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Title: The Seventy Sevens of Israel Daniel 9:24-27


1
The Seventy Sevens of IsraelDaniel 924-27
2
Matt 1821-22
  • 21 Then came Peter to him, and said,
  • Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me,
  • and I forgive him?
  • till seven times?
  • Jesus saith unto him,
  • I say not unto thee,
  • Until seven times but,
  • Until seventy times seven.

70 x 7 490
G2193 Heos heh'-oce Thayer till, until
Strongs until (of time and place) - even
(until, unto), (as) far (as), how long, (un-) til
(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to, while (-s). Of
uncertain affinity a conjugation, preposition
and adverb of continuance. Typically used to
indicate a period of time
3
Endtimes TJL Chart
4
Early
Mat 2424 1 Tim 4 2 Tim 2 3 2 Co 1113 2 Ptr 2
5
Mid
Mat 2424 1 Tim 4 2 Tim 2 3 2 Co 1113 2 Ptr 2
6
Late
7
490 1) Abraham to the Exodus
Promise Gen 124 75 years Gal 317
430 505 Ishmael Gen 1616 215
-15 490 years
Gen 124 So Abram departed, as the Lord had
spoken unto him and Lot went with him and Abram
was seventy and five years old when he departed
out of Haran. Gal 317 And this I say, that
the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in
Christ, the law, which was four hundred and
thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it
should make the promise of none effect. Gen
1616 And Abram was fourscore and six years old,
when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram. Gen 215 And
Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son
Isaac was born unto him.
8
490 2) Exodus to the Temple
Begun 1 Kgs 6-8 594 Completed 1 Kgs 638
7 601 Servitudes Judges Mesopotamia
38 8 Moabites 312-14 18 Canaanites
42,3 20 Midianites 61 7 Ammonites
107,8 18 Philistines 131 40 -111
490 years
9
490 3) The Temple to the Edict of Artaxerxes
1 Kgs 81-66 1005 B.C. Neh 21 445
B.C. 560 Babylonian Captivity - 70
490 years
10
490 4) Artaxerxes to the Second Coming
Artaxerxes to the 1st Advent The Sixty Nine
Weeks 483 Church interval ? The
Seventieth Week 7 Tribulation ___
490 years Isa 395-7 Jer 258-12
276-8 2910.
11
490 years
1) Abraham to the Exodus Promise (Gen 124)
75 years Gal. 317 430 505 Ishmael,
(Gen 1616215) -15 490 years 2)
Exodus to the Temple Begun 1 Ki. 6 - 8
594 Completed 1 Ki 638 7 601
Servitudes Judges Mesopotamia 38
8 Moabites 312-14 18 Canaanites 42,3
20 Midianites 61 7 Ammonites 107,8
18 Philistines 131 40 -111 490
years 3) The Temple to the Edict of
Artaxerxes 1 Ki 81-66 1005 B.C. Neh. 21
445 B.C. 560 Babylonian Captivity
-70 490 years 4) Artaxerxes to the
Second Coming Artaxerxes to the 1st Advent "The
Sixty-Nine Weeks" 483 Church interval
-2,000 and counting The Seventieth
Week" 7 490 years
12
Daniel 9The Interrupted Prayer
  • Daniels Prayer vs. 1 - 19
  • Gabriels Visit vs. 20 - 23
  • The Seventy Weeks vs. 24 - 27

13
Daniel 9 24-27
23 At the beginning of thy supplications the
commandment came forth, and I am come to shew
thee for thou art greatly beloved therefore
understand the matter, and consider the vision.
24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people
and upon thy holy city, to finish the
transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to
make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in
everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the
vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
25 Know therefore and understand, that from
the going forth of the commandment to restore and
to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince
shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two
weeks the street shall be built again, and the
wall, even in troublous times. 26 And after
threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut
off, but not for himself and the people of the
prince that shall come shall destroy the city and
the sanctuary and the end thereof shall be
with a flood, and unto the end of the war
desolations are determined. 27 And he shall
confirm the covenant with many for one week and
in the midst of the week he shall cause the
sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the
overspreading of abominations he shall make it
desolate, even until the consummation, and that
determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
14
The 70 Weeks of Daniel
  • The Scope Dan 924
  • The 69 Weeks Dan 925
  • (The Interval) Dan 926
  • The 70th Week Dan 927

