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The Cultural Geography of Europe


The Cultural Geography of Europe Unit 4 Chapter 12 I. Section I Population Patterns A. Ethnic Diversity Ethnic Groups Europe is home to more than 160 separate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cultural Geography of Europe

The Cultural Geography of Europe
  • Unit 4 Chapter 12

I. Section I
  • Population Patterns

A. Ethnic Diversity
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Europe is home to more than 160 separate ethnic
  • Ethnic Tensions
  • The Balkan Peninsula has had lots of turmoil
    because of these tensions
  • Yugoslavia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo
  • Ethnic Cleansing killing rival ethnic groups
  • As a result, many people become refugees people
    who flee to a foreign country
  • Sources of Unity
  • Europeans in recent years have been striving
    towards more unity

B. Population Characteristics
  • Population Density
  • Europes population density is greater than that
    of any other continent except Asia.
  • Population Distribution
  • Compare maps on pg. 262 pg. 260
  • Why do people choose to live where they do?

C. Urbanization
  • Urban Features
  • About 75 of the population lives in the cities
  • What does this cause?
  • Population Movements
  • During the 1800s early 1900s, many Europeans
    migrated to the Americas and other areas
  • Since the mid-1900s, not many people have left
    Europe but many foreign people moved in (often to
    fill open jobs)
  • Later, when the economy slowed down, this caused
  • Europes overall population is shrinking
  • Make sure you read pgs. 292-293

II. Section II
  • History Government

A. The Rise of Europe
  • Early Peoples
  • Fossils show that early people lived in Europe
    more than a million years ago!
  • Ancient Greece Rome
  • The 1st ancient civilization was the Greek
  • 400s 300s B.C.
  • The 2nd was the Romans
  • 27 B.C A.D. 180
  • City-States were originally formed during this
  • A Christian Europe
  • In the late A.D. 300s, Christianity became the
    official religion of the Roman Empire, and later
    one of the worlds major religions
  • The Middle Ages
  • After the fall of Feudalism occurred during this
    timeRome, Europe entered the Middle Ages (A.D.

B. Expansion of Europe
  • Crusades a series of brutal religious wars to
    win Palestine, the birthplace of Christianity,
    from Muslim rule
  • European Explorations
  • In the 1400s, Europe began exploring the rest of
    the world

Expansion of Europe (Cont.)
  • Renaissance during this period, many Europeans
    developed a higher interest in the Arts
  • The Reformation movement occurred during this
  • Lessened the power of the Roman Catholic church
    and led to the beginnings of Protestantism

C. Changing Europe
  • Make sure you read this section (pg. 297-300)!
  • Revolutions
  • Enlightenment political economic revolutions
  • Industrial Capitalism an economic system in
    which business leaders used profits to expand
    their countries
  • Under this system, new classes emerged
  • Social problems led to the birth of communism
    society based on economic equality

C. (cont)
  • Conflict Division
  • WWI 1914-1918 caused by rivalries among
    European powers (for colonies and economic power)
  • Reparations payment for damages
  • WWII 1939-1945 because of unsolved problems
    from WWI and a worldwide depression, Mussolini
    and Hitler gained control of Italy and Germany
  • They expanded their countries control, which led
    to the war
  • Holocaust major horror of WWII mass killing
    of over 6 million Jews
  • WWII left Europe ruined and divided part was
    communist (controlled by the Soviet Union) and
    part was democratic
  • This division led to the Cold War

C. (cont Holocaust) Mass grave sites and mass
killing of Jews
C. (cont Holocaust) Jewish children that were
used for experiments
C. (cont)
  • The Cold War in Europe
  • Cold War a power struggle between the communist
    world (led by Soviet Union) and the noncommunist
    world (led by U.S.)
  • A divided Germany became the hot point of the
    Cold War
  • A New Era for Europe
  • From 1950s-1980s, revolts against communist rule
    swept E. Europe
  • The infamous Berlin Wall came down in 1990 and
    the two parts of Germany reunited
  • 3 years later, Czechoslovakia split into two
    separate countries
  • 1990s European Union (EU) was formed goal to
    unite countries now contains 25 countries
  • 1992 Maastricht Treaty signed common bank and
  • 1999 Euro common currency launched

III. Section III
  • Cultures Lifestyles

A. Expressions of Cultures
  • Languages
  • About 50 different languages
  • About 100 different dialects
  • Language Family
  • Mostly Indo-European
  • Slavic Polish, Czech, etc.
  • Baltic Latvian, etc.
  • Germanic German, Dutch, English, etc.
  • Romance Languages (comes from Latin) Italian,
    Spanish, Portuguese, French, Romanian
  • Others Greek, Albanian, Celtic

A. Expressions of Cultures(cont)
  • Religion
  • Primarily Christianity
  • Mostly Roman Catholics
  • Pope is the head of this church
  • Where is he located?
  • Religion has caused many wars here
  • Northern Ireland Catholics vs. Protestants
  • 1998 - the Good Friday Peace Agreement

A. Expressions of Cultures (cont)
  • Arts
  • Close relationship between religion and
  • Romanticism arts focused on emotions
  • Realism arts depicting everyday life
  • Impressionism experiences of the natural world

B. Quality of Life
  • Differences
  • Western Europe more industrialized
  • Eastern Southern Europe more struggles
  • Education
  • Countries with more educated people more
    economic success
  • State-Sponsored Human Services
  • Welfare States offer complete social welfare to
    their citizens
  • Helps provide higher education, health care, and
    social security

C. Lifestyles
  • Home Life
  • Extended families family importance
  • Sports Recreation
  • Soccer is major sport
  • Rugby
  • Tennis
  • Skiing
  • Cycling
  • Celebrations
  • Europeans celebrate many of the same holidays as
    us but their holidays often include many
    traditions passed down through several generations