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Education Trends & Standards


Education Trends & Standards Swing for the fences; failure is not an option. - Donnie Deutsch Education Trends Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner) Logical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Education Trends & Standards

Education Trends Standards
  • Swing for the fences failure is not an option.
  • - Donnie Deutsch

Education Trends
  • Culturally (Socially) Responsive Pedagogy
  • Inclusive Education
  • Knowledge-Based Approach
  • Developmentally Appropriate Practices
  • Outcome-Based Education

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy
  • Three levels
  • Respect-Tolerance
  • Understanding-Empathy
  • Caring-Advocacy
  • Culturally Responsive Teaching

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy
  • Class activity Each student will identify their
    ethnic (nationalityies) and cultural (religion
    and language(s) spoken at home) background

Socially Responsive Pedagogy
  • Develops positive, social-interactive skills.
  • respect
  • cooperation
  • responsibility

Socially Responsive Pedagogy
  • Class activity team juggle - students will be in
    groups of 7 or 8 - design a passing pattern so
    that each person receives the ball once in the

Education Trends
  • In the Culturally and Socially Responsive
  • Teaching Diverse Learners
  • Positive perspectives on parents and families
  • Communication of high expectations
  • Learning within the context of culture
  • Student-centered instruction
  • Culturally mediated instruction
  • Reshaping the curriculum
  • Teacher as facilitator

Inclusive Education
  • PL 94-142
  • The school environment reflects that of society
  • Two levels
  • Mainstreaming - partial - still include special
    education specialists
  • Regular Education Initiative - full - eliminates
    any classroom for "special education" teaching

Education Trends
  • Public Law 94-142 - Education of All Handicapped
    Children Act now called Individuals with
    Disabilities Education Act because it makes a
    nice acronym - "IDEA"
  • In 1975, Congress passed Public Law 94-142
    (Education of All Handicapped Children Act), now
    codified as IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities
    Education Act). In order to receive federal
    funds, states must develop and implement policies
    that assure a free appropriate public education
    (FAPE) to all children with disabilities.

Inclusive Education
  • Inclusive Physical Education
  • (North Carolina PE4Me)
  • Person First - Recognize the individual before
    you identify the disability. Instead of saying a
    blind child - say a child who is blind.
  • Class activity Identify permanent and temporary

Knowledge-Based Approach
  • Assumes that there is a discrete/distinctive body
    of knowledge
  • Used by NCATE
  • Proliferation of subdisciplines in HPE (the
    disciplinary years - 1970s) - e.g., sports
    psychology, dietetics
  • AAHPERD Basic Stuff series (1981)

Knowledge-Based Approach
  • Class activity Turn to the person next to you
    and see how many subdisciplines you can identify
    in 1 min.

Developmentally Appropriate Practices
  • The curriculum is appropriately designed,
    frequently using a scope and sequence, that will
    provide the student with the skills and abilities
    that are correct for their developmental stage.
    They take these skills and concepts and use them
    at the next level that has a more difficult
    challenge - a level that is also developmentally

Developmentally Appropriate Practices
  • You've heard this term before, consider the age
    (general) and the individual (everyone grows and
    changes at their own pace)
  • Class activity identify an eye-hand coordination
    activity that uses the skills of throwing and
    catching for beginning, intermediate and advanced

Outcome-Based Education (OBE)
  • A way to seek individual success based on
    attaining certain pre-determined outcomes or
    goals rather than comparing you to other students
    and establishing a ranking or completion of a
    certain group of courses.
  • Determine what is important and should be
    achieved and then design opportunities to make it
    happen. This may result in a course or units of
    study, but could also result in an experience or
    a task that allows the student to demonstrate
    that they have reached the outcome or goal.

Outcome-Based Education (OBE)
  • Content and achievement standards
  • Clearly developed, publicly stated outcomes
    provide the focus for curriculum organization.

Outcome-Based Education (OBE)
  • A Physically Educated Person (NASPE)
  • HAS learned skills necessary to perform a variety
    of physical activities.
  • IS physically fit.
  • DOES participate regularly in physical activity.
  • KNOWS the implications of and the benefits from
    involvement in physical activities.
  • VALUES physical activity and its contributions to
    a healthful lifestyle.

Outcome-Based Education
  • Pros and Cons
  • Class activity Developing Goals for the Health
    and Physical Education program - activity later
    in class. Begin work on this for use next week.

