource for everyday life, not the
    objective of living it is a positive concept,
    emphasizing social and personal resources, as
    well as physical capacities."   (Health
    promotion a discussion document.   Copenhagen,
    WHO, 1984.)

13
Six Aspects of Wellness
  • Imagine Wellness as a Six Spoke Wheel
  • If any one spoke is out of balance, the wheel
    will not turn smoothly.
  • EMOTIONAL HEALTH
  • emphasis on awareness/acceptance of feelings
  • positive thinking about one's self and others
  • realistic assessment of abilities and limitations
  • maintenance of satisfying relationships with
    others

14
Emotional well-being Sufficient emotional
support among adults 18 years and older, 2001
People with disabilities
People without disabilities
Age-adjusted percent
Total
Black, Not Hispanic
Asian or Pacific Islander
White, Not Hispanic
American Indian or Alaska Native
Hispanic
15
INTELLECTUAL HEALTH
  • encouragement of creative mental activity
  • expansion of knowledge of self and world
  • avoidance of idle thoughts and boredom

16
SOCIAL HEALTH
  • encourages contribution to the welfare of the
    community
  • meaningful relationships with others
  • family life rich and fulfillingpositive personal
    relationships

17
PHYSICAL HEALTH
  • complete fitness program including CV fitness,
    strength, flexibility, stamina
  • positive nutritional habits
  • positive health habits with drugs and alcohol
  • Safety and risk reduction behavior

18
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19
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
  • work which is satisfying and meaningful
  • work which leads toward self actualization
  • (This dimension is also called vocational health)

20
SPIRITUAL HEALTH
  • a sense of purpose and meaning to life
  • learning how to experience love, joy, and
    fulfillment
  • ones ethics, values, and code of living
    These things may or may not be part of formal
    religion

21
Wellness has to do with the quality of life not
quantity.
  • wellness allows for individual limitations
  • you are allowed to die
  • can you say today "I've had a good life"?

22
You can change!
  • you are not a miniature of your parents
  • "old dogs" can learn new tricks!
  • meaningful change is always difficult,
    controversial, and takes persistence

23
Conclusion
  • wellness stresses self-responsibility
  • education is empowerment
  • you can do more for your health than your doctor
  • you can start a revolution
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