15
The Scope
  • Seventy weeks literally Seventy sevens are
    determined
  • upon thy people and upon thy holy city,
  • to finish the transgression,
  • to make an end of sins,
  • to make reconciliation for iniquity,
  • to bring in everlasting righteousness,
  • to seal up the vision and prophecy, and
  • to anoint the most Holy Place. Daniel 924
  • 70 Sevens (weeks) 490 time periods (years)
  • Key points
  • The focus of the passage is on the Jews and
    Jerusalem,
  • not the Church nor the Gentile world.
  • The six major items listed have yet to be
    completed.
  • The 70 sevens are not contiguous

16
How would you describe groups of Seven
Sabbaths Weeks Daniel 924 Seventy weeks are
determined Heptads The idiom of a "week" of
years was common in Israel as a "sabbath for the
land" in which the land was to lie fallow every
seventh year. (Lev 251-22 2633-35 Deut 15.)
Actually, it was their failure to obey these
laws that led to God sending them into captivity
by the Babylonians (2 Chr 3620-21). And it
was the number of times they ignored the
sabbath year of the week of years that
determined the length of their captivity.
17
The 69 Weeks
  • Know therefore and understand, that
  • from the going forth of the commandment
  • to restore and to build Jerusalem
  • unto the Messiah the King Meshiach Nagid
  • shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two
    weeks
  • the street shall be built again, and the wall,
    even in troublous times.
  • Daniel 925

7 Sevens (weeks) and 62 Sevens (weeks) 69
Sevens (weeks)
18
All Calendars Change in 701 B.C.
  • In 701 B.C., all calendars appear to have been
    reorganized.
  • Numa Pompilius, the 2nd King of Borne,
    reorganized the original calendar of 360 days per
    year, by adding 5 days per year.
  • King Hezekiah, Numa's contemporary, reorganized
    his Jewish calendar by adding a month each Jewish
    leap year (on a cycle of 7 every 19 years.)
  • (A fascinating conjecture as to the cause of this
    calendar change is the possible antics of the
    Planet Mars.)
  • The Biblical Calendar uses 360 day years.
  • (Gen. 724 83,4, etc.
  • In Revelation, 42 months 3 1/2 years 1260
    days, etc.)
  • Sir Robert Anderson The Coming Prince

19
Count on itLiterally, count it out
This is a mathematical prophecy. We know that
the Jewish (and Babylonian) calendars used a
360-day year (Gen 724 83,4 Rev 112 126
133, 5 etc.), 69 weeks of 360 day years totals
173,880 days. In effect, the Angel Gabriel told
Daniel that the interval between the commandment
to rebuild Jerusalem until the presentation of
the Messiah as King would be 173,880 days.
20
Where to start counting?The Decrees to Rebuild
  • (1) Cyrus, 537 B.C., Ezra 12-4
  • (2) Darius, Ezra 61-5, 8, 12
  • (3) Artaxerxes, 458 B.C,. Ezra 711-26
  • (4) Artaxerxes, 445 B.C., Neh 25-8, 17, 18.

Commands (1), (2), (3) were to build the
Temple. Only (4) was to rebuild the city, the
walls, etc. from the going forth of the
commandment to restore and to build Jerusalemthe
street shall be built again, and the wall. Dan
925
The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem
was given by Artaxerxes Longimanus on March 14,
445 B.C. (The emphasis on the street and the wall
is to avoid confusion with the other mandates
involving only the Temple).
21
Chronology of Jesus Ministry
  • Christs ministry began in the fall of 28 AD
  • Tiberius appointed 14 AD
  • (Augustus died August 19, 14 AD)
  • 15th year of Tiberius 29 AD Luke 31
  • Thus, His ministry began in fall 28 AD
  • Thus His 4th Passover April 6, 32 AD
  • The Triumphal Entry was therefore 10th of Nisan,
  • prior to the Passover and the Crucifixion on the
    14th of Nisan, 32 AD
  • Sir Robert Andersons dating
  • Other chronologies assume a Friday crucifixion

