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MME/ACT/SAT SEMINAR

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Title: MME/ACT/SAT SEMINAR


1
MME/ACT/SAT SEMINAR
  • Everything you didnt want to know about
    preparing for the tests

The Public Schools of Petoskey
2
General information
  • ACT lets the student decide what set of scores
    they want sent to colleges. The SAT sends scores
    of every testing attempt.
  • The ACT has up to 5 components English,
    Mathematics, Reading, Science, and an optional
    Writing Test. The SAT has 3 components Verbal,
    Mathematics, and a required Writing Test.
  • Some students take the ACT and/or SAT as middle
    schoolers for practice or as part of the Midwest
    Talent Search.
  • You may guess on the ACT because any answer is
    better than no answer, but wrong answers mean
    point deductions on the SAT, so don't make wild
    guesses!
  • Prepping for the ACT or SAT could/should include
    websites, prep classes like this, books, taking
    higher level classes in school, and
    READ--READ--READ!

3
The act assessment What is it?
  • A national college admission examination that
    consists of tests in
  • English, Mathematics, Reading, Science (and an
    optional Writing Test)
  • ACT results are accepted by virtually all U.S.
    colleges and universities.
  • The ACT includes 215 multiple-choice questions
    and takes approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes to
    complete with breaks. The actual testing time is
    2 hours and 55 minutes (plus 30 minutes if you
    are taking the Writing Test).
  • In the state of Michigan, the ACT is administered
    in six different months September, October,
    December, February, April, and June.
  • The ACT offers an optional Writing Test. You
    should check directly with the institutions you
    are considering to find out their requirements.
  • MSU, U of M and Kalamazoo College require the
    Writing Test for all applicants.
  • LSSU, Northwood, Albion, Central, Western and
    Alma recommend taking the Writing Test, though it
    is not required.

4
How much does the act cost?
  • The registration fee is 30.00 for the ACT with
    no Writing Test.
  • The registration fee is 44.50 for the ACT plus
    the Writing Test.
  • These fees include score reports for you, your
    high school and up to four college choices for
    which a valid code is listed at time of
    registration.
  • If you cant afford the registration fee, go to
    the following website to apply for a fee waiver
    http//www.actstudent.org/faq/answers/feewaiver.ht
    ml

5
How often can I take the act assessment?
  • As often as you wish many students test twice,
    once as a junior and again as a senior.
  • You can test only once per national or state test
    date.
  • You should definitely consider retesting if
  • you had any problems during the test, such as
    misunderstanding the directions or not feeling
    physically well
  • you are not satisfied that your scores accurately
    represent your abilities in the areas tested

6
How will i do on a retest?
  • ACT research shows that of the students who took
    the ACT more than once
  • 55 increased their composite score on the retest
  • 22 had no change in their composite score on the
    retest
  • 23 decreased their composite score on the retest
  • If you take the test more than once, you can
    choose which test score you want sent to
    colleges. The following link can help you to
    determine how to send the scores from one testing
    date to the colleges of your choice
    http//www.actstudent.org/faq/answers/morethanonce
    .html

7
act English test
  • Six elements of effective writing are included in
    the English Test punctuation, grammar and usage,
    sentence structure, strategy, organization, and
    style. The questions covering punctuation,
    grammar, and sentence structure make up the
    Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questions covering
    strategy, organization, and style make up the
    Rhetorical Skills subscore.
  • General Tips
  • Be aware of the writing style used in each
    passage.
  • Consider the elements of writing that are
    included in each underlined part of the passage.
    Some questions will ask you to base your decision
    on some specific element of writing, such as the
    tone or emphasis the text should convey.
  • Be aware of questions with no underlined
    portionsthat means you will be asked about a
    section of the passage or about the passage as a
    whole.
  • Examine each answer choice and determine how it
    differs from the others. Many of the questions in
    the test will involve more than one aspect of
    writing.
  • Read and consider all of the answer choices
    before you choose the one that best responds to
    the question.
  • Determine the best answer.
  • Reread the sentence, using your selected answer.

