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Population Health for Health Professionals

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Population Health for Health Professionals Part II Lifestyle Factors and The Prevention Movement Health Promotion Any intervention that seeks to eliminate or reduce ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Population Health for Health Professionals


1
Population Healthfor Health Professionals
2
Part II
  • Lifestyle Factors
  • and
  • The Prevention Movement

3
Health Promotion
  • Any intervention that seeks to eliminate or
    reduce exposures to harmful factors by modifying
    human behaviors or any combination of health
    education and related organizational, political
    and economic interventions designed to facilitate
    behavioral and environmental adaptations that
    will improve or protect health
  • Concerned specifically with sociobehavorial
    processes

4
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5
Lifestyle Factors
Genes load the gun.Lifestyle pulls the trigger
Dr. Elliot Joslin
6
Choices Made In Regard To
  • Smoking
  • Nutrition
  • Exercise
  • Substance Abuse
  • Rest
  • Stress
  • Sexual behavior
  • Other Life-style Factors

7
Smoking
  • Tobacco is the most important single preventable
    cause of death in the United States today
    USDHHS, 1990
  • Responsible for 400,000 deaths/year.
  • Smoking is increasing among teenagers in the US

8
Nutrition
  • Poor diet and lack of activity account for about
    300,000 deaths each year.
  • Major concerns
  • Obesity
  • High Fat Diet
  • High Sugar Diet

9
Healthy Eating Recommendations
  • Eat at least three modest meals/day
  • Moderate fat intake
  • Moderate sugar intake
  • Avoid large portions
  • Eat five servings of fruits and vegetables daily

10
Exercise
  • If exercise came in a bottle, it would be the
    most widely prescribed medicine known to
    man.
  • Unknown Physician

11
Substance Abuse
  • Alcohol--A little is helpful, too much is
    deadly
  • Accounts for 100,000 deaths each year
  • Binge drinking is the number one campus life
    problem on college campuses in America.

12
Sleep
  • Most people need about 8 hours nightly to
    function at maximum capacity.
  • Over two-thirds of Americans report a
    sleep-related problem.
  • Sleep deprivation has been implicated in recent
    train, bus, and airplane crashes bringing
    attention to the importance of sleep.

13
Stress
  • Continual stress in life sets off chemical
    reactions in the body than can eventually lead to
    illness.
  • Individuals constantly under stress are at
    greater risk for heart disease and other
    conditions.
  • Practicing healthy habits can help alleviate
    stress.

14
Sexual Behavior
  • Abstinence is only sexual behavior absolutely
    free of risk, followed by life-time mutual
    monogamy entered into at virginity
  • Unsafe sex exposes an individual to
  • HIV virus
  • Hepatitis B
  • Genital herpes
  • Other sexually transmitted diseases
  • Unwanted pregnancy

15
Other Behavioral Contributors
  • Firearms
  • 1 cause of death among young men
  • Suicide and homicide in the top causes of death
    in the US
  • Pollutants and Toxins
  • Asbestos
  • Other occupational hazards

16
Discussion Time
  • To what extent does behavior change require
  • Personal Responsibility ?
  • or
  • Changes in Policy, Regulations, Culture ?

17
Growing Interest In Prevention Is Due To
  • National focus on prevention through Healthy
    People process
  • Debates about possible national health care plans
  • The move to managed approaches to care and care
    financing
  • Demand from informed consumers

18
Primary Reason Given for Offering Prevention
Programs
19
Prevention RequiresChanged View
  • Population Health
  • Focus on prevention
  • Focus on groups
  • Tax dollars is the main source of support
  • Has been administered through the public health
    system
  • Traditional Medicine
  • Focus on treatment
  • Focus on individuals
  • Strong advocates of free enterprise

20
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21
Summary of Module 3, Part 2
  • Unhealthy lifestyle factors are major
    contributors to cause of death in the US.
  • The top factors of concern are
  • smoking, diet/exercise, and alcohol abuse.
  • The Prevention trend has become an important
    part of healthcare.

22
Module Authors
  • Diane B. Wilson EdD, RD
  • Associate Professor
  • Mary S. McLellan MS,RD
  • Research Associate
  • Medical University of South Carolina
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