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STANDARDIZATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES-AN OVERVIEW

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Title: STANDARDIZATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES-AN OVERVIEW


1
STANDARDIZATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES-AN OVERVIEW
  • J.K.GUPTA, SCIENTIST C, BIS

2
INTRODUCTION
  • THE TECHNICAL TEXTILE SECTOR IN INDIA IS LIKELY
    TO GROW BY 11 YEAY ON YEAR AND IS EXPECTED TO
    ATTAIN A MARKET SIZE OF 14.8 BILLION BY 2012-13
    FROM THE CURRENT SIZE OF 9.9 BILLION
  • PRESENTLY MAJOR PRODUCERS OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
    ARE IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES OUT OF WHICH USA,
    EUROPE AND JAPAN COMPRISE ABOUT 70 .
  • ALTHOUGH, GLOBALLY THERE HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANT
    GROWTH OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN THE DEVELOPED
    COUNTRIES, LARGE INVESTMENTS HAVE BEEN MADE IN
    THE RECENT PAST IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ALSO
    IN THIS HIGHLY SPECIALIZED AND TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN
    AREA.

3
INTRODUCTION ( CONTD)
  • THE PRODUCTION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN INDIA IS
    MINISCULE AS IT REQUIRES HUGE INVESTMENTS FOR
    DEVELOPING THE SPECIALIZED FIBRE FOR
  • TECHNICAL TEXTILES, TECHNOLOGY KNOW-HOW AND
    PRODUCTION FACILITIES.
  • IT IS IN THIS CONTEXT THAT THE ROLE OF STANDARDS
    FOR VARIOUS SPECIALIZED DESIGN, FUNCTIONAL AND
    TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THESE TEXTILES NEEDS
    NO EMPHASIS.

4
WHAT IS TECHNICAL TEXTILE ?
  • TECHNICAL TEXTILES CAN BE DEFINED AS TEXTILE
    MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS MANUFACTURED PRIMARILY
    FOR THEIR TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONAL
    PROPERTIES RATHER THAN FOR AESTHETICS OR
    DECORATIVE CHARACTERISTICS.

5
GENERAL FEATURES OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
  • COST EFFECTIVE
  • FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
  • DURABLE
  • HIGH STRENGTH
  • VERSATILITY
  • USER FRIENDLINESS
  • ECO FRIENDLINESS
  • LOGISTIC CONVENIENCE, ETC.
  • COULD BE WOVEN, KNIITED, OR NON-WOVEN
  • COULD BE MADE FROM COMMONLY AVAILABLE FIBRES SUCH
    AS NATURAL FIBRES (COIR AND JUTE), SYNTHETIC
    FIBRES (POLYESTER, POLYAMIDE, POLYPROPYLENE,
    POLYETHYLENE, ACRYLIC, ELASTOMERIC, P-ARARNID,
    M-ARAMID AND OTHER HIGH PERFORMANCE SYNTHETICS),
    REGENERATED FIBRES (VISCOSE RAYON, ACETATE RAYON)
    AND INORGANIC FIBRES SUCH AS CARBON, GLASS,
    CERAMICS AND STEEL FIBRES.

6
CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES
  • DEPENDING UPON THE PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS,
    FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND END USE APPLICATIONS
    THE HIGHLY DIVERSIFIED RANGE OF TECHNICAL
    TEXTILES PRODUCTS ARE CLASSIFIED IN 12 GROUPS

7
CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES ( CONTD)
  • AGROTECH
  • CROP COVER, FISHNET,CAPILLARY MATTING, SHADE
    NETS,
  • GROUND COVERS
  • BUILDTECH
  • TARPAULIN, AWNING, HOUSE WRAP, ROOFING FELT
  • CLOTHTECH
  • INTERLINING, WADDING, VELCRO, ZIP FASTENER
  • GEOTECH
  • TEXTILES FOR GROUND STABILSATION, SEPARATION,
    FILTERATION, DRAINAGE AND SOIL REINFORCEMENT

