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DHS T&E / Standards Building confidence in Homeland Security Technologies

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Title: DHS T&E / Standards Building confidence in Homeland Security Technologies


1
DHS TE / Standards Building confidence in
Homeland Security Technologies
From Science.Security
From Technology.Trust
George R. Ryan

Director TE / Standards
2
DOD Acquisition Management
THREAT
FED AGENCIES (20 PLUS)
ARMY/NAVY/AF (SEVERAL)
JCS (3 PLUS)
DETECT ANALYZE PLAN ATTACK
INDUSTRY (MANY)
3
DHS Acquisition Challenges
THREAT
FED AGENCIES (20 PLUS)
ACQUISITION LABORATORIES
LAW/FIRE/MED (MANY,MANY)
STATE LOCAL (50 PLUS)
SENSE ASSESS PREVENT REACT
IRD LABORATORIES
INDUSTRY (MANY)
4
DHS TE/Standards Goals
Consistent with the Homeland Security Act of 2002
and HSPD 8
  • Develop and institute TE policy that is
    centrally managed and is uniformly implemented
    across DHS.
  • Integrate, coordinate, and optimize public and
    private sector TE infrastructure to meet current
    and future technology development thrusts areas.
  • Establish and implement streamlined procedures
    and infrastructures for the ongoing development
    and adoption of appropriate standards and
    evaluation methods for homeland security
    technologies.
  • Develop and implement an overarching strategy for
    the qualification and certification of
    technologies and accreditation of facilities and
    programs.

5
DHS TE Philosophy
  • TE is integral part of Acquisition Process
    Systems Engineering
  • TE is part of critical to the Acquisition
    Life Cycle
  • Product Acquisition should build in adequate
    TE to ensure product perform to spec. as part
    of producing a high quality cost effective
    product
  • Products must be useable by the intended user
    community
  • TE Policy Processes will be focused on
  • Appropriate oversight policy processes
  • Reviewing Acquisition Life Cycle Plans to
    ensure above is being done
  • Validating product prototyping, demonstrations
    and TE efforts
  • Perform to Spec.
  • Useable by intended user community

6
DHS Office of TE Scope
  • What we will do
  • Develop and Manage
  • TE Policies
  • TE Processes
  • Author
  • TE Management Directives
  • TE Policies, procedures, and implementation
    guidelines
  • Assist
  • TE Documentation Development
  • TE Issue Resolution
  • Assess
  • TE Compliance
  • Best in class TE practices
  • Our effectiveness
  • Approve
  • Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), Systems
    Engineering Master Plan (SEMP),
    Acquisition/Transition Plans, etc.
  • What we wont do
  • Manage
  • Test facilities
  • RD programs
  • Testing activities
  • Author
  • TEMPs and SEMPs
  • Transition Plans
  • Conduct Tests

7
DHS Standards
  • DHS lacks statutory authority to issue standards
    except in limited legacy programs such as
  • US Coast Guard marine safety equipment
  • Public Law 104-113 (1995) - Directs that
    agencies will use voluntary consensus standards
  • DHS Office of Standards leverages the
    expertise and resources of NIST and other
    agencies to develop voluntary consensus standards
  • Private Sector Standards Development (ANSI)
  • Interagency Standards Coordination (ICSP)
  • Intra-agency Standards Coordination (DHS
    Standards Council)

8
DHS Office of Standards Scope
  • What we do
  • Lead the adoption of national Standards for
    homeland security technologies
  • Support DHS GT develop procurement guidelines
    for first responder technologies
  • Develop and manage polices, procedures and
    infrastructures for Standards development and
    adoption activities
  • Create and manage programs to accelerate and
    foster standards development activities
  • What we dont do.
  • Promulgate standards
  • Regulate compliance
  • Certify products
  • Maintain Qualified Product Lists

9
DHS Office of Standards Projects
  • Highlights
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PASS) (NFPA,
    NIOSH)
  • Urban search rescue robots (ASTM)
  • Explosives detection (ASTM)
  • Biometrics (INCITS)
  • Chemical agent detectors (ASTM)
  • Biological agent detectors (AOAC)
  • Incident Management Standards (NFPA)

10
Explosives
National Standards for X-Ray and Gamma-Ray
Security Screening Systems
Standards did not exist across the previously
disparate agencies related to the technical
performance of x-ray security screening systems
used for detection of bulk explosives as well as
other threat and illicit materials.
  • Provides
  • Comprehensive suite of national standards
  • image quality tests
  • security screening technology
  • For (checkpoint, checked luggage, vehicle, cargo,
    and body screening).
  • In FY 2006
  • Produced comprehensive draft standards through a
    consensus process.
  • Checkpoint Cabinet X-Ray (ANSI N42.44),
  • Image Quality of X-Ray (ANSI N42.45),
  • Imaging Performance of X-Ray and Gamma-Ray for
    Cargo, Vehicle and Human Screening (ANSI N42.46),
    (ANSI N42.47).