22
The 69 Weeks
23
The Meshiach Nagid
The prediction is to the presentation of the
Messiah the King ("Nagid" is first used of King
Saul.) On several occasions they attempted to
take Jesus as a King, He invariably declined,
"Mine hour is not yet come. (John 615 730,
44 etc.) Then one day, He arranges it The
Triumphal Entry (Matt 211-9 Mark 111-10
Luke 1929-39 John 1212-16.)
24
The Triumphal Entry Jesus deliberately arranges
things to fulfill Zech 99.
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion shout, O
daughter of Jerusalem behold, thy King cometh
unto thee he is just, and having salvation
lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt
the foal of an ass. Zech. 99
25
The Triumphal EntryThis is the only day He
allows them to proclaim Him King
Luke 1938 Saying, Blessed be the King that
cometh in the name of the Lord peace in heaven,
and glory in the highest.
Quoting Psalm 11826 Blessed be he that cometh
in the name of the Lord we have blessed you out
of the house of the Lord
26
The Triumphal Entry
Luke 1939 And some of the Pharisees from among
the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy
disciples.
Why? What for?
27
Luke 1940
  • And He answered and said unto them,
  • I tell you that, if these should hold their
    peace,
  • the stones would immediately cry out.

28
Luke 1941,42
And when he was come near, he beheld the city,
and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known,
even thou, at least in this thy day, the things
which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid
from thine eyes.
For I would not, brethren, that ye should be
ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise
in your own conceits that blindness in part is
happened to Israel, until the fulness of the
Gentiles be come in. Rom 1125
29
Luke 1943-44
  • For the days shall come upon thee, that thine
    enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and
    compass thee round, and keep thee in on every
    side, And shall lay thee even with the ground,
    and thy children within thee and they shall not
    leave in thee one stone upon another...
  • ...because thou knewest not the time of thy
    visitation.