8
act usage/mechanics subscore
  • Usage/Mechanics
  • Punctuation (13) Questions in this category
    test your knowledge of the conventions of
    internal and end-of-sentence punctuation, with
    emphasis on the relationship of punctuation to
    meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity,
    indicating appositives).
  • Grammar and Usage (16) Questions in this
    category test your understanding of agreement
    between subject and verb, between pronoun and
    antecedent, and between modifiers and the word
    modified verb formation pronoun case formation
    of comparative and superlative adjectives and
    adverbs and idiomatic usage.
  • Sentence Structure (24) Questions in this
    category test your understanding of relationships
    between and among clauses, placement of
    modifiers, and shifts in construction.

9
act rhetorical skills subscore
  • Rhetorical Skills
  • Strategy (16) Questions in this category test
    how well you develop a given topic by choosing
    expressions appropriate to an essay's audience
    and purpose judging the effect of adding,
    revising, or deleting supporting material and
    judging the relevance of statements in context.
  • Organization (15) Questions in this category
    test how well you organize ideas and choose
    effective opening, transitional, and closing
    sentences.
  • Style (16) Questions in this category test how
    well you select precise and appropriate words and
    images, maintain the level of style and tone in
    an essay, manage sentence elements for rhetorical
    effectiveness, and avoid ambiguous pronoun
    references, wordiness, and redundancy.

10
Sample english questions
  • Go to the following site to find ACT sample
    English test questions http//www.actstudent.org/
    sampletest/english/eng_01.html

11
act mathematics test
  • The ACT Mathematics Test is a 60-question,
    60-minute test designed to measure the
    mathematical skills students have typically
    acquired in courses taken by the end of 11th
    grade. In the Mathematics Test, three subscores
    are based on six content areas pre-algebra,
    elementary algebra, intermediate algebra,
    coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and
    trigonometry.
  • The test presents multiple-choice questions that
    require you to use reasoning skills to solve
    practical problems in mathematics.
  • You need knowledge of basic formulas and
    computational skills to answer the problems, but
    you aren't required to know complex formulas and
    perform extensive computation.
  • You may use any four-function, scientific, or
    graphing calculator, unless it has features
    described in the Prohibited Calculators list. For
    models on the Calculators Permitted with
    Modification list, you will be required to modify
    some of the calculator's features.
  • These types of calculators are permitted, but
    only after they are modified as noted
  • calculators with paper tapeRemove the tape.
  • calculators that make noiseTurn off the sound.
  • calculators that can communicate wirelessly with
    other calculatorsCompletely cover the infrared
    data port with heavy opaque material, such as
    duct tape or electrician's tape (includes
    Hewlett-Packard hp-38G series and hp-48G)
  • calculators that have power cordsRemove all
    power/electrical cords.

12
Pre-Algebra/Elementary AlgebraSubscore
  • Pre-Algebra (23) Questions in this content area
    are based on basic operations using whole
    numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers place
    value square roots and approximations the
    concept of exponents scientific notation
    factors ratio, proportion, and percent linear
    equations in one variable absolute value and
    ordering numbers by value elementary counting
    techniques and simple probability data
    collection, representation, and interpretation
    and understanding simple descriptive statistics.
  • Elementary Algebra (17) Questions in this
    content area are based on properties of exponents
    and square roots, evaluation of algebraic
    expressions through substitution, using variables
    to express functional relationships,
    understanding algebraic operations, and the
    solution of quadratic equations by factoring.

13
Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry Subscore
  • Intermediate Algebra (15) Questions in this
    content area are based on an understanding of the
    quadratic formula, rational and radical
    expressions, absolute value equations and
    inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of
    equations, quadratic inequalities, functions,
    modeling, matrices, roots of polynomials, and
    complex numbers.
  • Coordinate Geometry (15) Questions in this
    content area are based on graphing and the
    relations between equations and graphs, including
    points, lines, polynomials, circles, and other
    curves graphing inequalities slope parallel
    and perpendicular lines distance midpoints and
    conics.

