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The Golden Gate Bridge

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Title: The Golden Gate Bridge


1
The Golden Gate Bridge
Presented by The Third Row Six Presenters Bre
tt Portner-Kuhlow Scott Tumm
2
Important Dates
  • 1920 A feasibility Study recommends
    construction of the Golden Gate Bridge
  • 1923 The State Legislature Passes the Golden
    Gate Bridge and Highway District Act of
    California into Law
  • 1930 Joseph Strauss, Chief Engineer submits his
    final plans for the bridge
  • January 5, 1933 Construction of the bridge
    begins

3
  • February 1933 Anchorages are completed
  • June 1935 The towers are completed
  • March 1936 The suspension cables are completed
  • April 1937 The deck surface is completed

4
  • Official Pedestrian Day
  • May 27, 1937
  • Bridge opens for traffic
  • May 28, 1937

5
Spanning the Golden Gate
  • The entrance to San Francisco Bay was named the
    Golden Gate by early settlers
  • One mile wide gap
  • 60 Mph wind tunnel like gusts of wind for much of
    the year
  • 2.5 Million cubic feet of water per second pass
    through the Golden Gate
  • Currents
  • Earthquakes

6
Project Management Before the Manhattan Project
  • James Reed
  • General Manager

Joseph Strauss Chief Engineer
7
Joseph Strauss Chief Engineer
8
Strauss the Man
  • Rude
  • Short-tempered
  • Arrogant
  • Labeled brilliant bully by his peers
  • -Strauss thought big. His graduate thesis
    proposed a 50 mile long bridge across the Bering
    Strait that would connect Siberia and Alaska.

9
Scope
  • Build a bridge spanning the Golden Gate
  • -Must be tall enough for ships to pass
    underneath

10
Time
  • There was no real set timetable managers ensured
    the project progressed as quickly as possible.

11
Cost
  • 73,000,000

12
Financial Facts
  • 35 million in bonds
  • 38 million in interest
  • Bridge completely paid off on June 30, 1971
  • Bridge completely paid for by tolls
  • No state or federal money went into the bridge
  • Bank of America extended a 5 million line of
    credit to the bridge project
  • People put up their homes, farms and businesses
    as collateral for the bridge to generate the 35
    million in bond issue
  • Presently, bridge still operates only with money
    collected from tolls

13
To Build a Bridge
  • Strauss spent three years researching his first
    design
  • He assembled a team of engineers to create the
    final design
  • Strauss expected that three dozen workers would
    die during the construction, about one for every
    one million dollars spent on the construction
  • 11 deaths occurred

14
Black Wednesday February 17, 1937
  • A scaffold slipped off the bridge and through the
    protective netting below, taking ten men to their
    deaths.

15
Safety Under Strauss
  • 1st Mandatory use of hard hats
  • Issuing of safety belts and tie off lines
  • Dizzy riveters respirators for burning paint
    fumes
  • Riveters and ironworkers required to wear leather
    gloves
  • Sun goggles, sun-block lotion
  • Field hospital at south end staffed full time
    treated 12,000 injuries by December, 1935.
  • No deaths for the first 3 years and 8 months of
    project

16
The Net
  • 120,000 Safety net suspended 60 feet below the
    road surface nineteen men saved

17
The Halfway to Hell Club
  • Nineteen official members, some jumped for fun
  • Named by tabloids looking for a story
  • First official member hit the ground as well,
    broke four vertebrae

18
Unexpected Delays and Challenges
  • Temporary trestle knocked over twice
  • The ten day San Francisco Strike
  • Fort Point

19
Fort Point
  • Located directly under south end of bridge
  • Historians and the community in general protested
    to preserve the fort

20
Records held by the Bridge (in 1937)
  • Longest bridge
  • Tallest free standing structure in the world
    (over 740 feet)

21
Golden Gate Fun Facts
  • Riveting crew held unofficial speed contests
    they sometimes threw red-hot rivets distances of
    70 feet or more
  • 80,000 miles of pencil diameter steel cable in
    bridge
  • Steel for the bridge was made in Pennsylvania and
    shipped to California via the Panama Canal
  • 75,000 paid in tolls each day
  • A gold rivet was hammered into place to celebrate
    the completion of the bridge
  • International Orange
  • Blind woman and guide dog the first pedestrians
    ever to cross the bridge
  • 1.25 billion cars have crossed bridge since 37
  • Bridge Firsts
  • First person to cross on stilts
  • First person to cross sticking tongue out all
    the way
  • First wooden hat to cross the bridge
  • Each anchorage weighs as much as 17,000 elephants

22
References
  1. Barter, James. The Golden Gate Bridge. San Diego
    Lucent Books, 2001.
  2. The Golden Gate Bridge. Narr. Jack Perkins.
    Videocassette. AE Home Video, 1994.
  3. Strauss, Joseph. The Golden Gate Bridge. San
    Francisco Golden Gate Bridge and Highway
    District, 1938.
  4. Van Der Zee, John. The Gate The True Story of
    the Design and Construction of the Golden Gate
    Bridge. New York Simon and Schuster, 1986.
  5. www.inetours.com/Pages/SFNbrhds/Golden_Gate_Bridge
    .html
  6. www.goldengatebridge.org
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