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POETRY

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POETRY Exploring the Genre Poetry: Exploring the Genre Whether telling a story, capturing a single moment, or describing nature in a whole new way, poetry is the most ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POETRY


1
POETRY
  • Exploring the Genre

2
Poetry Exploring the Genre
  • Whether telling a story, capturing a single
    moment, or describing nature in a whole new way,
    poetry is the most musical of all literary forms.

3
Poetry Exploring the Genre
  • Definition
  • Main Entry poetry
  • Pronunciation \'po-?-tre, -i-tre also
    'p?(-)i-tre\
  • Function noun
  • Date 14th century
  • 1 a metrical writing verse b the
    productions of a poet poems
  • 2 writing that formulates a concentrated
    imaginative awareness of experience in language
    chosen and arranged to create a specific
    emotional response through meaning, sound, and
    rhythm
  • 3 a something likened to poetry especially in
    beauty of expression b poetic quality or aspect
    ltthe poetry of dance
  • Source Merriam-Webster
  • VIEW BRAIN POP ON POETRY

4
Poetry Strategies for Reading
  • Reading poetry is like solving a mystery. The
    poet provides you with clues in the form of words
    and phrases. Studying the clues carefully helps
    you put pieces together to form a complete
    picture. Use these strategies to help you in your
    poetic detective work (Prentice Hall 705).

5
Poetry Strategies for Reading
  • 1. Interpret Figurative Language
  • Figurative language is language not meant to be
    taken literally.
  • Helps to create vivid, clear mental pictures.
  • Think What is the writer trying to SHOW you
  • 2. Read lines according to punctuation
  • Keep reading when a line has no punctuation at
    the end.
  • Pause at commas, dashes, and semicolons.
  • Stop at end marks, like periods, question marks,
    or exclamation points.

6
Poetry Strategies for Reading
  • 3. Paraphrase
  • Look up any words that you do not know and
    replace them with familiar synonyms.
  • Use the language you use in everyday speech in
    place of formal language.
  • REREAD the passage to see if your new
    interpretation makes sense when read with
    surrounding text.
  • Use your senses
  • Poets LOVE to use sensory details!!

7
Poetry Narrative and Lyric
  • The Cremation of Sam McGee
  • Washed in Silver
  • Winter

8
Poetry Narrative and Lyric
  • Narrative Poetry
  • Poetry that tells a story. Like a story,
    narrative poetry has a plot, characters, and a
    setting.
  • Unlike a story, a narrative poem makes use of
    sound devices, such as rhythm and repetition.
  • Lyric Poetry
  • Verse that expresses a poets thoughts and
    feelings about a single image or idea.
  • Lyric poetry is written in vivid, musical
    language.

9
Poetry Common Figures of Speech
  • SIMILE
  • A comparison between two unlike things using like
    or as
  • Example The old man walked as slowly as a turtle
    creeping uphill.
  • Example She sang like an angel.
  • METAPHOR
  • A comparison between two unlike things without
    using like or as
  • Example The horses coat was a sheet of velvet.
  • Example Life is a broken-winged bird that
    cannot fly.
  • HYPERBOLE
  • Exaggeration meant to produce a particular
    effect.
  • Example I tried a thousand times.
  • Example The guard was twelve feet tall with
    muscles of steel.
  • PERSONIFICATION
  • Giving human characteristics to a nonhuman
    subject
  • Example The tree waved happily at us as we
    walked along the road.
  • Example The washing machine danced across the
    floor.

10
The Cremation of Sam McGee
  • The only society I like is that which is rough
    and toughand the tougher the better. Thats
    where you get down to bedrock and meet human
    people.
  • Robert Service
  • (1874-1958)

11
The Cremation of Sam McGee
  • Robert Service was born in England and raised in
    Scotland.
  • He was sent to the Yukon Territory by the bank he
    worked for.
  • There, he came face to face with the rough world
    of fur trappers and gold prospectors.
  • Soon, he began to write poems about these lively
    rough and tumble characters.
  • Eventually, Service left the bank for a full
    time life of writing. He traveled to the Yukon
    and other Artic areas for eight years recording
    his adventures.