Education Trends (cont)
  • Brain-Based Learning
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Differentiated Learning
  • Multiple Intelligences
  • No Child Left Behind Act
  • 21st Century Skills

Brain-Based Learning
  • Brain-based learning is the informed process of
    using a group of practical strategies that are
    driven by sound principles derived from brain
  • Eric Jensen (Brain Research Applied Learning)
  • Jean Blaydes (PE focus)

Brain-Based Learning
  • The 12 core principles of brain-based learning
    state that
  • 1. The brain is a parallel processor, meaning it
    can perform several activities at once, like
    tasting and smelling.
  • 2. Learning engages the whole physiology.
  • 3. The search for meaning is innate.
  • 4. The search for meaning comes through
  • 5. Emotions are critical to patterning.
  • 6. The brain processes wholes and parts

Brain-Based Learning
  • The 12 core principles of brain-based learning
    state that
  • 7. Learning involves both focused attention and
    peripheral perception.
  • 8. Learning involves both conscious and
    unconscious processes.
  • 9. We have two types of memory spatial and rote.
  • 10. We understand best when facts are embedded in
    natural, spatial memory.
  • 11. Learning is enhanced by challenge and
    inhibited by threat.
  • 12. Each brain is unique.

Brain-Based Learning
  • The three instructional techniques associated
    with brain-based learning are
  • Orchestrated immersionCreating learning
    environments that fully immerse students in an
    educational experience
  • Relaxed alertnessTrying to eliminate fear in
    learners, while maintaining a highly challenging
  • Active processingAllowing the learner to
    consolidate and internalize information by
    actively processing it

Brain-Based Learning
  • Resource Jean Blaydes
  • Class activity tying shoes

  • An educational process in which two or more
    subject areas are integrated with the goal of
    fostering enhanced learning in each subject area.
  • Cone, Werner, Cone - Interdisciplinary Teaching
    Through Physical Education

First edition was the 1st text to address
interdisciplinary PE
  • Class activity demonstrate various
    movement/athletic shapes or positions by
    representing various types of angles 90 degree
    (right), 180 degree (obtuse), 45 degree (acute)
  • Class activity estimate the length of the wall
    in human arm spans (non-standard units of

Differentiated Learning
  • It represents a proactive approach to improving
    classroom learning for ALL students.
  • flexible grouping strategies
  • encourages student responsibility and choice
  • recognizes the individual and different ways of
    demonstrating knowledge and abilities

Differentiated Learning
  • Class activity The Red Shoe

Multiple Intelligences
  • Howard Gardner
  • Visual-Spatial Intelligence
  • Musical Intelligence
  • Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence
  • Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
  • Interpersonal Intelligence
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence
  • Kinesthetic Intelligence
  • Naturalist Intelligence

Multiple Intelligences
  • Class activity What is a circle as seen through
    the different intelligences?

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Visual-Spatial Intelligence
  • (draw circle with eyes open and then closed)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Musical Intelligence
  • (identify and sing/hum songs with circle in the
    lyrics or title)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence
  • (describe a circle)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
  • (describe the patterns or symmetry of a circle
    make a pattern of circles in a circle small,
    small, big.small, small, big symmetrical

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Interpersonal Intelligence
  • (teach someone an exercise that uses circular
    movement or goes in a circular direction)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence
  • (describe how your personal values go into your
    teaching and how your teaching then returns to
    your personal values)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Kinesthetic Intelligence
  • (create a short dance the beginning, body
    frozen in circle shape middle, move in circular
    pathways end, body frozen to demonstrate three
    circle shapes)

Education Trends
  • Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner)
  • Naturalist Intelligence
  • (give examples of circles in the environment)

Title IX
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is
    the federal law that prohibits sex discrimination
    in education. Title IX says "No person in the
    United States shall, on the basis of sex, be
    excluded from participation in, be denied the
    benefits of or be subjected to discrimination
    under any education program or activity receiving
    Federal financial assistance."

No Child Left Behind
  • 2001 NCLB Act
  • bipartisan legislation for federal education
  • focus on reading and mathematics
  • health and physical education not cited
  • highly qualified teacher
  • ultimately local control and school
  • the question - what is the curriculums mission
    the whole child or only certain aspects

21st Century Skills
  • 1. Core Subjects and 21st Century Themes
  • 2. Learning and Innovation Skills 
  • Creativity and Innovation
  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
  • Communication and Collaboration

21st Century Skills (contd)
  • 3. Information, Media and Technology Skills
  • Information Literacy
  • Media Literacy
  • ICT Literacy
  • 4. Life and Career Skills 

21st Century Skills
Assignment for next class Goals of a Health and
Physical Education Program
  • What do you want students to know and be able to
    do as a result of participating in a K-12 HPE
    program? These are broad statements. Select
    goals for grade clusters K-5, 6-8 and 9-12.
    There should be at least two goals for each of
    the domains (psychomotor, cognitive and
    affective) in each of the grade clusters and for
    health and physical education.