RFID and Privacy Futures David Keenan and Duane Carlson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – RFID and Privacy Futures David Keenan and Duane Carlson PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3cadd0-MmJiM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

RFID and Privacy Futures David Keenan and Duane Carlson

Description:

RFID and Privacy Futures David Keenan and Duane Carlson Present to The Minnesota Futurists 24 February 2007 Outline History Definition Market Applications Privacy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:103
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 68
Provided by: minnesotaf
Learn more at: http://minnesotafuturists.pbworks.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: RFID and Privacy Futures David Keenan and Duane Carlson


1
RFID and Privacy Futures
  • David Keenan and Duane Carlson
  • Present to
  • The Minnesota Futurists
  • 24 February 2007

2
Outline
  • History
  • Definition
  • Market
  • Applications
  • Privacy Concerns
  • Companies
  • State of the Art
  • Discussion

3
History
  • 1905 - Nikolai Tesla
  • Father of AC power
  • Envisioned wireless power AND information
    transfer
  • 1939 - British
  • Used by Allied aircraft to Identify Friend or Foe
    (IFF)
  • 1960s
  • Early work on RFID devices
  • 1973 - Mario Cardullo
  • U.S. Patent 3,713,148 first ancestor of modern
    RFID a passive radio transponder with memory.
    NY Port authority 16 bit, toll
    device
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RFID

4
Definition
  • Radio Frequency IDentification
  • Short range
  • Non-contact
  • Non line-of-sight
  • Used for wireless data transfer
  • Active requires a battery, sends data on
    interval
  • Passive no battery, power comes wirelessly from
    reader, sends only on request

5
Similar but not RFID
  • Garage door openers
  • Walkie Talkies
  • Cordless phones
  • Cell phones
  • Magnetic apparel or book tags
  • Magnetic strip cards

6
World Wide RFID Forecast
7
RFID Application by CostRoadmap
8
Units by Application 2016
IDTechEx article
9
RFID Sales by Application 2016 est.
IDTechEx article
10
2006 Application Data
  • Airline baggage 25 Mil tags / 2 Bil bags
  • Retail 50 Mil Marks Spencer, Best Buy
  • Smart Cards Tickets 550 Mil (China ID)
  • Animals 70 Mil (exp 90 Mil in 07)
  • Pallets Cases 200 Mil (vs 500 Mil fcst but
    exp 420 Mil 07, 1 Bil 09 to 35 Bil 17)
  • Drugs 15 Mil, slow adoption, FDA waffles
  • 2007 1.7 Bil tags, 5B hdwr,sfwr, integration
  • 2017 28B
  • IDTechEx

11
Components of RFID System
  • Radio tag
  • Antenna
  • Interrogator for transmit/receive data
  • Computer interface
  • Software to use transmitted data

12
RFID Tag Examples
13
RFID Tag Frequencies
  • Low 100-500 KHz costly, short range
  • 125 KHz std low read speed
  • global
  • Mid 10-15 MHz low cost
  • 13.56 MHz std mid read speed
  • global
  • Hi (UHF) 850-950 MHz 10m range, hi cost
  • 2.4-5.8 GHz fast read speed
  • requires line
    of sight

14
How RFID Works Low freq
Scientific American article
15
How RFID Works High freq
Scientific American article
16
Standards
  • Gen I
  • 8 bit to 64 bit
  • Gen 2 - 2005
  • Intermec, Metro Group and Royal Philips Elec RFID
    chip complies with EPCglobals (UHF) Electronic
    Product Code Class 1 Generation 2 and ISO 14443
    15693, 96 to 128 bit
  • Adds password protection encryption
  • Gen 3 - 2008
  • http//www.rfidjournal.com/magazine/article/2254/1
    /350/definitions_off

