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William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era


William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era Grade 10 English Virtual Shakespeare Tour 1. On what date, and where, was Shakespeare born? William Shakespeare was born ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era

William Shakespeareand the Elizabethan Era
  • Grade 10 English
  • Virtual Shakespeare Tour

  • 1. On what date, and where, was Shakespeare born?
  • William Shakespeare was born in
    Stratford-upon-Avon, allegedly on April 23,
  • 2.a. Where is it believed Shakespeare attended
  • It is surmised by scholars that Shakespeare
    attended the free grammar school in Stratford. 

  •   b.  Did Shakespeare have a university
  • What is certain is that William Shakespeare never
    proceeded to university schooling.   c.  Why do
    you think his education has raised some

  • 3 a. Who did Shakespeare marry?
  • Anne Hathaway
  •    b. How old was Shakespeare when he married? 
  • William was 18 at the time   c. How old was his
  • Anne was 264.  How many children did Shakespeare
    have and what were their names?
  • Three. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born
    on May 26, 1583. The couple later had twins,
    Hamnet and Judith, born February 2, 1585

  • 5. In what city did Shakespeare establish himself
    as an actor and when did he arrive there?
  • London, 1592.
  • 6.a.  What was an acting troupe? Who were the
    Lord Chamberlain's Men?
  • An acting company. They were a favorite London

  •     b.  What name did they take on in 1603?
  • The Kings Men.
  • 7. a. When did Shakespeare leave London to retire
    in Stratford?
  • 1611
  •     b. How long had he spent in London ?
  • 19 years.
  • 8. On what date did Shakespeare die?
  • William Shakespeare allegedly died on his
    birthday, April 23, 1616.
  • Bonus question Besides plays, do you know what
    else Shakespeare is famous for writing?
  • Poems.

Elizabeths EnglandThe Renaissance
2. Weddings Betrothals
  • a) What was a betrothal?
  • At a betrothal, the two people join hands. He
    gives her a ring to be worn on the right hand. It
    changes to the left at the wedding. They seal the
    contract with a kiss.
  • b) After a betrothal was a couple considered
  • No.

3. Marriage Family
  • c) What is considered a foolish reason to marry?
  • It is generally considered foolish to marry for
    love, although love may occur in marriage
  • d) What kind of relationship existed between
    parents and their children?
  • Children are the property of their parents, and
    give them the respect a servant gives his master.
    Or else.

  • e) What kind of relationship existed between
    husbands and wives?
  • Wives are the property of their husbands.

4. Education
  • d) Were students treated similarly to how they
    are today? Explain.
  • No. It is understood that students must have
    their education beaten into them, like their
    manners and deportment.e) Would you have wanted
    to attend school during the 16th century? Why or
    why not?
  • c) Describe a typical school day?
  • The school day begins at 700am in winter or
    600am in summer. After prayers, they work till
    about 900 when they are permitted breakfast,
    then they work till 1100. Dinner is from 1100
    to 100. The school day ends at 500 or 530pm.

5. Occupations 
  • Who would you obtain the following items from -
    a) books stationer or booksellerb) hats
    Milliner or Hatter.c) shirts/smocks
    Seamstressd) drugs Apothecary
  • If you were noble, what would the following
    servants on your staff do? e) Steward Oversees
    the running of your estates f)  Nurse Takes
    care of infants and young childreng) Wet nurse
    Breast feeds the baby (maybe as long as the first
    2 years.)h) Tutor Educates your children

6. Heirs Inheritance
  • b) What is an heiress?
  • An heiress is a daughter with no brothers and no
    clear male heirs. If there are several girls,
    they will be co-heiresses.
  • 7. Masters Servants
  • c) What is a valet?
  • Valet is "a man-servant performing duties chiefly
    relating to the person of his master a
    gentleman's personal attendant."d) What is the
    female equivalent of a valet called?
  • Female equivalents are waiting gentlewoman or
    maid, depending on the rank of the relevant

  • e) What does one's reputation depend on?
  • Credit, or reputation, has to do with one's
    personal dignity or honor.f) Who do servants
    take money from?
  • Servants take money from anyone
  • 8. Filling the Time a) What were three common
    pastimes during the 16th century?
  • Gossip, tennis, attend the theatre.b) Why were
    theaters only attended during the day?
  • There is no artificial lighting

9. Religion
  • a) What was the official established state
  • The official established state religion is the
    Church of England.b) Puritanism.  What did
    Puritans believe in?
  • The puritans "believed that a person by nature
    was wholly sinful and could achieve good only by
    severe and unremitting discipline.

