Guatemalan archaeologist Mуnica Pellecer Alecio (2005) takes a green stone figurine from the oldest known Maya royal tomb, dating from about 150 B.C. and found at San Bartolo, an ancient Maya ceremonial site in Guatemala. Assisting her is San Bartolo - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Guatemalan archaeologist Mуnica Pellecer Alecio (2005) takes a green stone figurine from the oldest known Maya royal tomb, dating from about 150 B.C. and found at San Bartolo, an ancient Maya ceremonial site in Guatemala. Assisting her is San Bartolo

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Title: Guatemalan archaeologist Mуnica Pellecer Alecio (2005) takes a green stone figurine from the oldest known Maya royal tomb, dating from about 150 B.C. and found at San Bartolo, an ancient Maya ceremonial site in Guatemala. Assisting her is San Bartolo


1
Guatemalan archaeologist Mónica Pellecer Alecio
(2005) takes a green stone figurine from the
oldest known Maya royal tomb, dating from about
150 B.C. and found at San Bartolo, an ancient
Maya ceremonial site in Guatemala. Assisting her
is San Bartolo project director William Saturno,
research associate of Harvard's Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology.
2
A detail from a sacred Maya mural at San Bartolo
- the earliest known Maya painting, depicting the
birth of the cosmos and the divine right of a
king - shows the son of the maize god, patron of
kings, floating with a pair of birds tied to his
woven hunting basket and offering a sacrificed
turkey before one of five cosmic trees. The
30-foot-long mural dates from around 100 B.C.
3
Stela 4, showing Curl Nose, from Teotihuacan,
Tikal Early Classic Maya, 380AD
4
Stela 31 (King Stormy Sky), Early Classic Maya,
Tikal, 445AD
5
Early Classic Maya ceramic effigy, tomb of Curl
Nose, Tikal, c. 425AD. Note severed head in
hands, figure sits on human femurs, smoke comes
out of mouth and head spout, Possibly for
ancestor worship involving sacrifice and
dismemberment.
6
The Palenque Palace, Chiapas, Mexico, from the
Temple of the Foliated Cross. Palenque was begun
around 600 AD during the reign of King Pakal, his
two sons, and Pakals grandson and
great-grandson. It was the court residence and
administrative center.
7
Palenque palace tower, probable use for
astronomical and military observation. This is
the only surviving Mayan tower.
8
Palenque palace interior showing corbelled
labyrinthine hallways and toilet. (The man on
the right is sitting on it.) The palace was
plumbed via the stream that runs under and
alongside the palace
9
Palenque palace interior passage, 7th century,
Late Classic Maya
10
Palenque palace, east court. Individual carved
slabs of captives (in postures of humiliation and
showing signs of blood letting) that flank a
ceremonial courtyard where Lords of the region
entered to meet with Pakal and kings of his line.
11
Palenque palace restored temples. Note grass
roofing on the right.
12
Palenque reconstruction of Late Classic Maya
peasant house
Palenque reconstruction of a late Classic Maya
peasant house
13
Palenque, Temple of Inscriptions, the Tomb of
King Pakal, discovered in 1952 by Alberto Ruz, is
set into bedrock at the base
14
Maya, (right) Portrait head of Pakal, Palenque,
Chiapas, Mexico, AD 600-900, Stucco, 16 7/8 x 6
11/16 in. (43 x 17 cm), Museo Nacional de
Antropología, -- INAH, Mexico City. The
best-known Maya Ajaw, K'inich Janaab' Pakal
(Pacal the Great), who ruled from 615 to 683 AD.
Stone relief of Pakal the Great, Palenque
15
Tomb of Pakal, from the Temple of the
Inscriptions, now in the National Anthropology
Museum, Mexico City, Mexico. Pakal's body was
placed in the limestone sarcophagus and then it
was sealed with a 3.8 by 2.2 meter stone lid.
16
Sarcophagus lid for Lord Pakal, Late Classic Maya
7th century. The scene represents the instant
of Pakal's death and his fall to the Underworld.
The open mouth of the Underworld (Xibalba), is
carved on the bottom of the plate. The snake's
skeleton make up a container that represents the
entrance. The snake' lips are curved inward, as
though closing over Pakal's falling body.
17
A bas-relief in the Palenque museum that depicts
Upakal K'inich, the son of K'inich Ahkal Mo' Naab
III, c. 700 AD
18
Copan, Honduras, (left) tomb censor, Late Classic
Maya, 8th century, one of twelve representing the
eleven dynastic predecessors to the buried king
Smoke Imix and the twelfth as the buried king
himself. These were ritually smashed prior to the
closing of the tomb. Restored by archeologists.
One of 4 Copan flints representing the diety
K'awiil, the spirit of the kings scepter. How
many profiles do you count?
19
Maya Jaina figurines Jaina is a small island
off the coast of Campeche State, Mexico, and into
the southeast corner of the gulf. The necropolis
on the island was a massive burial site from the
Classic period (100-900 CE) that held many
miniature terracotta figurines, each unique. Most
represent rulers and nobility. While both solid
and hollow figurines have been found, the latter
predominate and are usually fitted with a
whistle, or with clay pellets that produce a
rattle-like sound. Like the figurines themselves,
it is not known what function(s) the whistles and
rattles served.
20
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21
Large numbers of Jaina figurines, considered the
finest figurative clay sculptures in the ancient
Americas, were found in all inland Maya sites
22
Jaina figurine, Late Classic Maya
23
Jaina figurine, Late Classic Maya
24
Maya Murals at Bonampak' (on border of Chiapas,
Mexico, and Guatemala). The largest and most
complete set of murals of ancient Mesoamerica
preserved today. The inner walls of the house's
three rooms, up to their arched ceilings, were
entirely painted with glyphs and narrative
events. This scene records the ascension of a
new king in 790 CE, his reception by Mayan lords.
Photos are from the complete replica at the
National Museum of Anthropology and History in
Mexico City
25
Maya Murals at Bonampak dedication of building
26
Musicians and dancers performing at the
dedication of the building
27
Battle scene in which lords of Bonampak
demonstrate their military prowess
28
Treatment of war prisonersBonampak murals
29
Maya Bonampak mural, Noblewomen practicing
bloodletting ritual by piercing tongue or lips
30
MOCHE CULTURE Northern Coastal Peru, c. 100 C.E
to 800 C.E
http//sipan.perucultural.org.pe/
31
Moche stirrup spout portrait vessel, (detail)
unidentified artist, painted and slipped
earthenware, 11 ½ H. c.450 CE
32
(right) Peruvian, Moche, Male Effigy Vessel,
unidentified artist, painted earthenware, 9 7/16
in H, A.D. 100-600Compare (left) self-portrait
mug by Paul Gauguin, c. 1889
33
Moche, Portraits of Cut Lip (L-R) at about 10
yrs, early 20s, and middle 30s ceramic, c. 300 CE
34
Moche, Portraits of Bigote, head (right) and full
body as warrior (left) ceramic, 430 CE
35
Moche (left) Man with a Flower Headdress, painted
earthenware, 10 H, 100-600 CE(right) Stirrup
Head Vessel, painted earthenware c 12 H, 100-600
CE
36
Moche, Male Effigy Vessel (stirrup missing),
unidentified artist, painted earthenware4 in H,
A.C. 100-600
37
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