17
Applications
  • Supply Chain Automation
  • First really large scale, extremely important
  • Wal-Mart (WMT) mandated for pallets cases
    top 100 suppliers provide RFID by 01Jan05
    e.g. HPQ, JNJ, G, KMB, KFD, PG, UN, Nestle
    all 10,000 suppliers by 01Jan06
    because RFID reduced out of stock by
    30
  • Kimberly Clark first RFID scan Scott Towels
  • General Mills WMT accts for 13 of sales
  • WMT, 700M sales/day 02
  • Expects to save 8.4B by end of 2007

18
(No Transcript)
19
Privacy Concern
  • Supply Chain Automation
  • No major privacy issues at pallet, box level
  • Benefits
  • Faster and more accurate inventories
  • Reduced out-of-stock

20
Applications
  • High Value Asset Tracking
  • Equip. in offices, labs, hospitals, nursing homes
  • Wheelchairs, IV pumps, respiratory monitors
  • Equipment in the field
  • mining cathodes, construction equip
  • Military munitions and electronics
  • Books in Libraries (3M since 1999)
  • Shopping carts
  • Document and File Tracking
  • Legal (3M system adopted by US Tax Court)
  • Medical records

21
Applications
  • High Value Asset Tracking continued
  • Returnable gas bottles tanks
  • Fleet vehicles
  • UPS has 88,000 vehicles, 60,000 drivers
    13 mil packages, 2 mil shippers, 7 mil
    receivers spent 600M on Package Flow
    Technology Sep03 spends 1B/year on tech,
    more than on trucks
  • Car dealerships
  • Tag new and used cars on various lots
  • Car theft deterrent
  • RFID tag can immobilize car if reported stolen
  • Buried pipes, cables also bridges

22
Tires
  • Goodyear
  • Rolled out tire leasing program for NASCAR
  • Builds Advanced ID chips into tires
  • 200,000 tires for 3 NASCAR series races
  • Electornic Design article
  • Michelin Embeds RFID Tags in TiresMichelin this
    week revealed that it has begun fleet testing of
    an RFID transponder embedded in its tires to
    enable them to be tracked electronically.
  • www.prisonplanet.com

23
Privacy Concern
  • High Value Asset Tracking
  • Tracking vehicles, tracks drivers no hiding
  • Car immobilizers false signal
  • Benefits
  • Loss control
  • Faster response to emergency
  • Better control of High Value Assets

24
Applications
  • Security Enhancement
  • Forgery Proof Passports
  • Sweden, Australia, Singapore, Jamaica, Belize,
    Bermuda and the United States (pamphlet)
  • Includes digital picture plus data
  • Ingress/Egress Badges
  • Controlled access areas, hospital wards, stores
  • Parking Spaces
  • Hoboken, NJ 12,000 parking spots vs. Commuters
    to NYC
  • PSA Corp, Hutchinson Wampoa, PO Ports
  • Worlds largest port operators outfit containers
    with rad/chem/bio tags to detect smuggled weapons

25
Auto Keys and Remote Entry
If you have a Jeep manufactured after 1998 then
you probably have a RFID SENTRY COMPUTER CHIP
TRANSPONDER KEY.
26
Passport RFID
http//www.bundesdruckerei.de/pics/4_presse/fotoar
chiv/aktuelle_fotos/ePass2005_text_de.JPG
27
Privacy Concern
  • Security Enhancement
  • Passports un-authorized
    scans
  • Strong encryption to prevent
  • Benefits
  • Faster customs screen
  • Harder to counterfeit

28
e-Passport Cloned
  • Lukas Grunwald demonstrated scanning RFID and
    then duplicating passport information at 06
    Black Hat convention
  • Name, nationality, sex, date of birth, digital
    photo, passport number
  • Dept of State says e-Passport will use
    cryptographic technique called Basic Access
    Control
  • Cloning does not require decryption

29
2005 Real ID Act
  • By May 11, 2008 Americans will need federally
    approved ID (machine readable) to
  • Travel by plane
  • Open bank account
  • Collect Social Security payments
  • Use nearly every government service
  • Several states are fighting
  • Senate working to repeal
  • ACLU website www.RealNightmare.org

