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New Technologies and Old Challenges in the Enterprise GIS Program

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2008 NPS GIS and Data Managers Conference, Fort Collins, CO - March 31 - April 3, 2008 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Technologies and Old Challenges in the Enterprise GIS Program


1
New Technologies and Old Challenges in the
Enterprise GIS Program
  • Allen Sparks
  • Enterprise GIS Program
  • Resource Information Management Division (RIMD)
  • National Information Services Center (NISC)
  • Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO)

2
What is EGIS?
  • Definitions
  • A Geographic Information System (GIS) can be
    defined as "an organized collection of computer
    hardware, software, services, geographic data and
    personnel designed to efficiently capture, store,
    update, manipulate, analyze, and display all
    forms of geographically referenced information.
  • Enterprise GIS (EGIS) is the complete
    organizational approach to sharing, using, and
    managing geospatial information.
  • eGIS is the integrated geospatial technology
    infrastructure delivering spatial information
    products, services, and standard data sets to all
    functional elements and business processes of the
    organization.

3
Where is EGIS ?
RIM
GIS
DIS
EGIS
DIM
Library
GPSMM
RSS
4
Where is Allen ?
RIM
GIS
DIS
DIM
EGIS
NPS FOCUS
Library
GPSMM
RSS
System Server Admin.
5
EGIS Goals
  • Enterprise GIS in the Park Service must
  • Ensure the NPS is moving in a unified direction
    with a common purpose, and in alignment with DOI
    and Federal initiatives
  • Provide infrastructure for sharing core data
    across the service
  • Reduce the number of "islandsof applications and
    data
  • Enable interoperability and scalability
  • Minimize duplication of effort and
  • Promote sharing of knowledge and expertise

6
EGIS Goals (Food Court Analogy)
  • NPS has many kitchens in many timezones
  • Good Kitchens, Great Food, Excellent Chefs
  • We all have our Favorite Dishes and know exactly
    what spices to add.
  • EGIS requires us to work together to produce some
    standard dishes for the masses
  • Spaghetti, Meatloaf, Ratatouille
  • We need to ensure that all who eat from our
    collective kitchen have a consistent (enjoyable)
    experience, and plan to come back and bring their
    friends.

7
EGIS Goals (Food Court Analogy)
  • Common Tools
  • Bowls, ovens, mixers, slicers dicers
  • Ingredients Supplies
  • Rice, beans, flour, veggies, ice, napkins
  • Cookbook
  • Recipes
  • Ordering and Delivery
  • Food Court Map
  • Shared Menu
  • Ordering Process
  • Packaging

8
EGIS Guiding Principles
  • Data subject-matter experts generally reside in
    park-based field offices
  • Parks and Regions are the primary editors for
    most EGIS themes
  • Park GIS Specialists require tools and
    documentation in order to adopt common data
    standards, and guidance on their use and
    implementation
  • Data stewardship will be interdisciplinary in
    nature, requiring contributions of many program
    areas
  • GIS processing performance is best when users
    access locally-stored data and
  • As park-based data evolve to meet enterprise
    standards, unforeseen adverse consequences to
    parks will be identified. EGIS staff will remain
    cognizant and respectful of emerging problems,
    and remain adaptive in their solution.

9
EGIS Guiding Principles (continued)
  • An effective NPS EGIS strategy must consider the
    distributed nature of parks, staff, and projects
    within the NPS. NPS heterogeneity is incompatible
    with simplistic "one size fits all" solutions,
    such as centralizing applications, resources, or
    park data storage.
  • To be successful, EGIS must focus on eliminating
    disparity (i.e. standardizing) in data schema and
    implementing an effective data distribution
    system that synchronizes and integrates
    park-based datasets into service-wide versions.
  • These integrated standardized datasets will be
    located on EGIS servers, and will provide the
    primary means to deliver data to external systems
    such as FMSS, web-based mapping applications, and
    the NPS Data Store.

10
EGIS Challenges
  • Data and Application Islands
  • Data Redundancy Disparity (heterogeneity)
  • Low Bandwidth Connections
  • IT Security
  • ( need for ) sufficient resources for data
    development
  • (need for) streamlined processes
  • Standards Development
  • Efficient data collection and distribution
    capability

11
One More Time What is EGIS?
  • Enterprise GIS (EGIS) is the complete
    organizational approach to sharing, using, and
    managing geospatial information.
  • eGIS is the integrated geospatial technology
    infrastructure delivering spatial information
    products, services, and standard data sets to all
    functional elements and business processes of the
    organization.

