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Ship and Port Security: IMO Perspective

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UNCTAD 2003 Ship and Port Security: IMO Perspective Chris Trelawny Senior Technical Officer, Navigational Safety & Maritime Security Section Achille Lauro October ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ship and Port Security: IMO Perspective


1
Ship and Port Security IMO Perspective
UNCTAD 2003
  • Chris Trelawny
  • Senior Technical Officer,
  • Navigational Safety Maritime Security Section

2
(No Transcript)
3
IMO SAFE, SECURE AND EFFICIENT SHIPPING ON
CLEAN OCEANS
4
Achille Lauro October 1985
5
History
  • Resolution A.584(14) - 1985
  • MSC/Circ.443 - 1986

6
History
  • SUA Convention and Protocol - 1988

7
USS Cole October 2000
8
11 September 2001
9
History
  • Resolution A.924(22) - 2001

10
Limburg October 2002
11
Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002
  • Conference resolution 1
  • SOLAS Chapter V
  • SOLAS Chapter XI-1
  • SOLAS Chapter XI-2

12
Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002
  • Conference resolution 2
  • International Ship
  • Port Facility Security Code
  • (ISPS Code)
  • Part A Mandatory
  • Part B - Recommendatory

13
Rationale
  • -- Risk management activity
  • - Appropriate security measures
  • - Risk assessment
  • - ISPS Code standard framework
  • evaluating risk
  • change threat level
  • change vulnerability of ships/port facility
  • Functional security requirements for ships and
    port facilities

14
Responsibilities of Governments (1)
  • Determination of Port Facilities
  • Designated Authorities
  • Recognised Security Organizations
  • (RSOs)

15
Responsibilities of Governments (2)
  • Three security levels
  • Security Level 1, normal at which ships and port
    facilities normally operate
  • Security Level 2, heightened applying as long
    as there is a heightened risk of a security
    incident
  • Security Level 3, exceptional applying for the
    period of time when there is the probable or
    imminent risk of a security incident

16
Responsibilities of Governments (3)
  • Port state control
  • Additional control measures

17
Responsibilities of Governments (4)
  • Port Facility Security Assessment
  • Approval of security plans
  • Communication of information

18
Responsibilities of Governments (5)
  • Verification and certification for ships
  • International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC)
  • Seafarer identification document

19
Responsibilities of CSO/SSO
  • Company security officer (CSO)
  • Ship security officer (SSO)
  • Ship security assessment (SSA)
  • Ship security plan(s) (SSP)
  • Mandatory requirements

20
Responsibilities of PFSO (1)
  • Port facility security assessment (PFSA)
  • Port facility security officer (PFSO)
  • Port facility security plan(s) (PFSP)

21
Responsibilities of PFSO (2)
  • Operational and physical security measures
  • Respond to security level
  • Declaration of security (DoS)
  • Training

22
Why SOLAS ?
  • Adaptability
  • Speed

23
Will the ISPS Code work ?
24
Will the ISPS Code work ?
  • Consider the wider picture
  • Government responsibility
  • National legislation and programmes
  • Co-ordinated response
  • Threat assessment
  • Training and guidance

25
Future Work Programme
26
Future Work Programme (1)
  • Long-range identification/tracking
  • Functional requirements
  • Carriage requirements
  • Co-operation between IMO/WCO
  • Co-operation between IMO/ILO
  • - Seafarer ID
  • - Joint ILO/IMO WG on Port Security

27
Future Work Programme (2)
  • - Model courses for CSO, SSO and PFSO
  • Review of resolutions A.787 and A.882 (Port State
    Control)
  • Guidance on control and compliance

28
Future Work Programme (3)
  • - Review of facilitation aspects
  • - FAL Forms
  • - EDI
  • - Review of resolution A.872 - Illicit drugs

29
Future Work Programme (4)
  • - Further guidance on uniform and consistent
    implementation of SOLAS XI-2 and ISPS

30
Co-operation IMO / WCO
31
Co-operation IMO / WCO
  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
  • Integrity of the multi-modal transport chain
  • Container examination
  • Container sealing
  • Ship/port interface
  • Exchange of information
  • Project activities
  • Reciprocal representation

32
Co-operation IMO / WCO
  • Letter from IMO to WCO
  • - Comprehensive data exchange on CTUs (including
    EDI)
  • Effective exchange of data between authorities
  • Establishing criteria to identify high risk
    movements
  • Pre-screening of high risk movements
  • Extending use of modern security technology

33
Co-operation IMO / WCO
  • Letter from IMO to WCO
  • - Co-operation on security issues
  • Control criteria for "empty" CTUs
  • Consider the value of "trusted agents and
    shippers
  • Balance between mandatory and voluntary measures
  • Balance between security and facilitation

34
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