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The IISc Quiz Club General Knowledge Trivia Quiz April 17, 2011 QM: Sumeer For feedback : sumeer.kumar@gmail.com Cell: 9900 266 539

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Title: The IISc Quiz Club General Knowledge Trivia Quiz April 17, 2011 QM: Sumeer For feedback : sumeer.kumar@gmail.com Cell: 9900 266 539


1
The IISc Quiz Club General Knowledge Trivia
QuizApril 17, 2011QM Sumeer For feedback
sumeer.kumar_at_gmail.com Cell 9900 266 539

2
Rules
  • Infinite Bounce
  • Each question carries 6 points.
  • Some questions have 2 parts and some are 3 parts.
  • For 2 part answers - each part carries 3 points
  • For 3 part answers - each part carries 2 points.
  • No negatives ! So feel free to Guess, Guess and
    Guess.
  • Only one answer per team per question.
  • In case of multiple answers, ONLY the first
    answer will be accepted.
  • The Quiz Master's decision is FINAL !
  • Disclaimer
  • Any resemblance to any persons living or dead is
    purely intentional.

3
About Clues
  • Most questions carry some clue(s).
  • Clue(s) will be provided only as long as no team
    has an objection .
  • If any team does NOT want a clue they can use
    their veto power to say so, and no clue shall be
    provided to anyone.

4
Lets go folks !
5
GOOGLE DOODLES
  • Id the event/person that each of these Google
    Doodle commemorates.
  • 2 points for each correct answer in this round.

6
(No Transcript)
7
ANSWER
8
  • Commemorating discovery of X-Rays.

9
(No Transcript)
10
ANSWER
11
  • Jun 11, 2010
  • Jacques Cousteau's 100th Birthday

12
(No Transcript)
13
ANSWER
14
  • Mar 06, 2003
  • Michelangelo's Birthday

15
(No Transcript)
16
ANSWER
17
  • May 21, 2010
  • PACMAN 30th Anniversary

18
(No Transcript)
19
ANSWER
20
  • Nov 13, 2010
  • Robert Louis Stevenson's 160th Birthday

21
(No Transcript)
22
ANSWER
23
  • Feb 11, 2011
  • Thomas Edison's Birthday

24
(No Transcript)
25
ANSWER
26
  • May 07, 2010
  • 170th Birthday of Tchaikovsky

27
(No Transcript)
28
ANSWER
29
  • Feb 08, 2011
  • Jules Verne's 183rd Birthday

30
(No Transcript)
31
ANSWER
32
  • Apr 24, 2010
  • Hubble Space Telescope's 20th Anniversary

33
(No Transcript)
34
ANSWER
35
  • May 09, 2010
  • 150th Birthday of J.M. Barrie

36
(No Transcript)
37
ANSWER
38
  • Mar 30, 2005
  • Vincent Van Gogh's Birthday

39
(No Transcript)
40
ANSWER
41
  • Apr 01, 2010
  • April Fools!
  • Topeka,Kansas

42
(No Transcript)
43
ANSWER
44
  • Jan 04, 2006
  • Louis Braille's Birthday

45
(No Transcript)
46
ANSWER
47
  • Mar 14, 2010
  • Pi Day

48
(No Transcript)
49
ANSWER
50
  • Sep 21, 2009
  • H.G. Wells' Birthday

51
(No Transcript)
52
ANSWER
53
  • Aug 29, 2009
  • Michael Jackson's Birthday

54
(No Transcript)
55
ANSWER
56
  • Jul 10, 2009
  • Birthday of Nikola Tesla

57
(No Transcript)
58
ANSWER
59
  • Jun 06, 2009
  • 25th Anniversary of Tetris

60
Warning !
  • The following presentation is for mature
    audiences only due to depiction of illegal drugs,
    violence, swearing and nudity. ?

