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Health & Safety Orientation (HSO)

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Title: Health & Safety Orientation (HSO)


1
Health Safety Orientation (HSO)
Health, Safety Environment Department
2
Introduction Troubleshooting
  • Health and Safety Orientation (HSO) is mandatory
    for all individuals who require unescorted access
    at the CLS facility and is a prerequisite for all
    HSE training.
  • Viewing PowerPoint Presentations
    Troubleshooting
  • Please note there are sounds files included in
    the HSO PowerPoint presentation. Below are a few
    tips if you have trouble viewing or hearing any
    of the slides (assistance from a system
    administrator may be required if you do not have
    sufficient privileges).
  • Try running a Windows Update to ensure that
    Internet Explorer and Windows Media Player are
    both up to date.
  • Download java virtual machine from
    http//java.com/en/index.jsp (click download,
    appropriate software will be installed).
  • Please notify the CLS User Services Office if you
    encounter problems with the presentation
    including sounds, pictures, or text.
    clsuo_at_lightsource.ca or (306) 657-3700

3
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Regulatory requirements
  • Building access
  • Emergency information
  • Hazard identification
  • Additional Resources

4
HSO
  • HSO is a prerequisite to all HSE Training.
  • HSO is mandatory for personnel who require
    unescorted access into CLS Free Access Zone
  • Visitors are not required to take this course but
    they must be escorted by a properly trained
    person at all times.
  • Access to Controlled Areas within Restricted
    Access Zone requires additional training.
  • HSO expires after 2 years, retraining will be
    required with option of testing out
    (challenging).
  • Refresher HSO training will be required for
    significant changes in site operations or safety
    and regulatory requirements.
  • Participants will demonstrate their knowledge by
    scoring 80 or more on a written examination.

5
Completion of HSO
  • Upon successful completion of HSO, you will
  • Be qualified to access all areas designated as
    Free Access Zone.
  • Be qualified to escort visitors within the Free
    Access Zone.
  • Be issued an ID Badge and Security Access Card
  • If required, be designated a NEW (Nuclear Energy
    Worker, as defined under CNSC). Contact HSE Dept.
    for further info.
  • Be issued a TLD (Thermo Luminescent Dosimeter) to
    monitor your radiation dose exposures at the CLS
    facility.
  • Attendance at HSO is documented on HSE training
    attendance database.

6
Objectives of HSO
  • This course will include
  • Necessary information to safely evacuate the
    building.
  • Information on the access zones, controlled areas
    and their associated hazards.
  • Identification of main hazards at the CLS
    facility
  • General HSE information and other HSE Training

7
Module 1
  • Introduction

8
What is the Canadian Light Source (CLS)?
  • The CLS facility is a national science research
    laboratory for the production of bright infrared,
    ultraviolet and X-ray light.
  • The CLS is the only facility of its kind in
    Canada.
  • Known as the Synchrotron Facility

9
Who owns the CLS?
  • The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the
    owner of the CLS facility.
  • The U of S has established the Canadian Light
    Source Inc. (CLSI) to lead the construction
    project and to operate the facility upon
    completion.
  • The CLSI is a not-forprofit corporation.

10
CLSI Health Safety Environment
CLSI HSE DEPARTMENT
11
Area Designations
  • The CLS Facility is divided into Zones and
    Controlled Areas to regulate access and to ensure
    personnel safety
  • Access to the CLS Controlled Areas depends on
    your requirement and training.
  • The CLS Zone designations are
  • Public Access Zone (PAZ)
  • Free Access Zone (FAZ)
  • Restricted Access Zone (RAZ)

12
Access Zones
  • Public Access Zone (PAZ)
  • PAZ includes the lobby area within the CLS
    facility and areas outside the CLS facility.
  • Free Access Zone (FAZ)
  • FAZ includes areas where hazards are expected to
    be low.
  • Restricted Access Zone (RAZ)
  • RAZ encompasses all areas where there may be
    radiological and/or industrial hazards.
  • Industrial Controlled Area (ICA)
  • Radiological Controlled Area (RCA) which include
  • Radiological Storage Area (RSA)
  • High Radiation Area (HRA)