12
EGIS - Critical Components
EGIS is all about enterprise (service-wide) Data
and Metadata that is developed and maintained
according to established data Standards and
Processes designed and agreed upon by People.
13
Why?
14
Who is EGIS ?
15
DOI - EGIM
  • Enterprise Geographic Information Management
    (EGIM) Team
  • provides strategic leadership for that enterprise
    GIS effort within DOI
  • NPS is represented on the EGIM Team by RIMD.
  • EGIM Initiative
  • a framework for the standardization and
    coordination of geographic information systems
    (GIS) activities across the departments bureaus.
  • Geospatial Modernization Blueprint for
    Transformation (GMBt)
  • Adheres to the principles of the Federal
    Enterprise Architecture (FEA) that aligns
    enterprise-level data, technology, and services
    with agency business requirements.
  • NPS participates along with the other Bureaus
  • http//www.nps.gov/gis/egim/

16
NPS GIS Program
  • GIS Council (GISC)
  • Enterprise GIS Subcommittee (EGISS)
  • GPS/Mobile Mapping Subcommittee
  • Heritage Assets Subcommittee (HAS)
  • Parks GIS Coordinators Group (PGIS)
  • Remote Sensing Subcommittee (RSS)

17
EGIS Subcommittee
  • Chartered by the GISC to research, collaborate,
    and advise on the development of an NPS-wide GIS.
  • Representation from Regions, Parks and Programs
  • Will focus on integrating desktop and
    server-based geodatabases, workflows, tools,
    processes, and mapping services based on the
    premise of the Federal Enterprise Architecture
    (FEA) that aligns enterprise-level data,
    technology, and services with agency business
    requirements.
  • A major goal of the EGISS is to facilitate
    compilation and re-use of geographically-dispersed
    data resources as NPS-wide geospatial data
    layers and to assist the NPS GIS community with
    implementation of authoritative, standards-based
    data sets.
  • http//egis.nps.gov

18
EGIS Subcommittee
Matthew Stutts
19
Why?
  • We (NPS) are part of a larger Enterprise
  • DOI
  • Federal Government
  • The World
  • We are stewards of data that ultimately belong to
    that larger enterprise

20
How ?
21
DOI EGIM - GMBt GeoSpatial Line of Business
(GLoB) Framework
SAOGI
Our Focus Area
22
DOI Geospatial Service Delivery Model
Our Initial Focus
23
EGIS Initial Action Plan
  • Finalize the Geospatial Standards Process
  • Prioritize critical themes for which NPS is
    expected to be the primary data steward
  • Establish standards for critical themes
  • Coordinate development of high-priority
    enterprise datasets
  • Develop an efficient data collection and
    distribution system and
  • Provide geospatial services and applications to
    users.

24
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Finalize / institutionalize Geospatial Standards
    Development Process
  • Content Standard
  • For data exchange
  • Shapefile
  • Standard Attributes
  • Metadata

25
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Prioritize Critical Themes
  • Establish Candidate Theme List
  • Evaluate and Rank Themes
  • Possible Methods
  • Scoring Scheme
  • Web Survey (Sharepoint)
  • Publish Priority Theme List
  • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
  • EGIS Subcommittee authorized as Standards
    Development Group for EGIS Themes
  • Develop Adopt Reusable Core Standard
  • Generic Conceptual Model

26
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
  • Generic Conceptual Model
  • Reusable Core Standard
  • Uses generic names that are theme-independent
  • 'Core' entities and relationships that are
    reusable and theme-independent
  • Isolate theme-dependent attributes
  • Provide a Media (Photo, Document, etc) linking
    capability
  • Exchange-able - Shapefile (Flat) Representations
    (Polygon/Line/Point)

27
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
  • Generic Conceptual Model

28
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Generic Conceptual Model - Elaborated

29
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
Generic Conceptual Model
  • Finalize the Geospatial Standards Process
  • Prioritize critical themes for which NPS is
    expected to be the primary data steward
  • Establish standards for critical themes
  • Coordinate development of high-priority
    enterprise datasets
  • Develop an efficient data distribution system
    where the edits that parks make to enterprise
    themes are efficiently integrated with local data
    and synchronized to enterprise data sets and
  • Provide geospatial services and applications to
    users.

