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the middle ages

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Title: the middle ages


1
Christianity and Medieval society
  • By- Breanna Asberry

2
Magna Carta Changes in England
3
Magna Carta
  • Magna Carta is a document written by English
    nobles and signed by King John listing rights the
    king should not ignore.
  • English nobles demanded King John to approve of
    the document.

4
Effects of Magna Carta
5
What were the effects of Magna Carta?
  • Three demands, and why they are important are..
  • 1.) habeas corpus (no one could be kept in jail
    without reason.) This is important because they
    believed it was not right for whomever to go to
    jail for no reason at all.
  • 2.) no man shall be forced to perform more
    service for a knights fee, or other free
    holding of land, than is due from it. (16) this
    is important because they didnt want to be
    forced to do more than they had to.
  • 3.)

6
The church shapes politics and society
  • A. Clergys are church officals. The clergy were
    very influential in medieval European culture
    politics.
  • B. Everything took place at church, church was
    the center of all society. People traveled to see
    religious things.
  • C. Church officials often became advisors to
    local rulers.

7
Monks and Friars
8
The Monks of Cluny
  • Monks established a new religious order, they had
    dedicated their lives to religion with common
    rules. Women created their own religious
    communities.
  • Monks lived away from people.

9
New Orders
10
Friars
  • A. Francis of Assisi created Dominicans.
  • B. Friars were the ones who followed the orders
    to live among and teach among the public.
  • C. Living within the society meant teaching at
    schools etc

11
Universities are built
  • Europes first universities were created by the
    church.
  • A reasoned argument was written about the
    existence of god by Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican
    Friar.
  • He developed natural law, a philosophical
    system, to show how god ordered the world as well.

12
The church and the arts
  • Great Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe are
    upon the most beautiful of all architecture
    achievement.

13
Religious architecture
14
Black Death
15
Where it came from
  • Black death came from rats with fleas in central
    and eastern Asia.

16
How it spread
  • It spreaded by the fleas jumping on to humans and
    biting them.

17
What disease was it
  • The disease was bubonic plague.

18
Effect on Manor life and feudalism how/ many died
  • In most places the Manor system fell completely
    apart, and feudalism decreased as well because
    there was not enough people, Europe lost about a
    third of its population, about 25 million people
    died.

19
What happened to it
  • What happened to Black Death was the people who
    survived What realized what was causing all the
    deaths (fleas on rats) so they decided what they
    would do is clean up the city because rats liked
    dirty/unclean places. And after that, since
    there were little people, there was enough
    money/food for everyone. And the Black Death
    decreased, springing back a couple times.

20
The Hundred Years War
  • In 1328 the king of France died without any sons,
    so two men claimed his throne. One was French and
    the other was the king of england, but the French
    man became king. But the English king was not
    happy with this and as that said, he invaded
    France a few years later. The invasion was a long
    conflict between England and France and became
    the Hundred Years War
  • In the beginning the English armies won most of
    the battles.
  • After 100 years of war, a teenage peasant girl,
    Joan of Arc, joined/supported the French troops.
    But was soon later captured by the English and
    killed.

21
Results of the War
22
Changes in England
  • In England Parliaments power grew because the
    king needed Parliaments approval to raise money
    to pay for the war. King soon lost power to
    Parliaments.

23
Changes in France
  • The king gained more power from nobles
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