13
Access Zones
First Floor
Second Floor
Free Access Zone
Industrial Controlled Area
Radiological Controlled Area
14
Module 2
  • Regulatory Requirements

15
Saskatchewan Occupational Health and Safety Act
Regulations
Who is responsible for health and
safety? Everyone!!
16
CLSI HSE Policy
  • CLSI is committed to provide a safe and
    healthful working environment for all staff and
    to protect the general public and the environment
    from unacceptable risks
  • Approved by CLSI Executive Director (2001 March
    31)
  • Passed by CLSI Board of Directors (2001 June 26).

17
Acts and Regulations
  • The CLS is a federally regulated facility,
    licensed under the Canadian Nuclear Safety
    Commission (CNSC)
  • Operating and construction licenses are posted on
    HSE Bulletin Boards.
  • CLSI is required to comply with the
  • CNSC Act Regulations
  • Construction/operating license conditions
  • Saskatchewan Occupational Health and Safety Act,
    1993
  • Saskatchewan Occupational Health Safety
    Regulations, 1996
  • Other applicable health, safety and environmental
    laws
  • Contact the CLSI HSE Department for further
    information.

18
Saskatchewan OHS Act Regulations
  • The Saskatchewan OHS (Occupational Health and
    Safety) Legislation states that the workers
    rights are
  • to be informed of the hazards at the workplace
  • to participate in the Occupational Health and
    Safety Program
  • to refuse work which the worker believes is
    unusually dangerous
  • to work in an environment free from harassment

19
Saskatchewan OHS Act Regulations
  • Under the Saskatchewan OHS legislation the
    workers responsibilities are
  • to comply with all policies and procedures and
    perform work in a safe and healthy manner, with
    as little impact on the environment as possible
  • to take an active role in promoting health and
    safety and protection of the environment
  • to refrain from activities which may jeopardize
    the health and safety of others, or the
    environment

20
Saskatchewan OHS Act Regulations
  • The CLSI responsibilities under the Saskatchewan
    OHS legislation are
  • to ensure the health, safety and welfare at work
    of all CLS personnel.
  • to consult and co-operate with the Occupational
    Health and Safety Committee.
  • to ensure CLS staff are not exposed to harassment
  • to co-operate with any person exercising a duty
    imposed by the Act and Regulations.
  • to comply with Occupational Health and Safety Act
    and Regulations.

21
CLSI OHSC
  • The CLSI OHSC (Occupational Health and Safety
    Committee) is formed to
  • Help the CLSI identify, assess and control
    hazards
  • Provide a channel of communication between the
    CLSI and CLS staff
  • Conduct regular inspections
  • Talk with CLS staff about their health and safety
    concerns
  • Help the CLSI develop and monitor policies, plans
    and programs
  • Participate in accident investigations and
    investigations of dangerous occurrences (called
    near misses)
  • Meet to discuss concerns and make recommendations
    for corrective actions to discuss with CLSI

22
CLSI OHS Membership
  • Members
  • Skeeter Abell-Smith (co-chairperson) 657-3574
  • John Swirsky (co-chairperson) 657-3567
  • Mohamed Benmerrouche 657-3514
  • Jeff Cutler 657-3530
  • Terry Johnson 657-3573
  • Elder Matias 657-3551
  • Dean Orosz 657-3575
  • Mark de Jong 657-3532
  • Reg Aupperle 657-3597
  • Jon Stampe 657-3578
  • Brian Yates 657-3563
  • Matthew Dalzell 657-3739
  • Grant Cubbon 657-3515

23
Module 3
  • Building Access

24
Security
  • Reception hours are Monday through Friday from
    800 to 1630.
  • The main entrance to the lobby will be unlocked
    during these hours.
  • All exterior doors are locked at all times except
    as noted above.
  • Access to CLS Building and Radiological
    Controlled Areas are controlled using a Card
    Access System.
  • The main entrances are monitored with a Closed
    Circuit Television (CCTV) System.
  • Any security concerns should be reported to the
    HSE Department 227-3113 and Campus Security
    966-5555 immediately.
  • NOTE Prefix with 9 if using CLS Phones.

