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Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008

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Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008 The Fundamentals of the OH&S Act and Managing Occupational Health and Safety Vic Pakalnis, P.Eng., M ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference 2008 October 21st, 2008


1
Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference
2008October 21st, 2008
  • The Fundamentals of the OHS Act and Managing
  • Occupational Health and Safety
  • Vic Pakalnis, P.Eng., M.Eng., MBA
  • Director Special Projects
  • Ontario Ministry of Labour
  • vic.pakalnis_at_ontario.ca

2
Managing Occupational Health Safety
  • Introductions
  • Expectations
  • Health and Safety in Canada

3
Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage
Occupational Health And Safety

4
Top 10 Reasons Why You Need To Know How To Manage
Occupational Health And Safety
  • Because its the law!
  • What you dont know can hurt you and it can kill
    you!
  • Because it makes good business sense
  • Because you want to know your rights and
    responsibilities
  • Because its part of your job and you want to
    keep it
  • To avoid lawsuits
  • Because its connected to everything human
    resources recruitment/retention/internal
    responsibility/productivity/employee engagement
  • To protect your companys reputation
  • To avoid industrial relations disputes/grievances
  • Moral obligations

5
Occupational Health Safety in Canada Overview
14 jurisdictions - 10 provinces - 3
territories - 1 federal
  • Federal
  • Inter-provincial trucking
  • Railways
  • Airports and airlines
  • Banks
  • Radio and television
  • Telecommunications
  • Federal public service
  • (10 of all workplaces)
  • Provincial/Territorial
  • Construction
  • Industrial
  • Mining
  • All sectors not in federal
  • (90 of all workplaces)

6
National
Perception
  • Canada
  • 1100 work-related fatalities
  • 1million workplace injuries
  • 6.7 billion in direct costs
  • 40 billion estimated total costs
  • (direct indirect)
  • Ontario
  • 230 work-related fatalities
  • 355,000 workplace injuries
  • 2.9 billion in direct costs
  • 17 billion estimated total costs
  • (direct indirect)

Source 2007 Human Resources and Social
Development Canada report (Historical Summary of
Occupational Accidents Their Costs in Canada
1996-2005)
7
Environmental Scan
  • VOLATILE LABOUR SCENE
  • HIGH MEDIA ATTENTION
  • HEALTH SAFETY USED AS BARGAINING TOOL IN
    INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS DISPUTES
  • STRONG LABOUR UNIONS CAW, USWA, OPSEU, CUPE
  • MANY SMALL, UNSOPHISTICATED EMPLOYERS (70
    UNORGANIZED)
  • INADEQUATE TRAINING IN MANY INDUSTRIES
  • ACCIDENT RATES DECREASING
  • FATALITY RATES DECREASING
  • DISABLING INJURIES
  • 96 ARE SAFETY RELATED
  • 4 ARE HEALTH RELATED
  • HEALTH ISSUES - HIGH PROFILE, LONG TERM, MORE
    DIFFICULT TO RESOLVE
  • EFFECT OF FREE TRADE AND ECONOMIC REALIGNMENT

8

Sector Issues
Forestry _______________
Health Care _______________ Aerospace _____
__________ Police/Fire/Security _______________
Steel _______________ Public
Institutions _______________ Automotive _____
__________ Education _______________ Utilities
_______________ Service/Retail ____________
___ Manufacturing _______________ Petro-chemica
l _______________ Construction _____________
__ Mining _______________
9
Ontario Lost Time Injuries By Sector 2005
Source Worker Safety Insurance Board as of
October 31, 2006
10
Fatalities per 100,000 workers per year
Employment 1976 to 2005
11
ONTARIO LOST TIME INJURIES
  • Results
  • 14,649 fewer LTI over the past two years than
    there otherwise would have been.Ontario
    businesses avoiding over 960 million in costs
    associated with workplace injuries

12
Internal Responsibility System
  • THE INTERNAL RESPONSIBILITY SYSTEM OUTLINED IN
    THE OHS ACT ESTABLISHES CLEAR ROLES AND
    ACCOUNTABILITY FOR WORKPLACE PARTIES WITH DIRECT
    AND CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH AND
    SAFETY.

13
Internal Responsibility System (contd)
CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY INTERNAL
CONTRIBUTORY RESPONSIBILITY EXTERNAL
DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
JOINT HEALTH SAFETY COMMITTEES
PRESIDENT
UNIONS
SAFETY DEPARTMENTS
SAFETY ASSOCIATIONS
MANAGER
ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTS
SUPERVISOR
SUPPLIERS
PURCHASING DEPARTMENTS
WORKER
WSIB
Ministry of Labour
14
The Partners
Farm Safety Association Municipal Health and
Safety Assoc. Ontario Service Safety
Alliance Industrial Accident Prevention
Association
Ministry of Labour Workplace Safety and Insurance
Board Institute for Work Health
Transportation Safety Association of
Ontario Workers Health Safety Centre Education
Safety Association of Ontario
Construction safety Association of
Ontario Electrical Utilities Safety
Association Health Care Health Safety
Association Mines and Aggregates Safety Health
Assoc. Ontario Forestry Safe Workplace
Association Occupational Health Clinics for
Ontario Workers Pulp and Paper Health Safety
Association
15
Resources On-line
  • www.safetymanagementeducation.com
  • - Minerva Canadas website
    case studies /contacts
  • www.preventiondynamics.ca
  • links to prevention network
  • www. prevent-it.ca
  • short clips of fatalities
  • Notes and links for courses in
    Occupational Health and Safety in mining
    practice / MIR course in OHS
    http//www.queensu.ca/sps/people/faculty/pakalnisv
    /index.php

16
Rhetoric and the art of persuasion what once
was but has been forgotten ! (according to
Isocrates and JC Spender)
  • Logos whats logical whats the business case
  • Ethos whats the right decision for the
    longer term in the broader context
  • Pathos whats the compassionate decision the
    people dimension empathy

17
Business Results Through Health and Safety
  • MIR- 811
  • Adapted from WSIB/CMA
  • Business Results Through Health and Safety

18
Health and Safety Costsin Ontario cost of LTI
in 1999 was 11,711 In 2007 direct costs for an
LTI were 21,300In 2007, there were 300,000
persons injured , 100 died
19
Business Results Through Health Safety
  • If profit margin is 10, requires 590,000 in
    sales to produce 59,000 of profit.
  • Lower costs
  • Improved employee relations employee trust
  • Improved reliability productivity
  • Improved protection from business interruption
  • Increased public image
  • Increased organizational capability
  • see CME CD Business Results Through Health and
    Safety

20
Sampling - OHS Convictions in 2000
21
Healthy Workplaces
Psychological Work Environment

Physical Work Environment
Healthy Habits
22
WHO?
WHERE?
???
WHAT?
WHEN?
???
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