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ICTs and Civil Society Joint Presentation by Civil Society


ICTs and Civil Society Joint Presentation by Civil Society Organizations in the 1st National ICT Conference April 25-26, 2006 Kabul-Afghanistan Nai – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ICTs and Civil Society Joint Presentation by Civil Society

ICTs and Civil Society
Joint Presentation by Civil Society
Organizations in the 1st National ICT
Conference April 25-26, 2006 Kabul-Afghanistan
What do we mean by ICTs?
  • Information and Communication Technologies means
    all technologies used for communication and
    information purposes
  • Media such as radio, TV and Internet are also
    ICTs and play a crucial role in the development
    of a country and the emergence or not of an open
    and democratic society.

What do we mean by Civil Society?
  • People, institutions, organizations, and
    individuals who are not part of the business or
    government sectors.

Civil Society Organizations mission
  • People associate voluntarily to advance common
  • A civil society exists when people may reach
    their lifes fulfillment, under a formalized
    constitutional authority, set into motion by
    those very same people, and totally responsible
    to them while governing. The third sector is the
    vehicle through which a civil society develops.

Who are CSOs?
  • Hujras, Jirgas (Shura)
  • Formal and informal community-based organizations
  • Social welfare organizations
  • Social and cultural organizations
  • Non-governmental organizations
  • Associations
  • Professional unions
  • Emergency response organizations
  • Religious and political institutions and groups.

Key Issues
  • Engagement in National ICT Policies, the third
    sector is the end user or potential loser of ICT
  • Localization/local content
  • Lack of access for marginalized people
    particularly women and geographically isolated
  • Freedom of expression and ICT
  • Limited ICT use and resources for CSOs.

ICTs Role in Civil Society
  • To strengthen the capacity of civil society
  • To increase citizens participation (e-governance)
  • To improve the quantity and quality of
    information available particularly to
    geographically isolated people
  • To enhance communication between the public,
    private and civil society sectors.

Initiative to Promote Afghan Civil Society
Reaching out to the country
Presented by Halim Fidai Media and
Communications Program Coordinator Counterpart
International April 25-26, 2006 1st National ICT
Conference Kabul-Afghanistan
I-PACS History
  • Counterpart International
  • In Afghanistan - January 03, 2005 Jan 2008
  • Funding 15.5 million
  • I-PACS leading USAID funded program

I-PACS Partnership Model (Working together to
make a difference)
  • United States Agency for International
  • Counterpart International
  • Intermediary Service Organizations (ISOs)
  • Civil Society Support Centers (CSSCs)
  • Civil Society Organizations (CSOs)
  • International Partners
  • International Center for Not-for-profit Law
  • Creative Associates International

I-PACS Geographic Coverage
To increase the role and viability of civil
society in Afghanistan.
I-PACS Program Overview
  • Four objectives
  • Ensure informed public policy and equitable
    resource allocation decisions concerning civil
    society and CSO development in Afghanistan. Civil
    Society Assessment
  • Assist in the development and enforcement of a
    comprehensive legal framework that strengthens
    the CSO sector. NGO Law
  • Build the capacity of CSOs to design, implement,
    manage, monitor and evaluate their activities
    effectively, and achieve organizational
    objectives, all with transparency and
    accountability. Capacity Building
  • Provide funding to CSOs to implement community
    development and advocacy projects. Grants
  • Gender and Media

Media and Communication
  • Employing Non-traditional Information Mechanisms
  • Media Trainings to NGOs
  • Organizing Roundtables for NGOs
  • Technical Assistance

Opportunities for ICT Development
  • Capacity building
  • Limited resources
  • Communications constraints
  • Huge contribution to the development
  • Positive relationship with central and provincial
  • Credibility
  • Radio is the media of choice.

  • Foster positive partnerships
  • Examine the use of internet in facilitating
    democratic processes such as transparency,
    citizens participation, accountability, and
    access by all
  • Integrate gender in policy regulation,
    legislation and infrastructure development
  • All communication and media initiatives need to
    be especially sensitive to the needs and demands
    of women and, by extension, family
  • Women constitute 62 of the population and are
    active media users.

Thank You
Civil society and ICT development ICTs and
development in Afghanistan
  • Agathe Dalisson Internews

Definition of ICTs
  • Information and Communication Technologies.
  • All technologies used for communication and
    information purposes. People too often limit them
    to Telecom and Computers. Media such as radio, TV
    and Internet are ICTs and play a crucial role in
    the development of a country and the emergence or
    not of an open and democratic society.