12
The Cremation of Sam McGee
  • Historical Background
  • In 1896, George Carmack, Tagish Charlie, and
    Skookum Jim discovered gold on the Bonanza Creek.
    This discovery marked to beginning of the
    Klondike Gold Rush.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vYFflJCrZtGE

13
The Cremation of Sam McGee
  • This is a narrative poem.
  • Like a narrative written in prose, The Cremation
    of Sam McGee will follow the events of the plot
    diagram.
  • This poem will use exaggeration, humor, and
    fantasy to tell the tale of two gold prospectors
    and the promises made, promises kept.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v1cmmuQ8wYV0

14
Comparing Literary Works
15
Comparing Literary Works
16
Literary Analysis
17
Literary Analysis Questions
  • 2. The central conflict is Caps promise to
    cremate Sam even when he is tired from carrying
    the body and doesnt have any fuel to start a
    fire with.
  • 3. The poem is different from a story in that it
    is structured like a poem and it rhymes.

18
Washed in Silver
  • James Stephens grew up in a poor neighborhood in
    Dublin, Ireland.
  • He was a veracious reader and read everything he
    got his hands on.
  • His writing and poetry often includes his love of
    Irelands powerful legends and fairy tales.
  • Washed in Silver captures the magical quality
    of Irish legends.

19
Winter
  • Nikki Giovanni (b. 1943) is a world-renowned
    poet, writer, commentator, activist, and
    educator.
  • Over the past thirty years, her outspokenness, in
    her writing and in lectures, has brought the eyes
    of the world upon her.
  • One of the most widely-read American poets, she
    prides herself on being "a Black American, a
    daughter, a mother, a professor of English."
  • Giovanni remains as determined and committed as
    ever to the fight for civil rights and equality.
  • The author of some 30 books for both adults and
    children, Nikki Giovanni is a University
    Distinguished Professor at Virginia Tech in
    Blacksburg, Virginia.

20

Literary Analysis Washed in Silver
21
Literary Analysis Questions
  • 4. Winter and Washed in Silver both focus on
    nature. The feelings that are expressed in each
    poem are also similar in that they both
    communicate a feeling of awe about their
    surroundings.
  • 5. Answers will vary--be sure you provide an
    explanation

22
Literary Analysis Form in Poetry
  • Form refers to the physical structure of the
    poem. It also refers to the rules the poet
    follows to achieve a particular structure.
  • There are many different forms of poetry
    including stanza, concrete poem, and haiku.
  • Stanza
  • A group of lines that might be thought of as
    corresponding to a paragraph in prose. Most
    traditional English poems are divided into
    stanzas.
  • Concrete Poem
  • A poem in which the shape of the words suggests
    its subject. The poet arranges the letters and
    lines to create a visual image.
  • Haiku
  • A traditional form of Japanese poetry. A haiku
    always has three lines and seventeen syllables.
    There are 5 syllables in the first and third
    lines and 7 syllables in the second.

23
Poetry Concrete and Haiku
  • Seal
  • The Pasture
  • Three Haiku

24
Seal
  • Born in Louisiana, William Jay Smith (b. 1918)
    has had a very busy life--teaching college
    students, writing poetry and essays, translating
    Russian and French, and even serving in the
    Vermont State Legislature.
  • Many of Smiths poems are made for young people
    and can be described as being pure, simple, and
    fun.

25
Concrete Poetry
  • A poem in which the shape of the words suggests
    its subject.
  • The poet arranges the letters and lines to create
    a visual image.
  • In Seal, the poet uses a seals shape to
    describe the animal as he dives and swims through
    water.

26
The Pasture
  • Born in 1874, Frost spent most of his life in New
    England.
  • At different times in his life, he worked as a
    framer and as a part time teacher.
  • Frost had a long and distinguished career as a
    poet, winning the Pulitzer Prize four time--more
    than any other poet.
  • In The Pasture, the speaker describes spring
    cleaning on a farm. Instead of avoiding his
    duties, the speaker looks forward to the signs of
    the new season.