14
Plane Geometry/TrigonometrySubscore
  • Plane Geometry (23) Questions in this content
    area are based on the properties and relations of
    plane figures, including angles and relations
    among perpendicular and parallel lines
    properties of circles, triangles, rectangles,
    parallelograms, and trapezoids transformations
    the concept of proof and proof techniques
    volume and applications of geometry to three
    dimensions.
  • Trigonometry (7) Questions in this content area
    are based on understanding trigonometric
    relations in right triangles values and
    properties of trigonometric functions graphing
    trigonometric functions modeling using
    trigonometric functions use of trigonometric
    identities and solving trigonometric equations.

15
Sample math questions
  • Click on the following link to access sample math
    questions
  • http//www.actstudent.org/sampletest/math/math_01
    .html

16
act reading test
  • The Reading Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test
    that measures your reading comprehension. You're
    asked to read four passages and answer questions
    that show your understanding of
  • what is directly stated
  • statements with implied meanings
  • The Reading Test is based on four types of
    reading selections social studies, natural
    sciences, prose fiction, and humanities. The
    Social Studies/Sciences subscore is based on the
    questions in the social studies and the natural
    sciences sections of the test, and the
    Arts/Literature subscore is based on the
    questions in the prose fiction and humanities
    sections of the test.
  • Social Studies
  • Natural Sciences
  • Prose Fiction
  • Humanities

17
act reading test (cont.)
  • Social Studies (25) Questions in this category
    are based on passages in the content areas of
    anthropology, archaeology, biography, business,
    economics, education, geography, history,
    political science, psychology, and sociology.
  • Natural Sciences (25) Questions in this
    category are based on passages in the content
    areas of anatomy, astronomy, biology, botany,
    chemistry, ecology, geology, medicine,
    meteorology, microbiology, natural history,
    physiology, physics, technology, and zoology.
  • Prose Fiction (25) Questions in this category
    are based on intact short stories or excerpts
    from short stories or novels.
  • Humanities (25) Questions in this category are
    based on passages from memoirs and personal
    essays and in the content areas of architecture,
    art, dance, ethics, film, language, literary
    criticism, music, philosophy, radio, television,
    and theater.

18
Reading test, continued
  • Specifically, questions will ask you to use
    referring and reasoning skills to
  • determine main ideas
  • locate and interpret significant details
  • understand sequences of events
  • make comparisons
  • comprehend cause-effect relationships
  • determine the meaning of context-dependent
    words, phrases
  • draw generalizations
  • analyze the author's or narrator's voice and
    method
  • The test comprises four prose passages that are
    representative of the level and kinds of reading
    required in first-year college courses passages
    on topics in social studies, natural sciences,
    fiction, and the humanities are included.
  • For sample reading test questions, go to the
    following link http//www.actstudent.org/samplete
    st/reading/read_01.html

19
act science test
  • The Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test
    that measures the skills required in the natural
    sciences interpretation, analysis, evaluation,
    reasoning, and problem solving.
  • Calculators may not be used on the Science Test.
  • The test assumes that students are in the
    process of taking the core science course of
    study (three years or more) that will prepare
    them for college-level work and have completed a
    course in Earth science and/or physical science
    and a course in biology.
  • The test presents seven sets of scientific
    information, each followed by a number of
    multiple-choice test questions. The scientific
    information is presented in one of three
    different formats
  • data representation (graphs, tables, and other
    schematic forms)
  • research summaries (descriptions of one or more
    related experiments)
  • conflicting viewpoints (expressions of several
    related hypotheses or views that are inconsistent
    with one another)
  • The questions require you to
  • recognize and understand the basic features of,
    and concepts related to, the provided information
  • examine critically the relationship between the
    information provided and the conclusions drawn or
    hypotheses developed
  • generalize from given information and draw
    conclusions, gain new information, or make
    predictions