Overview of civil society involvement in ICT
development since 2001
  • Since the fall of the Talibans, millions of
    dollars have been invested by international
    donors for the development of ICTs in
  • ICT projects and orgs working in this field since
  • Aina with 8 media and culture centers in
    provinces, support for news publications, video
    production and training, educational mobile
    cinemas, a school of photojournalism, a women
    radio station and an advertising and
    communications agency.
  • DHSA with the Kilid group
  • Equal access and radio Danesh
  • FCCS with the OMFA

  • IMPACS and 4 women radio stations
  • Internews with 31 radio stations across the
    country and GIPI
  • IWPR with training, online news and research
  • Nai with training and support to local radio
  • Pajwak with online news
  • Sayara and internet access in provincial
    universities as well as campus radios
  • UNESCO with 10 Community Multi-Media Centres to

Why has radio been a preferred tool and what has
been its primary role?
  • Radio has been the main educational and public
    awareness tool since the fall of the Taliban.
    Through radios, the Afghan government and
    international community have spread messages
  • Elections
  • Public health (family planning, bird flu)
  • Provincial councils
  • DDR disarmament
  • Alternative livelihoods
  • Counter-narcotics
  • Domestic violence awareness
  • Educational material, long distance learning
  • Children's educational shows

Impact of local radio development on the
development of Afghanistan and its society (Altai
findings, March 2005)
  • To various degrees, the local independent radio
    stations are proving to be an effective tool in
    reaching under-served communities by providing
    understandable programs fostering interaction
    between media and the community and offering
    on-the-job training to a new generation of media
  • The local stations are very popular in their
    coverage areas (with an average 80 with
    knowledge of the stations and 79 of listenership
    among surveyed listeners). Overall there are
    positive signs of integration in the communities.
    31 of respondents know who manages the station
    and 29 have already called or sent a letter.

  • Most Afghans living in areas where there is media
    coverage are intensive media users They listen
    to radio frequently, and for long periods of
    time. 83 own a radio 37 a TV and 6 use the
    Internet. TV usage is limited by expense of the
    sets, and lack of electricity.
  • Radio has a predominant role in the country, with
    very high ownership of radios and usage rates.
    Radio is accessible and affordable, and most
    often easily understood even by the illiterate.
  • Media usage is sophisticated information sources
    are chosen according to content, which is then
    cross-checked with other sources.

  • Before I started listening to the radio, I used
    to be a very conservative person. For example, I
    forced my sister to marry a man she did not know.
    Since then, I have changed and I will let my
    daughter marry the person of her choice.
    Saidullah, 38, shopkeeper
  • Stations have on average reached a high level of
    trust. They benefit from the general trust in
    media, and especially in local media that was
    observed through the different phases of
    research. That said, trust should not be taken
    for granted, as mistakes are not easily
  • Media are trusted more than other sources of
    information. Traditional sources are still used,
    playing complementary roles and often relaying
    information obtained from the media.

  • Media has a very positive image it is seen as a
    source of education and progress throughout the
  • Sensitive topics can and are expected to be
    discussed in media, but in the proper way and by
    the right persons.
  • Media are expected to be a tool for progress in
    society. They are doing so, in the first place,
    by providing people a place to discuss their
  • Media are a primary source of education for
    women, who have specific and high expectations.

  • Women listen to the radio while doing other
    things, and they CAN turn on the radio and choose
    which station to listen to. However they
    generally defer to men when men are home. 86 of
    men think radio is appropriate for women to
    listen to, although there are regional
    differences in this response.
  • No major cultural barriers to media consumption
    were observed, with the exception of the most
    conservative areas were television was sometimes
    criticized, as being non-Muslim.
  • Commercials are welcomed, bringing information
    about available products and prices. Since most
    Afghan consumers are not familiar with many
    brands, an empty space is available to the main
    advertisers (Mobile Phone providers, Tea).

