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Irony

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A Difference between what is said and what is meant. ... of 23, basketball star 'Pistol' Pete Maravich told a Pennsylvania reporter, 'I ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Irony


1
Irony
  • Verbal
  • Dramatic
  • Situational
  • Cosmic (Fate)

2
Verbal Irony
  • A Difference between what is said and what is
    meant.
  • Sarcasm (Mocking a situation, person, or thing)
    After someone trips That was graceful.
  • Hyperbole (Exaggeration/ Overstatement) To an
    idea you dont like Thats the best idea Ive
    heard in years. Of an idiot Theres a genius.
  • Understatement (Downplaying) Someone loses a leg
    to frostbite It was a bit cold.

3
Dramatic Irony
  • The audience knows something the character does
    not.
  • You as the viewer or reader are telling the
    character not to go somewhere, believe someone,
    do something.

4
Examples
  • In the William Shakespeare play, Romeo and
    Juliet, Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged
    death-like sleep he assumes her to be dead and
    kills himself. Upon awakening to find her dead
    lover beside her, Juliet kills herself with his
    knife.
  • Any horror film

5
Situational Irony
  • A difference between what is expected to happen
    and what actually does.
  • When you as the viewer or reader gasp Ahh.
  • The Gift of the Magi

6
Examples
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger, an actor famous for his
    violence in film, campaigning against violence in
    video games in general - which ironically
    includes those featuring his own characters.
  • An anti-technology website.

7
Irony of fate (cosmic irony)
  • The idea that the gods are toying with your life.
  • The artist Monet's loss of vision.
  • Ludwig van Beethovens loss of hearing

8
More Examples
  • At the age of 23, basketball star "Pistol" Pete
    Maravich told a Pennsylvania reporter, "I don't
    want to play 10 years in the NBA and then die
    of a heart attack when I'm 40."4 In 1988 he
    collapsed and died of a heart attack at age 40,
    after playing 10 NBA seasons.
  • Jim Fixx, who did much to popularize jogging as a
    form of healthy exercise in his 1977 book "The
    Complete Book of Running", died at the age of 52
    of a heart attack while out jogging.
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