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The Catholic Mass

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Liturgy of the Word Liturgy of the Word Alleluia! The Gospel Reading Profession of Faith General Intercessions IMPORTANT VOCABULARY! Liturgy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Catholic Mass


1
The Catholic Mass
2
Mass is Based On Jesus Last Supper
3
IMPORTANT VOCABULARY!
  • Priest An ordained minister in the Catholic
    Church who has the authority to oversee the
    celebration of certain sacraments (including the
    Eucharist)
  • Rite A religious ritual
  • Congregation A group of people who are assembled
    for religious worship
  • Liturgy The official ritual worship of the Church

4
Parts of the Mass
  • There are two main parts of the Mass
  • The Liturgy of the Word
  • The part of the Mass when we read Scripture
  • The Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • The part of the Mass when we receive the body and
    blood of Christ.

5
Parts of the Mass
  • These two main parts are framed by two other
    rites
  • The Gathering Rites
  • The Concluding Rite

6
Parts of the Mass
  • Which means that there are 4 parts altogether

Liturgy of the Word
Liturgy of the Eucharist
2
3
4
1
Gathering Rites
Concluding Rite
7
The GATHERING Rites
  • Entrance Procession The priest enters the Church
    from the back, reverencing the altar (everyone
    bows the priest kisses the altar). The
    Congregation stands and remains standing
    throughout the gathering rites.
  • Greeting (the priest says a few words)
  • Penitential Rite
  • Sometimes we say the Confiteor (I confess to
    Almighty God)
  • We always say the Kyrie (Lord, have mercy)

8
  • After the Gloria (which is a hymn of praise to
    God) the Priest leads the congregation in an
    Opening Prayer by saying, Let us pray
  • This is followed by a brief period of silence,
    followed by an Opening Prayer recited by the
    Priest (this prayer is different at every Mass).
  • After the Opening Prayer, everybody sits.
  • The Opening Prayer leads us directly into the
    first MAJOR part of the Massthe Liturgy of the
    Word.

9
IMPORTANT VOCABULARY!
  • Old Testament Also called the Hebrew
    Scriptures. The stories of the Jewish people
    (remember, Jesus was Jewish, and so these stories
    are very important for Christians as well).
  • Psalms Poetic prayers that are part of the Old
    Testament.
  • New Testament The Christian Scriptures,
    including stories about Jesus life, the letters
    of St. Paul, etc.
  • Gospel The stories about Jesus life, death and
    resurrection that are part of the New Testament.

10
Liturgy of the Word
  • During a typical Sunday Mass there are 3
    readings.
  • The first reading comes from the Old Testament.
  • Reflects the continuity between Israel and Jesus,
    who came to fulfill the promises made by God to
    Israel.
  • Following the first reading, there is a
    Responsorial Psalm, typically set to music.

11
Liturgy of the Word
  • The second reading is from the New Testament.
  • Usually from one of the epistles (letters) in the
    New Testament.
  • Response to both the first and second readings
    Thanks be to God
  • After the second reading, we STAND and sing
    Alleluia! It heralds (or welcomes) the Gospel
    reading, which comes next.

12
Alleluia!
  • Alleluia means Praise the Lord!
  • During the Alleluia, the Priest raises the
    Gospel. This introduces the most important part
    of the Liturgy of the Word.
  • During Lent, we never say Alleluia, because it
    is an exclamation of praise to the Risen Lord.

13
The Gospel Reading
  • PRIEST The Lord be with you
  • RESPONSE And also with you.
  • PRIEST A reading from the Holy Gospel according
    to
  • RESPONSE (While making the sign of the cross on
    your forehead, lips and heart) Glory to you, Oh
    Lord
  • READING by the PRIEST
  • PRIEST The Gospel of the Lord
  • RESPONSE Praise to you Lord Jesus Christ

14
Profession of Faith
  • Following the Homily, the congregation stands and
    recites the Nicene Creed.
  • We believe in one God
  • The Nicene Creed summarizes everything that the
    Church has taught for the past 2,000 years.

15
General Intercessions
  • From the chair, the priest invites the people to
    pray.
  • LECTOR let us pray to the Lord.
  • RESPONSE Lord, hear our prayer.
  • Repeated after each prayer petition.

16
IMPORTANT VOCABULARY!
  • Altar The place of sacrifice, as well as the
    table from which Christians are fed. It is the
    central focus of the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

17
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • The second major part of the Mass.
  • The Liturgy of the Word focuses on Scripture, but
    the Liturgy of the Eucharist focuses on the altar.

18
Preparation of the Altar
  • The gifts of bread and wine are placed at the
    back of the church before the service.
  • Collection basket is passed around sign of
    support for the ministry of the church.
  • In procession, people bring the gifts (bread and
    wine) forward to the priest. This is called the
    offertory procession.
  • This act echoes offerings of early church, when
    people would bring the bread and wine (and other
    stuff) they made in preparation for the Lords
    Supper.

