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Hinduism

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Hinduism Sanatana Dharma the eternal religion Some Metaphors: An umbrella concept a supermarket your grandmother s attic you can have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
Hinduism
  • Sanatana Dharma
  • the eternal religion

2
Some Metaphors
  • An umbrella concept
  • a supermarket
  • your grandmothers attic
  • you can have what you want

3
Indus Valley Civilization
  • Dasas
  • Phallus Worship?
  • Lingam Yoni
  • Written language
  • Harappa
  • Mohenjo-Daro
  • Hygiene
  • purification
  • Bulls
  • Dragon-Serpents
  • Yogic posture
  • Filial Piety

4
Aryans
  • Simple material culture
  • War technologies
  • Horse-drawn carriages
  • Migratory branch
  • Non-literate
  • noble

5
The Vedic Period (1500-500 bce) Indus Aryan
  • Non-rigid caste system
  • Occupation
  • Varna
  • Purity Pollution
  • Warriors
  • Priestly singers
  • The people
  • From Aryans to Dasas

6
Vedic Religion
  • Nature of God
  • Henotheism or Kathenotheism
  • one god at a time-ism
  • Agni ---Varuna ---Rudra (Shiva)
  • Savitar --- Ushas ---Prajapati
  • Indra --- Yama ---Purusha

7
Vedic Religion
  • Purusha the Primordial Man
  • Sacrifice
  • Caste
  • The Vedas

8
Vedic Religion
  • The Agnihotra
  • Twice-daily household fire ritual
  • A community ritual
  • Feeding, formulas chants
  • Ghee
  • Grains
  • Soma
  • fragrances

9
Vedic Religion
  • This-Worldly Life-Affirming
  • Vivacious gods
  • Ritual-centered culture
  • Cosmic vitality
  • Man God - Nature

10
Vedic Religion
  • The Vedas (essence of heard knowledge)
  • Rig-Veda --hymns myths
  • Sama-Veda --chanter handbook
  • Yajur-Veda --ritual handbook
  • Atharva-Veda --charms, magic, philosophy

11
Classical Hinduism
  • An amalgamation
  • World-affirming World-negating
  • Caste and Karma
  • Complex set of options

12
Bhagavad-gita
  • (Mahabharata)
  • Krishna Arjuna

13
Bhagavad-gita
  • Most popular and influential
  • Reincarnation, caste dharma
  • Karma Yoga
  • Bhakti devotion

14
Philosophies
  • Samkhya (Kapila, 6th cent. Bce)
  • Purusha (spirit conscious inactive)
  • Prakriti (primordial matter)

15
Philosophy
  • Vedanta (Shankara, 8th cent. Ce)
  • Advaita (non-dual)
  • Epistemological problem
  • Neti Neti

16
Bhakti Marga
  • Puja invitation, prasad, darshan,
  • dismissal

17
Objects of Devotion Trimurti
18
More light-bulbs?
  • A few more gods
  • Girl-Power!

19
More Shakti
20
More Gods
21
And a few more
22
Modern Movements
  • Hindu Renaissance
  • Reform Nationalism Globalism
  • Reason Vedas Iconoclasm
  • PR caste Sati child-marriage

23
To Sati or Not to Sati?
  • Goddess incarnate?
  • Social Pariah?

24
Brahmo Samaj
  • Ram Mohan Roy (1772-1833)
  • Hindu Renaissance man

25
Arya Samaj
  • Dayananda Sarasvati

26
Neo-Vedanta
  • Ramakrishna
  • Vivekananda

27
Mohandas Gandhi
  • From lawyer to Satyagraha

28
The Pizza Effect
  • Re-enculturation
  • Hare Krishna in India?
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