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Christianity and Medieval Society

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Title: Christianity and Medieval Society


1
Christianity medieval society
  • By Brianna Davis

2
The Church Shapes Politics and Society
  • Clergy- The church officials. Clergy were
    important as they led the church and the church
    shaped society.
  • Society- Everything took place at the church,
    people made journeys to religious locations.
  • Politics- Church officials often become
    political advisors to local rulers, the politics
    expands culture and influences people to do
    different things.

3
Monks and Friars


4
The Monks of Cluny
  • Religious Order- The monks of Cluny, France
    established a new religious order. They dedicated
    their lives to a religion with common rules.
    Other new orders followed.
  • Living Apart from Society- Most monks lived
    apart from society, but two new religious orders
    developed for those who wanted to live and teach
    among people.

5
Friars
  • Francis of Assisi created Franciscan order.
  • Friars were religious people who lived for God.
  • These Friars could have no wordily possessions.
  • They lived alongside the people of towns.

6
Universities are Built
7
Thomas Aquinas
  • Philosopher who showed how religious faith and
    reason could co-exist.
  • Natural Law- Thomas Aquinass concept that God
    created a law that governed how the world
    operated.

8
Universities
  • During the middle ages they began to start
    education and began Christian education
  • Religion, law, medicine and philosophy were
    taught.
  • Europes first universities were built by the
    church.

9
The Church and the Arts
10
Religious Architecture
  • Gothic Cathedral Churches were towering works of
    great majesty and glory.
  • They were much taller than the other churches.
  • They had huge windows of stained glass letting
    the sunlight pour in filling the church with
    dazzling colors.
  • People continue to worship in churches like
    these and admire their beauty.

11
Religious Art
  • Churches were filled with beautiful objects
    created to show respect for God.
  • Almost everything was decorated with things to
    make the churches beautiful
  • Their spires, high ceilings and colorful stained
    glass windows are all designed to bring people
    closer to God.

12
The Hundred Year War
13
Course of War
  • French king dies with no heirs.
  • Two men ended up claiming the throne.
  • When the English tried to take control of
    Frances throne, the war started.

14
Joan of Arc
  • Joan of Arc was a girl who rallied the French
    troops and turned the tide of the hundred year
    war.
  • Joan of Arc was caught and killed by the
    English, but even after killing Joan the French
    won the war.

15
Results of War
16
Results of the war
  • Charges in England- The war in England increased
    the power of the Parliament because the king
    needed the parliaments approval to raise money
    to pay for the war.
  • Changes in France- In France the kings power
    grew after the war.
  • Democracy in France will have to wait.

17
The Black Death
18
The Black Death
  • The black death came from central and Eastern
    Asia and happened in Europe from 1347-1351.
  • It came from the traders that unknowingly
    brought rats carrying the disease in the ports.
  • It spread by the fleas that fed on infected rats
    that passed the plague to people.

19
Effect on Manor Life and Feudalism/ How Many Died
From the Black Death
  • 25 million people, that is what the historians
    think Black Death killed.
  • The effect on manor life that was already
    weakened by the growth of cities, became weaker
    and collapsed.

20
What Happened to the Black Death
  • People became immune to the Black Death, the
    plague survivors found their skills in demand and
    charged more for their labor.

21
Magna Carta Causes changes in
England
22
Magna Carta
  • The Magna Carta is latin for Great Charter. It
    set down rights which became part of English law
    and which are now the foundation of the
    constitution of all countries which speak English.

23
Who Demanded this agreement?
  • The Nobles demanded this agreement.

24
Effects of Magna Carta
  • The Magna Carta led to more changes. Faced with
    war and financial troubles the king turned to a
    council of nobels for advice and money, which led
    to a parlament.

25
What Were The Affects of Magna
Carta
  • The magna carta was a list of rights the king
    could not ignore. He had to obey the laws and
    could not make unfair choices or could not
    disobey the rules because he wanted to.

26
Three Demands
  1. Everyone had to obey the magna carta, even the
    king.
  2. Nobody can go to jail without a good reason.
  3. No sheriff, royal official, or other person
    shall take horses or carts for transport from any
    free man, without his consent.

27
Why are the 3 rules important?
  1. Everyone had to obey the rules so everyone would
    be equal.
  2. So they couldnt go to jail for nothing.
  3. So people cant steal things that aren't theirs.

28
Changes After Magna Carta
29
What did Magna Carta Inspire the
Noble to do?
  • The magna carta inspired the nobles to create a
    parliament.

30
Parliament
  • A lawmaking body that governs England

31
How Did the King Limit Magna
Carta?
  • The King limited the magna carta by only applying
    the rights to the nobles.

32
My Magna Carta
  • Three demands that I would seek in creating my
    own Magna Carta for our class is..
  • Everyone should be treated equal.
  • Everyone should be allowed to have their
    opinions in things.
  • Nobody should take other peoples things.
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