8
CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES ( CONTD)
  • HOMETECH
  • CARPET BACKING, FIBRE FILL, WEBBING, MATTRESS,
  • CURTAIN TAPES, WIPES, VACUUM FILTERS
  • INDUTECH
  • AIR FILTERS, CONVEYOR BELT, PAPERMAKING FELT,
  • ABRASIVES, BRUSHES, COATED FABRICS,
    COMPOSITES
  • MEDTECH
  • WIPES, BANDAGES, GOWNS/DRAPES, APRONS,
  • MATTRESSES, BEDLINENS, BLANKETS
  • MOBILTECH
  • HOSE, SEAT BELT, TYRE CORD, CARPETS, TRUCK
  • COVERS, ROPES, UPHOLSTERY

9
CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES ( CONTD)
  • PACKTECH
  • LAUNDRY BAGS, SOAKER PADS, NETTING, STRAPPING
  • PROTECH
  • DUST FREE FABRICS, FACE MASK, PROTECTIVE
  • CLOTHING, HI-VISIBILITY FABRIC,
    BULLET PROOF
  • FABRIC, FIRE RETARDANT TEXTILES
  • OEKOTECH
  • ECO-FRIENDLY TEXTILES
  • SPORTTECH
  • SPORT BAGS, FLAGS, SHOPPING BAGS, SPORTSWEAR,
  • SWIMWEAR

10
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH FOR STANDARDIZATION OF
    GEO-SYNTHETICS AT NATIONAL LEVEL WAS FIRST
    ADOPTED BY BIS IN LATE 1980S THROUGH A NETWORK OF
    TWO TECHNICAL COMMITTEES,
  • GEO-TEXTILES AND INDUSTRIAL FABRICS SECTIONAL
    COMMITTEE, TX 30 AND
  • GEO-SYNTHETICS SECTIONAL COMMITTEE, WRD 25.
  • TX 30 WAS LOOKING AFTER STANDARDIZATION WORK
    RELATED TO TESTING AND SPECIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
    FOR GEO-TEXTILES MADE OF POLYESTER,
    POLYPROPYLENE, JUTE, COIR AND OTHER FIBRES HAVING
    WOVEN/NON-WOVEN/KNITTED STRUCTURE WHILE
  • WRD 25 MAINLY COVERS GEO-MEMBRANES/GEO-GRIDS/GEO-
    COMPOSITES AND ALLIED PRODUCTS (NATURAL AND
    POLYMERIC) FOR RIVER VALLEY AND OTHER CIVIL
    ENGINEERING RELATED APPLICATIONS.

11
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • TO DEVELOP THE NATIONAL STANDARDS ON FAST
    TRACK BASIS, BOTH TX30 AND WRD 25 COMMITTES HAVE
    BEEN MERGED TO FORM A NEW COMMITTEE WITH THE
    FOLLOWING TITLE AND THE SCOPE
  • TXD 30 GEOSYNTHETICS
  • TO FORMULATE INDIAN STANDARDS ON TERMINILOGY,
    CLASSIFICATION AND METHOD OF TEST AND
    SPECIFICATION FOR ALL TYPES OF GEOSYNTHETICS
    (WOVEN AND NON-WOVEN)

12
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 147152000 WOVEN JUTE GEOTEXTILES -
    SPECIFICATION
  • IS 158692008 TEXTILES-OPEN WEAVE COIR
    BHOOVASTRA-SPECIFICATION
  • IS 158712009 USE OF COIR GEOTEXTILES (COIR
    BHOOVASTRA) IN UNPAVED ROADS
  • IS 159092010 PVC GEO-MEMBRANES FOR
    LINING-SPECIFICATION
  • IS 159102010 GEO-SYNTHETICS FOR HIGHWAYS -
    SPECIFICATION