20
act science questions
  • The questions require you to
  • recognize and understand the basic features of,
    and concepts related to, the provided information
  • examine critically the relationship between the
    information provided and the conclusions drawn or
    hypotheses developed
  • generalize from given information and draw
    conclusions, gain new information, or make
    predictions
  • To view sample science questions, go to the
    following link
  • http//www.actstudent.org/sampletest/science/sci_0
    1.html

21
act science test (cont.)
  • The content of the Science Test includes biology,
    chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences
    (for example, geology, astronomy, and
    meteorology). Advanced knowledge in these
    subjects is not required, but background
    knowledge acquired in general, introductory
    science courses is needed to answer some of the
    questions. The test emphasizes scientific
    reasoning skills over recall of scientific
    content, skill in mathematics, or reading
    ability.
  • The scientific information is conveyed in one of
    three different formats
  • Data Representation (38) This format presents
    graphic and tabular material similar to that
    found in science journals and texts. The
    questions associated with this format measure
    skills such as graph reading, interpretation of
    scatterplots, and interpretation of information
    presented in tables, diagrams, and figures.
  • Research Summaries (45) This format provides
    descriptions of one or more related experiments.
    The questions focus on the design of experiments
    and the interpretation of experimental results.
  • Conflicting Viewpoints (17) This format
    presents expressions of several hypotheses or
    views that, being based on differing premises or
    on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one
    another. The questions focus on the
    understanding, analysis, and comparison of
    alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

22
act science test (Cont.)
  • The scientific information is conveyed in one of
    three different formats
  • Data Representation (38) This format presents
    graphic and tabular material similar to that
    found in science journals and texts. The
    questions associated with this format measure
    skills such as graph reading, interpretation of
    scatterplots, and interpretation of information
    presented in tables, diagrams, and figures.
  • Research Summaries (45) This format provides
    descriptions of one or more related experiments.
    The questions focus on the design of experiments
    and the interpretation of experimental results.
  • Conflicting Viewpoints (17) This format
    presents expressions of several hypotheses or
    views that, being based on differing premises or
    on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one
    another. The questions focus on the
    understanding, analysis, and comparison of
    alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

23
act optional writing test
  • The Writing Test is a 30-minute essay test that
    measures your writing skillsspecifically those
    writing skills emphasized in high school English
    classes and in entry-level college composition
    courses.
  • The test consists of one writing prompt that will
    define an issue and describe two points of view
    on that issue. You are asked to respond to a
    question about your position on the issue
    described in the writing prompt. In doing so, you
    may adopt one or the other of the perspectives
    described in the prompt, or you may present a
    different point of view on the issue. Your score
    will not be affected by the point of view you
    take on the issue.

24
Tips for writing test
  • Carefully read the instructions on the cover of
    the test booklet.
  • Do some planning before writing the essayYou
    will be instructed to do your prewriting in your
    Writing Test booklet. You can refer to these
    notes as you write the essay on the lined pages
    in your answer folder. Do not skip lines.
  • Carefully consider the prompt and make sure you
    understand itreread it if you aren't sure.
  • Decide how you want to answer the question in the
    prompt.
  • Then jot down your ideas on the topic this might
    simply be a list of ideas, reasons, and examples
    that you will use to explain your point of view
    on the issue.
  • Write down what you think others might say in
    opposition to your point of view and think about
    how you would refute their arguments.
  • Think of how best to organize the ideas in your
    essay.
  • At the beginning of your essay, make sure readers
    will see that you understand the issue.