30
Applications
  • Transportation Payments
  • Commuter billing for toll roads, at speed
  • MN Pass on 394
  • EZ Pass east coast
  • Sun Pass Florida
  • IPass Illinois
  • FasTrack California
  • Transit cards for trains, subways
  • Access cards for buses, limos, taxis at airport

31
Privacy Concern
  • Transportation Payments
  • No cheating tolls
  • Might be prelude to policing speeders
  • Benefits
  • Reduce toll booth bottlenecks
  • Simpler billing

32
Applications
  • People in Motion
  • Marathon runners more accurate timing
  • Champion Chip Netherlands, attach to laces
  • Name tags for trade shows
  • Doctors and nurses in hospitals
  • Alzheimers patients
  • Kids on the beach
  • School kids in high
    risk countries

33
Ski Racing, Rentals, Demos
SkiChip allows reliable time-taking under the
extreme conditions of winter sports
competitions. Low-cost solution for one-time
use. Eliminates the need for charging equipment
rental fees or deposits as well as the
time-consuming process of collecting the
equipment after the
end of the event. http//www.schreinergroup.de/wE
nglisch/schreiner_logidata/img/Produkte/RFID_Loesu
ngen/RFID_SkiChip.jpg
34
Tracking Children
Buffalo children tracked by plastic cards with
embedded RFID microchipsThe charter school's
422 students wear small plastic cards around
their necks that have their photograph, name and
grade printed on them, and include an embedded
RFID chip. www.prisonplanet.com
35
Firefighter Safety
  • GHL Technologies (GHLT) is combining Survival Tag
    from RFID, Ltd with GPS technology to replace
    firefighter PASS alarm (Personal Alert Safery
    System)
  • Designed to embed in uniforms
  • Track and pinpoint emergency personnel
  • Beta test set for Q2 2007

36
Privacy Concern
  • People in Motion
  • Tracking on-duty professionals no hiding
  • Tracking kids
  • Benefits
  • Faster muster for emergencies
  • Faster to locate/ID confused patients
  • Easier to identify trapped people
  • More accurate race times/less labor
  • Trade shows handle more visitors

37
Do It Yourself
  • NikeiPod Sport Kit
  • RFID in Nike Air Zoom Moire sneakers
  • Small receiver plugs into iPod
  • U Washington researchers built the 250
    surveillance device and integrated it with Google
    Maps
  • You can track your time, distance, pace, and
    calories burned
  • Can be read from 60 ft away

38
Do It Yourself 2
  • The significance was how easy it was
  • "Unless we enact some sort of broad law requiring
    companies to add security into these sorts of
    systems, companies will continue to produce
    devices that erode our privacy through new
    technologies. Not on purpose, not because they're
    evil--just because it's easier to ignore the
    externality than to worry about it."

39
Applications
  • Animal tracking
  • Livestock
  • Birth, growth rate, injections,
    grazing, mating, weaning
  • Traceability in case of disease National Animal
    ID System (NAIS) mandates tagging 40 million
    animals in US, 343,186 farms reg. by Jan 07
  • Michigan requires tags by 01 Mar 07
  • Migrating, endangered, dangerous species
  • Fish, birds, wolves, bears (Digital Angel)
  • Pets

40
Advanced ID Corp
  • OTC BBAIDO.OB
  • UHF RFID product line for tagging and tracing
    cattle, sheep, pigs and birds
  • Trial in Hunan Province in China includes tagging
    pigs where the market potential is 500 million
    pigs, 3x of any other nation
  • Taiwan trial tags both cattle and pigs for
    combined market of 66 million animals.
  • www.advancedidcorp.com

41
Privacy Concern
  • Animal tracking
  • Valuable pet could be stalked
  • Endangered animals could be hunted
  • Bloggers say Prove on animals, then apply to
    people
  • Benefits
  • Faster response to disease outbreaks