13
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 13162(PART 2)1991 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS OF
    TEST PART 2 DETERMINATION OF RESISTANCE TO
    EXPOSURE OF ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT AND WATER (XENON
    ARC TYPE APPARATUS)
  • IS 13162(PART 3)1992 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS OF
    TEST PART 3 DETERMINATION OF THICKNESS AT
    SPECIFIED PRESSURE
  • IS 13162(PART 4)1992 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS OF
    TEST PART 4 DETERMINATION OF PUNCTURE RESISTANCE
    BY FALLING CONE METHOD
  • IS 13162(PART 5)1992 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS OF
    TEST PART 5 DETERMINATION OF TENSILE PROPERTIES
    USING A WIDE WIDTH STRIP

14
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 13321(PART 1)1992 GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR
    GEOSYNTHETICS PART 1 TERMS USED IN MATERIALS AND
    PROPOERTIES
  • IS 133251992 METHOD OF TESTS FOR DETERMINATION
    OF TENSILE PROPERTIES OF EXTRUDED POLYMER
    GEO-GRIDS USING THE USING THE WIDE STRIP
  • IS 13326(PART 1)1992 METHOD OF TEST FOR
    EVALUATION OF INTERFACE FRICTION BETWEEN
    GEO-GYNTHETIC AND SOIL PART 1 MODIFIED DIRECT
    SHEAR TECHNIQUE
  • IS 142931995 GEOTEXTILES - METHOD OF TEST FOR
    TRAPEZOID TEARING STRENGTH

15
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 142941995 GEOTEXTILES - METHOD FOR
    DETERMINATION OF APPARENT OPENING SIZE BY DRY
    SIEVING TECHNIQUE
  • IS 143241995 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS OF TEST FOR
    DETERMINATION OF WATER PERMEABILITY-PERMITTIVITY
  • IS 147061999 GEOTEXTILES - SAMPLING AND
    PREPARATION OF TEST SPECIMEN
  • IS 147141999 GEOTEXTILES-DETERMINATION OF
    ABRASION RESISTANCE

16
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 147161999 / ISO98641990 GEOTEXTILES-
    DETERMINATION OF MASS PER UNIT AREA
  • IS 147391999 GEOTEXTILES - METHODS FOR
    DETERMINATION OF CREEP
  • IS 149862001 GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION OF JUTE
    GEO-TEXTILE FOR RAIN WATER EROSION CONTROL IN
    ROAD AND RAILWAY EMBANKMENT AND HILL SLOPES
  • IS 150602001 / ISO 103211992 GEOTEXTILES -
    TENSILE TEST FOR JOINTS/SEAMS BY WIDE WIDTH
    METHOD

17
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • IS 15868(PART 1)2008 NATURAL FIBRE GEOTEXTILES
    (JUTE GEOTEXTILES AND COIR BHOOVASTRA) METHODS OF
    TEST - PART 1 DETERMINATION OF MASS PER UNIT AREA
  • PART 2 DETERMINATION OF THICKNESS
  • PART 3 DETERMINATION OF PERCENTAGE OF SWELL
  • PART 4 DETERMINATION OF WATER ABSORPTION CAPACITY
  • PART 5 DETERMINATION OF SMOLDERING RESISTANCE
  • PART 6 DETERMINATION OF MESH SIZE OF COIR
    GEOTEXTILES BY OVERHEAD PROJECTOR METHOD

18
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • FINALISED DRAFTS UNDER PRINT
  • DOC.TXD 30 (935) JUTE GEO-TEXTILES - PART 1
    STRENGTHENING OF SUB GRADE IN ROADS AND CONTROL
    OF BANK EROSION IN RIVERS AND WATERWAYS (FIRST
    REVISION OF IS 14715)
  • DOC.TXD 30(950) JUTE GEO-TEXTILES - PART 2
    CONTROL OF BANK EROSION IN RIVERS AND WATERWAYS
    (FIRST REVISION OF IS 14715)
  • DOC.TXD 30 (959) GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION OF
    COIR GEOTEXTILES (COIR WOVEN BHOOVASTRA) FOR RAIN
    WATER EROSION CONTROL IN ROADS, RAILWAYS
    EMBANKMENTS AND HILL SLOPES

