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HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE INTRODUTION OF NUCLEAR POWER IN GHANA

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human resource capacity building for the introdution of nuclear power in ghana b. j. b. nyarko, g. emi-reynolds , e.h.k. akaho ghana atomic energy commission – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE INTRODUTION OF NUCLEAR POWER IN GHANA


1
HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE
INTRODUTION OF NUCLEAR POWER IN GHANA
  • B. J. B. NYARKO, G. EMI-REYNOLDS , E.H.K. AKAHO
  • GHANA ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION
  • P.O. BOX LG 80, LEGON-ACCRA, GHANA
  • E-MAIL b.nyarko_at_gaecgh.org
  • Technical/Workshop on Topical Issues on
    Infrastructure Development Managing the
    Development of a National Infrastructure for
    Nuclear Power
  • 9-12 February 2010, Vienna, Austria

2
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
  • INTRODUCTION
  • DEGREE PROGRAMMES
  • LEGAL REGULATORY PROGRAMMES
  • NON-DEGREE TRAINING
  • CONCLUSIONS

3
INTRODUCTION
  • The total land area of Ghana is about 238,460 sq
    km and shares 2,093 km of land borders with three
    neighbouring countries (Burkina Faso 538 km at
    the north Cote d Ivoire 668 km at the west
    and Togo 887 km at the east).
  • Ghana has 539 km of coastline with the Gulf of
    Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean
  • The country has a tropical climate with
    temperatures generally between 21 and 32 o C with
    rainy and dry seasons

4
  • Ghana
  • Africa

5
  • In 1961, Government of Ghana decided to undertake
    the Ghana Nuclear Reactor Project
  • 2MW Soviet Reactor to be used for Research,
    Training and Production of Isotopes
  • President Nkrumah in his Statement intended that
    Universities and GAEC will develop Human Resource
    for generating nuclear electricity to supplement
    the hydro-electricity.
  • Unfortunately, the nuclear programme has not
    developed as expected due to various
    socio-economic and political factors.

6
  • Presently, research activities of GAEC supported
    by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
    Technical Cooperation are centred on non-power
    application of Nuclear and Biotechnology
    techniques
  • - Crop improvement, Pest management
  • - Food preservation and Medical Sterilisation
  • - Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine
  • - Non-destructive techniques using
    radioisotopes and tracers for trouble-shooting
    and optimization of petrochemical and mining
    industries.
  • Low power research reactor is used for Research,
    Education and Training

7
  • Ghanas electricity demand is growing at a high
    rate of about 7 per annum over the last ten
    years due to high population growth, economic
    aspiration and extension electricity to rural
    areas.
  • Electricity supply, on the contrary, has been
    unable to meet the demand due to high dependency
    on rain-fed hydropower plants, which started
    operating in 1965 and currently account for about
    68 of the total installed capacity

8
  • Within the last 28 years, climatic changes and
    draughts have caused the nation to experience
    three major power crises.
  • The Government in 1997 installed thermal plants
    based on light Crude Oil.
  • Ghana has no domestic coal resources.
  • The Government of Ghana is concerned with limited
    further growth potential of domestic hydro high
    cost of imported oil and gas and environmental
    issues associated with the use of imported coal.

9
  • Small Solar and wind generation exist in some
    sectors, but potential large-scale development is
    not envisioned for the near future.
  • The President of Ghana set up a Committee
    involving Stakeholder Institutions to formulate
    the Nuclear Power Policy and develop the basic
    elements of Nuclear Infrastructure and to assess
    the viability of introducing the nuclear power
    option in Ghanas energy mix.
  • Cabinet took a decision to introduce the nuclear
    power option after the Committee submitted its
    report to the President in 2008.

10
DEGREE PROGRAMMES
  • Need for skilled human resource for nuclear
    practice cannot be overlooked in the quest of any
    nation to adopt the technology.
  • Need for capacity building for the operating
    organization staff.
  • It is necessary for the operating organization to
    establish the rigor, culture, ethics and
    discipline needed to effectively manage nuclear
    power technology with due regard to the
    associated safety, security and nonproliferation
    considerations.

11
  • Plan to gradually develop local suppliers and
    expertise.
  • The regulatory body needs to develop the
    capabilities to plan and implement the review and
    safety assessment activities of the proposed
    facility throughout its life.
  • 3050 staff members would be necessary for
    starting the implementation of a nuclear power
    plant programme.

