Human Anatomy & Physiology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Human Anatomy & Physiology PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3d3996-MmFiM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Description:

... embryology cytology histology Physiology Study of the function of body parts cell physiology pathophysiology exercise physiology immunology Body Systems ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:55
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 28
Provided by: highlands5
Learn more at: http://www.highlands.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Human Anatomy & Physiology


1
Human Anatomy Physiology
  • Instructor Jeff Hargett
  • Biology 2121

2
Important Information
  • Email jhargett_at_floyd.edu
  • Background
  • Full-Time Experience 28 years (Rome High)
  • Part-Time Experience 12 years (Floyd College)
  • Syllabus On the web at http//www.floyd.edu/aca
    demics/divisions/smpe/biology/jhargett/hargett.htm

3
Introduction Anatomy
  • Study of the structure of living organisms
  • surface anatomy
  • gross anatomy
  • embryology
  • cytology
  • histology

4
Physiology
  • Study of the function of body parts
  • cell physiology
  • pathophysiology
  • exercise physiology
  • immunology

5
Body Systems
  • Integumentary system- external support and
    protection of the body
  • Skeletal system - internal support and flexible
    framework for body movement
  • Muscular system - production of body movement and
    body heat
  • Respiratory system- gas exchange between
    environment and blood

6
  • Nervous system- controls and regulates all other
    systems of the body
  • Circulatory - transport of nutrients to body
    cells and waste products away from cells
  • Lymphatic system- body immunity and absorption of
    fats
  • Endocrine system- secretion of hormones

7
  • Urinary system - blood filtration and waste
    removal
  • Digestive system- breakdown and absorption of
    food
  • Reproductive system - production of egg and sperm
    as well as secretion of the sex hormones

8
Organization of Life
  • Structural Levels
  • chemical
  • cellular
  • tissue
  • organs
  • organ systems

9
What is Life?Characteristics of Life
  • Movement
  • Growth
  • Differentiation
  • Reproduction
  • Homeostasis
  • Organization
  • Metabolism
  • catabolism
  • anabolism
  • Responsiveness

10
Homeostasis
  • Constancy Within Narrow Limits

11
Feedback Loops
  • Negative feedback systems
  • reverses original stimulus
  • helps stabilize situation
  • Positive feedback systems
  • enhancement of original stimulus
  • amplify/reinforce change

12
Anatomical Terminology
  • Antatomical Position
  • Regional Terms
  • Axial
  • Appendicular

13
Body Planes
  • Sagittal
  • Midsagittal (Median)
  • Parasagittal
  • Frontal (Coronal)
  • Transverse (Cross Section)
  • Oblique

14
(No Transcript)
15
Body Cavities
  • Dorsal
  • Cranial
  • Vertebral (Spinal)
  • Ventral
  • Thoracic
  • Right Left Pleural
  • Mediastinum (Pericardial)
  • Abdominopelvic

16
(No Transcript)
17
Abdominopelvic Subdivisions
  • Abdominal
  • Pelvic
  • Quadrants
  • Regions
  • Epigastric
  • Umbilical
  • Hypogastric
  • Right Left Hypochondriac
  • Right Left Lumbar
  • Right Left Iliac (inguinal)

18
(No Transcript)
19
Directional Terminology
  • Superior / Inferior
  • Anterior (ventral) / Posterior (dorsal)
  • Medial / Lateral / Intermediate
  • Proximal / Distal
  • Superficial / Deep

20
Regional Terms
  • Abdominal - anterior torso below
    diaphragm
  • Antebrachium - forearm
  • Antecubital - Depressed area in front of
    elbow

21
  • Arm - upper extremity between shoulder and
    elbow
  • Axillary - armpit
  • Brachial - arm
  • Buccal - mouth
  • Carpal - wrist
  • Cephalic - head
  • Cervical - neck

22
  • Costal - ribs
  • Cranial - skull
  • Crural - leg
  • Cubital - elbow
  • Cutaneous - skin
  • Digital - fingers or toes
  • Dorsum or dorsal - back

23
  • Epigastric - upper middle area of abdomen
  • Facial - face
  • Femoral - thigh
  • Frontal - forehead
  • Forearm - upper extremity between elbow and
    wrist
  • Gluteal - buttocks

24
  • Groin - root of thigh between torso and leg
  • Inguinal - groin
  • Leg - Lower extremity between knee and
    ankle
  • Lumbar - Lower back
  • Mammary - breast

25
  • Mastoid - Area of skull below and behind
    ear
  • Occipital - Back of lower skull
  • Palmar - Palm of hand
  • Pectoral - chest
  • Pedal - foot
  • Pelvic - lower torso

26
  • Perineal - area between anus and genitals
  • Precordial - chest area over heart
  • Plantar - sole of foot
  • Popliteal - behind knee
  • Supraclavicular - above collar bone
  • Tarsal - ankle

27
  • Temporal - side of skull
  • Thoracic - chest
  • Umbilical - area around umbilicus (navel)
  • Volar - palm or sole
About PowerShow.com