19
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • DRAFT STANDARDS COMPLETED WIDE CIRCULATION
  • DOC.TXD 30(982) METHOD OF TEST FOR DETERMINATION
    OF CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO.
  • DOC.TXD 30(983) TEXTILES-METHOD OF DETERMINATION
    OF APPARENT OPENING SIZE OF GEO-TEXTILES BY WET
    SIEVING
  • DRAFT STANDARDS APPROVED FOR WIDE
    CIRCULATION
  • DOC.TXD 30(961) NATURAL FIBRE GEOTEXTILES (JUTE
    GEO TEXTILES) AND COIR GEOTEXTILES (COIR
    BHOOVASTRA) - GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR EROSION
    CONTROL PRODUCTS
  • DOC.TXD 30(985) SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES
    USED AS PROTECTION (OR CUSHIONING) MATERIAL

20
STANDARDIZATION OF GEOTECH
  • DOC.TXD 30(1025) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO-TEXTILES
    USED IN SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE APPLICATION
  • DOC.TXD 30(1026) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO-TEXTILES
    FOR PERMANENT EROSION CONTROL IN HARD ARMOR
    SYSTEMS
  • DOC.TXD 30(1027) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO-TEXTILES
    USED IN SUBGRADE SEPARATION IN PAVEMENT
    STRUCTURES
  • DOC.TXD 30(1028) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO-TEXTILES
    USED IN SUBGRADE STABILIZATION IN PAVEMENT
    STRUCTURES
  • DOC.TXD 30(1029) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO-GRIDS
    USED AS REINFORCEMENT OF BASE AND SUB BASE LAYERS
    IN PAVEMENT STRUCTURES
  • DOC.TXD 30(1030) SPECIFICATION FOR GEO GRIDS
    USED AS SOIL REINFORCEMENT IN MECHANICALLY
    STABILIZED EARTH (MSE) RETAINING STRUCTURES

21
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • STANDARDIZATION IN THE FIELD OF PROTECH IS
    CARRIED OUT BY
  • TEXTILES PROTECTIVE CLOTHING SECTIONAL COMMITTEE,
    TXD 32
  • TO FORMULATE INDIAN STANDARDS FOR TESTING AND
    SPECIFICATION FOR TEXTILE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR
    PROTECTION FROM FIRE AND OTHER HEALTH/LIFE
    HAZARDS

22
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 118711986 METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF
    FLAMMABILITY AND FLAME RESISTANCE OF TEXTILE
    MATERIALS
  • IS 155892005/ ISO 69402004 TEXTILE FABRICS -
    BURNING BEHAVIOUR - DETERMINATION OF EASE OF
    IGNITION OF VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS
  • IS 155902005 / ISO 69412003 TEXTILE FABRICS -
    BURNING BEHAVIOUR - MEASUREMENT OF FLAME SPREAD
    PROPERTIES OF VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS
  • IS 135011992 TEXTILES - DETERMINATION OF
    FLAMMABILITY BY OXYGEN INDEX

23
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 157412007 TEXTILES - RESISTANCE TO IGNITION
    OF CURTAINS AND DRAPES SPECIFICATION (BASED ON
    EN)
  • IS 156122005 TEXTILES - BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF
    CURTAINS AND DRAPES
  • PART 1 - CLASSIFICATION SCHEME
  • PART 2 - MEASUREMENT OF FLAME SPREAD OF
    VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS WITH LARGE IGNITION
    SOURCE
  • PART 3 - METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE IGNITABILITY
    OF VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS (SMALL FLAME)
  • PART 4 - METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE FLAME SPREAD
    OF VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS

24
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 157682007 TEXTILES - RESISTANCE OF IGNITION
    OF UPHOLSTERED COMPOSITE USED FOR NON-DOMESTIC
    FURNITURE (BASED ON EN)
  • IS 12467(PART 1)2005 TEXTILES - ASSESSMENT OF
    THE IGNITABILITY OF UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE - PART
    1 - IGNITION SOURCE SMOULDERING CIGARETTE
  • IS 12467(PART 2)2005 TEXTILES - ASSESSMENT OF
    THE IGNITABILITY OF UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE - PART
    2 - IGNITION SOURCE MATCH-FLAME EQUIVALENT