EGIS Theme Lifecycle
30
EGIS Work Plan (continued)
  • Coordinate Development of High Priority
    Enterprise Datasets
  • EGIS Theme Lifecycle Geospatial Data Management
    Lifecycle
  • Repeatable Set of Processes
  • Leverages Core Generic Conceptual Standard

31
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Develop an efficient data distribution system
    where the edits that parks make to enterprise
    themes are efficiently integrated with local data
    synchronized to enterprise data sets (session
    16)
  • Current State
  • File Upload / Download (Buildings Data
    Collection)
  • Replication Extract/Transform/Load (ETL) of
    external related data
  • Not sustainable for multiple simultaneous theme
    collection efforts
  • Future State (TBD)
  • Distributed Geodatabase

32
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Provide geospatial services and applications to
    users
  • Basemap Service
  • Outsourced - Commercially-provided Service
  • Market Research and Options Analysis
  • Google Maps, Microsoft Virtual Earth, ESRI, Yahoo
  • Virtual Earth (VE)
  • Currently licensed in use for RD and demo
    development
  • RIMD is pursuing an enterprise (unlimited)
    license
  • Integration with ArcGIS Server (v9.3) layers
    (Session
  • High Resolution / High Quality Imagery / High
    Performance
  • Oblique Imagery available w. unlimited license -
    for public apps only
  • 3D viewing (with ActiveX plugin) / Support for 3D
    Models, http//local.live.com/

33
Virtual Earth Basemap
34
Virtual Earth Basemap
35
Virtual Earth Basemap
36
EGIS Action Plan (continued)
  • Provide geospatial services and applications to
    users (cont).
  • Services Strategy
  • ESRI ArcGIS 9.2 -gt 9.3 Services
  • OGC-based (WMS, WFS, )
  • Custom (GeoJSON, GeoRSS)
  • Web Mapping Applications Strategy
  • ESRI ArcGIS 9.2 -gt 9.3 WebADF
  • NPS Perspectives (see Session 24 )
  • Web Mapping Application Framework
  • Supports multiple applications
  • Database-Driven Configuration
  • Web Services-based
  • Service Catalog

37
EGIS Projects
38
EGIS Projects
  • Civil War Web Mapping
  • Integration with NPS Focus
  • Radio Program
  • Narrowband Radio Conversion Status Map
  • Federal Lands to Parks
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers
  • Facilities
  • Building Footprints
  • Maintained Landscapes
  • Fire
  • Scope and SpecificsTBD

39
Next Steps
  • Continue Toward the Vision
  • Standards Process
  • Generic Model
  • EGIS Theme Lifecycle
  • Standards Development
  • Buildings Standard Revision
  • Interagency Trails Data Standard (ITDS)
  • FGDC Standards for Cultural Resources
  • Data Collection/Distribution Engine
  • Army Corps Geodatabase Replication Study
  • Status Reporting and Statistics
  • Mapping Application Framework
  • Collaborate on Services
  • Develop/ implement standards for Services
  • Embrace ITIL (IT Services Management) and SOA
    (Web Services)
  • Plan and publish services

40
Confucius Says
Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them
crimes. Real knowledge is to know the extent of
one's ignorance. Wheresoever you go, go with
all of your heart.
41
Questions?
42
Extra Slides probably will not be used in this
session
43
eGIS Architecture
44
Internal eGIS - Architecture
45
Internal eGIS - Physical
46
Internal eGIS Physical (continued)
47
Internal eGIS Logical
48
Internal eGIS Development
  • MS Virtual Server
  • Host OS Windows Server 2003 64-bit
  • Guest (Virtual) OS Windows Server 2003
    32-bit
  • Virtual machine is stored in 2 files clonable
  • We have a standard image configured with all
    components.
  • Configuration
  • MS SQL Srv 200x Std
  • ArcSDE 9.x
  • ArcGIS Server 9.x
  • ASP.Net
  • Ajax
  • ArcGIS Desktop 9.x
  • Other Tools for Custom Development
  • 3 Physical Servers Six Virtual Machines

49
Public eGIS Physical
  • Dell PowerEdge Blade Enclosure
  • PowerEdge 1955 Blades
  • Dual 3ghz Xenon CPU dual-core
  • 8gb RAM
  • RAID1 (Mirrored) 73gb Drives
  • SAN Interfaces
  • Windows Server 2003 64-bit
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