  • Locally-based news and other programs (culture,
    music, and announcements) are listened to on
    local stations. National news is listened to on
    Radio Afghanistan, and international news on the
    BBC, and to a lesser extent, on Azadi.
  • Mullahs are not generally consulted outside
    religious topics and in some places are seen more
    as a public servant than a community lead
  • We discussed the ban on poppy growing a lot
    among farmers. Some of us heard on the radio that
    it is contrary to Islam and that the Prophet
    condemns the cultivation as well as the use of
    drugs. Therefore, we decided to stop, but now we
    know our economic situation is uncertain. Saïd,
    39, farmer, Nangarhar

Importance of government acceptance to include
civil society in policy making and ICT
  • The AF gov has been extremely open and supportive
    of NGO work to develop ICTs in the country.
  • We wish to see this collaboration continue.

Recommendations to the AF government for ICT
  • Working with international donors to ensure
    continued support to local independent media and
    make sure support to governmental media does not
    harm community or local networks.
  • Giving priority to locally driven initiatives in
    media development, including community radios,
    for them to continue working on an equality foot
    with other networks, including ISAF or foreign

Thank You
Nai as Media organization, ICTs and CSOs
  • By Mujeeb Khalvatgar Nai executive director

What is Nai ?
  • Nai is an Afghan open media supporting
    organization which is established in 2004 and
    started its operational activities on 13 10 2005
  • The main idea of having an organization by the
    name of Nai was that to improve freedom of
    expression and speech as well as improving open
    media and through it increasing information and
    knowledge of civil society.

Nai and Aims for having Nai
  • Increasing professionalism in media sector
  • Increasing the idea of existing open and
    independent media
  • Supporting the existing independent media
  • Building media out lets capacity in general

Does Nai meet the goal it has established for?
  • By having some discussion through radio and TV
    toke out the fear from the people mind that it is
    possible to speak on some issues that people
    thought it is impossible to speak on it.
  • And also business section of Independent radio
    stations across the country effected through
    business development workshops which is being
    conducted by Nai since 13 10 2005.

Nais on going activities
  • Training project
  • Media Watch
  • Show games
  • Radio Sada e Haqiqat

Training project
  • The main important project of Nai is training
    project which is called Developing the Media
    sector in Afghanistan and being funded by EC
    European Commission and this projects is going on
    by the partner ship of Internews Europe which is
    based in France.
  • In training project Nai is conducting 1 to 2
    weeks workshops for media professional from
    across the countrys media outlets
  • The trainings are ranged from computer and
    English and Pashto languages to journalism,
    business development, management, human rights,
    and gender. Family planning, mental health and
    drug events reporting.
  • Form the beginning of this project until now Nai
    trained more then 1400 media professionals in
    various mentioned subjects.
  • Beside the workshops is being conducted in Nai
    training center in Kabul Nai is conducting in
    house training in radio stations in the
  • In house training is focusing more on practical
    aspect of journalism which is required for radio
  • The workshops are running by National and
    international professional trainers.
  • Since 13 10 2005 Nai has conducted 96 workshops
    in Kabul and more then 20 workshops in provinces.

Media Watch Monthly News letter
  • This project is focusing on issues which is
    relevant to the media, media outlets and media
  • The sections of Media Watch is getting news from
    various sources and working on it and then
    release it for more then 1500 media outlets and
    professionals nationally and internationally.
  • One of the main effect of Media Watch is that
    Ministry of defense and Ministry of Interior
    decided to have a press officer in each province
    and also Ministry of interior decided to have a
    spoke person when the media watch released a
    report about the problems of journalists for
    finding sources from ministry of defense and
    ministry of interior as well ministry of public
  • Recent mentioned ministry (public health) after
    three months appointed a person as spokes person
    for this ministry.
  • Media Watch is also releasing press releases on
    the specific event relevant to the media and show
    it rule as a supporting section for media in the

Capacity building and technical supports to Radio
Sada e Haqiqat
  • This project is funded by the Danish embassy in
    Kabul and aimed to build the capacity of the
    radio technically and professionally.
  • The project is for six months and started at 15
    Jan 2006
  • In this project Nai is also supporting
    financially the Radio and pay some of its staff
    for six months.

Show games
  • this project which is conducting show games in
    Radio stations in provinces and by conducting
    this quiz or show games distributing radio sets
    as a price for those people who are wining the
  • This project is funded by the USAID and aimed
    increasing the audience of local radios and also
    gives the chance to people to speak through radio
    and express their feeling when they are wining
    and game or competition.

Other activities
  • Nai also has a very good and close relation ship
    with 35 local independent radio station which is
    established by Internews and working with these
    radios very closely and solving their problems if
    they faced with.