25
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 157482007 TEXTILES - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR
    INDUSTRIAL WORKERS EXPOSED TO HEAT (EXCLUDING
    FIREFIGHTERS' AND WELDERS' CLOTHING)
  • IS 15758(PART 1)2007 / ISO 9151 1995 TEXTILES
    - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PART 1 METHOD OF
    DETERMINING OF HEAT TRANSMISSION ON EXPOSURE TO
    FLAME
  • IS 15758(PART 2)2007 / ISO 6942 2002 TEXTILES
    - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PART 2 ASSESSMENT OF
    MATERIAL ASSEMBLIES WHEN EXPOSED TO SOURCE OF
    RADIANT HEAT

26
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 15758(PART 3)2007 / ISO 6530 2005 TEXTILES
    - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PART 3 TEST METHOD FOR
    RESISTANCE TO MATERIAL TO PENETRATION BY LIQUIDS
  • IS 15758(PART 4)2007 / ISO 15025 2000 TEXTILES
    - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PART 4 TEST METHOD FOR
    LIMITED FLAME SPREAD
  • IS 15758(PART 5)2007 / ISO 9185 1990 TEXTILES
    - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING - PART 5 ASSESSMENT OF
    RESISTANCE OF MATERIALS TO MOLTEN METAL SPLASH

27
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 157422007 TEXTILES - REQUIREMENTS FOR
    CLOTHING MADE OF LIMITED FLAME SPREAD MATERIALS
    AND MATERIAL ASSEMBLIES AFFORDING PROTECTION
    AGAINST HEAT AND FLAME SPECIFICATION (BASED ON
    EN)
  • IS 127221989 TEXTILE FLOOR COVERINGS -
    DETERMINATION OF FLAME RESISTANCE BY TABLET TEST
  • IS 157642008 TEXTILES - DETERMINATION OF THE
    BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF TEXTILE FLOOR COVERINGS

28
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 15727(PART 1)2007 / ISO 12952-1 1998
    TEXTILES - BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF BEDDING ITEMS -
    PART 1 GENERAL TEST METHODS FOR THE
    IGNITABILITY BY SMOULDERING CIGARETTE
  • IS 15727(PART 2)2007 / ISO 12952-2 1998
    TEXTILES - BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF BEDDING ITEMS -
    PART 2 - SPECIFIC TEST METHODS FOR THE
    IGNITABILITY BY A SMOULDERING CIGARETTE
  • IS 15727(PART 3)2007 / ISO 12952-3 1998
    TEXTILES - BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF BEDDING ITEMS -
    PART 3 GENERAL TEST METHODS FOR THE
    IGNITABILITY BY A SMALL OPEN FLAME

29
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • IS 15727(PART 4)2007 / ISO 12952-4 1998
    TEXTILES - BURNING BEHAVIOUR OF BEDDING ITEMS -
    PART 4 SPECIFIC TEST METHODS FOR THE
    IGNITABILITY BY A SMALL OPEN FLAME
  • IS 157812007 TEXTILES-METHOD FOR DETERMINATION
    OF FLAMMABILITY OF BLANKETS
  • IS 157822007 TEXTILES - METHOD FOR DETERIORATION
    OF VISIBILITY DUE TO SMOKE RELEASED ON COMBUSTION
    OF MATERIALS
  • IS158092008 HIGH VISIBILITY WARNING CLOTHES

30
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • DRAFT STANDARDS COMPLETED WIDE CIRCULATION
  • DOC.TXD 32(832) TEXTILES - RESISTANCE TO
    IGNITION OF MATTRESSES, DIVANS AND BED BASES -
    SPECIFICATION