61
Q 1 Auspicious beginnings
  • In Hinduism, whenever fire sacrifices are made,
    svaha is chanted especially after every mantra
    and offering to the fire.
  • It is said that the Gods to whom offerings are
    being made through yagna refuse the offerings
    unless the word 'svaha' is uttered during the
    sacrifice.
  • Why?

62
ANSWER
63
(No Transcript)
64
A1
  • Svaha is the wife of Agni, the God of fire.
  • She is thought to preside over burnt offerings.
    Her body is said to consist of the four Vedas and
    her six limbs are the six Angas of the Vedas.
  • Etymologically,the term is probably from su
    "well" and the root ah "to call".

65
  • (here comes the pre-warned violence)

66
Q 2 My name is Kong
  • X's first appearance in a video game was in
    1981's Donkey Kong.
  • In the original Donkey Kong game, Donkey Kong was
    the villain who kidnapped a damsel in distress.
  • X,whose name was "Jumpman" back then, had to
    rescue the damsel by jumping over barrels that
    Donkey Kong would throw at him.
  • Back then, not only did X have a different
    name,but a different job as well. "Jumpman" was
    originally supposed to be a carpenter.
  • Also, X's signature cap and mustache were added
    in because it made him easier to draw. The
    original Donkey Kong didn't have very good
    graphics, and it was easier for Jumpman to have a
    hat and a mustache than have hair and a mouth.
  • Which videogame character? (see next slide)

67
(No Transcript)
68
ANSWER

69
(No Transcript)
70
A2
  • Mario.
  • Created by Japanese video game designer Shigeru
    Miyamoto,Mario serves as Nintendo's mascot and
    the main protagonist of the Mario series.
  • He has appeared in over 200 video games since his
    creation.
  • Mario is depicted as a short, pudgy,
    Italian-American plumber who lives in the
    Mushroom Kingdom.

71
Q 3 life is a prison
  • During India's freedom struggle,the British could
    not accommodate large numbers of those who
    participated in the armed struggle or the
    non-cooperation movement in ordinary jails.
  • So the British decided to establish a few
    detention camps the first one was located in
    Buxar Fort followed by the creation of the Hijli
    Detention Camp in 1930.
  • In Sept 1931 two unarmed detainees were shot dead
    by the British Police and Subhas Chandra Bose
    came to Hijli to collect their bodies.National
    leaders, including Rabindranath Tagore,voiced
    strong protests against the British Raj over this
    incident.
  • The Hijli Detention Camp was closed in 1937 and
    was reopened in 1940.In 1942 the camp was again
    closed and the detainees were transferred
    elsewhere.
  • Into what did the Indian Government convert the
    Hijli camp in Sep 1950?

72
ANSWER
73
A3
  • The first IIT viz. IIT Kharagpur.
  • In 1990, the former detention camp buildings were
    converted to house the Nehru Museum of Science
    and Technology.
  • The class rooms,labs and the administrative
    office were housed in the historic building of
    the Hijli Detention Camp (now known as Shaheed
    Bhawan), where political revolutionaries were
    imprisoned and executed during the British rule.
  • The office building had served as the HQ of the
    Bomber Command of the U.S. 20th Air Force during
    World War II.
  • PM Nehru, in the first convocation address of IIT
    Kharagpur in 1956, said
  • Here in the place of that Hijli Detention
    Camp stands the fine monument of India,
    representing India's urges, India's future in the
    making. This picture seems to me symbolical of
    the changes that are coming to India."