Planning and future perspective
  • Nai is planning to have some other projects for
    supporting radios and also other media outlets.
  • The main plans are to establish a radio
    association and also to make a bogglers
  • The other plans are to connect out seas Afghans
    to the local radios through internet or any kind
    of ways we can.
  • The World Bank also likes to have a join project
    with Nai for Afghan media professionals to train
    them in economical issues reporting.

  • By these kind of activities Nai is doing, this
    idea is growing up that this organization is
    doing a kind of information spreading and also
    pave the ground for all people in the country to
    access to the information and also pave the
    ground for this idea that people has their own
    rights and it is people that has the rights to
    make any kind of decision and take and also
    spreading out the idea of civil society and also
    saying the importance of Information and
    communication technology
  • Although the people now a days getting the idea
    of how important the Information and
    communication technology is but Nai is doing more
    to increase the information of ICT importance in
    the country.

Not only Nai
  • Mention able that it is not just Nai that works
    for media development in the country there are a
    lot of Afghan NGOs like Nai that are working in
    this field and got their organizations in the
    stage where we are now.
  • We can name IWPR, CIJ, SAYARA, PAZHWAK and so on.

  • Recognize freedom of expression
  • Work for freedom of speech to be in fundamental
  • Increasing the trust on media among the civil

Thank You
? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????
????????? Global Internet Policy Initiative -
????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??
????????? Promoting Internet Policy and
Regulatory Reform in Afghanistan
By Javid Hamdard Country Coordinator GIPI-AF
What is GIPI ?
  • Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI) works in
    developing countries to promote the adoption of
    legal and regulatory frameworks that will support
    the growth of an open, affordable and
    user-controlled Internet an Internet that can
    drive economic growth and advance human
    development. GIPI's local policy coordinators are
    working in 15 countries to convene dialogue and
    build informed consensus among all stakeholders,
    providing objective expertise on policy issues,
    commenting on draft legislation, and assisting
    policymakers and civil society in achieving a
    better understanding of the legal environment
    needed for the Internet to develop.
  • GIPI Concept and Principles
  • The Global Internet Policy Initiative addresses a
    key issue of the decade Who will control the
    Internet? GIPI works in developing countries and
    in Afghanistan to support the adoption of legal
    frameworks that will enable the development of a
    decentralized, open, market-driven and
    user-controlled Internet. GIPI operates through
    the following activities

GIPI-AF 2006
GIPI Concept and Principles
  • Consultative, coalition-based efforts,
    country-by-country, to identify legal and
    regulatory barriers to Internet development and
    opportunities for policy reform.
  • On-the-ground engagement through local GIPI
    coordinators experts skilled in policy and
    coalition-building, backed up by Internet policy
    experts at Political Intelligence and Institute
    of Information Law.
  • Working with local partners to establish ongoing
    working groups with key stakeholders
    (Internet-related businesses, telecommunications
    service providers, NGOs, government officials,
    and foreign experts) to develop consensus for
    policy reforms.
  • Conducting educational seminars on Internet
    policy for government officials, the private
    sector and non-profits.
  • Reviewing and commenting upon local policy
    proposals and providing other assistance to local
    policy initiatives.
  • Facilitating opportunities, dialogue and
    negotiation, seeking coalitions and consensus
    around an open, competitive, user-controlled,
    non-regulated Internet, and interacting with
    European stakeholders and policymakers at the EU
    and national levels.
  • Working with international development
    initiatives in support of open Internet

GIPI-AF 2006
  • Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI) in
    Afghanistan (GIPI-AF) is a joint project of
    Internews Europe (France), the Institute for
    Information Law, University of Amsterdam
    (Netherlands), Political Intelligence (Belgium),
    and the Afghan Computer Science Association
    (Afghanistan). 90 of the project is financed by
    the Asia ITC program of Europe Aid (European
    Commission) under the name of (Promoting Internet
    Policy and Regulatory reform in Afghanistan).
  • The GIPI Approach
  • GIPI works at the local level, country-by-country,
    to develop and advocate Internet policy reform,
    based on rule of law, transparency, democratic
    principles and market-based solutions.
  • While the specifics vary in response to local
    conditions, we usually aim to create
    opportunities for dialogue and discussions
    involving all stakeholders - ISPs, content
    providers, telecommunications and wireless
    service providers, NGOs, universities, government
    officials, and foreign investors.