30
The Triumphal EntryHe held them accountable to
recognize this day. (Luke 1941-44).
Mat 2337-39 and ye would not! 38 Behold,
your house is left unto you desolate. 39 For
I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth,
till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in
the name of the Lord.
Zec 139 And I will bring the third part through
the fire, and will refine them as silver is
refined, and will try them as gold is tried they
shall call on my name, and I will hear them I
will say, It is my people and they shall say,
The LORD is my God.
Zec 1210 And I will pour upon the house of
David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the
spirit of grace and of supplications and they
shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and
they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for
his only son, and shall be in bitterness for
him, as one that is in bitterness for his
firstborn.
Phil 29-11 Wherefore God also hath highly
exalted him, and given him a name which is above
every name 10 That at the name of Jesus every
knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things
in earth, and things under the earth 11 And
that every tongue should confess that Jesus
Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
31
The Interval 1
And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah
be cut off, but not for himself and the people
of the prince that shall come shall destroy the
city and the sanctuary and the end thereof
shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the
war desolations are determined. Daniel
926
32
7 62 69
The 62 (threescore and two) "weeks" follow an
initial 7, so verse 26 deals with events after
the 69th week of years. Most commentators believe
the first 7 weeks represent the time during
which Jerusalem was actually rebuilt. Scripture
does not indicate one way or the other. In any
event, after the threescore and two weeks
Messiah the King (lit Prince) would come
but Messiah was to be "cut off," karat
executed (32 AD) shall Messiah be cut off, but
not for himself Amazing The Old Testament
predicts that Messiah is to be executed not
just killed - executed - and not for anything
He had done That just didnt fit their
theology. It must not mean what it says.
It must mean something else The allegorization
of Gods Word is not just a modern phenomenon.
33
Intervals 1, 2, 3 - Dan 926
There are several clear intervals indicated by
the events described in v.26 These events are
after the 69th and prior to the 70th week And
after threescore and two weeks Messiah "cut of,"
karat executed (32 AD) shall Messiah be cut
off, but not for himself 1) City and Sanctuary
are destroyed (70 AD) 38 year gap and the people
of the prince that shall come shall destroy the
city and the sanctuary In 70 AD Titus
Vespasian, with the 5th, 10th, 12th, and 15th
Roman Legions leveled the city of Jerusalem
exactly as both Daniel and Jesus had warned in
advance. In 130 AD the Jews revolted again
and Rome finished the job. 2) The end comes as a
flood (130 AD) another 60 year gap and the end
thereof shall be with a flood, 3) Desolation is
determined unto the end of the war and unto
the end of the war desolations are
determined. Cf Ezek 41-8 and the desolation
of Jerusalem A nearly 2000 year and counting
gap Ref Dan 926 Isa 611,2 (Luke 418-20)
Rev 125,6 Isa 547 Hos 84,5 Amos 910,11
(Acts 1513-18) Micah 52,8 Zech 99,10 Luke
131 2124
34
At least a 2,000 year Interval in Dan 926
This interval is the period of the Church, an era
kept secret in OT Matt 1334-35 All these
things spake Jesus unto the multitude in
parables and without a parable spake he not unto
them 35 That it might be fulfilled which was
spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my
mouth in parables I will utter things which have
been kept secret from the foundation of the
world. Ephes. 35-6 Which in other ages was
not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now
revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by
the Spirit 6 That the Gentiles should be
fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers
of his promise in Christ by the gospel Ephes.
39 And to make all men see what is the
fellowship of the mystery, which from the
beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who
created all things by Jesus Christ The Lord
seems to deal with Israel and the Church mutually
exclusively. Cf Rom 9-11
35
The Septuagint (LXX)
After his conquest of the Babylonian Empire,
Alexander the Great promoted the Greek language
throughout the known world. So nearly everyone
spoke Greek. Among the Jews, Hebrew fell into
disuse, being reserved primarily for ceremonial
purposes as Latin did among the Catholics of
today. The Septuagint About 300 B.C., long before
the prophecies of the Book of Daniel began to be
fulfilled, a project was undertaken to translate
the Hebrew scriptures into Greek so Jewish
scriptures (the Old Testament) would be available
to the average Greek speaking Jew. Seventy
scholars were commissioned to complete the work
and the result is what is known today as the
"Septuagint" ("70") translation (abbreviated
"LXX) of the Old Testament. It was very likely
the Septuagint version of the Old Testament
scriptures that Jesus quoted from so often in His
teaching.
36
The Book of Daniel
Irrefutably Documented The Book of Daniel is
actually one of the most authenticated books of
the Old Testament, historically and
archaeologically. Still there are skeptics that
claim (without any support for the claim) that
Daniel could not be so accurate. It had to be
written after the events had actually occurred
certainly couldnt have been written in the 500
BC time frame before all those astounding
prophecies tool placeor so they would like to
believe But the fact that the entire book of
Daniel, together within the rest of the Old
Testament, was translated into Greek and included
in the Septuagint prior to 270 B.C., almost three
centuries before Christ was born is a convenient
short-cut for us to validate its
authenticity. Finally, Jesus used Daniel writings
in His teaching and descriptions of future events.
37
The 70th Week
  • And he (the prince that shall come)
  • shall enforce the covenant with the many
  • for one week
  • and in the midst of the week
  • (3.5 years, 42 months, 1,260 days into the week,
  • time. times and half a time)
  • he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to
    cease,
  • and for the overspreading of abominations
  • he shall make it desolate,
  • even until the consummation,
  • and that determined shall be poured upon the
    desolate.
  • Daniel 927

38
The 70th Week (Verse 27)
This is the most documented period in the
Bible "Mid-week" Dan 927 "Time, Times, 1/2
a time" Dan 725 Rev 1214 42 months Rev 112
135 1260 days Rev 126 133 The Prince that
shall come enforces the Covenant with the
Many for one week "The many" is an idiom for
Israel This is the "Covenant with Hell," Isa
2815 Zech 1115-17 etc. This is a 7 year treaty
butit doesnt last that long
39
The Book of Daniel
40
The Abomination of Desolation
The sacrifices and oblations cease 2 Thes. 24.
To cease they must begin again. This requires a
Temple (or at least a Tabernacle) to be available
and consecrated in Jerusalem. (Preparations have
already begun, the furniture, clothes and worship
utensils are ready now!) Historical
precedent 167 BC, Antiochus IV ("Epiphanes")
desecrated the Temple, sacrificing a sow on the
Altar and erecting a pagan idol in the Holy of
Holies It incited the Maccabhean Revolt, which
succeeded in overthrowing his rule and in
rededicating the Temple. Still commemorated at
Chanuhah. John 1022.
41
Gabriels Announcement Dan 924-25
42
The 70th Week Dan 926-27
43
Time of the Signs the "70th Week" is on the
horizon
  • Israel has been and continues to be regathered
    as a Nation
  • On May 14, 1948, Israel was re-established
    exactly as and when the Bible predicted.
  • Temple Being Rebuilt
  • Explicitly predicted at least three times in the
    New Testament.
  • After 1900 years without a Temple, preparations
    for a new Temple are now being carried out in
    Jerusalem and around the world.
  • Babylon Rebuilt
  • Isaiah 13 14, Jeremiah 50 51, and Revelation
    17 18, describe the destruction of the city of
    Babylon as a climactic event at the end of the
    "70th Week."
  • Saddam Hussein has spent over 20 years rebuilding
    the city of Babylon on its traditional site. He
    hosted state dinners in the restored hall of
    Belshazzar Dan 5

