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Later Middle Ages

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Title: Later Middle Ages


1
Later Middle Ages
  • S. Duff

2
Christianity and Medieval Society
3
The Church Shapes Society and Politics
  • Clergy- church officials. Were very influential
    in medieval European culture and politics.
  • Society- For many people in European Middle Ages,
    life revolved around the local church. Many
    religious ceremonies were held at the church, an
    were important moments in peoples lives.

4
Cont.
  • Politics- The church owned a lot of land in
    Europe because many people left their property to
    the church when they passed.
  • Church officials often became political advisors
    to local rulers.

5
Monks and friars
6
The Monks Of The Cluny, France
  • They lived apart from society.
  • They established a new religious order, and
    dedicated their lives to religion with common
    rules.

7
Religious Order
  • A group of people who dedicate their lives to
    religion and follow common rules.

8
Living Apart From Society
  • They thought to be a good monk, you should live
    apart from society.
  • Most monks lived apart from society, but two new
    religious orders developed for those who wanted
    to live and teach among people.

9
Universities are built
  • The first universities in Europe were built by
    the church.
  • Religion, law, medicine, and philosophy were
    taught.

10
Thomas Aquinas
  • -Thomas Aquinas wrote a reasoned argument for the
    existence of God.
  • -He also developed a philosophical system called
    natural law.

11
Natural Law
  • -Natural law was created by Thomas Aquinas.
  • -Natural law is a philosophical system to show
    how God had ordered the world.

12
The Church and The Arts
13
Religious Architecture
  • The great Gothic cathedrals of late medieval
    Europe are among the most beautiful of all
    architectural achievements.
  • They included spires an. d high ceilings, and
    also colorful stained glass windows. These things
    were designed to bring people closer to God.

14
Religious Art
  • Everything inside the churches, from the walls to
    clergys robes to the books used, were all works
    of art.

15
Magna Carta causes changes in England
16
Magna Carta
  • Who demanded this agreement?
  • -A group of English nobles.
  • In 1215, the group of English nobles forced the
    King to respect their rights. They made the King
    approve a document listing rights the king
    couldnt ignore. This document is known as the
    Magna Carta, or Great Charter.

17
Effects of Magna Carta
  • What were the effects of M/C?
  • -The M/C led to more changes, involving war
    and financial troubles. The kings turned to a
    council of nobles for advice and money.
  • What were some demands, and why were they
    important?
  • - No one could be kept in jail without reason.
  • - Everyone, even the king, had to obey the law.
  • - Neither we nor any royal will take wood for
    our castle, or for any other purpose without
    the consent of the owner.

18
What did Magna Carta inspire the noble to do?
  • Magna Carta inspired the English to find more
    ways to limit the kings power.
  • Soon, they created a council of nobles to advise
    the king.

19
Parliament
  • -The council of nobles developed into Parliament.
  • -Parliament is the law-making body that governs
    England today.

20
How did the King limit M/C ?
  • Over time, the kings eventually freed the courts
    from their control.

21
The Hundred Years War
22
The Course of the War
In 1328, the king of France died with no
children. Two men claimed his throne, one French,
and other king of England. The French man became
king. This didnt sit well with the English king,
and he later invaded France. This invasion began
a long conflict between the two, that came to be
called the hundred years war.
23
Joan of Arc
  • A teenage peasant girl, who rallied the French
    troops. Although the English eventually captured
    and killed her, it was far too late. The French
    drove the English from their country.

24
Results of the War
  • This war changed the governments in England and
    France. In England, Parliaments power grew
    because the king needed Parliaments approval to
    raise money to pay for the war. In France, the
    kings power grew. During the war, the king had
    become popular with his nobles.

25
Democracy in France will have to wait
  • During the war, the king had become very popular
    with his nobles, so his power grew. As a result,
    the nobles supported the king after the war as
    well.

26
The Black Death
  • During the Hundred Years War, a new problem
    arose. This problem was the Black Death, a deadly
    plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and
    1351.

27
Where it came from
  • The plague originally came from central and
    eastern Asia.

28
How it spread
  • Traders unknowingly brought rats carrying the
    disease to Mediterranean ports.

29
What happened to it?
  • The

plague
has
No cure.
30
Effect on Manor life and feudalism.
  • How many died?
  • - In England alone, about 1,000 villages were
    abandoned, and killed millions of people in
    Europe, and millions more around the world.
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