19
1. TAKEN
Priest accepting the gifts of the community that
are brought forth
2. BLESSED
3. BROKEN
4. GIVEN
20
IMPORTANT VOCABULARY!
  • Paten A small plate, usually made out of silver
    or gold, used to hold Body of Christ (the
    consecrated bread).
  • Chalice A standing cup, usually made out of
    silver or gold, used to hold the Blood of Christ
    (the consecrated wine).

21
Preparation of the Gifts
  • Priest pours the wine into the chalice, and adds
    a few drops of water, symbolizing the union of
    the humanity and divinity of Christ.
  • When he receives the gifts, the priest recites
    prayers based on those used during the Jewish
    Passover meal.
  • The priest lifts the paten of bread above the
    altar.
  • PRIEST Blessed are you, Lord God of all
    creation, through your goodness
  • The priest does the same thing with the chalice
    of wine.

22
Eucharistic Prayer
  • After washing his hands the priest invites the
    community to prepare for the Eucharist with him.
  • The Preface Dialogue (Lift up your hearts)
  • The Sanctus (Holy, holy, holy) The community
    prays the prayer to Christ from the Book of
    Revelation
  • The priest then chooses one of several
    Eucharistic Prayers to recount the story of the
    Last Supper

23
The Consecration
  • During the Liturgy of the Eucharist, the priest
    is acting in persona Christi (as the person of
    Christ).
  • At the moment of the consecration, the priest is
    Jesus.
  • The priest takes the paten and says, This is my
    body
  • Then he elevates the host for the congregation to
    see, and genuflects in front of the altar.
  • He takes the chalice and says, This is the cup
    of My Blood

24
Eucharist as the presence of God
  • When the bread and wine are consecrated by the
    priest, they are transformed into Jesus body and
    blood.
  • Therefore, this is THE MOST SACRED part of the
    Mass.
  • This transformation is called Transubstantiation.
  • The Eucharist is the most personal encounter with
    God.

25
1. TAKEN
Priest accepting the gifts of the community that
are brought forth
2. BLESSED
The consecration of the bread and wine during the
Eucharistic Prayer
3. BROKEN
4. GIVEN
26
After the Consecration
  • The community recites together the Memorial
    Acclamation (Christ has died is the most
    common)
  • Prayers for the entire Church, now joined
    together as one through the Eucharist, are
    spoken.
  • The Eucharistic Prayer ends with a Doxology
    (Through him, with him, in him)
  • Community responds with a Great Amen (I
    believe!)

27
Communion Rite
  • The Communion Rite opens in the model of Jesus
    with the Lords Prayer.
  • While holding hands, we either sing or recite the
    Lords Prayer (Our Father).
  • The Lords Prayer is followed by the Sign of
    Peace.
  • Sign of peace was once used to resolve conflicts
    with a neighbor before receiving the Eucharist

28
Breaking of the Bread
  • The priest breaks the bread and prepares the
    Eucharist for the Communion procession.
  • Congregation recites the Agnus Dei or Lamb of
    God, recalling the Passover sacrifice of a lamb
    to save the life of Gods people
  • Priest holds up consecrated bread and wine to the
    congregation, who publically declares its
    unworthiness to receive it (Lord, I am not
    worthy)

29
1. TAKEN
Priest accepting the gifts of the community that
are brought forth
2. BLESSED
The consecration of the bread and wine during the
Eucharistic Prayer
3. BROKEN
The breaking of the bread by the priest,
following the sign of peace
4. GIVEN
30
The Communion Procession
  • Priest or Extraordinary Minister The Body of
    Christ
  • RESPONSE Amen
  • Saying Amen is another way of saying Yes, I
    believe that this is truly the Body of Christ.
  • After receiving Holy Communion, we go back to the
    pew, kneel (or sit) and pray silently for a few
    minutes, or sing the Communion song

31
1. TAKEN
Priest accepting the gifts of the community that
are brought forth
2. BLESSED
The consecration of the bread and wine during the
Eucharistic Prayer
3. BROKEN
The breaking of the bread by the priest,
following the sign of peace
The Communion Procession
4. GIVEN
32
Who May Receive Communion?
  • Who should not receive Communion?
  • Non-Catholics
  • Catholics who have not fasted prior to Communion
  • Catholics who havent made their First Confession
    and First Communion.

33
Bread and Wine
  • Bread and Wine are the two species of Eucharist
  • Usually everyone takes the bread
  • The wine is optional
  • Wine was once reserved for those celebrating and
    helping
  • Wine is sometimes not offered for practical
    reasons
  • Some parishes allow you to dip host in wine

34
Concluding Rite and Dismissal
  • After a closing prayer, the priest blesses and
    dismisses the people
  • The name Mass comes from the Latin Ite, missa
    est (roughly translated as Go, you are sent
    forth), the priests final words
  • Go in peace, to love and serve the Lord and one
    another
  • The Community united by Eucharist is called to be
    a community OUTSIDE of the Mass.
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