25
Tips for writing test (cont.)
  • Explain your point of view in a clear and logical
    way.
  • If possible, discuss the issue in a broader
    context or evaluate the implications or
    complications of the issue.
  • Address what others might say to refute your
    point of view and present a counterargument.
  • Use specific examples.
  • Vary the structure of your sentences, and use
    varied and precise word choices.
  • Make logical relationships clear by using
    transitional words and phrases.
  • Do not wander off the topic.
  • End with a strong conclusion that summarizes or
    reinforces your position.
  • If there is time, do a final check of the essay
    when it is finished.
  • Correct any mistakes in grammar, usage,
    punctuation, and spelling.
  • If you find any words that are hard to read,
    recopy them so your readers can read them easily.
  • Make any corrections and revisions neatly,
    between the lines (but not in the margins).

26
sample writing prompt
  • Educators debate extending high school to five
    years because of increasing demands on students
    from employers and colleges to participate in
    extracurricular activities and community service
    in addition to having high grades. Some educators
    support extending high school to five years
    because they think students need more time to
    achieve all that is expected of them. Other
    educators do not support extending high school to
    five years because they think students would lose
    interest in school and attendance would drop in
    the fifth year. In your opinion, should high
    school be extended to five years?
  • In your essay, take a position on this question.
    You may write about either one of the two points
    of view given, or you may present a different
    point of view on this question. Use specific
    reasons and examples to support your position.
    USE COUNTER ARGUMENTS!
  • Check out sample answers and their scores at the
    following address http//www.actstudent.org/writi
    ng/sample/one.html

27
Try sample act questions
  • http//www.4tests.com/exams/examdetail.asp?eid13
  • http//www.actstudent.org/sampletest/index.html
  • http//www.testprepreview.com/act_practice.htm

28
Online act resources
  • http//www.number2.com/exams/act/index.cfm?s0
    (You can enroll at this site and receive
    resources and preparation online for FREE!)
  • http//www.powerprep.com/getstarted.htm
  • (You can register for FREE online ACT/SAT
    preparation courses.)
  • http//www.act-sat-prep.com/
  • (You must pay for this site.)

29
the sat
  • Each section of the SAT is scored on a scale of
    200800, with two writing subscores for
    multiple-choice and the essay.
  • The SAT includes a Critical Reading, Math, and
    Writing section, with a specific number of
    questions related to content.
  • The fee is 43 for the SAT Reasoning Test.
    Subject area tests cost between 8 and 20 for
    each additional test.

30
the sat
  • WRITING SECTION
  • Length 60 minutes Score 200-800
  • Content Grammar, Usage, Word Choice
  • Item Types Multiple-Choice Questions (35
    minutes) Student-Written Essay (25 minutes)
  • The SHORT ESSAY measures your ability to
  • Organize and express ideas clearly
  • Develop and support the main idea
  • Use appropriate word choice and sentence
    structure
  • You will be asked to develop a point of view on
    an issue, using reasoning and evidence, based on
    your own experiences, readings, or observations,
    to support your ideas.
  • The essay will be scored by trained high school
    and college teachers. Each reader will give the
    essay a score from ONE to SIX (SIX is the highest
    score) based on the overall quality of the essay
    and your demonstration of writing competence.
  • The MULTIPLE-CHOICE writing questions measure
    your ability to
  • Improve sentences and paragraphs
  • Identify errors (such as diction, grammar,
    sentence construction, subject-verb agreement,
    proper word usage and wordiness)