10. Titles
  • a) Who gets addressed as "your grace'?
  • Your Grace belongs properly only to royal blood
    the queen, dukes, and visiting princesses.
  • b) How do children address their parents?
  • Children are taught to address their parents as
    Sir and Madam, or my lord and my lady. A noble
    child refers to my lady mother and the lord my

11. Money
  • a) What were all coins made of?
  • All coins are silver or gold, including the
    penniesb) What were the basic denominations of
  • The basic denominations are pounds, shillings,
    and pence.c) What makes up a pound?
  • 20 shillings make a pound

12. Duels
  • a) What actions were considered a challenge?
  • Calling someone a liar, or otherwise impugning
    his honor, his courage, or his name is a
    challenge in itself.b) Why did dueling often
    take place "out of the way"?
  • Dueling is illegal, so you take the fight out of
    the way, and sometimes out of the country.

13. The City of London
  • a) How did people cross the Thames River?
  • You crossed normally by boat-taxib) Describe the
    streets in London?
  • The streets were narrow, cobbled, slippery with
    the slime of refuse. Houses were crammed
    together, and there were a lot of furtive alleys.

  • c) What was emptied out of windows?
  • Chamber pots, or jordans, were emptied out of
    windows.d) Why was everyone "tipsy" all the
  • Nobody drank water, and tea had not yet come in.
    Ale was the standard tipple, and it was strong.

14. The Plague 
  • The plague was a terrible disease that spread
    throughout Europe in the middle ages. 
  • Within five years (between 1347-1352) it had
    killed 25 million people.  Because smaller
    outbreaks of the disease continued, Europe lived
    with the fear of the plague for centuries until
    it disappeared in the 1600's.

  • a) How were humans infected?
  • Human beings were infected through bites from the
    fleas that lived on these rats.b) How could it
    be avoided?
  • Fleeing form the cities and towns was common,
    especially by wealthy families who had country
  • c) How did it affect the theaters during this
    time? Why do you think they would do this?
  • Most public assemblies were outlawed. All
    taverns, plays, and ale-houses were ordered
    closed. The prevent people from socializing and
    spreading the disease.

  • 15. Jesters and Fools 
  • b.  Describe artificial fools.
  • Artificial, werent really foolish at all. They
    often used quick wit and jokes t reveal deeper
  • c.  What were the jesters/fools like in
    Shakespeare's plays?
  • He is most often an artificial fool.d.  What
    sort of things did they do to entertain?
  • They would entertain the royal courts with their
    wit, singing and performing, but they were most
    valued for their ability to point out the
    foolishness in others.

The Globe
  • 1. Where and when was the original Globe theater
  • London in 1599.
  • 2. Why is the Globe associated with William
  • He had shares in the theatre.
  • 3. While watching a performance, where did the
    wealthy patrons sit?
  • Tiered galleries around the open area
    accommodated the wealthier patrons who could
    afford seats.

  • 4. Who were "groundlings" and where did they
    locate themselves during a performance?
  • Those of the lower classes--the
    "groundlings"--stood around the stage during the
    performance of a play.
  • 5a. When was the globe torn down? 
  • 1644 

  • b.  When was the New Globe rebuilt?
  • September 1999.
  • 6a. What was the name of the first theatre in
    London and when was it built?The Theatre in

  •   b.  Name 3 other theaters which existed during
    Shakespeare's time.
  • The Rose, Swan, Globe and Fortune.
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