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Chapter 1 Toward Civilization (prehistory - 3000 BC)

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Chapter 1 The Peopling of the World (Prehistory - 2500 BC) Section 1 Human Origins in Africa How Do We Know? Prehistory refers to the period of time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 1 Toward Civilization (prehistory - 3000 BC)


1
MCNEIL
PRODUCTIONS
2
Chapter 1 The Peopling of the World(Prehistory
- 2500 BC)
  • Section 1 Human Origins in Africa

3
How Do We Know?
  • Prehistory refers to the period of time before
    the invention of writing
  • Kinds of Evidence
  • Archaeology - study of early peoples through the
    examination of physical remains
  • Artifacts human-made objects
  • Paleontologists study fossils
  • Culture unique way of life

4
The Search for Human Origins
  • Mary Leakey found footprints in East Africa
    (Tanzania)
  • Hominids creatures that walk upright
  • Donald Johanson found a complete skeleton
    (Lucy) in Ethiopia

5
Old Stone Age
  • Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) - the time from
    the first tool makers to about 8,000 BC
  • stone tools, fire, language
  • Technology ways of applying knowledge, tools,
    and inventions to meet needs
  • Homo Sapiens species name for modern humans

6
Section 2Humans Try to Control Nature
7
Nomads
  • Nomads - move from place to place in search of
    food
  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Survived an Ice Age
  • Cave paintings

8
New Stone Age
  • New Stone Age (Neolithic Age)
  • About 8,000 BC, people learned to farm
  • Steady food source
  • Slash--Burn farming
  • Domestication of animals
  • population growth
  • permanent villages
  • River Valleys

9
(No Transcript)
10
Ch. 1 Section 3Civilization
  • Civilization complex culture
  • Cities (center of trade)
  • Specialized workers (artisans skilled workers)
  • Institutions long-lasting pattern of
    organization
  • Government system of ruling
  • Record keeping
  • Scribes professional record keepers
  • pictographs
  • Cuneiform Sumerian writing
  • Advanced technology
  • Bronze Age bronze tools weapons
  • Transportation Invention of wheel sail
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