74
Q 4 Of promises and men
  • X Chocolatier is a manufacturer of premium
    chocolates and related products.
  • Founded in Belgium in 1926,X owns and operates
    more than 450 retail boutiques and shops in the
    USA,Canada,Europe and Asia and is available via
    over 10,000 speciality retailers.
  • Shown here is the logo of the company inspired by
    a famous legend.
  • Supposedly, this legend gave rise to a rather
    common phrase for a voyeur.
  • Name company X.
  • What is the legend?
  • What is the phrase?
  • (see next slide) (clue slide)

75
(No Transcript)
76
Clue?
77
(No Transcript)
78
ANSWER
  • (and the nudity)

79
(No Transcript)
80
A4
  • Godiva Chocolatier
  • Named in honour of the legend of Lady Godiva - an
    Anglo-Saxon noblewoman who rode naked through the
    streets of Coventry,England,in order to gain a
    remission of the oppressive taxation imposed by
    her husband on his tenants.
  • After issuing a proclamation that all persons
    should stay indoors and shut their windows, she
    rode through the town, clothed only in her long
    hair.
  • Only one person in the town,the tailor Tom,
    disobeyed her.
  • Tom bore a hole in his shutters so that he might
    see Godiva pass, and is struck blind.
  • The name "Peeping Tom" for a voyeur originates
    from this legend.
  • In the end, Godiva's husband keeps his word and
    abolishes the onerous taxes.

81
Q 5 C-list
  • What does this non-exhaustive list represent?
  • Darjeeling Tea
  • Tirupathi Laddu
  • Mysore Silk
  • Kullu Shawls
  • Bidriware
  • Bikaner Bhujia
  • Channapatna Toys
  • Coorg Orange
  • Thanjavur Paintings
  • Katputlis of Rajasthan
  • Lucknow Chikan work
  • Malabar Pepper
  • Chanderi Fabric
  • Madhubani Paintings
  • Kutch Embroidery

82
ANSWER
83
A5
  • GI - Geographical Indication
  • It is a name or sign used on certain products
    which corresponds to a specific geographical
    location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or
    country).
  • The use of a GI may act as a certification that
    the product possesses certain qualities, or
    enjoys a certain reputation, due to its
    geographical origin.

84
Q 6 - greetings
  • At The Battle of Agincourt in 1415 AD, the
    French, who were overwhelmingly favored to win
    the battle, threatened to do something to all
    captured English soldiers so that they could
    never fight again.
  • The English won in a major upset and waved
    something at the French in defiance.
  • This mostly urban legend is supposed to be the
    origin of what practice and its associated verbal
    form?

85
ANSWER
  • (.and the swearing)

86
A6
  • The finger, the middle finger, the highway
    salute, the Bronx salute, the one-finger salute,
    the bird (as in giving, flipping, or flying the
    bird), or flipping off someone.

87
  • The French proposed to cut off the middle finger
    without which it is impossible to draw the
    English longbow.
  • This famous weapon was made of the native English
    yew tree, and so the act of drawing the longbow
    was known as "plucking yew".
  • Thus, when the victorious English waved their
    middle fingers at the defeated French, they said,
    "See, we can still pluck yew! PLUCK YEW!
  • Since "pluck yew" is rather difficult to say it
    has gradually changed to F You !

88
Q 7 - bazaar
  • X bazaar is a famous market in Lahore,Pakistan.
  • It is the oldest bazaar of Lahore and is
    considered as one of the best business centres of
    Pakistan.
  • The market derives its name from a nearby tomb -
    an octagonal building covered with a dome.
  • At each corner of the building is an octagonal
    turret surmounted with a kiosk.
  • The building houses a monolithic sarcophagus on
    which are inscribed 99 names of Allah and the
    Persian couplet translated as
  • "I would give thanks unto my God unto the day of
    resurrection
  • Ah! could I behold the face of my beloved once
    more.
  • Incidentally,the mausoleum of Sultan Qutb-ud-din
    Aybak of Mamluk Sultanate,who built the Qutab
    Minar in Delhi,is also located at X Bazaar.
  • After whom is this market named?
  • ( see next slide) (clue slide)

89
(No Transcript)
90
Clue ?
91
(No Transcript)
92
ANSWER
93
(No Transcript)
94
A7
  • Anarkali
  • Anarkali was a legendary slave girl who was
    buried alive between two walls by order of the
    Mughal Emperor Akbar for having an illicit
    relationship with the Emperor's son, Prince
    Salim,later to become Emperor Jahangir.
  • Anarkali has been the subject of a number of
    Indian and Pakistani films. The most famous being
    the 1960 magnum opus Mughal-e-Azam with Madhubala
    in the role of Anarkali.

