Grant Writing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Grant Writing PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3caf25-Mjg4M


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Grant Writing


Grant Writing An Overview What is a grant? A grant is a mechanism by which an agency awards money to fund a research study or other activity, such as an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:54
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: medlibBuE
Learn more at:
Tags: grant | writing


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Grant Writing

Grant Writing
  • An Overview

What is a grant?
  • A grant is a mechanism by which an agency awards
    money to fund a research study or other activity,
    such as an educational program, service program,
    demonstration, or research project.
  • Gitlin, Laura N., Kevin J. Lyons. Successful
    Grant Writing Strategies for Health and Human
    Service Professionals. 2nd ed. (2004).p.xi

Why apply for a grant?
  • Advance scientific knowledge in your field AND
    advance your professional career
  • A grant means that experts in the field
    acknowledge your idea as important and worthy of
    public or private support.
  • A grant means an enhanced prestige of your
  • A grant means a contribution to the financial
    health of your department, school or agency
  • A grant means new opportunities for your research
  • A grant means a new program that otherwise can be
    too expensive for your institution to support and
  • (Gitlin Lyons, 2004)

Why start now?
  • Grant writing is an important part of your
    professional growth strategy. It should become a
    long-range plan for your professional growth and
  • Build individual credentials
  • Build a track record of funding
  • Work on teams with more experienced researchers
  • Develop a plan for long-range, personal
  • (Gitlin Lyons, 2004)

How do I get a grant?
Funding your interest the interests of a
funding agency
Photo by Anne Hornyak
  • No matter how good your idea and how
    well-written your proposal, if the agency to
    which you are applying is not interested in your
    project, you will not be funded!
  • Rief-Lehrer, Liane. Grant Application Writers
  • 4th ed. (2005)

Federal Government
  • The majority of grants are received through the
    federal agencies.
  • The Public Health Service within the Department
    of Health and Human Services and the
    U.S.Department of Education have a variety of
    programs of potential interest to the health
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency
    of DHHS.

photo by Shubert
Private Foundations
  • 700,000 U.S. foundations offer grants to
    individuals, institutions, or other non-profit
  • Generally only independent foundations and
    community foundations provide grants to
    independent investigators.

  • Large corporations are interested in the testing
    or evaluation of their own products. The private
    sector is a potential source of funding.
  • Corporations provide grants for research projects
    that advance the interests of the company.

In this tutorial, well be focusing on federal
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • The Federal focal point for medical research in
    the United States.
  • NIH is comprised of 27 separate components
    (Institutes and Centers)
  • The majority of NIH funding is distributed in the
    form of grants.
  • To fulfill its mission, NIH
  • Supports the research of non-Federal scientists
    in universities, medical schools, hospitals, and
    research institutions in the United States and
  • (Reif-Lehrer, 211)

Mission of NIH
  • Understanding what research NIH funds and why it
    does so can help you focus your application.
  • NIH's mission is to create fundamental knowledge
    about living systems and apply that knowledge to
    reduce human illness and disability.

NIH Agencys Mission
  • Your project should meet the mission of the
    institute or agency likely to fund it.
  • For example As one of NIH's 27 semi-autonomous
    institutes, National Institute of Allergy and
    Infectious Diseases (NIAID) supports basic and
    applied research to understand, treat, and
    prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic

NIH Institutes and Centers
  • http//

Glossary of NIH Terms
  • IC - Institutes and Centers
  • PI - Principle Investigator (an individual, a
    recipient of the grant)
  • PA - Program Announcement
  • RFA - Request for Applications
  • FOA - Funding Opportunity Announcement (PA or
  • CSR - Center for Scientific Review
  • For a complete list of terms and abbreviations
    click here

What are the types of projects that receive
  • Projects of High Scientific Caliber
  • NIH looks for grant proposals of high scientific
    caliber that are relevant to public health needs
    and are within NIH Institute and Center (IC)
    priorities. ICs highlight their research
    priorities on their Web sites.
  • Investigator-Initiated Research
  • NIH strongly encourages investigator-initiated
    research across the spectrum of their mission.
    They issue hundred of FOAs in the form of PAs and
    RFAs to stimulate research in particular areas of

What are Parent Announcements?
  • Parent Announcements are requests for
    investigator-initiated, unsolicited research
    grant applications that do not fall within the
    scope of targeted announcements.
  • The majority of NIH applications are submitted in
    response to parent announcements.
  • Parent Announcements are also used for conference
    and scientific meetings grants