31
the sat
  • CRITICAL READING SECTION
  • Length 70 minutes (Two 25-minute sections, one
    20-minute section) Score 200-800
  • Content Critical reading and sentence-level
    reading
  • Item Types Reading Comprehension, Sentence
    Completions, and Paragraph-Length Critical
    Reading
  • The Critical Reading Section includes short
    reading passages along with the existing long
    reading passages. Analogies have been
    eliminated, but sentence-completion questions and
    passage-based reading questions remain.
  • Sentence Completion questions measure your
  • knowledge of the meanings of words
  • ability to understand how the different parts of
    a sentence fit logically together
  • The reading questions on the SAT measure a
    student's ability to read and think carefully
    about several different passages ranging in
    length from about 100 to about 850 words.
    Passages are taken from a variety of fields,
    including the humanities, social studies, natural
    sciences, and literary fiction. They vary in
    style and can include narrative, argumentative,
    and expository elements. Some selections consist
    of a pair of related passages on a shared issue
    or theme that you are asked to compare and
    contrast. Such material can be followed by two to
    five questions that measure the same kinds of
    reading skills as are measured by the questions
    following longer passages. The following kinds
    of questions may be asked about a passage
  • Vocabulary in Context These questions ask you to
    determine the meanings of words from their
    context in the reading passage.
  • Literal Comprehension These questions assess
    your understanding of significant information
    directly stated in the passage.
  • Extended Reasoning These questions measure your
    ability to synthesize and analyze information as
    well as to evaluate the assumptions made and the
    techniques used by the author. Most of the
    reading questions fall into this category. You
    may be asked to identify cause and effect, make
    inferences, recognize a main idea or an author's
    tone, and follow the logic of an analogy or an
    argument.

32
Critical reading example
  • The passage below is followed by a question
    based on its content questions following a pair
    of related passages may also be based on the
    relationship between the paired passages. Answer
    the questions on the basis of what is stated or
    implied in the passages and in any introductory
    material that may be provided.

The question below is based on the following
passage.   "The rock was still wet. The animal
was glistening, like it was still swimming,"
recalls Hou Xianguang. Hou discovered the Line
5 unusual fossil while surveying rocks as a
paleontology graduate student in 1984, near the
Chinese town of Chengjiang. "My teachers
always talked about the Burgess ShaleLine
10 animals. It looked like one of them. My
hands began to shake." Hou had indeed found a
Naraoia like those from Canada. However, Hou's
animal was 15 million years Line 15 older than
its Canadian relatives. 1. In line 5,
"surveying" most nearly means (A) calculating the
value of (B) examining comprehensively (C) determi
ning the boundaries of (D) polling
randomly (E) conducting a statistical study of
  • Explanation
  • The word "surveying" has a number of meanings,
    several of which are included in the choices
    above. In the context of this passage, however,
    only (B) makes sense. A student in the field of
    "paleontology" is one who studies prehistoric
    life as recorded in fossil remains. One of the
    activities of such a student would be to examine
    rocks carefully and "comprehensively" while
    looking for fossils.
  • (A), (C), and (E) are incorrect because someone
    who studies fossils would not calculate the
    "value" of rocks, or determine the "boundaries"
    of rocks, or conduct a "statistical study" of
    rocks.
  • (D) is wrong because "polling" rocks makes no
    sense at all.
  • Correct answer (B)

Check out more questions online
http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/pr
ep_one/passage_based/pracStart.html
33
the sat
  • MATHEMATICS SECTION
  • Length 70 minutes (Two 25-minute sections, one
    20-minute section) Score 200-800
  • Content Number and operations algebra and
    functions geometry statistics, probability, and
    data analysis
  • Item Types Five-choice multiple-choice questions
    and student-produced responses
  • Strategy For math questions without answer
    choices (grid answers), fill in your best guess
    no points are subtracted for wrong answers as
    they are in all other question types.
  • The SAT includes expanded math topics, such as
    exponential growth, absolute value, and
    functional notation, and place greater emphasis
    on such other topics as linear functions,
    manipulations with exponents, and properties of
    tangent lines.
  • Important skills formerly measured in the
    quantitative comparison format, such as
    estimation and number sense, will continue to be
    measured through the multiple choice and student
    response (grid-in) questions.
  • Can I use a calculator?
  • Yes. Students can continue to use a
    four-function, scientific, or graphing
    calculator. The College Board recommends that
    students use a calculator at least at the
    scientific level for the SAT, although it's still
    possible to solve every question without a
    calculator.