27
Three Haiku
  • Matsuo Basho is known as the first great poet in
    the history of haiku.
  • Basho's haikus are dramatic, and they exaggerate
    humor or depression, ecstasy or confusion. These
    dramatic expressions have a paradoxical nature.
    The humor and the despair which he expressed are
    not implements to believe in the possibility of
    the human being and to glorify it.
  • If anything, the literature of Basho has a
    character that the more he described men's deeds,
    the more human existence's smallness stood out in
    relief, and it makes us conscious of the
    greatness of nature's power.

28
Haikus
  • A traditional form of Japanese poetry. A haiku
    always has three lines and seventeen syllables.
    There are 5 syllables in the first and third
    lines and 7 syllables in the second.
  • The three haiku by Matsuo Basho express different
    images and feelings a view of a mountain path,
    mist on a mountain, the smell of flower blossoms.
    In addition to describing these images, the
    haiku evoke surprise and wonder.

29
Comparing Literary WorksSeal, The Pasture,
Three Haiku
30
Comparing Literary WorksSeal, The Pasture,
Three Haiku
  • Who do you think is being addressed as you in
    Seal and The Pasture? Name at least two
    details from each poem to support your answer.
  • Seal-the readeryou
  • you and your in lines 18 and 27 could be
    addressed to anyone
  • The Pasture-someone the speaker lives with
    you
  • going out and shant be gone long
  • 2. What do you think Bashos favorite season was?
    Support your answer.
  • Spring because he talks about flowers and asks if
    spring has come

31
Poetry Rhythm and Rhyme
  • Annabel Lee
  • Martin Luther King

32
Rhythm in Poetry
  • Rhythm is a poems pattern of stressed () and
    unstressed (u) syllables.
  • It is the accents of the syllables in the words
    falling at regular intervals like the beat of
    music.
  • u u
    u
  • He came/upon/an age
  • de dumm de dumm de dumm

33
Meter in Poetry
  • The meter of a poem is its rhythmical pattern.
  • The BEAT of poetry FEET is called its meter.
  • Feet in poetry is single units of stressed ()
    and unstressed (u) syllables
  • A poems meter is made up of what kind of feet
    are used and how many feet are in each line.
  • u u u
  • Beset/ by grief,/ by rage
  • This line of poetry has three feet.
  • Each foot has two syllables an unstressed
    followed by a stressed

34
Rhyme in Poetry
  • Rhyme is the repetition of a sound at the ends of
    nearby words
  • Example age/rage dame/same
  • Types of rhyme
  • SINGLE RHYME- love/dove
  • DOUBLE RHYME- napping/tapping
  • TRIPLE RHYME- mournfully/scornfully

35
Annabel Lee Martin Luther King
  • Both of these poems have a regular rhythm, but
    the number of feet in the lines creates a
    different effect in each poem.
  • Both poems also use pairs of rhyming words at the
    ends of lines but the arrangement is different.
  • Questions to Consider
  • How do the rhythm and rhyme schemes differ?
  • How do the rhythm and rhyme give both poems a
    musical quality?
  • Which poems sound is more appealing to you?

36
Annabel Lee
  • In Annabel Lee, Poe explores the unknown realm
    of death. The narrator mourns his lost love,
    Annabel Lee, who was taken from him at a young
    age, but whom he will never forget.

37
Martin Luther King
  • Raymond Richard Pattersons (1929-2001) poety
    shows his passion for sharing his knowledge of
    African American history.
  • In just ten lines, Martin Luther King captures
    the essence of Kings life and his contribution
    to America.

38
The Civil Rights Movement
  • The Civil Rights Movement sought to abolish the
    barriers caused by racism in America. The
    movement lasted from 1945 through the late 1960s.
    At that time, African-Americans were denied many
    rights and were segregated in public places
    including schools, restaurants, and public
    facilities. This movement focused on making
    change through nonviolent protests including
    marches and sit ins.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vIxEkj40bRII

39
Comparing Literary Works and Literary
Analysis Questions
  • Both poems have a rhyming pattern that is
    repeated throughout the poem.
  • Every other line rhymes in Annabel Lee. In
    Martin Luther King, each stanza consists of two
    lines that rhyme. Martin Luther King has the
    same pattern of stress in each line Annabel
    Lee does not.
  • In Annabel Lee, the narrator mourns his lost
    love, who was taken from him at a young age, but
    whom he will never forget. Martin Luther King
    captures the essence of Kings life and his
    contribution to America.

