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Mental Health Issues in Later Life

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Complicated Grief Roughly 15 percent of people who have ... A Healthy Mind is Important Good mental health can help you Enjoy life more Handle difficult ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Health Issues in Later Life


1
Mental Health Issues in Later Life
  • WELLNESS AND PREVENTION

2
What is Normal Aging?
  • Two groups
  • Those with disease
  • Those with normal health
  • Society has a widespread belief, however, that
    physical and mental declines are inevitable as we
    age.

3
Successful Aging
  • Low risk of disease and disease-related
    disability
  • High mental and physical functioning
  • Active engagement with life
  • The combination of these three factors constitute
    the essence of successful aging
  • (Rowe and Khan)

4
A Long and Healthy Life
  • Common-sense practices
  • Don't smoke
  • Don't drink too much
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Get at least 30 minutes of moderate physical
    activity each day
  • Get regular checkups and screenings
  • Wear seat belts and take other safety precautions

5
Other Factors for Successful Aging
  • Attitudes and actions can transform our lives
  • Lifelong learning
  • Active involvement
  • A hopeful outlook

6
Caring for Yourself
  • Maintain a positive outlook on life
  • Take good care of your health
  • Remain active
  • Stay in close contact with family and friends
  • Eat right
  • Remain mentally active
  • Know what you believe

7
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8
Mental Health Issues in Later Life
  • Maintaining Emotional Health

9
Terms to Describe a Healthy Emotional State
  • Mental Health
  • Emotional Health
  • Mental Wellness
  • Emotions Wellness
  • Standard definitions of these terms are difficult
    to find

10
Elements of Mental Wellness Definitions
  • Statistical normality
  • Observations of one older adult's ability to
    function compared to others
  • The degree to which mental disorders respond to
    treatment
  • An idealized image of continued contribution,
    growth and functioning, sometimes labeled
    successful aging

11
Definitions of Mental Wellness
  • A measure of personal life satisfaction and
    quality of life that affects the older individual
    and the community
  • (www.asaging.org)
  • Striking a balance in all aspects of your life
    social, physical, spiritual, economic, mental
  • (www.stjosham.on.ca/mentalhealth/about.htm)

12
Definitions of Mental Wellness (continued)
  • Successful performance of mental function,
    resulting in productive activities, fulfilling
    relationships with other people, and the ability
    to adapt to change and to cope with adversity
    mental health is the springboard of thinking and
    communication skills, learning, emotional growth,
    resilience, and self esteem
  • (www.surgeongeneral.gov)

13
A Healthy Mind is Important
  • Good mental health can help you
  • Enjoy life more
  • Handle difficult situations
  • Stay better connected to your loved ones
  • Keep your body strong
  • Save money on healthcare expenses
  • Live longer
  • (DHHS publication No. SMA 02-3618, 2001)

14
Maintaining Emotional Health
  • Most older adults enjoy good mental health
  • Emotional, mental, and physical health are all
    connected
  • A healthy mind is as important as a healthy body,
    and should be given the same attention!

15
Sleep
  • Sleep is an important part of our ability to
    remember
  • Neuronal connections may be remodeled during
    sleep
  • Some memory tasks appear to be more vulnerable
    to sleep deprivation than others
  • Sleep deprivation may produce effects in the
    brain that resemble those associated with aging
      
  • Evidence that sleep plays an important role in
    memory consolidation
  • (http//www.memory-key.com/NatureofMemory/sleep.ht
    m)

16
Stress
  • Managing stress can affect ones outlook on life
  • Not all stress is negative
  • Chronic stress takes a toll on the brain
  • In older persons, stress is thought to play a
    bigger role in triggering depression than in
    other groups

17
Managing Stress
  • Eat regular healthy meals
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Get enough sleep
  • Engage in some kind of regular physical activity
  • Recognize that there are some things you cannot
    control and focus your attention on the things
    that you can
  • Develop a sense of humor put some fun back into
    your life by doing something you really enjoy
    every day

18
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19
Mental Health Issues in Later Life
  • Staying Connected

20
Social Connection
  • Maintaining social connections is important to
    wellness in later life
  • Social relationships serve as a key source of
    informal support
  • Loneliness is a problem for many older adults

21
Retirement
  • Take a slow exit
  • Try a new job on a part-time basis
  • Share your job
  • Take a break
  • Volunteer

22
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23
Mental Health Issues in Later Life
  • Dealing with Grief

24
Grief and Bereavement
  • Losses are a part of everyones lives
  • As we age we accumulate more losses
  • Loss of a spouse is common in late life
  • About 800,000 older Americans are widowed each
    year
  • Elders expressions of grief are often shaped by
    their cultural values and beliefs

25
Grief and Loss Experiences
  • Anxiety or panic
  • 40 percent of people who lose a spouse experience
    generalized anxiety or panic syndromes in the
    first year
  • Death
  • In the first six months after a loss, mortality
    among surviving spouses increases 40 to 70
    percent compared with the general population.

26
Complicated Grief
  • Roughly 15 percent of people who have lost a
    loved one might be susceptible to complicated
    grief
  • a condition more severe than the average
    loss-related life transition, depression, and
    anxiety
  • Risk factors for complicated grief
  • Excessive dependency on the person who died
  • History of depression or anxiety
  • Sudden death of a loved one

27
Symptoms of Grief
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Substance abuse
  • Symptoms of complicated grief
  • searching, yearning, preoccupation with thoughts
    of the deceased, crying, disbelief regarding the
    death, feeling stunned by the death, and lack of
    acceptance of the loss.

28
Stages of Grief
  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Reactive Depression
  • Guilt
  • Acceptance

29
Coping with Grief
  • Take care of your body
  • Take care of your mind
  • Take care of your spirit

30
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