34
the sat
  • MATHEMATICS SECTION
  • Number Operations
  • Sequences Involving Exponential Growth
  • The SAT includes mathematics questions that
    require knowledge of exponential growth
    sequences, also called geometric sequences. In a
    geometric sequence, there is a constant ratio
    between consecutive terms. For example, 7, 21,
    63, 189, ... is a geometric sequence that has
    constant ratio 3 and begins with the term 7. The
    term obtained after multiplying n times by 3 is 7
    x 3n. Since these sequences have real-life
    applications, questions in this area might be
    presented in contexts such as population growth.
    One example might be that of a population that
    initially numbers 100 and grows by doubling every
    eight years. The expression 100 x would give
    the population t years after it begins to grow.
  • Sets (Union, Intersection, Elements)
  • If a set is a collection of things, then the
    "things" can be referred to as "elements" or
    "members" of the set. Questions on the SAT might
    ask about the union of two sets (i.e., the set
    consisting of elements that are in either set or
    both sets) or the intersection of two sets (i.e.,
    the set of common elements). For example, if set
    X is the set of positive even integers and set Y
    is the set of positive odd integers, a question
    might ask students to recognize that the union of
    the two sets is the set of all positive integers.

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the sat
  • MATHEMATICS SECTION
  • Algebra Functions
  • Absolute Value
  • Rational Equations and Inequalities
  • Radical Equations
  • Integer and Rational Exponents
  • Direct and Inverse Variation
  • Function Notation
  • Concepts of Domain and Range
  • Functions as Models
  • Linear Functions -- Equations and Graphs
  • Quadratic Functions -- Equations and Graphs
  • For more detailed information and examples of
    questions in each of these content areas, go to
    the following websites
  • http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/p
    rep_one/multi_choice/pracStart.html
  • http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/p
    rep_one/spr/pracStart.html

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the sat
  • MATHEMATICS SECTION
  • Geometry Measurement
  • Geometric Notation for Length, Segments, Lines,
    Rays, and Congruence
  • The SAT will use the geometric notation commonly
    found in high school textbooks.
  • Problems in Which Trigonometry May Be Used as an
    Alternative Method of Solution
  • The SAT will include more questions that rely on
    the special properties of 30-60-90 triangles or
    45-45-90 triangles. These questions can be
    answered by using trigonometric methods, but may
    also be answered using other methods.
  • Properties of Tangent Lines
  • Questions on the SAT may require knowledge of the
    property that a line tangent to a circle is
    perpendicular to a radius drawn to the point of
    tangency.
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Some questions on the SAT may require knowledge
    of the properties of the slopes of parallel or
    perpendicular lines. In addition, some questions
    may require students to find the equations of
    lines, the midpoints of line segments, or the
    distance between two points in the coordinate
    plane.
  • Qualitative Behavior of Graphs and Functions
  • A question on the SAT might show the graph of a
    function in the xy-coordinate plane, and ask
    students to give, for the portion of the graph
    shown, the number of values of x for which f(x)
    3.
  • Transformations and Their Effect on Graphs of
    Functions
  • The SAT will include questions that ask students
    to determine the effect of simple transformations
    on graphs of functions. For example, the graph of
    a function f(x) could be given and students would
    be asked questions about the graph of the
    function f(x 2).

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the sat
  • MATHEMATICS SECTION
  • Data Analysis, Statistics, Probability
  • Data Interpretation, Scatterplots, and Matrices
  • A question on the SAT might ask about the line of
    best fit for a scatter plot. Students would be
    expected to identify the general characteristics
    of the line of best fit by looking at the scatter
    plot. For example, students might determine that
    this line has a slope that is positive but less
    than 1. Students would not be expected to use
    formal methods of finding the equation of the
    line of best fit. Students will also be expected
    to be able to interpret data displayed in tables,
    charts, and graphs.
  • Geometric Probability
  • Some questions on the SAT may involve geometric
    probability. For example, if a point is to be
    chosen at random from the interior of a region,
    part of which is shaded, students might be asked
    to find the probability that the point chosen
    will be from the shaded portion of the region.
    These questions could be presented in a context
    such as throwing darts at a target.