40
Comparing Literary Works and Literary
Analysis Questions
  • The speaker and Annabel Lee were soul mates. They
    shared a love so strong that it seemed to last
    beyond this world. The speaker says that nothing
    can separate him from her.
  • The poet uses the present tense rather than the
    past. Also, he describes his grief as a feeling
    that goes on with no remedy in sight.
  • He brought love and passion.
  • Kings personal qualities resulted in people
    finding their worth and their freedom.

41
Poetry Sound Devices
  • Full Fathom Five
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Maestro

42
Sound Devices Onomatopoeia
  • Onomatopoeia
  • The use of words whose sounds suggest their
    meaning
  • Example sputter, drip, whisper, hiss, hoot,
    meow, murmur
  • Crack an Egg
  • Crack an egg.
  • Stir the butter.
  • Break the yolk.
  • Make it flutter.
  • Stoke the heat.
  • Hear it sizzle.
  • Shake the salt,
  • just a drizzle.
  • Flip it over,
  • just like that.
  • Press it down.
  • Squeeze it flat.
  • Pop the toast.
  • Spread jam thin.
  • Say the word.
  • Breakfast's in .

43
Sound Devices Alliteration
  • Alliteration
  • Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of
    words
  • Example
  • Full fathom five they father lies
  • In a summer season, where soft was sun
  • Often the sounds and meanings of the words
    combine to create a mood.
  • Here, repetition of b and t stresses a feeling of
    urgency.
  • Hear the loud alarum bells--  
  • Brazen bells!
  • What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency
    tells!
  • -Edgar Allen Poe, "The Bells"

44
Sound Devices Assonance
  • This selection uses the repetition of the o sound
    and then the a sound.
  • Slow things are beautiful
  • The closing of the day,
  • The pause of the wave
  • That curves downward to spray.
  • --Elizabeth Coatsworth, "Swift Things are
    Beautiful
  • Assonance
  • The repetition of the same vowel sound in
    different words
  • Example would blend again and again
  • O harp and alter, of the fury fused

45
Sound Devices Assonance
  • Consonance
  • The repetition of similar final consonant sounds
    at the ends of words or accented syllables.
  • Examples
  • splatters, scatters, spurts
  • lady lounges lazily
  • dark deep dread crept in

46
Full Fathom Five
  • Many people consider William Shakespeare to be
    the greatest writer in the English language. He
    wrote 37 plays many of which are still being
    performed today.
  • In this excerpt, a song from the play The
    Tempest, we learn that the young princes father
    has drowned and has undergone a change on the sea
    floor. He has become part of the coral life
    there.

47
Onomatopoeia
  • Eve Merrimans facination with words began at an
    early age.
  • This poem describes the sounds and look of water
    flowing from a rusty faucet.

48
Maestro
  • Pat Mora grew up in El Paso, Texas on the border
    between the USA and Mexico. Many of her writings
    speak of her experiences as a Mexican-American.
  • She has won many awards for her stories and
    poetry.
  • In Maestro when a musician bows to the audience
    after a performance, he hears not the clapping
    but only his mothers singing. He recalls the
    rich musical experiences of his childhood.

49
Comparing Literary Works Questions
50
Literary Analysis Questions
  • Full Fathom Five involves water drowning a man.
    Onomatopoeia involves water coming out of a
    rusty spigot.
  • A man drowns and turns into part of the sea in
    Full Fathom Five. In Onomatopoeia, water
    comes out of a rusty spigot.
  • Lunas, amor, voz, guiterra, and violin. Are the
    Spanish words used in the poem. The words give
    the reader a sense of the Mexican songs and
    cultural background that influenced the
    performers feelings toward music.
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