95
Q8 Watts in a name
  • According to some interpretations
  • X is a Northern and Western Aryan family name
    from India indicating that the title bearer's
  • forefathers were proficient in all of the four
    Vedas.
  • Y is an Indian Brahmin family name reflecting the
    mastery of a Brahmin over three of the four
  • vedas.
  • Z is an Indian Brahmin family name reflecting the
    knowledge of 2 Vedas.

96
ANSWER
97
A8
  • X Chaturvedi
  • Y - Trivedi
  • Z - Dwivedi

98
  • Chaturvedi from chatur four, vedi one who has
    learned the four Vedas.
  • Trivedi from tri three veda/vedi.
  • Dwivedi is a combination of Dwi(two in
    Sanskrit)vedi(from vedas).
  • A 'Chaturvedi', was considered to be the most
    learned of all Brahmins, and hence enjoyed a very
    high social status in ancient times.
  • Chaubey is a related surname.
  • Tiwary,Tewaree and Tewarey is derived from
    Trivedi.
  • Dube,Dubey or Dubedi is also used for Dwivedi.

99
Q9 - skeletons
  • Connect the two pictures with the song and the
    text below.
  • BPM 37093 is a variable white dwarf star with a
    hydrogen atmosphere and an unusually high mass of
    approximately 1.1 times the Sun's.
  • It is about 50 light-years from Earth,in the
    constellation Centaurus.
  • It is thought to be composed primarily of carbon
    and oxygen, which are created by thermonuclear
    fusion of helium nuclei.
  • Full fundas please.
  • (see next slide)

100
(No Transcript)
101
ANSWER
  • (the illegal drugs)

102
A9
  • LUCY
  • Song is "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" by the
    Beatles !
  • John Lennon's son, Julian, inspired the song with
    a nursery school drawing he called "Lucy - in the
    sky with diamonds".

103
  • Two science milestones get their name from the
    same song.
  • One is an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton.
  • She was found in Ethiopia by Donald Johnson, who
    named her for the song heard during the party
    celebrating her discovery.
  • BPM 37093 happens to be a 10 billion trillion
    trillion carat cosmic diamond !
  • The star is technically a chunk of crystallised
    carbon, 4,000 km across.
  • LSD
  • Shortly after the song's release, speculation
    arose that the first letter of each of the
    title's nouns intentionally spelled LSD.Although
    Lennon denied and mocked the idea of a hidden LSD
    reference, the BBC banned the song.

104
Q10 - suffragette
  • On March 10, 1914, the militant suffragette Mary
    Richardson walked into the National
    Gallery,London and did something provoked by the
    arrest of Emmeline Pankhurst the previous day.
  • Richardson was sentenced to six months'
    imprisonment, the maximum allowed for this crime.
  • In a statement given to the Women's Social and
    Political Union shortly afterwards, Richardson
    explained, "I have tried to ___________ as a
    protest against the Government for destroying
    Mrs. Pankhurst, who is the most beautiful
    character in modern history".
  • She added in a 1952 interview that she "didn't
    like the way men visitors gaped at it all day
    long".
  • What did she do?

105
ANSWER
106
(No Transcript)
107
A10
  • She entered the National Gallery, London and
    slashed Velázquez's canvas of the Rokeby Venus
    with a meat cleaver !
  • Richardson left seven slashes on the painting,
    all of which were successfully repaired by the
    National Gallery's chief restorer.
  • The complete quote was
  • "I have tried to destroy the picture of the most
    beautiful woman in mythological history as a
    protest against the Government for destroying
    Mrs. Pankhurst, who is the most beautiful
    character in modern history".
  • Her Crime ? Destruction of an artwork.

