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Later Middle Ages

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Title: Later Middle Ages


1
Christianity and Medieval Society
  • By Benjamin N. Rose

2
The Church Shapes Society and Politics
  • Clergies
  • Society
  • Politics

3
Clergy
  • Clergies are church officials.

4
Society
  • Everything took place at the church-Pilgrims
    visited religious places.

5
Politics
  • Churches were a main feudal lord.

6
Monks and Friars
7
The Monks of Cluny
  • Dedicated lives to God
  • Started religious order

8
Religious Order
  • Religious orders dedicated their lives to
    religion with common rules.

9
Living Apart From Society
  • Most monks lived apart from society.

10
Friars
  • Francis of Assisi
  • Friars
  • Living Within Society

11
Francis of Assisi
  • Founder of Franciscan order.

12
Friars
  • Members of religious orders who lived and worked
    among the general public.

13
Living Within Society
  • The orders of the Dominicans and The Franciscans.

14
Universities are Built
15
Thomas Aquinas
  • Philosopher who showed how religious faith and
    reason could co-exist.

16
Created by Religious Leaders
  • Universities were created by religious leaders.

17
Tests Then and Now
  • Students in universities took tests like we do
    today. Almost nothing else is similar.

18
The Church and the Arts
19
Religious Architecture
  • Inspired by religious expression

20
Magna Carta Causes Changes in England
21
Magna Carta
  • A document that took power from the king and
    gave it to the people.

22
Who Demanded This Agreement?
  • The nobles of England band together and demand
    this document to be active.

23
Effects of the Magna Carta
  • The Magna Carta gave power to the people and took
    it from the king.
  • It also prevented people from being arrested for
    no reason.
  • Kings power was limited.

24
Three Demands on the Magna Carta
  • Habeas Corpus
  • Petition right
  • Act of settlement

25
Changes After Magna Carta
26
What did M/C inspire the nobles to do?
  • The nobles were inspired to create a parliament.

27
Parliament
  • Parliament was a law making body similar to the
    legislative branch.

28
How did the king limit Magna Carta?
  • To limit magna carta, the king appointed judges
    that only listened to him.

29
My M/C
  • Nobody should be accused of a crime without
    evidence. (Accusation of playing on a phone. Gets
    phone taken. No evidence. Gets phone back.)
  • Nobody should sit in the extra office chair
    unless they have a good reason.
  • Mr. Frazier shall not give homework unless it is
    voted upon.

30
Hundred Years War
31
The Course of the War
  • French king dies with no heirs
  • Two men claim throne
  • English take the lead
  • Joan of Arc inspires the French

32
Joan of Arc
  • Small peasant girl who claimed to hear god and
    won the war.

33
Results of the War
34
Changes in England
  • King lost all power but is still rich. (Pretty
    much a mascot)

35
Changes in France
  • Kings power grew

36
Democracy in France will have to wait
  • Kings power grew so democracy was off the table.

37
Black Death
38
Where it Came From
  • The Black Death came from Asia.

39
How it Spread
  • It spread through trade.
  • It also spread because fleas bit rats and gave it
    to humans.

40
What Disease was it?
  • The main disease involved with the black death
    was the bubonic plague.

41
How Many Died?
  • Two thirds of the worlds population died.

42
What Happened To It?
  • It died off because the healthy people didnt
    catch it.
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