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Cell Boundaries

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Cell Boundaries Section 7 3 Cell Membrane What are the functions of the cell membrane? It regulates what enters and leaves the cell and also provides protection and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cell Boundaries


1
Cell Boundaries
  • Section 73

2
Cell Membrane
  • What are the functions of the cell membrane?
  • It regulates what enters and leaves the cell and
    also provides protection and support.

3
Cell Membrane
  • The core of nearly all cell membranes is a
    double-layered sheet called a(an)
  • Lipid Bilayer

4
Cell Membrane
  • What is the difference in the function of the
    proteins and the carbohydrates attached to a cell
    membrane?
  • Some of the proteins form channels and pumps
    that help move materials across the membrane.
  • Many of the carbohydrates act like chemical
    identification cards.

5
Cell Walls
  • In what organisms are cell walls found?
  • They are found in plants, algae, fungi, and many
    prokaryotes.

6
Cell Walls
  • Is the following sentence true or false?
  • The cell wall lies inside the cell membrane.
  • False

7
Cell Walls
  • What is the main function of the cell wall?
  • It provides support and protection for the cell.

8
Cell Walls
  • What are plant cell walls mostly made of?
  • They are made mostly of cellulose.

9
Diffusion Through Cell Boundaries
  • The cytoplasm of a cell is a solution of many
    different substances in.
  • Water

10
Diffusion Through Cell Boundaries
  • What is the concentration of a solution?
  • It is the mass of the solute in a given volume of
    solution, or mass/volume.

11
Diffusion Through Cell Boundaries
  • What is diffusion?
  • It is the process by which molecules tend to move
    from an area where they are more concentrated to
    an area where they are less concentrated.

12
Diffusion Through Cell Boundaries
13
Osmosis
  • What does it mean that biological membranes are
    selectively permeable?
  • Some substances can pass across them and others
    cannot.

14
Osmosis
  • What is osmosis?
  • It is the diffusion of water through a
    selectively permeable membrane.

15
Osmosis
  • Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Water tends to diffuse from a region where it is
    less concentrated to a region where it is highly
    concentrated.
  • False

16
Osmosis
  • When will water stop moving across a membrane?
  • It will move across the membrane until
    equilibrium is reached.

17
Osmosis
  • Two solutions are isotonic if
  • The solutions are the same strength.

18
Osmosis
  • A solution is hypertonic if...
  • The solution is above strength in solute.

19
Osmosis
  • A solution is hypotonic if...
  • The solution is below strength in solute.

20
Osmosis
  • On which side of a selectively permeable membrane
    does osmosis exert a pressure?
  • It exerts a pressure on the hypertonic side.

21
Facilitated Diffusion
  • What happens during the process of facilitated
    diffusion?
  • Molecules such as glucose that cannot cross the
    cell membranes lipid bilayer directly move
    through protein channels instead.

22
Facilitated Diffusion
  • What is the role of protein channels in the cell
    membrane?
  • Protein channels allow molecules (that are too
    large) to cross the membrane.

23
Facilitated Diffusion
  • Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Facilitated diffusion does not require the cell
    to use energy.
  • True

24
Active Transport
  • The energy-requiring process that moves material
    across a cell membrane against a concentration
    difference is called
  • active transport

25
Active Transport
  • Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Active transport always requires transport
    proteins during the process.
  • False

26
Active Transport
27
Active Transport
  • During endocytosis, what happens to the pocket in
    the cell membrane when it breaks loose from the
    membrane?
  • It forms a vacuole within the cytoplasm.
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