108
Q11 - phobos
  • In Greek myth, Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Dread)
    were the children of what two deities ?
  • The Roman equivalents of both have planets named
    for them.
  • Which two planets ?
  • Looking for four answers here!
  • (clue slide)

109
CLUE?
110
(No Transcript)
111
(No Transcript)
112
ANSWER
113
(No Transcript)
114
A11
  • Roman - MARS and VENUS
  • Greek - ARES and APHRODITE

115
  • One was the god of war the other the god of love
    - both seem to go together.
  • Asaph Hall named the two moons of Mars,Phobos and
    Deimos, for these minor deities after he found
    the moons in 1877.
  • Interestingly,back in 1726, Jonathan Swift had
    also predicted two Martian moons,during
    Gullivers voyage to Laputa,the flying island
    where the intellectuals lived. Swift even guessed
    correctly where theyd be.

116
Q12 - chemical
  • X was proposed as a distinct chemical substance
    by Christian Friedrich Schönbein in 1840,who
    named it after the Greek verb "to smell", from
    the peculiar odor in lightning storms.
  • In its natural state it is pale blue, slightly
    soluble in water.
  • At 112 C, it condenses to form a dark blue
    liquid. It is dangerous to allow this liquid to
    warm to its boiling point, because both
    concentrated gaseous X and liquid X can detonate.
    At temperatures below 193 C, it forms a
    violet-black solid.
  • Most people can detect about 0.01 ppm of X in air
    where it has a very specific sharp odor somewhat
    resembling chlorine bleach. Exposure of 0.1 to 1
    ppm produces headaches, burning eyes, and
    irritation to the respiratory passages.
  • Even low concentrations of X in air are very
    destructive to organic materials such as latex,
    plastics, and animal lung tissue.
  • What substance?

117
ANSWER
118
A12
  • Ozone

119
Q 13 - achanak
  • What is the story behind the man and the woman?
  • Connect with the two movies shown.
  • What very significant change in the Indian
    justice system did it bring
  • about ?
  • (see next 2 slides)

120
(No Transcript)
121
(No Transcript)
122
ANSWER
123
A13
  • In 1959 K. M. Nanavati, a Naval Commander, was
    tried for the murder of Prem Ahuja, his wife
    Sylvia's lover in Bombay.
  • The incident received unprecedented media
    coverage and inspired several books and movies.
  • Yeh Raaste Hain Pyar Ke, a 1963 suspense
    thriller, directed by R.K. Nayyar with Sunil
    Dutt, Leela Naidu, and Rehman, was the first
    Bollywood film to exploit the case.
  • Achanak, a 1973 crime drama, written and directed
    by Gulzar, starring Vinod Khanna, Lily
    Chakravarty, and Om Shivpuri, was inspired by the
    case and was a box-office hit.
  • Nanavati was initially declared not guilty by a
    jury, but the verdict was dismissed by the Bombay
    High Court and the case was retried as a bench
    trial.
  • The case was the last to be heard as a jury trial
    in India, as the government abolished jury trials
    as a result of the case.

124
Q 14 Ig noble
  • This invention won its inventor the 2005 Ig Nobel
    Prize in Economics.
  • Name the invention and the inventor.
  • Extra points if you tell me what the invention is
    and why the prize for economics ?
  • (see next 2 slides)

125
(No Transcript)
126
(No Transcript)
127
ANSWER
128
A14
  • Clocky
  • Gauri Nanda
  • Clocky is a brand of alarm clock outfitted with
    wheels,allowing it to hide itself in order to
    force the owner awake in an attempt to find it.
  • Invented for an industrial design class by Gauri
    as a graduate student at MIT Media Lab.
  • After earning her undergraduate degree from the
    University of Michigan and her Masters Degree
  • from MIT, she founded a company, Nanda Home,
    to commercialize Clocky and other home products.
  • Won the Ig Nobel Prize in Economics as it
    improves individual productivity.