42
Applications
  • Perishables / Inspection
  • New regulations require importers to notify FDA
    of food imports to prepare inspectors
  • 2 hrs in advance if by land
  • 4 hrs for rail or plane, 8 hrs if by sea
  • Impacts General Mills, Cargill, CHS,
    International Multifoods, Kraft, PG
  • Shipments of perishable vaccines and high value
    pharmaceuticals

43
Privacy Concern
  • Perishables / Inspection
  • No privacy issues
  • Benefits
  • Faster inspector response
  • Better assurance of correct transport of
    perishable drugs

44
Application
  • Currency
  • The European Central Bank is considering adding
    RFID to Euros, presumably high denomination
  • Presume high value securities to follow, bearer
    bonds, etc.
  • RFID ATM and Credit Cards for no swipe checkout
  • Casinos are adding RFID to big value chips
  • Holland Casinos ordered 1 million chips from
    GPIC, 2 to 500 chips, for 2.4 mil Dec 06

45
Credit Cards / Smart Cards
  • RFID for Credit Card UsersAmerican Express has
    begun to use radio frequency identification
    (RFID) technology in a pilot program centered in
    the greater Phoenix area.
  • www.prisonplanet.com

46
Mobil Speedpass
  • Introduced 1997
  • 6 million use at 7,500 locations

http//www.siliconeer.com/past_issues/2004/JUNE200
4-FILES/jun04_RFID_3.jpg
47
RFID in Currency Explodes in Microwave Oven
www.prisonplanet.com
48
Privacy Concern
  • Currency
  • 007 - tracked by chip in Casino Royale
  • How much is in your wallet?
  • Lots of concerns about ATM, Credit Cards
  • Benefits
  • Deter counterfeiting and money laundering
  • Spend more faster

49
Application
  • Consumer item tagging / Smart Shelf
  • Gillette pulled early tags, back for WMT
  • Benetton cancelled 15 mil tag test due to protest
    tags could be read after purchase
  • Kraft tags jams and dairy for freshness
  • Hasbro Star Wars figures
  • Prada high value apparel
  • Gap - apparel
  • Software Best Buy, MSFT
  • Consumer electronics

50
Privacy Concern
  • Consumer item tagging / Smart Shelf
  • Germanys Metro Future Store tracked shoppers
    and items from shelf
  • Detailed record of your buying patterns
    Amazon at every aisle offering you items of
    interest
  • Competitor could monitor customers leaving store
    for market research

51
Recommendations for CPG
  • Notify consumers of RFID presence on sales
    receipt
  • Tags should be easily seen and removable
  • Disable tags at checkout (Alien Tech, Phillips,
    and Matics tags have kill switch)
  • Place tags on package, not on product (Schwinn
    tags manual, MSFT tags box)

52
Chipping People - Verichip
53
Verichip
  • VeriChip, IPO 3.1 mil shares for 6.50/ sh.
  • Currently trading at around 6.15
  • Only 222 patients implanted in 2006
  • 06 Sales of implants 100,000 (200/ea)
  • Tech developed by Digital Angel for animals
  • Verichip licensed for humans
  • Must buy 875,000 in 2007, 1.75M in 2008
  • FDA approved 2004
  • 45 mil US Patient market for med info chip

54
Do It Yourself 2
Graafstra has engineered the chips in his hands
to serve the same purpose as the code that opens
his apartment door or the key fob that unlocks
his silver 2004 Volkswagen Golf. He keeps no data
on the chips, just a 10-character code. He waves
his hand within a few inches of a sensor on the
windshield, and that performs the same function
as pressing a button on his remote control,
unlocking the car door.
http//seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/20
02835871_chipimplant01.html
55
Exclusive Clubs
RFID-chip for Baja Beach Club sold out 70 regular
customers of Rotterdams Discotheque Baja Beach
Club now have a subcutaneous chip the size of a
grain in their arm. The chips were implanted by a
doctor. Customers with a chip can always use the
discotheque and have access to VIP-deck. No need
to carry a purse or wallet to buy drinks.
56
Even for Corpses
  • Verichip donated equipment to tag corpses and
    dislocated bodies from flooded cemeteries after
    Katrina
  • DMORT (Disaster Mortuary Operational Response
    Team) and Mississippi Coroners implanted 300
    chips in left shoulders before placing in body
    bags
  • Permits ID through the bag, improvement over
    paper toe tags