31
STANDARDIZATION OF PROTECH
  • DRAFT STANDARDS ISSUED IN WIDE CIRCULATION
  • DOC.TXD 32(946)TEXTILES-PROTECTION GLOVES FOR
    FIREFIGHTERS - LABORATORY TEST METHODS AND
    PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS (BASED ON ISO 15383
    2003)
  • DOC.TXD 32(947)TEXTILES-PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR
    FIREFIGHTERS - LABORATORY TEST METHODS AND
    PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS (BASED ON ISO 11613
    1999)
  • DOC.TXD 32(948)TEXTILES-PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR
    FIREFIGHTERS - LABORATORY TEST METHODS AND
    PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR WILD LAND
    FIREFIGHTING CLOTHING (BASED ON ISO 15384 2003)
  • DOC.TXD 32(949)TEXTILES-PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR
    FIREFIGHTERS - LABORATORY TEST METHODS AND
    PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
    WITH A REFLECTIVE OUTER SURFACE (BASED ON ISO
    15538 2001)

32
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • STANDARDIZATION IN THE FIELD OF MEDITECH IS
    CARRIED OUT BY
  • TECHNICAL TEXTILES FOR MEDITECH APPLICATIONS
    SECTIONAL COMMITTEE, TXD 36
  • TO FORMULATE INDIAN STANDARDS FOR TERMINOLOGY
    TESTING AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR TECHNICAL TEXTILES
    FOR MEDTECH APPLICATIONS SUCH AS HEALTHCARE AND
    HYGIENE TEXTILE PRODUCTS, IMPLANTABLE AND
    NON-IMPLANTABLE AND EXTRA CORPOREAL TEXTILE
    PRODUCTS

33
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • SINCE THE AREA OF MEDICAL TEXTILES INVOLVES
    HEALTH AND SAFETY OF THE USER, THEIR
    STANDARDIZATION IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE AND
    VARIOUS PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
    ARE TO BE APPROPRIATELY STANDARDIZED IN LINE WITH
    THE LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS AT
    INTERNATIONAL LEVEL. IN INDIA THE PRODUCTION AND
    STANDARDIZATION OF MEDICAL TEXTILES IS STILL AT
    INFANT STAGE AND A LOT MORE IS NEEDED TO BE DONE
    BY VARIOUS MANUFACTURERS, TECHNOLOGISTS, R D
    INSTITUTIONS AND THE GOVERNMENT. HOWEVER, THE
    BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS, THE NATIONAL
    STANDARDS BODY OF INDIA HAS STEADILY EVOLVED SOME
    OF THE COMMON STANDARDS ON MEDICAL TEXTILES,
    WHICH ARE DISCUSSED BELOW

34
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • IS 7581988 SPECIFICATION FOR HANDLOOM COTTON
    GAUZE, ABSORBENT, NON-STERILIZED
  • IS 8631988 SPECIFICATION FOR HANDLOOM COTTON
    BANDAGE CLOTH, NON-STERILIZED
  • IS 143161996 SWABS, SMALL, IN BAG OF 50
  • IS 46051981 CREPE BANDAGES
  • IS 16811998 WOOLLEN HOSPITAL BLANKETS, DYED
  • IS 111631985 FIRST-AID DRESSINGS
  • IS 110461984 OPERATING TOWEL

35
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • IS 62371971 COTTON CLOTH FOR PLASTER OF PARIS
    BANDAGES AND CUT BANDAGES
  • IS 47381993 BANDAGE, POP
  • IS 128391989 WOOL/POLYAMIDE BLENDED HOSPITAL
    FLANNEL
  • IS 7571971 ABSORBENT COTTON, LINT
  • IS 108291993 X-RAY DETECTABLE GAUZE SWABS AND
    LAPROTOMY SPONGES
  • IS 54051980 SANITARY NAPKINS

36
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • SUBJECT UNDER CONSIDERATION
  • DOC.TXD 36(1031) TEXTILES PERFORMANCE
    REQUIREMENTS FOR SURGICAL GOWNS, DRAPES AND CLEAN
    AIR SUITS USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AS
    MEDICAL DEVICES, FOR PATIENTS, CLINICAL STAFF AND
    EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATION PART 1 GENERAL
    REQUIREMENTS FOR MANUFACTURERS, PROCESSORS AND
    PRODUCTS
  • DOC.TXD 36(1032) TEXTILES PERFORMANCE
    REQUIREMENTS FOR SURGICAL DRAPES, GOWNS AND CLEAN
    AIR SUITS USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AS
    MEDICAL DEVICES, FOR PATIENTS, CLINICAL STAFF AND
    EQUIPMENT - SPECIFICATION PART 2 TEST METHODS

