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The Giver Lois Lowry

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The Giver Lois Lowry Mr. Reetz English Concepts 9 The Giver Author Plot Setting Characters Lit Elements Author Lois Lowry Attended University of Maine - majored in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Giver Lois Lowry


1
The GiverLois Lowry
  • Mr. Reetz
  • English Concepts 9

2
The Giver
  • Author
  • Plot
  • Setting
  • Characters
  • Lit Elements

3
Author
  • Lois Lowry
  • Attended University of Maine - majored in
    writing.
  • Didnt start writing professionally until she was
    in her mid-30s
  • Author of over 20 novels
  • Newberry Award winner
  • tackled a number of topics in her literature
    including adoption, mental illness, cancer, the
    Holocaust and futuristic societies.

4
Plot of The Giver
  • Written from the point of view of Jonas, an
    eleven-year-old boy living in a futuristic
    society that has eliminated all pain, fear, war,
    and hatred.
  • The society has eliminated choice, prejudice and
    competition everyone looks and acts the same
  • At age twelve every member of the community is
    assigned a job based on his or her abilities and
    interests.
  • Citizens can apply for and be assigned compatible
    spouses, and each couple is assigned exactly two
    children each.
  • Citizens who break rules or fail to adapt
    properly to the societys codes of behavior are
    released (killed).

5
The Giver - Plot Continued
  • Jonas (protagonist) lives with his father, a
    Nurturer of new children, his mother, who works
    at the Department of Justice, and his
    seven-year-old sister Lily.
  • Jonas is 12 and attends the Ceremony of the 12
    to receive his career.
  • Jonas is given the highly honored Assignment of
    Receiver of Memory - the sole keeper of the
    communitys collective memory.

6
Setting
  • A perfect community that is part of a larger
    perfect society, presumably on Earth
  • Story takes place during an unspecified time in
    the future

7
Characters
  • Jonas
  • Eleven-year-old protagonist of The Giver
  • Sensitive and intelligent, with strange powers of
    perception, Jonas is chosen to be the new
    Receiver of Memory for his community
  • Awareness of strong emotions, beautiful colors,
    and great suffering makes him extremely
    passionate about the world

8
The Giver 
  • The old man known in the community as the
    Receiver of Memory.
  • Uses his wisdom to help the Committee of Elders
    make important decisions
  • Haunted by memories of suffering and pain for her
    carries the memories for an entire community of
    people
  • Excellent Teacher and mentor

9
Jonass Father Jonass mother
  • mild-mannered, tenderhearted Nurturer who works
    with infants
  • very sweet with his two children.
  • He enjoys his job and takes it very seriously
  • constantly trying to nurture children who will
    stay alive until the Ceremony of Names.
  • practical, pleasant woman with an important
    position at the Department of Justice.
  • Wants to help people who break rules see the
    error of their ways

10
Lilly Gabriel
  • Jonass seven-year-old sister.
  • She is a chatterbox and does not know when to
    keep quiet
  • extremely practical and well-informed for a
    little girl.
  • New child that Jonass family cares for at night
  • sweet and adorable during the day, but has
    trouble sleeping at night unless Jonas puts him
    to sleep with some memories
  • He and Jonas become very close

11
Asher Fiona
  • Jonass best friend
  • Fun-loving, hasty boy who usually speaks too
    fast, mixing up his words to the exasperation of
    his teachers
  • Assigned the position of Assistant Director of
    Recreation.
  • Another of Jonass friends.
  • She has red hair, which only Jonas can see, and
    works as a Caretaker in the House of the Old.
  • She is mild-mannered and patient.
  • Jonass first sexual stirrings come in the form
    of an erotic dream about Fiona.

12
Larissa The Chief Elder
  • A woman living in the House of the Old.
  • Jonas shares pleasant conversation with her while
    he gives her a bath during his volunteer hours.
  • Like many inhabitants of the House of the Old,
    she enjoys gossip and looks forward to her
    release
  • The elected leader of Jonass community.
  • She shows genuine affection for all of the
    children at the Ceremony of Twelve, knowing of
    their names and an anecdote about each one.

13
ThemesThe fundamental and often universal ideas
explored in a literary work.
  • The Importance of Memory
  • The community in The Giver eliminated all pain
    from their lives.
  • They had to give up the memories of their
    societys collective experiences.
  • Not only did this allow them to forget all of the
    pain that had been suffered throughout human
    history, it also prevented members of the society
    from wanting to engage in activities and
    relationships that could result in conflict and
    suffering
  • Eliminated any nostalgia for the things the
    community gave up in order to live in total peace
    and harmony.

14
Themes
  • The Importance of the Individual
  • At the Ceremony of Twelve, the community
    celebrates the differences between the
    twelve-year-old children for the first time in
    their lives.
  • The novel encourages readers to celebrate
    differences instead of disparaging them or
    pretending they do not exist.

15
Symbols
  • The New child Gabriel
  • symbol of hope and of starting over
  • The River
  • symbolizes escape from the confines
  • of the community

16
The Sled
  • The first memory Jonas receives from the Giver,
    symbolizes the journey Jonas takes during his
    training and the discoveries he makes. It is red,
    a color that symbolizes the new, vital world of
    feelings and ideas that Jonas discovers.
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