44
Time of the Signs the "70th Week" is on the
horizon
  • European Superstate has Emerged
  • The confederation of 80 European countries (not
    just the 12 EC nations) is setting the stage for
    the very scenarios predicted in Daniel 2 7.
  • RussIa Islamic invasion imminent
  • Russia ("Magog" of Ezekiel 38 39) and the
    Moslem republics of Central Asia appear to be
    setting the stage for the very events that
    Ezekiel so clearly described.
  • The Russian Republic has a joint defense treaty
    with the former soviet southern Moslem republics.
  • These southern republics have nuclear capability
    and delivery systems left behind when the Soviet
    Union broke up.
  • China (Kings of the East) Emerge as a World
    Power
  • Preparation for the coming false World Leader

45
The Coming World Leader
  • Most of what we know is from the Old Testament.
  • Many of the references are rather subtle .
  • Some believe this leader will be a Jew
  • Eze 2125-27 Eze 282-10 (of the circumcision)
  • Dan 1186,37 John 543 (allos, not heteros
    thus, a Jew, not a Gentile.)
  • He is received by Israel, John 543
  • The Leader will be the Son of Satan
  • Gen 315 Isa 271 Eze 2812-19 Rev 13.
  • Some believe he is Judas Iscariot reincarnated
    Psa 5511-14
  • Death Hell Isa 2818, Rev 68 Matt
    1241-43 John 1712
  • 2 Thes 23 Acts 125, with Rev 117

46
The Coming World Leader
  • He will be
  • An intellectual genius Dan 720 823 Eze
    283.
  • An pursuasive orator Dan 720 Rev 132.
  • A shrewd political manipulator Dan 1121.
  • A successful commercial genius Dan 825 Rev
    1317Psa 527
  • Dan 1138, 43 Eze 284,5.
  • A forceful military leader Dan 824 Rev 62
  • Rev 134 Isa 416.
  • A powerful organizer Rev 181,2 1717.
  • A unifying religious guru 2 Thes 24
    ("Allah"?)
  • Rev 133, 14, 15.
  • Also Ps 10, 52, 55 Is 10,11,13,14 Jer 49-51
    Zech 5 Rev 18.

47
Timing of the Rapture
1 The 70th Week is defined by the enforcement of
a covenant with the Coming World Leader Dan
927 2 The Leader cannot enforce the covenant
until after he appears in power. 3 He cannot
even appear until after the Restrainer (the Holy
Spirit as He works and today indwells the Church)
is removed 2 Thes 27-9 4 Therefore, the
Rapture of the Church MUST PRECEDE - by an
unspecified period of time the ENTIRE 70th
Week of Daniel 927 not just part of it and
not coming after it.
48
The Great Tribulation
The "Time of Jacob's Trouble" climaxes in the
"Day of the Lord" Isa 612 Zech 12, 14 Rev
1919 et al. Revelation 6 thru 19 details the
events during the "70th Week" of Daniel 9 during
which time Jesus Christ in His power and in
vengeance is revealed to an unbelieving world as
the true King and Judge. He is revealed as
fitting all the I Am statements that describe
Him throughout scripture He is revealed to be
exactly as He describes Himself in His letters to
the 7 Churches in Rev 2-3 He is the Faithful and
True, The Son of God, The Messiah. Redeemer,
King and Righteous Judge - as the believers
already know - and the unbelieving world will
quickly discover
49
Israel is Gods Timepiece
Israel still has the last of their 70 sevens
remaining on the clock. Their last time out is
almost over. God is about to start the clock
again and give Israel a chance to take its last
shot But, not until He takes the church off the
court.
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