37
STANDARDIZATION OF MEDITECH
  • DOC.TXD 36(1033) TEXTILES PERFORMANCE
    REQUIREMENTS FOR SURGICAL GOWNS, DRAPES AND CLEAN
    AIR SUITS USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AS
    MEDICAL DEVICES, FOR PATIENTS, CLINICAL STAFF AND
    EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATION PART 3 PERFORMANCE
    REQUIREMENTS AND PERFORMANCE LEVELS
  • DOC.TXD 36(1034) SPECIFICATION FOR BANDAGE CLOTH
    AND CUT BANDAGES (THIRD REVISION)
  • DOC.TXD 36(1035) TEXTILES - PERFORMANCE
    REQUIREMENTS FOR SURGICAL FACEMASKS
  • DOC.TXD 36(1036) SPECIFICATION FOR ANTIMICROBIAL
    CREPE BANDAGE

38
STANDARDIZATION OF AGROTECH
  • STANDARDIZATION IN THE FIELD OF AGROTECH IS
    CARRIED OUT BY
  • TECHNICAL TEXTILES FOR AGROTECH APPLICATIONS
    SECTIONAL COMMITTEE, TXD 35
  • TO FORMULATE INDIAN STANDARDS SPECIFICATION
    AND METHOD OF TESTS FOR TECHNICAL TEXTILES USED
    IN HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND ANIMAL
    HUSBANDARY

39
STANDARDIZATION OF AGROTECH
  • IS 159072010 AGRO TEXTILES - HIGH DENSITY
    POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) WOVEN BEDS FOR VERMICULTURE -
    SPECIFICATION
  • IS 153512008 TEXTILES-LAMINATED HIGH DENSITY
    POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) WOVEN FABRIC (GEO-MEMBRANE)
    FOR WATER PROOF LINING
  • IS 5508 (PARTS 1 TO 24) GUIDES FOR FISHING GEARS
  • IS 75332003 POLYAMIDE MONOFILAMENT LINE FOR
    FISHING
  • IS 44012006 TWISTED NYLON FISH-NET TWINES
  • IS 142871995 PP MULTIFILAMENT NETTING TWINE
  • IS 63472003 PE MONOFILAMENT TWINE FOR FISHING

40
STANDARDIZATION OF AGROTECH
  • SUBJECT UNDER CONSIDERATION
  • DOC.TXD 35(980) JUTE AGRO-TEXTILES FOR GROWTH OF
    PLANTS AND SUPPRESSION OF WEEDS-SPECIFICATION
  • DOC.TXD 35(981) JUTE AGRO-TEXTILE - SAPLING BAGS
    FOR GROWTH OF SEEDLING /SAPLING - SPECIFICATION
  • DOC.TXD 35(1003) TEXTILES - SHADE NETS FOR
    AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE PURPOSES-SPECIFICATIO
    N
  • SPECIFICATION FOR GROUND COVERS FOR HORTICULTURE
    APPLICATION

41
STANDARDIZATION OF INDUTECH
  • STANDARDIZATION IN THE FIELD OF INDUTECH IS
    CARRIED OUT BY
  • INDUSTRIAL FABRICS SECTIONAL COMMITTEE, TXD 33
  • TO FORMULATE STANDARDS FOR TERMINOLOGY,
    TESTING AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL FABRICS
    INCLUDING NON-WOVEN TEXTILES MADE FROM NATURAL
    AND MAN-MADE FIBRES/FILAMENTS AND BLENDS THEREOF

42
STANDARDIZATION OF INDUTECH
  • IS 11781986 COTTON FILTER CLOTH
  • IS 14221983 SPECIFICATION FOR COTTON DUCK
  • IS 14241983 SPECIFICATION FOR COTTON CANVAS
  • IS 17192000 INDUSTRIAL TEXTILE-PRESSED WOOL
    FELT
  • IS 43881982 SPECIFICATION FOR COTTON FABRICS FOR
    REINFORCEMENT OF RUBBER HOSES
  • IS 59961984 SPECIFICATION FOR COTTON BELTING
    DUCKS