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what are sat subject tests?
  • Subject Tests, one-hour, mostly multiple-choice
    tests, measure how much students know about a
    particular academic subject and how well they can
    apply that knowledge.
  • The 20 Subject Tests include Literature, U.S.
    History, World History, Math Level IC, Math Level
    IIC, Biology E/M, Chemistry, Physics, French
    Reading, French Reading with Listening, German
    Reading, German Reading with Listening, Spanish
    Reading, Spanish Reading with Listening, Modern
    Hebrew Reading, Italian Reading, Latin Reading
    with Listening, Japanese Reading with Listening,
    Korean Reading with Listening, and Chinese
    Reading with Listening.
  • Many colleges require or recommend one or more of
    the Subject Tests for admission or placement.
    Used in combination with other background
    information (your high school record, scores from
    other tests like the SAT I, teacher
    recommendations, etc.), they provide a dependable
    measure of your academic achievement and are a
    good predictor of future performance.
  • Check out this link for more information
    http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/ab
    out/SATII.html

39
Try a sample sat test
  • http//www.4tests.com/exams/examdetail.asp?eid6
  • http//www.kaptest.com/College/SAT/Practice-SAT/CO
    _sat_satqbankol.html?cid114312
  • http//www.syvum.com/sat/

40
Online sat resources
  • http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/pr
    ep_one/prep_one.html (test prep items, practice
    questions, test-taking tips, full practice test)
  • http//www.powerprep.com/getstarted.htm (you can
    register for FREE online ACT/SAT preparation
    courses)
  • http//www.number2.com/exams/sat/index.cfm?s0
    (you can enroll at this site and receive
    resources and preparation online for FREE)
  • http//www.act-sat-prep.com/ (this costs money to
    join)
  • http//www.takesat.com/verbal_main.php?PHPSESSID0
    adde5a6db6afc5e3955a7b7b5fddbe1(FREE test prep
    items, practice questions, test-taking tips,
    additional resources)

41
What is the psat?
  • The Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship
    Qualifying Test is a co-sponsored program by the
    College Board and National Merit Scholarship
    Corporation (NMSC).
  • PSAT/NMSQT stands for Preliminary SAT/National
    Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. It's a
    standardized test that provides firsthand
    practice for the SAT Reasoning Test. It also
    gives you a chance to enter National Merit
    Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) scholarship
    programs.
  • The PSAT/NMSQT measures
  • critical reading skills
  • math problem-solving skills
  • writing skills

42
Why take the psat?
  • To receive feedback on your strengths and
    weaknesses on skills necessary for college study.
    You can then focus your preparation on those
    areas that could most benefit from additional
    study or practice.
  • To see how your performance on an admissions test
    might compare with that of others applying to
    college.
  • To enter the competition for scholarships from
    the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (grade
    11).
  • To help prepare for the SAT. You can become
    familiar with the kinds of questions and the
    exact directions you will see on the SAT.
  • To receive information from colleges when you
    check "yes" to Student Search Service.
  • You should definitely take the PSAT/NMSQT in your
    junior year. Many students benefit from also
    taking it earlier, typically in their sophomore
    year. If you take it earlier, recognize that the
    PSAT/NMSQT is a junior-level test, so don't get
    discouraged if your score is low. Your score will
    usually increase as your years of study increase.

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How do I sign up to take a test?
  • To sign up online, go to the following websites
  • ACT
  • http//www.actstudent.org/index.html
  • SAT http//www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/s
    at/reg.html
  • PSAT You cannot sign up for the PSAT online.
    You must check with your high school counselor or
    principal for registration materials.

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Last but certainly not least
  • Get a full night of sleep before the test.
  • Eat breakfast and make sure you are well
    hydrated. Bring a water bottle for the test.
  • Bring plenty of sharpened No. 2 pencils.
  • Bring a watch and calculator for the test.
  • Go to the bathroom right before the test!
  • RELAX and BREATHE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Public Schools of Petoskey, M. Neal, 2008
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