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The Middle Ages

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Title: The Middle Ages


1
Christianity Medieval Society
2
The Church Shapes Politics Society
  • Clergy- Church officials, very influential in
    medieval European culture politics.
  • Society- The church was the center of all
    society. Pilgrims traveled to see religious
    places.
  • Politics- The clergy were very influential in.

3
Monks Friars
4
The Monks Of Cluny
  • Religious Order- A group of people who dedicate
    their lives their lives to religion and follow
    common rules.
  • Living Apart From Society- Monks lived away from
    people.

5
New Orders
  • The monks of Cluny established a new religious
    order.
  • Some monks took vows of silence and stopped
    speaking to each other. Others lived in tiny
    rooms and left them only to go to church services.

6
Friars
  • Francis Of Assisi- They started the Franciscans.
  • Friars- They came from the Franciscans.
  • Living Within Society- Friars lived in the city.
    They lived in it so they can teach people.

7
Universities Are Built
8
Thomas Aquinas
  • He wrote an argument about how he thought God was
    real and why. Made a philosophical system called
    Natural Law. This showed how God ordered the
    world.

9
The Church And The Arts
  • Religious Architects- A strong influence on art
    and architecture.
  • In the 1100s Europeans built their cathedrals
    using a dramatic new style called Gothic
    architecture.

10
Magna Carter Causes Changes In England
11
Magna Carta
  • A document written by English nobles and signed
    by King John listing rights the king could not
    ignore.
  • The person who demanded this agreement was a
    group of English nobles.

12
Effects Of Magna Carta
13
What Were The Effects Of Magna Carta
  • The effects of Magna Carta were that the king had
    to honor certain rights, such as habeas corpus.
    Magna Carta required everyone to obey the law.
  • Three Demands Were
  • Habeas corpus
  • No man shall be forced to perform more service
    for a knights fee or other free holding land
  • In future no official shall place a man on trial
    upon his own unsupported statement, without
    producing credible witnesses to the truth of it.

14
Changes After Magna Carta
  • Inspired English to find more ways to limit the
    kings power.
  • A council of nobles was made to advise the king.
  • They soon developed into Parliament , the body
    that governs England today.
  • Kings could do little without Parliaments support.

15
The Hundred Years War
16
The Course Of The War
  • In 1382 the king of France died with no heirs. So
    two men claimed his throne, one was French while
    the other was the king of England. The French man
    became king.

17
English Take The Lead
  • When the French man became king or England this
    didnt sit well with the English king, so a few
    years later he invaded France. The invasion began
    a long conflict between England and France. This
    was called The Hundred Years War. After 100 years
    of fighting a teenage girl by the name of Joan Of
    The Arc supported the French. But the English
    captured her and burned her to death and drove
    out the English from their country

18
Results Of The War
  • Changed the governments of both England and
    France. Parliaments power grew because the king
    needed Parliaments approval to raise money to pay
    for the costly war. In France the kings power
    grew. He had become popular with the nobles
    during the war. They created a bond when they
    were fighting with the English, because of that
    the nobles supported the king.

19
Black Death
20
Where It Came From
  • The Black Death came from Asia.

21
How It Spread
  • People moved and so it got to other places.

22
What Disease Was It
  • It was a disease called the bubonic plague.

23
Effects On Manor Life Feudalism
  • People moved out of the manors and moved to
    different places. Spreading the disease even
    more. 2/3rds of the population died. Because they
    died there was enough food for everyone and
    enough jobs and more money. So people were
    happier.

24
What Happened To It
  • Because all the weak immune system people died
    only the people with strong immune systems lived.
    So the disease faded out but its still around
    today.
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