43
STANDARDIZATION OF INDUTECH
  • IS 92931991 TEXTILES - CANVAS, FLAX -
    SPECIFICATION
  • IS 115741986 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYAMIDE FILTER
    CLOTH
  • IS 115751986 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYESTER FILTER
    CLOTH
  • IS 119151986 SPECIFICATION FOR NYLON FABRIC FOR
    MAKING MOUNTAINEERING EQUIPMENT
  • IS 119862003 INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES - COTTON
    BACKING CLOTH FOR ABRASIVES

44
STANDARDIZATION OF INDUTECH
  • IS 12020(PART 1)1987 POLYPROPYLENE FILTER CLOTH
    PART I - FILTER CLOTH FROM SPUN-POLYPROPYLENE
    YARN
  • IS 123841988 SPECIFICATION FOR RAYON DUCK FOR
    INDUSTRIAL USE
  • IS 124151988 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYAMIDE DUCK
    FOR INDUSTRIAL USE
  • IS 124161988 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYESTER/COTTON
    BELTING DUCKS
  • IS 135102000 TEXTILES - DUCK, POLYESTER/COTTON
    BLENDED, RIP STOP
  • IS 155952005 INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES - BONDED
    FABRICS FOR AIR FILTRATION

45
STANDARDIZATION OF INDUTECH
  • IS 15891 2011 TEXTILES- TEST METHOD FOR
    NON-WOVENS
  • PART 1 DETERMINATION OF MASS PER UNIT AREA
  • PART 2 DETERMINATION OF THICKNESS
  • PART 3 DETERMINATION OF TENSILE STRENGTH AND
    ELONGATION
  • PART 4 DETERMINATION OF TEAR RESISTANCE
  • PART 6 ABSORPTION
  • PART 7 DETERMINATION OF BENDING LENGTH
  • PART 8 DETERMINATION OF LIQUID STRIKE-THROUGH
  • PART 9 DETERMINATION OF DRAPE COEFFICIENT

46
CONCLUSION
  • IN MOST INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES, THE TREND IN
    VARIOUS SECTORS OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY INDICATES
    THAT THE USE OF CONVENTIONAL TEXTILES HAS REACHED
    A STATIC LEVEL AND THEIR MANUFACTURE HAS BECOME
    HIGHLY COMPETITIVE AND OFTEN UNVIABLE.
  • THE RECENT FOCUS HAS, THEREFORE, BEEN ON THE
    VALUE-ADDED TECHNICAL TEXTILES THAT HAVE THE
    CAPABILITY TO MEET FUNCTIONAL DEMANDS FOR
    PRECISION APPLICATIONS.
  • IN ORDER TO MEET THE TARGET OF 14.8 BILLION BY
    2012-13 FROM THE CURRENT SIZE OF 9.9 BILLION,
    INDIA HAS TO INCUR SUBSTANTIAL INVESTMENT IN
    INFRASTRUCTURE, TECHNOLOGY, R D AND
    STANDARDIZATION AND IT IS HOPED THAT INDIA WILL
    BE ABLE TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE NEW OPPORTUNITY
    IN THIS AREA ARISING DUE TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF
    NEW TECHNOLOGIES WHICH WILL PAVE PATH FOR THE
    FUTURE.
  • IN VIEW OF HEALTH AND PUBLIC SAFETY, THE INDIAN
    STANDARDS ON PROTECH AND MEDTECH COULD BE MADE
    MANDATORY.

47
  • THANK YOU

48
  • FOR FINER DETAILS PLEASE CONTACT
  • J K GUPTA
  • SCIENTIST C
  • BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
  • MANAK BHAWAN
  • 9, BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
  • NEW DELHI 110002
  • EMAIL txd_at_bis.org.in and
  • textiles.bis_at_gmail.com
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