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Parables - Exegesis


Parables - Exegesis Parables are images or stories in which Jesus illustrates some point of his message by a concrete or typical case Parables - Interpretation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Parables - Exegesis

Parables - Exegesis
  • Parables are images or stories in which Jesus
    illustrates some point of his message by a
    concrete or typical case

Parables - Interpretation
  • Parables can be interpreted using the following
  • 1) Literary Form, 2) Context, 3) Historical
    Background 4) Type 5) Interpretation.
  • This is known as an exegesis (from the Greek to

1. Literary Form
  • As a literary form, parables contain the
    following 4 characteristics that contribute to
    its success.
  • A. Repetition
  • A technique that helps to imprint the story on
    the minds of the audience by using certain words,
    phrases or ideas that are repeated throughout the
    text to establish its importance in the hearer.
  • Eg The Prodigal Son (Luke 15 11-32)
  • Repetition is used with the words Father, I have
    sinned against heaven and against you. I no
    longer deserve to be called your son.
  • A key idea repeated is the joy at the younger
    sons repentance.

1. Literary Form
  • B. Contrast
  • Opposites and contrasts are used to help throw
    elements of the story into sharp relief this
    has the effect of capturing the attention of the
  • Eg The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax
    Collector (Luke 18914)
  • Shows a sharp contrast between the Pharisee who
    is doing the right thing within the culture (an
    insider) and the Tax Collector who is considered
    an outsider in the culture.
  • It also contrasts pride with humility.

1. Literary Form
  • C. Folkloric Threesome
  • Storytellers throughout the ages have discovered
    that three events, characters or issues in a
    story provide an importance access point for the
  • Eg The Good Samaritan (Luke 10 30-37) - three
    main characters The priest, the Levite and the

1. Literary Form
  • D. The Rule of End Stress
  • There is often some emphasis, climax or
    concentration of attention directed to the last
    character of the series.
  • Eg The Parable of the Good Samaritan- You go,
    then, and do the same.

2. Context
  • Contains two parts
  • i) Immediate context
  • placing the parable within its surrounding
    passages in the Gospel. Eg The Parable of the
    Prodigal Son is grouped with a number of parables
    dealing with mercy or compassion in chapter 15.
  • ii) Broad Context
  • placing the parable within context of the
    entire Gospel. Eg The Parable of the Prodigal
    Son is in Lukes Gospel main theme in Lukes
    Gospel Gods salvation is for all people,
    especially the poor and lowly, compassion and
    forgiveness pervades the whole Gospel.

3. Historical Background
  • What are the cultural and historical issues that
    provide further understanding of the parable?
    Booklet pg 11 -13 handouts.
  • Eg Jews hated Samaritans and would assume the
    worst about them.

4. Type of Parable
  • This is to identify the main theme of the parable
    and group it with other similar parables.
  • There are three main types
  • Parables about the Coming of the Kingdom of God
    eg The Bridegroom (Mk 218-20)
  • Parables about the growth of the Kingdom of God
    eg The Mustard Seed (Mk430-31)
  • Parables about the values within the Kingdom of
    God eg The Parable of the Good Samaritan.

5. Interpretation
  • Based on the all of the above the parable is
    interpreted in its historical context, and for