Card Reader
25
ID Badge, Access Card and TLD
  • You will be issued an Identification Badge and a
    Security Access Card
  • The Security Access Card will be programmed to
    give you access into the building and the Free
    Access Zone.
  • If required, you will be issued a Radiation
    Dosimeter - Thermo Luminescent Dosimeter (TLD).
  • The dosimeter will record your exposure to
    ionizing radiation.
  • ID Badge, Security Access Card and TLD must be
    returned to CLSI User Office when your work is
    complete.

26
Hazards
  • Hazards are mostly confined to areas within RAZ
    (Restricted Access Zone) and may include
  • Chemical/Biological
  • Electrical/mechanical
  • Cryogenic
  • Radiological (ionizing and non-ionizing)
  • Magnetic
  • Physical such as Noise, Heights and Ergonomic

27
Module 4
  • Emergency Information

28
Emergency Information
  • Contact Info for specific emergencies
  • Fire/Ambulance 9-911
  • Security 9-227-3113/9-966-5555
  • Oxygen Alarms 9-227-3113
  • Hazardous material Spills 9-227-3113
  • Saskatchewan Poison Centre 9-1-866-454-1212
  • NOTE The prefix 9 is required when dialing from
    a CLS telephone.
  • CLS Building Emergency Contact Info
  • U of S Security 9-966-5555
  • Health, Safety Environment 9-227-3113
  • Mechanical 9-227-0759
  • Electrical 9-230-2803

29
Building Evacuation
  • All personnel must leave the building when fire
    alarm sounds
  • click to listen to the alarm
  • Leave the building through the closest exit and
    assemble at the meeting area near the entrance to
    the Main Parking Lot (see Map next slide).
  • During inclement weather, assemble at the
    Environment Canada Building or the Food Research
    Building (see Map next slide).
  • Remain at the meeting area until the all clear
    signal is given by the CLSI Chief Warden.

30
Building Evacuation Meeting Place
Meeting Area
Inclement Weather Meeting Place
Inclement Weather Meeting Place
31
Incident/Accident Reporting
  • An accident is an unplanned event which results
    in a fatality, injury, property damage or
    material loss.
  • Reporting work injuries is an important key to
    allow the prompt correction of situations that
    could have a serious affect on the health and
    safety of the CLS staff, contractors, users, and
    visitors.
  • A work injury is the result of any work-related
    event, such that a worker needs medical treatment
    or time away from work.
  • Reporting of accidents or incidents (near misses)
    is a requirement under the Saskatchewan
    Occupational Health and Safety Act Regulations
    and the Workers Compensation Act.

32
Injury Reporting
  • If you are involved in an accident, the injury
    must be cared for immediately and you must inform
    your supervisor/CLSI Contact.
  • Consult CLSI Incident/Accident Reporting
    procedure 11.7.55.2 for more details or contact
    CLSI HSE Department.
  • For a minor injury
  • Treat the injury
  • Record the injury and treatment in the logbook
    located in a First Aid Kit or in the First Aid
    Room.
  • Report the injury to your supervisor/CLSI Contact
  • Major injury (requires medical attention)
  • Seek and receive appropriate medical attention
  • Report the injury to your supervisor/CLSI Contact
  • Complete Accident/Incident Report form (Form No.
    11.11.52.2).
  • Complete the Injury Report Form and Workers
    Compensation Forms (WCB).