12
  • The development of a national academic programme
    for the education of the necessary scientists,
    engineers and other technicians to support
    technical research is currently on-going.
  • GAEC jointly established the Graduate School of
    Nuclear and Allied Sciences with the University
    of Ghana in collaboration with the IAEA for the
    award of M. Phil. and Ph. D degrees. (Sandwich
    Ph.D. Offered by IAEA and French Government)
  • The vision of the School is to be a leading
    graduate school producing high caliber nuclear
    scientists and engineers for health care,
    industry, and environment and for the
    socio-economic development of Ghana and Africa.

13
  • The mission of the School is for the
    preservation, maintenance and enhancement of
    nuclear knowledge in Ghana and Africa for the
    provision of high quality teaching, research,
    entrepreneurship training, service and
    development through graduate programmes in
    nuclear sciences and technology.
  • Four academic intakes have been done at the
    School beginning from 2006/07 academic year.
  • There are currently ten programmes and five
    Departments in the School.

14
  • Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications
    currently offers courses leading to the award of
    Master of Philosophy in Applied Nuclear Physics,
    Nuclear and Radiochemistry, Nuclear and
    Environmental Protection and Nuclear Earth
    Sciences.
  • Department of Nuclear Safety and Security
    currently offers a course leading to the award of
    Master of Philosophy in Radiation Protection.
  • Department of Nuclear Engineering currently
    offers courses leading to the award of Master of
    Philosophy in Nuclear Engineering with options in
    Reactor Physics and Reactor Engineering and
    Computational Nuclear Sciences and Engineering.

15
  • Department of Nuclear Agriculture and Radiation
    Processing currently offers courses leading to
    the award of Master of Philosophy in Nuclear
    Agriculture
  • The Department of Medical Physics currently
    offers a course leading to the award of Master of
    Philosophy in Medical Physics.

16
Main Entrance to School of Nuclear and Allied
Sciences
17
SNASs Administration Block Conference Room
18
National Nuclear Security Support Centre
19
Lecture Theatres Offices
20
LEGAL REGULATORY PROGRAMMES
  • The Legal Section of GAEC assists in the training
    of students on nuclear law and legislation.
  • Each student of the SNAS is required to take a
    course in Nuclear Law and Legislation to instruct
    them on the regulations in the Nuclear industry.

21
NON DEGREE TRAINING
  • The IAEA approved several Technical Cooperation
    (TC) projects with the aim of helping Ghana to
    develop the basic infrastructure for her Nuclear
    Power programme.
  • Ghana has also benefited from IAEAs Regional and
    International projects aimed at developing and
    upgrading the human resource needs of the
    countrys nuclear industry.
  • Ghana has already completed the national project
    Planning for Sustainable Energy Development,
    GHA/0/008. Through this project Ghanaian
    stakeholders in energy have gained insights into
    the use of IAEA energy planning tools, MAED, WASP
    and MESSAGE. The findings made in this study have
    led to another IAEA TC project GHA/0/011, which
    is on nuclear power planning.

22
  • The IAEA has through its TC programmes
    established key facilities and laboratories that
    are very essential for education and training in
    the nuclear industry.
  • Ghana has participated and is still participating
    in coordinated research projects with the IAEA
    which help to increase the nuclear knowledge base
    of the country.
  • The recently held Workshop on Human Resource
    Development in Accra is an example of the
    partnership with IAEA.
  • The Workshop afforded us the opportunity to
    review our curriculum and fashion out an
    efficient way of training personnel for the
    nuclear power programme.

23
CONCLUSIONS
  • Ghana is set to introduce nuclear power to ensure
    the realization of our economic goals.
  • Training of nuclear personnel shall assist the
    nation to adequately prepare for the introduction
    of nuclear power in the country.
  • Introduction of Nuclear Law and Legislation into
    the curriculum of the School is to enable
    graduands have adequate training on the laws
    governing nuclear practice.

24
  • The designation of SNAS as a Centre of Excellence
    for African Masters degree in Nuclear Science
    shall enable us train human resource in nuclear
    technology for the sustenance of nuclear
    knowledge in Africa and beyond.
  • The Workshop on Human Resource Development for
    Nuclear Power in Ghana has assisted us to
    initiate efforts to direct our curriculum towards
    the nuclear power programme and its associated
    research.
  • The support of the GoG, University of Ghana and
    IAEA in establishment of the School is commended

25
  • THANK YOU
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