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Title: later middle ages lholder


1
Later middle ages
By Landen Holder 6th and 7th period
2
Christianity and Medieval society
3
The church and society
4
The church shapes politics and society
  • Clergy- a church official who was very
    influential in medieval times
  • Society- based on the churches- Pilgrims visited
    churches
  • Politics- church officials often became political
    advisors to local rulers

5
Monks and friars
6
Monks
  • Monks of Cluny- the monks of Cluny France
    established a new religious order because some
    thought the church was too involved in politics
  • Religious order- the monks dedicated their lives
    to religion with common rules, other new orders
    followed
  • Living apart from society- most monks lived apart
    from society but two religious orders were
    developed for those who wanted to live and teach
    among people

7
Friars
  • Francis of Assisi- the founder of the Franciscan
    order
  • Friars- members of the Franciscan order
  • Living within society- the friars lived and
    worked among the general public

8
Universities
9
Universities are built
  • Thomas Aquinas- philosopher who showed how
    religious faith and reason could co-exist, he
    made natural law
  • Created by religious leaders- Europe's first
    universities were built by the church
  • Students took tests then and now- both then and
    now students had to take tests to prove that they
    knew what was being taught

10
The church and the arts
11
The church and the arts
  • Religious architecture- the architecture was
    about religious expression to bring people closer
    to God

12
Summary
  • As you can see the elements of culture strongly
    impacted Medieval Society

13
Magna Carta causes change in England
14
What was the Magna Carta
  • The Magna Carta was a document written by English
    nobles and signed by King John listing rights the
    king could not ignore

15
Effects of Magna Carta
  • One major effect of the Magna Carta is the
    democratic principle the limited the power of the
    king

16
Some demands of the Magna Carta
17
3 demands of the Magna Carta
  • 1. No man shall be forced to perform more service
    for a knights fee, or other free holding of land,
    than is due from it
  • 2. Neither we nor any royal officer will take
    wood for our castle, or for any purpose, without
    consent of the owner
  • 3. In the future no official shall place a man on
    trial upon his own unsupported statement, without
    producing credible witnesses to the truth of it

18
Why these demands are important
  • These demands are important because they led to
    the democratic principles and civil liberties and
    rights the people were seeking that they did not
    receive at the time

19
What the Magna Carta inspired
20
Magna Carta leads to parliament
  • One major effect of the Magna Carta is the
    parliament
  • Due to the demands of the Magna Carta, the
    English king faced war and financial problems.
    Thus the king turned to a council of nobles for
    advise which later led to the parliament

21
Kings limit on Magna Carta
22
Kings limit
  • One way the king limited the Magna Carta is by
    choosing only judges who would be loyal to him

23
The Hundred Years War
24
What was the Hundred Years War
  • The Hundred Years War was a long conflict between
    England and France

25
Course of the war
26
What caused it
  • The cause of the Hundred Years War is when the
    French king died with no heirs. The kings closest
    heir was a third cousin who was also the king of
    England, but also Phillip the III of France was
    his third cousin and both claimed right to the
    throne. They fought over who deserved it, leading
    to the Hundred Years war

27
Joan of Arc
28
Who was Joan of Arc
  • The English had taken the lead in the war and won
    many key battles with the French until Joan of
    Arc arrived. Joan of Arc was a teenage peasant
    girl who rallied the French troops. She claimed
    to have heard Gods voice in her head and she
    claimed that he told her she was the one who
    would win the war for France. England eventually
    captured and killed Joan but the French still won
    the war in the end.

29
Changes after the war
30
Changes after the war in France and England
  • One change in England is the war helped to
    increase the power of Parliament because the king
    needed Parliaments approval to raise money to pay
    for the war
  • One change in France is that the kings power grew
    after the war
  • Because England didnt win the war, they were not
    able to spread democracy to France so democracy
    in France would have to wait

31
Black death
32
What it was
  • The black death was a plague that swept through
    Europe between 1347 and 1351

33
How it spread
  • The plague originally came from Asia and spread
    to Europe by traders who unknowingly brought rats
    carrying the disease to Mediterranean ports. From
    there it quickly spread through most of Europe.
    Fleas that fed on infected rats passed on the
    disease to people

34
What disease it was
  • The disease was the bubonic plague

35
Effects of the plague
  • The black plague killed 1/3 of the population,
    approximately 25 million people
  • The old manor system and feudalism, already
    weakened by the growth of cities, collapsed
  • Plague survivors found their skills in demand and
    charged more for their labor. Instead of working
    for the rich, peasants now had job opportunities

36
What happened to it
  • They eliminated the places that rats wanted to
    be, therefore killing rats, therefore killing the
    fleas that fed off the rats
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