33
First Aid Supplies
  • The first Aid supplies are kept in
  • First Aid Closets - Room 1015 and Room 1060
  • First Aid kits - placed at key locations
  • If you use first aid supplies from the First Aid
    Closet or any of the kits, complete the First Aid
    Use Sheet.
  • The First Aid Use Sheet will be reviewed in case
    there are complications with the injury and a
    claim has to be made to WCB. This record will
    confirm that the injury occurred at work and that
    you qualify for compensation.

34
First Aid Closets
  • First Aid supplies are located in Room 1015 and
    Room 1060 as shown below.

Room 1015
Room 1060
35
Alarms
36
Module 5
  • Hazard Identification and Control

37
Ionizing Radiation
  • Radiation, simply defined, is energy transferred
    through space and matter.
  • When radiation travels through a medium, it
    deposits (loses) some of its energy to the
    medium.
  • Radiation doses to personnel during operations
    are primarily the result of secondary radiation
    caused by the beam striking a target, hardware,
    or shielding that surrounds the beam line.
  • The beam pipes and other parts of the machine may
    become activated during operations. This residual
    activity is a major source of exposure.

38
Ionizing Radiation - TLD
  • TLD is short for Thermo Luminescent Dosimeter.
  • TLD is used to monitor radiation exposure.
  • TLD responds to most types of radiation in the
    same way as tissue.
  • TLD at the CLS measures exposure to beta, X-rays,
    Gamma and neutron radiation.
  • Information required to get a TLD
  • First and last name, Date of Birth (DOB), SIN,
    Place of Birth, and Past dose history if
    applicable Contact User Office for more info.

39
Ionizing Radiation
  • TLD Dose Report
  • Your quarterly dose report is available upon
    request from the CLSI HSE Department.
  • You will be notified if your dosimeter records a
    radiation dose above the minimum detectable limit.

40
Ionizing Radiation - EPD
  • EPD is short for Electronic Personal Dosimeter
  • EPD is used when immediate dose measurements or
    dose rate alarm functions are needed.
  • The electronic dosimeter has a broad dose range
    and is very accurate.
  • This dosimeter is issued to escorted visitors who
    require entry into Radiological Controlled Areas.

41
Ionizing Radiation
  • Assigned TLD and any other personal monitoring
    devices shall be worn on the waist or chest while
    in the facility.
  • TLD must be stored in a designated location
    (badge rack in front lobby or west entrance) when
    not in use.
  • Lost/Damaged TLD must be reported immediately to
    CLSI HSE Department.

TLD Storage Rack
42
Chemical/Biological - WHMIS
  • WHMIS stands for Workplace Hazardous Material
    Information System.
  • WHMIS is a system designed to give employers and
    workers information about hazardous materials in
    the workplace.
  • It is done by identifying and classifying the
    hazards in the workplace and ensuring consistency
    of information about hazardous materials.
  • This information is given through the use of
    labels, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and
    worker training.

43
Chemical/Biological
  • The CLS facility has hazardous materials from all
    WHMIS classes.
  • Chemical and biological materials can have
    serious health effects on a worker.
  • The identity of these materials, the possible
    health effects and any special precautions are
    clearly spelled out on the labels or in the
    Material Safety Data Sheets.
  • The Hazardous Materials Management Plan (Doc. No.
    11.12.55.1) will provide you with the information
    necessary for the proper storage, handling and
    disposal of chemicals.

44
Cryogenic
  • Liquid helium and liquid nitrogen are used in the
    Super Conducting Cavity in the Storage Ring and
    Cryogen-room.
  • Liquid nitrogen is distributed to beamline
    enclosures and stations as required
  • Liquid nitrogen fill station is located at the
    Loading Dock.
  • These liquids are extremely cold and can cause
    severe frost-bite if you come into contact with
    them.
  • They also have a high expansion ratio (1700) and
    can reduce the oxygen concentration in the air,
    creating an oxygen deficient atmosphere.

45
Physical
  • Noise
  • The noise in mechanical rooms or around equipment
    can exceed the Provincial guidelines. The sound
    levels are measured and signs are posted as
    required.