11
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)
  • Today, emergency responders carry items such as,
  • hand-held radios,
  • Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS),
  • infrared cameras and etc..
  • into fire environments.
  • Provides
  • The necessary scientific foundation to enable
    standards organizations such as the NFPA to
    develop or revise standards for Personal Alert
    Safety Systems for Fire Fighters
  • In FY 2006
  • Identification of a failure mode for PASS at high
    temperatures to unacceptably low levels led to
    the development of revised NFPA standards.

12
Biometrics Standards Projects
Multimodal Biometric Application Resource Kit
MBARK
Most biometric systems rely on a single
distinguishing physical characteristicsuch as a
fingerprintfor authenticating identity. But
most biometric equipment is not interoperable
  • Provides
  • Standardized, flexible middleware package that
    will enable organizations to plug in sensors from
    different manufacturers, saving dollars and time.
  • Several sources of information, including
    fingerprint, face and iris data.
  • In FY 2006
  • Version of MBARK was made available to the
    general public.
  • Particular focus was given to the use of MBARK as
    a platform for a variety of usability studies, as
    well as a foundation to help develop standards
    and tests for biometric system interoperability.

13
Personal Protective Equipment
Urban Search Rescue Robots
Emerging robotic technologies augment the
effectiveness of responders and significantly
reduce the risks they face when taking action
after disasters.
  • Provides
  • Operational protocols, and performance test
    standards
  • Mobility
  • Sensing
  • Navigation
  • Communication and integration into operational
    caches, and human-system interaction
  • In FY 2006
  • Major events were held at FEMA USAR training
    facilities that brought together responders with
    41 different robots, spanning aerial, ground,
    wall-climbing, and aquatic, in Texas and
    Maryland.
  • Work started within the selected standards
    organization (ASTM International).

14
Sampling Suspicious Powders
Sampling of Suspicious Powders Suspected of Being
Biological Agents
  • (GAO-05-251) report, argued the need for
    validated methods in all areas of sampling when
    contamination is suspected.
  • - Anthrax Detection Agencies Need to Validate
    Sampling Activities in Order to Increase
    Confidence in Negative Results
  • Provides
  • Guidance and validated protocols to the first
    responder community and government agencies for
    employment in the event of suspected
    contamination by biological agents.
  • In FY 2006
  • Task group led by NIST working with CDC, EPA,
    FBI, DOD, IAFC, and the USNG produced validated
    national standard for the sampling of suspicious
    powders that was approved by AOAC and ASTM and
    released by ASTM.

15
DHS ST Points of Contact
16
(No Transcript)
17
Back-Up Slides
18
Division of TE / Standards
19
Business Opportunities with ST
The ST Directorate posts announcements and
information about competitive solicitations open
to industry participation at www.FedBizOpps.gov p
ortal for Federal government contracting
opportunities www.Hsarpabaa.com ST Broad Agency
Announcements about competitive
opportunities www.dhssbir.com The DHS Small
Business Innovation Research program issues two
large solicitations annually that cover multiple
technical topic areas on behalf of ST and the
Domestic Nuclear Detection Office
20
Upcoming Events
21
Upcoming Events
22
22
23
SAFETY Act Improvements
  • Final Rule Implemented on July 10
  • Reduces evaluation time from 150 days to a
    maximum of 120 days
  • Helps align the Act with the procurement process
  • Provides for Developmental Testing and
    Evaluation Designations for promising
    technologies
  • New Application Kit Released on August 14
  • Creates an interactive and flexible process
  • Proactively engages the applicants earlier in the
    process For more information, visit
    www.safetyact.gov.

24
SAFETY Act Statistics (as of 11/21/2006)
115 Fully Processed, 28 In-Process, 20
Withdrawn, 101 Incomplete
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