GIPI-AF 2006
GIPI-AF Activities
  • Laws Related Activity Areas
  • E-commerce (recognition of electronic contracts,
    digital signatures, tax breaks)
  • Creation of a competitive telecom service market
  • Intellectual property protection
  • Unmet red local phone calls for internet access
  • Minimal ISP regulation taxation
  • Minimal regulation of distribution access to
    content (incl spam control)
  • Balanced privacy protection legislation
  • Reduced taxes on computer hardware, software,
    literature, courses
  • E-governance, e-government
  • Balanced cyber crime legislation
  • VoIP legalizations
  • Creation of "National ICT Policy" /or "State ICT
    Coordinating Council"

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • What is VoIP?
  • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)also known
    as Internet telephony is becoming a key driver
    in the evolution of voice communications. It is
    sometimes referred to as the future of
  • VoIP technology is useful not only for phones,
    but also as a broad application platform that
    enables voice interactions on devices such as
    desktop computers, mobile devices, set-top boxes,
  • This valuable phenomenon is yet an unclear
    territory in the legal and regulatory framework
    of telecommunications in Afghanistan.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • What is GIPI doing?
  • GIPI Afghanistan organized a seminar April 20,
    bringing different players to the table for a
    candid discussion on the topic of VoIP
    legalizations. Attendees included international
    experts, government officials and ISP
  • The new telecommunications law and
    Internet/telecom policy of Afghanistan does not
    mention any VoIP legalization or regulation.
  • Furthermore, the Afghanistan Telecommunications
    Regulatory Authority (TRB previously) has banned
    this service in the ISPs licenses, meaning ISPs
    can not sell this service to the end user
    (ordinary consumers).

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • What is the role of GSM operators in VoIP
    in Afghanistan?
  • GSM operators (AWCC and Roshan) are using VoIP
    technology for backhaul network connectivity from
    the beginning of their operation in 2001 . But
    There is no benefit to the end user, or ORDINARY
  • The GSM operators, due to their commercial power,
    have a strong influence on the regulatory regime
    of the telecommunications sector in Afghanistan.
  • GIPI believes that this monopoly should end as
    soon as possible.
  • As far as the Quality of Service (QoS) and other
    things are concerned, let the user to choose what
    is good for him/her, and after all if the
    regulator aim to bring healthy competition and
    quality and quantity telecommunications service
    to every afghan as mentioned in an article of
    the telecom law, so there cant be a better
    opportunity then legalizing VoIP.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • GIPI-AFs advocacy is for a definition of VoIP in
    which the end user has to take advantage of many
    benefits of this technology.
  • In other words, there should be no discrimination
    for the provision of public service to any
    stakeholder in the telecom sector.
  • The Regulator should be playing a mediators role
    between the stakeholders in terms of facilitating
    the stakeholder to sit for discussions, debates,
    and solution findings for the existing problems
    in a way which should be for the mutual interest
    of all the stakeholders and at last mile for the
    benefit of ordinary consumers of the services.
    Rather then turning its back and favoring only
    one particular community or stakeholder which is
    against all national laws and policies which
    mentions provision of none discriminatory public
    services for example (continue)

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • The National Constitution
  • Chapter 1 State, Article 10th The state shall
    encourage, protect as well as ensure the safety
    of capital investment and private enterprises in
    accordance with the provisions of the law and
    market economy.
  • Chapter 10, Article 17th Freedom and
    confidentiality of correspondence, as well as
    communications of, individuals, whether in the
    form of a letter or via telephone, telegraph, as
    well as other means, shall be secure from
    intrusion. The state shall not have the right to
    inspect personal correspondence and
    communications, unless authorized by provisions
    of the law.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • The Telecom Law has been enacted in
    pursuant of these articles of the national
  • Telecom Law, Chapter 1, General
  • Article 2 Purpose
  • The purpose of this Law is
  • To provide further access to Telecom Services to
    the public throughout the country
  • To promote non-discriminatory entry of Service
    Providers and Operators to the market
  • To strengthen telecom markets in order to promote
    the quantity and quality of their services in the
  • To encourage technology that meets the needs of
    users and competitors and to prevent abuse of
    Significant Market Power by Telecom Service
    Providers and Operators.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • Income Tax Law
  • Chapter 6, Article 65 (Rates of Business
    Receipts Tax)
  • (2) Taxable services mentioned in sub-paragraph
    (1) 6 of the Article are guest house and hotel
    services, restaurant services, telecommunications
    services and airline services.
  • Ten percent of the income derived from the
    service provided by a legal or natural person
    which is 100,000 Afghanis or more per month in
    accordance with rulings issued by the ministry of
  • The national income tax law treats the providers
    of all telecommunication services in the same
    way, and expects them to pay the income taxes
    without discrimination of service.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • Government response Good news
  • During the recent GIPI seminar, MoC
    representative (Aimal Marjan), who was talking on
    behalf of Minister of Communications, said
  • Unlike before, the telecom market is
    mature enough that the government (MoC,
    regulator) can think and reconsider VoIP
    legalization for every one.
  • The Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulator
    Authority (ATRA) has already received H.E.
    minister of communications instructions for
    doing such survey and case studies, but we still
    need input and assistance from every one GIPI-AF,
    ISPs and any body else who is interested to
    provide us with best practices and case studies
    so we can decide how to regulate this service.