57
Hitachi mu Chip
58
Hitachi Chip µ Chip Application Targets
59
PDA RFID Reader
  • Sony Phillips working on Near Field Comm (NFC)
    so PCs, PDA, other device can comm with RFID to
    load RFID tickets to your phone/PDA for event
    access

http//www.infochip.com/images/hand_reader_chip.jp
g
60
Beyond RFID
  • Wireless sensor motes
  • Dust Networks
  • Emerson is adopting Time Sync Net Protocol for
    its next gen field sensors
  • Also Crossbow Technologies, Ember and Millennial
    Net
  • Motes are active sensors, with battery or solar
    or vibration power
  • Form self-organizing ad hoc networks with each
    other to communicate to a reader

61
Over 30 Privacy Groups
CASPIAN Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy
Invasion And Numbering
http//www.gulli.com/uploads/RTEmagicC_180px-Stopr
fid-logo.jpg.jpg
62
Spychips
  • Book by Katherine Albrecht and Liz McIntyre
  • RFID tags easily hidden
  • Readers easily hidden
  • Retailers give out loyalty cards with RFID
  • They can track shoppers time in various aisles
    and how long shopping took
  • Can ID you as soon as you walk in the door and
    determine your value as a shopper and treat you
    accordingly

63
Spychips
  • Buy a pair of sz 7 Nike shoes with credit card
  • Name is matched to unique ID in shoes
  • Now RFID is read by reader at Courthouse and
    database matches ID to your name
  • Readers at Airports, Stores, Arenas, Hospitals,
    Pharmacies, Libraries
  • Suppose you attend Gun Show, Peace Rally, union
    meeting, cleric speaking, political event
  • Your movements could be tracked

64
Spychips
  • RFID Med Info? Scares the hell out of me. Tommy
    Thompson on the board of Verichip.
  • Weve gone from Oh thats pet-chipping, well
    never put that in people. to seriously talking
    about implanting chips in American Citizens
  • RFID is a great technology for tracking things
    from point A to point B
  • Could have some consumer benefits, but they
    absolutely pale in comparison to the risks.
  • If you cant tell people youre doing it, you
    shouldnt do it.

65
Spychips
  • Motivated by absolute resistance against the idea
    that we would all just be reduced to being
    numbers and tagged and tracked like cattle. When
    I see RFID and I think about a world in which the
    powers that bebe they corporate or
    governmentcan essentially watch, surveil, track,
    manipulate, and control the people
  • www.nocards.org
  • www.spychips.com

66
MIT Auto-ID Lab
  • The MIT Auto-ID Laboratory is dedicated to
    creating the Internet of Things using RFID and
    Wireless Sensor Networks.
  • Our aim from the start was to create a global
    system for tracking goods using a single
    numbering system called the Electronic Product
    Code.
  • The Auto-ID Labs are the leading global network
    of academic research laboratories in the field of
    networked RFID.
  • http//autoid.mit.edu/cs/

67
More Links
  • www.idtechex.com/ RFID case studies
  • www.epcglobalinc.org/ Elec.Prod.Code Std
  • http//autoid.mit.edu/cs/ MIT Auto-ID Lab
  • www.ti.com/rfid/default.htm Texas Instr.
  • www.verichip.com Verichip
  • www.alientechnology.com/products/rfid_tags.php
  • www.spychips.com/ Privacy Group
  • www.epic.org/privacy/rfid/ Privacy Group
  • www.prisonplanet.com Privacy Group
About PowerShow.com