  • By law, NIH cannot support a project already
    funded or pay for research that has already been

Photo by Knokton
Types of NIH Grants
  • NIH grants are grouped into Series, all of
    which are grouped according to the type of
    research being conducted.
  • Research Grants (R series)
  • Career Development Awards (K series)
  • Research Training and Fellowships (T F series)
  • Program Project/Center Grants (P series)
  • Resource Grants (various series)
  • Trans-NIH Programs

Understanding Grant Process
Understanding Grant Process
Understanding Grant Process
Priority Scores
  • The lowest scores indicate the highest level
    of merit.
  • 100-150 Outstanding
  • 150-200 Excellent
  • 200-250 Very Good
  • 250-350 Good
  • 350-500 Acceptable

  • The NIH receives thousands of applications for
    each application receipt round. Funding on the
    first attempt is difficult, but not impossible.

Photo by Marc Soller
  • Develop your ideas for funding
  • An idea must fit with your long term career
    interests, as well as the interests of a funding
  • Examine these seven sources
  • Clinical or professional experience
  • Professional literature
  • Communications with colleagues and funded
  • Social trends
  • Legislative initiatives
  • Public documents
  • Goals and priorities of funding agencies
  • (Gitlin, 59)

Even the best idea will not be funded unless it
matches the interest of a funding agency.
Competitive ideas must reflect both contemporary
thought in a field and the interests of an agency
(Gitlin, 66)
More Planning
  • Learn about your institution
  • Knowing your institutions policies early in the
    proposal development will help you expedite the
    process, prepare a budget, and complete the
  • If your research proposal involves human
    subjects, plan ahead for its approval by your
    Institutional Review Board (IRB) prior to
    conducting any type of research.
  • (Gitlin, 69)

Searching for Grants
  • Determine what type of grant you will be using
    and which IC is most appropriate to fund this
    type of research
  • Search for the proper FOA through
  • Once you have identified the FOA, read the FOA in
    detail, read the instructions carefully and
    follow the instructions exactly
  • Finding and Applying for
    NIH Grants. SJM Family Foundation, Inc., 2008.

Search Exercise
Click here
Take 5 minutes to search for a grant on the web site. Suggested topic
obesity and diabetes in children
  • Be prepared to write, rewrite, and rewrite.
  • Writing takes time plan a working schedule.
  • A well-written proposal should be clear, focused
    and precise.
  • A poorly written proposal has the potential to
    limit the chances of having a competitive idea
  • (Gitlin, 149)

Tips for Grant Writing
  • Follow an outline
  • Prepare figures, tables, and images before you
    write your proposal
  • Be accurate
  • Be clear consistent
  • Use words correctly
  • Use sentences of 17 to 23 words
  • Start paragraphs with clear, informative topic
  • Think about style
  • Know when to avoid highly technical language
  • (Reif-Lehrer

Submitting an Application
  • Applications are submitted electronically.
  • NIH expects applications to be submitted on-time.
  • Electronic submission involves two separate
    systems working together and eRA
  • requires a one-time registration by
    the applicant organization. The applicant
    organization and the Principle Investigator (PI)
    must also complete a one-time registration in the
    eRA Commons.
  • (NIH Guide to Writing a Grant, 20.)

Strategies for Novice Grant Writers
  • Identify a research area
  • Start a comprehensive literature review
  • Develop a presentation at the professional
  • Write an article and submit to a smaller, local
    or state journal.
  • Contact a publisher in your field and offer to
    review books
  • Get experience in conducting research
  • Seek out funding for a small project first
  • Collaborate with experienced researches
  • (Gitlin, 17)

Understanding the NIH Review Process
  • Evaluative Criteria
  • Significance
  • Approach
  • Innovation
  • Investigator
  • Environment
  • Click here to view a video on Peer Review at NIH
  • (39 minutes)
  • This video is recommended but not required
    for a completion of the tutorial.

Recommended Resources
  • Grants and Funding BU Medical Library subject
  • Gitlin, Laura N., Kevin J. Lyons. Successful
    Grant Writing Strategies for Health and Human
    Service Professionals. 2nd ed. (2004).
  • Rief-Lehrer, Liane. Grant Application Writers
  • 4th ed. (2005)
  • Finding and Applying for NIH Grants. SJM Family
    Foundation, Inc., 2008.
  • Grant Process Overview - from Office of
    Extramural Research, NIH

  • Please contact your section instructor
  • http//
  • Thank you!