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The Black Death

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By 1300 Europeans were farming almost all the land they could cultivate. ... Medieval Art & the Plague. An obsession. with death. Boccaccio in The Decameron ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death


1
The historian, Barbara Tuchmann wrote in her
book, The Distant Mirror The Calamitous 14c,
that, when the gap between the ideal and the
real in a society becomes too wide, the system
breaks down. We will assess the validity of this
thesis by analyzing the major political,
economic, social, and intellectual forces that
contributed to a breakdown of society in the late
14c and early 15c.
2
The Black Death
1347 - 1351
3
The Culprits
4
The Famine of 1315-1317
  • By 1300 Europeans were farming almost all the
    land they could cultivate.
  • A population crisis developed.
  • Climate changes in Europe produced three years of
    crop failures between 1315-17 because of
    excessive rain.
  • As many as 15 of the peasants in some English
    villages died.
  • One consequence ofstarvation povertywas
    susceptibility todisease.

5
1347 Plague Reaches Constantinople!
6
The Symptoms
Bulbous
Septicemia Formalmost 100 mortality rate.
7
From the Toggenburg Bible, 1411
8
Lancing a Buboe
9
The Disease Cycle
Flea drinks rat blood that carries the
bacteria.
Bacteria multiply in fleas gut.
Human is infected!
Fleas gut cloggedwith bacteria.
Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into
human wound.
10
Medieval Art the Plague
11
Medieval Art the Plague
Bring out your dead!
12
Medieval Art the Plague
An obsession with death.
13
Boccaccio in The Decameron
The victims ate lunch with their friends and
dinner with their ancestors.
14
The Danse Macabre
15
(No Transcript)
16
Attempts to Stop the Plague
Leeching
A Doctors Robe
17
Attempts to Stop the Plague
FlagellantiSelf-inflicted penance for our
sins!
18
Attempts to Stop the Plague
Pograms against the Jews
Golden Circle obligatory badge
Jew hat
19
Death Triumphant !A Major Artistic Theme
20
A Little Macabre Ditty
A sickly season, the merchant said,The town I
left was filled with dead,and everywhere these
queer red fliescrawled upon the corpses
eyes,eating them away.Fair make you sick,
the merchant said,They crawled upon the wine
and bread.Pale priests with oil and
books,bulging eyes and crazy looks,dropping
like the flies.
21
A Little Macabre Ditty (2)
I had to laugh, the merchant said,The doctors
purged, and dosed, and bledAnd proved through
solemn disputationThe cause lay in some
constellation.Then they began to die.First
they sneezed, the merchant said,And then they
turned the brightest red,Begged for water, then
fell back.With bulging eyes and face turned
black,they waited for the flies.
22
A Little Macabre Ditty (3)
I came away, the merchant said,You cant do
business with the dead.So Ive come here to ply
my trade.Youll find this to be a fine brocade
And then he sneezed.!
23
The Mortality Rate
35 - 70
25,000,000 dead !!!
24
What were thepolitical,economic,and social
effectsof the Black Death??
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