46
Physical
  • Ultraviolet light
  • UV light is produced during the welding process.
    Care must be taken to wear the proper eye and
    face protection while welding.
  • Heights
  • Working at heights above 3 meters requires you to
    be tied off.

47
Physical
  • Forklift
  • The forklift traveling through the facility can
    be hazardous for anyone walking, the load being
    carried could restrict the vision of the
    operator. Operators must be certified to operate
    the forklift
  • Crane
  • The crane moving back and forth could be carrying
    loads and creating a hazard overhead. Operators
    must be certified to operate the Crane.

48
Physical
  • Vacuum/Compressed air
  • The beam pipe is under a high vacuum. An
    implosion of a vacuum system can generate small
    flying objects.
  • There are compressed air lines throughout the
    building.
  • Machine shop
  • Moving parts on equipment, welding, grinding and
    cutting are some of the hazards found in a
    machine shops.

49
Electrical/Magnetic
  • Electrical Fields
  • The CLS uses high voltage and current to operate
    various power supplies.
  • There are 4 main types of injuries
  • Direct contact with electrical energy
  • Electrical arcs
  • Thermal burns
  • Muscle contractions causing a worker to fall
  • Magnetic Fields
  • Exposure to magnetic fields of extremely low
    frequency may present a health risk.

50
Ergonomic
  • Ergonomics is the study of the interaction
    between you and your workstation.
  • A workstation that doesnt adjust to your needs
    could cause serious injuries.

51
Ergonomic
  • Injuries can occur from
  • Repetitive motions
  • Forceful exertions
  • Vibration
  • Mechanical compression
  • Sustained or awkward position
  • Limitations on motion or action
  • To prevent injuries
  • Adjust your workstation to fit you
  • Take needed breaks to allow for the movement of
    your joints
  • Use equipment that is designed to reduce harmful
    effects of the activity

52
Module 6
  • Additional Resources

53
Additional HSE Training
  • General Industrial Training (GIT)
  • If you need unescorted access in any Industrial
    Controlled Area then you will require GIT.
  • General Radiation Training (GRT)
  • GRT is mandatory for personnel who need
    unescorted access into the Radiological
    Controlled Areas but do not routinely enter these
    areas.
  • GRT certified personnel are not allowed to work
    with radioactive material or perform radiological
    work.
  • Access into the High Radiation Area or
    Radiological Storage Area requires approval from
    CLSI HSE Department
  • Radiation Worker Training (RWT)
  • RWT is required for individuals who will require
    regular access to RSA or HRA or anyone who could
    work with radioactive material or perform
    radiological work.

54
Additional HSE Training
  • Workplace Hazardous Material Information System
    (WHMIS)
  • Is required for all workers who will be working
    with or in the close proximity of hazardous
    materials.
  • Provide information on the safe use, handling,
    storage and disposal of hazardous materials.
  • Crane and Forklift Operation
  • Workers who operate the crane or forklift require
    the proper training. This training is delivered
    by an external instructor.
  • First Aid and CPR Training
  • Training is offered to all staff upon demand.
    This training is delivered by an external
    instructor.
  • Beamline specific or other training

55
Information
  • HSE Documentation
  • HSE Manual
  • HSE Guidelines, Procedures and Forms are located
    in the Control Room and HSE Department.
  • MSDSs are located in the area where you are
    working - A master copy is located in the HSE
    Department, Library and Control Room.
  • HSE Staff
  • For contact information click info button
  • Links
  • HSE Email mailtohse_at_lightsource.ca
  • CLSI Website http//www.lightsource.ca/
  • HSE Internal Web Site http//www/hse/

56
The End
  • You have reached the end of the
  • Health Safety Orientation Presentation
  • Please Exit this Presentation and Proceed to
  • Complete the HSO exam (if you are at the CLS).
  • or
  • Arrange a time to take the HSO exam. This can be
    done M-F 800 am - 430 pm please phone or email
    ahead to confirm your arrival time. 
    clsuo_at_lightsource.ca or (306) 657-3700.
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