129
Q 15 animal
  • The name XY of this animal has several theories.
  • One theory is that the animals were brought to
    Europe by way of X,leading people to think they
    had originated there.
  • X was also frequently used in English to refer
    generally to any far-off,unknown country,and so
    the name may simply be a colorful reference to
    the animal's foreignness.
  • Another theory suggests the X in the name is a
    corruption of an area in South America,though the
    animals are not native to that region.
  • How the animals came to be called Y is not clear.
  • They are built somewhat like Y,with large heads
    relative to their bodies, stout necks, and
    rounded rumps with no tail of any consequence
    some of the sounds they emit are very similar to
    those made by Y, and they also spend a large
    amount of time eating.
  • They can survive for long periods in small
    quarters, and were thus easily transported on
    ships to Europe.
  • Which animal?

130
ANSWER
131
(No Transcript)
132
A15
  • The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also called the
    cavy,is a species of rodent belonging to the
    family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.
  • Despite their common name, these animals are not
    in the pig family, nor are they from Guinea.

133
Q 16 - finns
  • The XY is a term coined by the Finns during the
    Winter War (1939-1940), as a generic name used
    for a variety of improvised incendiary weapons.
  • During the Winter War, the Soviet air force made
    extensive use of incendiaries and cluster bombs
    against Finnish troops and fortifications.
  • When X claimed in radio broadcasts that they were
    not bombing, but rather delivering food to the
    starving Finns, the Finns started to call the air
    bombs X bread baskets.
  • Soon they responded by attacking advancing tanks
    with "X Y" which were "a drink to go with the
    food".
  • What is XY?

134
ANSWER
135
(No Transcript)
136
A16
  • Molotov cocktails
  • Also known as the petrol bomb,gasoline
    bomb,Molotov bomb,fire bottle,fire bomb,or simply
    Molotov, is a generic name used for a variety of
    improvised incendiary weapons.
  • The name was coined by the Finns during Winter
    War to mock Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov,the
    Soviet Prime Minister equivalent at the time.

137
Q 17 wild ones
  • The American rock group Black Rebel Motorcycle
    Club got its name from the name of Marlon
    Brando's motorcycle gang in the 1953 outlaw biker
    film The Wild One.
  • Apparently,another Rock/Pop band took their name
    from the other motorcycle club (in the same
    movie) led by Lee Marvin,after making a minor
    modification to the spelling so that it sounded
    more like a musical term.
  • Which band?

138
ANSWER
139
(No Transcript)
140
A17
  • The BEATLES
  • The motorcycle club led by Lee Marvin in the
    movie is called The Beetles.The band changed the
    'ee' to 'ea'.

141
Q 18 - Inglis
  • Mark Joseph Inglis is a researcher, winemaker,
    mountaineer, cyclist, and motivational speaker
    from New Zealand.
  • He holds a degree in Human Biochemistry from
    Lincoln University,NZ, and has conducted research
    in Leukemia.
  • He has also created a range of sports drinks and
    energy gels named PeakFuel
  • In May 2006,Inglis accomplished what feat
    unparalleled in human achievement ?

142
ANSWER
143
(No Transcript)
144
A18
  • On May 15,2006, after forty days of
    climbing,Inglis became the first ever double
    amputee to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
  • In November 1982, Inglis and climbing partner
    Philip Doole were stuck in an ice cave on Mount
    Cook,NZ for thirteen days due to an intense
    blizzard.
  • Both men's legs became badly frost bitten while
    awaiting rescue and both of Inglis' legs were
    amputated below the knee.
  • He returned to Mt. Cook in 2002 and reached the
    summit successfully on January 7 of that year.
  • In 2003,Inglis received the New Zealand Order of
    Merit as an Officer in recognition of his
    services to disabled people.
  • He is also an accomplished cyclist and won a
    silver medal in the 1 km time trial event at the
    Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games.
  • In addition to being a goodwill ambassador for
    the Everest Rescue Trust, Inglis has created a
    New Zealand based charitable trust Limbs4All.