GIPI-AF 2006
VoIP Legalization in Afghanistan Recent Case Study
  • Outcomes of the GIPI seminar
  • It was the first time in the history of
    telecommunications sector that representatives
    from different sectors with different
    perspectives and interests discussed the issue
  • Seminar participants and speakers requested
    GIPI-AF to organize follow-up meetings and
    gathering regarding VoIP legalization in the

GIPI-AF 2006
Recommendations to the Government and Regulators
  • Transparency Regulatory and legislative
    processes should be transparent and open.
    Businesses and individuals should have ready
    access to all laws, regulations and judicial
    rulings, including draft laws and regulations,
    and access to government decision-making
  • Support for Entrepreneurship Business laws
    should support innovation, allowing small
    businesses and other start-ups to achieve legal
    status and pursue operations without delay. The
    law should reduce the risk of arbitrary
    government action and provide certainty, while
    allowing flexibility.
  • Privatization and Competition Privatization and
    competition should be promoted to drive down
    prices, investments in the telecommunications
    sector ay any level should be promoted to spur
    the development of all services, including the

GIPI-AF 2006
Recommendations to the Government and Regulators
  • Non-discrimination All stake holders in the
    telecommunications market should have access to
    government services and facilities on a
    non-discriminatory basis and the regulator should
    assure this.
  • Independent and Effective Regulators as
    mentioned in the Telecom Law the Regulatory
    authorities of the telecommunications sector
    should really be independent, and work for the
    interest of the general public by developing
    policies and regulations which are effective and
  • Price Reforms and Universal Service Telephone
    service pricing policies must reflect costs,
    encourage investment, and advance the principle
    of universal service.

GIPI-AF 2006
Recommendations to the Government and Regulators
  • Training and Public Access The government
    should have a strong role in training technicians
    knowledgeable in telephony, networking, and
    programming, as well as ensuring that the broader
    population understands and has access to the
  • Taxes the government must eliminate/reduce taxes
    on computer hardware, software, literature,
    courses in order to promote access to computer
    literacy and ICTs among ordinary people
  • Price Reforms and Universal Service Telephone
    service pricing policies must reflect costs,
    encourage investment, and advance the principle
    of universal service.

GIPI-AF 2006
Recommendations to the Government and Regulators
  • Licensing Licensing procedures and requirements
    should be made easy and not restrict market entry
    (The marketplace and ordinary business law are
    sufficient to protect consumers)
  • Taxes the government must eliminate/reduce taxes
    on computer hardware, software, literature,
    courses in order to promote access to computer
    literacy and ICTs among ordinary people
  • Price Reforms and Universal Service Telephone
    service pricing policies must reflect costs,
    encourage investment, and advance the principle
    of universal service.

GIPI-AF 2006
General Recommendations
  • ICTs as Enabling Technologies all sectors should
    work for using the ICTs as enabling technologies
    to all fields of life, not as a restriction of
    educational and knowledge standard
  • Local Contents all sectors in every field of
    life in Afghanistan associated to ICTs should
    coordinate their efforts and make ICTs available
    in local contents/languages to promote access to
    ICTs for every ordinary afghan, even if He/She
    does not speak English or other foreign languages
  • We want our computer to talk to us in our own
  • Localization Project (ACSA)

GIPI-AF 2006
Thank You
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