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Later Middle Ages

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Updated: 25 April 2013
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Title: Later Middle Ages


1
The Later middle Ages
  • Kennedi Johnson

2
Christianity and Medieval society
3
The church shapes politics and society
  • Clergy- is a church officials.) influential in
    medieval European culture and politics.
  • Society- Life revolved around the local church
  • Politics- Church officials became political.

4
Monks and Friars
5
The Monks of Cluny
  • Religious order- The Monks from Cluny, France,
    made a new religious order.
  • Living apart from society-Monks lived away from
    people.

6
New orders and Friars
  • Francis of Assisi- are made up of people called
    Friars. Dominic de Guzman, and Franciscans
    started Francis of Assisi.
  • Friars- are apart of Francis of Assisi
  • Living within society- Friars lived with people.
    Most of them lived in cities.

7
Universities are built
  • The first universities were built by the church.
  • Religion, law, medicine, and philosophy were
    taught there.
  • The students took test like they do today.

8
Thomas Aquinas
  • He wrote a reasoned argument for the existence of
    God.
  • He also made a philosophical system called
    natural law.
  • He was also a philosopher who showed how
    religious faith and reason could co-exist

9
Natural Law
  • Thomas Aquinas created natural law.
  • This shows how God had ordered the world.
  • This also showed how the world operated.

10
Religious architecture and arts
  • Religious architecture- Gothic cathedrals are
    among the most beautiful of all architectural
    achievements.

11
Religious Art
  • The windows where stained glass and are all
    designed to bring people closer to God.
  • Walls to clergys robes to the books used, were
    also works of art.

12
Magna Carta changes in England
  • Magana Carta- A document written by English
    nobles and signed by King John listing right that
    he could not ignore.

13
Who demanded this agreement?
  • English nobles demanded the king to follow the
    laws just like they have to.

14
Effects of Magna Carta
15
What were the effects of M/C
  • Led to more changes
  • The king turned to a council of nobles for advice
    and money.

16
Three demands and why they are important
  • 1. No man should be forced to perform more
    service for the knights fee.
  • 2. Neither we nor any royal official will take
    wood for our castle.
  • 3. In future no official shall place a man on
    trial upon his own unsupported statement.
  • These three statements helped the king organize
    the city

17
Changes after Magna Carta
18
What did M/C inspire the noble to do?
  • The council of nobles helped to advise the king.

19
Parliament
  • The council developed into Parliament
  • The law-making body that governs England today.

20
How did the King limit M/C
  • The king agreed to free courts of his control.

21
The Hundred Years War
  • England VS France

22
The course of the War
  • The king of France died with no sons. Two men
    claimed the throne. One of the men was French.
  • The English invaded France and won many battles.
  • Joan of Arc- was a peasant girl. She rallied the
    French troops. She was killed by the English.
  • This war was between England and France.
  • English King was trying to take control of
    Frances throne.

23
Results of the War
  • This war changed the government in both France
    and England.
  • After the war, the French kings power grew.
  • The democracy is France will have to wait because
    the government in France had changed and it would
    be useless.

24
Black Death
  • This disease came from central eastern Asia.
    Only the strong survived

25
How it spread
  • This disease spread by fleas. The rats carried
    fleas. If the flea bit you then you have the
    plague.

26
What disease was it
  • It was the buboes plague.

27
Effect on men or lifeand Feudalism/how many died?
  • About 25 million died in Europe. About the third
    of the population.
  • In England alone about 1,000 villages were
    abandoned. This meant more food for the poor
    people

28
What happened to it
  • The disease went away because people cleaned up
    and there were not that many people there anymore.
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