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Examples Locus of Control (Rotter) Type A/B

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Examples Locus of Control (Rotter) Type A/B Impulsive/Reflective (Kagan - Matching familiar figures) Field Dependent/Independent (Witkin - embedded figures) Minnesota ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Examples Locus of Control (Rotter) Type A/B


1
Objective Personality Tests
2
Examples
  • Locus of Control (Rotter)
  • Type A/B
  • Impulsive/Reflective (Kagan - Matching familiar
    figures)
  • Field Dependent/Independent (Witkin - embedded
    figures)

3
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(MMPI-2)
  • Original development 1940 Hathaway McKinley
  • MMPI-2 1989
  • Over 18 years
  • MMPI -A 1992 (adolescent) 14 18 yrs
  • Clinical populations
  • paper-pencil, computer or audio
  • 60 - 90 minutes
  • About 567 questions

4
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(MMPI-2)
  • Criterion based
  • large pool of questions
  • select appropriate criterion groups
  • factor analysis

5
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(MMPI-2)
  • 10 clinical scales
  • hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria,
    psychopathic deviate, masculinity-femininity,
    paranoia, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, mania,
    and social introversion.

6
MMPI-2 validity scores
  • ? cannot say
  • L lie score
  • F frequency (faking)
  • K correct (defensiveness)
  • VRIN Variable Response Inconsistency
  • TRIN True Response Inconsistency

7
MMPI 2 scales
  • 10 clinical scales
  • Validity scales
  • 2 addiction scales
  • supplemental scales

8
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(MMPI-2)
  • Problems
  • norms
  • inter-item consistency is low
  • high inter correlations between scores
  • problems with validity
  • reading at 6th grade
  • self-report

9
California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
  • Developed 1956 -- revised 1986
  • assess normal adult personality
  • 434 true/false questions (1/2 from MMPI)
  • 45-60 minutes
  • paper-pencil
  • normed on college students

10
California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
  • 18 socially desirable behavioral tendencies
  • Interpersonal styles
  • self acceptance
  • self control
  • flexibility
  • more positive than MMPI
  • used for educational, vocational, counseling

11
16 Personality Factors - 16 PF
  • Cattell - 1956 - last revised 1993
  • data reduction by factor analysis
  • administer hundreds of questions and factor
    analyze responses 16 factors
  • 185 items (true, ?, false)
  • 30-60 minutes
  • 7th grade reading level
  • computer or hand score

12
16 Personality Factors - 16 PF
  • Measures 16 primary personality traits
  • Heavily used in research
  • good reliability - test/retest
  • good validity - construct and criterion
  • lots of norms and profiles
  • used for career and vocational guidance

http//www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/sixtpf_5.h
tm
13
Revised NEO Personality InventoryNEO PI-R
  • Costa McCrae - 1985/1992
  • Neuroticism
  • Extraversion
  • Openness
  • Agreeableness
  • Conscientiousness

14
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
  • Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs
  • 1940s
  • Based on Jungs personality dimensions
  • 126 forced choice questions
  • 20-30 minutes

15
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
  • Heavily used in research
  • lots of validity studies
  • used in academic and counseling settings
  • vocational preferences
  • interpersonal interactions

16
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (example of MBTI
types)
  • Measures 4 dimensions of personality
  • extroversion-introversion (EI)
  • sensing-intuition (SN)
  • thinking-feeling (TF)
  • judgement-perception (JP)
  • combine into 16 personality types e.g. ESTJ

17
Keirsey Temperament Sorter IIKTS-II
  • Similar to MBTI test profile - high validity
    computerized - shorter
  • 4 Scales
  • (E)Expressive vs. (I)Attentive
  • (S)Observant vs. (N)Introspective
  • (T)Tough-minded vs. (F)Friendly
  • (J)Scheduling vs. (P)Probing

18
4 Temperaments
  • Artisans (SP)
  • Guardians (SJ)
  • Rationals (NT)
  • Idealists (NF)

19
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