145
Q 19 - Lapierre
  • X is a novel written by Larry Collins and
    Dominique Lapierre.
  • Set in 1980,its a suspenseful novel of terrorist
    threat wherein,Y (a real life personality),holds
    New York City hostage with the threat of setting
    off a hidden nuclear bomb.
  • The book had such a shocking effect that the
    French President cancelled the sale of nuclear
    reactors to country Z ,even though it was meant
    for peaceful purposes.
  • Paramount Pictures, which was planning to make a
    film based on the book, dropped the idea in the
    fear that some fanatics would try to emulate the
    scenario in real life. However,the authors feel
    that the events could eventually happen.
  • X,Y and Z ?
  • Note-They came out with another book with a
    similar plot set in 2005 with a different US
    president and villain.

146
ANSWER
147
(No Transcript)
148
A19
  • X - The Fifth Horseman
  • Y - Libyan leader Qaddafi
  • Z - Libya

149
Q 20 - hackers
  • X in computing slang refers to an ethical hacker,
    penetration tester, cracker or security
    consolidator.
  • X hackers are computer security experts, who
    specialize in penetration testing, and other
    testing methodologies, to ensure that a company's
    information systems are secure. X hackers are
    also called "sneakers",red teams, or tiger teams.
  • Y is often used figuratively, especially in
    computing slang, where it refers to a computer
    security hacker that breaks into networks or
    computers, or creates computer viruses.
  • In Western movies, Y is the villain or bad guy,
    in which such a character would wear a Y in
    contrast to the hero's X.
  • Z in the hacking community, refers to a skilled
    hacker whose activities fall somewhere between X
    and Y hackers on a variety of spectrums.
  • It may relate to whether they sometimes arguably
    act illegally, though in good will, or to how
    they disclose vulnerabilities. They usually do
    not hack for personal gain or have malicious
    intentions, but may be prepared to technically
    commit crimes during the course of their
    technological exploits in order to achieve better
    security.
  • X,Y and Z ?

150
ANSWER
151
A20
  • X - White hat
  • Y - Black hat
  • Z - Grey hat

152
Q 21 stars stripes
  • Whose flag is this ?
  • What is the significance of the words on the flag
    and the displaced stars ?
  • (the words translate to "Everything is in the
    hands of God.)
  • (see next slide)

153
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154
CLUE?
155
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156
ANSWER
157
A 21
  • The flag of Bikini Atoll,a member of the Marshall
    Islands.
  • It resembles the US flag and was adopted in 1987.
  • The flag is symbolic of the islanders' belief
    that a great debt is still owed by the US to the
    people of Bikini because in 1954 the US govt.
    detonated the Castle Bravo H-bomb on the island,
    poisoning islanders and others with nuclear
    fallout.

158
  • The 23 white stars in the canton of the flag
    represent the 23 islands of Bikini Atoll.
  • The three black stars in the upper right
    represent the three islands that were disfigured
    in March 1954 during 15-megaton Bravo test.
  • The two black stars in the lower right corner
    represent where the Bikinians live now - Kili
    Island,425 miles to the south of Bikini Atoll,
    and Ejit Island of Majuro Atoll.
  • These two stars are symbolically far away from
    Bikini's stars on the flag as the islands are in
    real life (both in distance and quality of life).
  • The Marshallese language words on the bottom of
    the flag, "MEN OTEMJEJ REJ ILO BEIN ANIJ,"
    reportedly represent the words spoken in 1946 by
    the Bikinian leader, Juda, to U.S. Commodore Ben
    Wyatt when the American went to Bikini to ask the
    islanders to give up their islands for the 'good
    of all mankind' for nuclear weapons testing.

159
Q 22 - alamut
  • The term X derives from the Persian word Y,a
    militant Ismailite Persian sect,active in the
    Northern parts of Iran (Alamut) from the eighth
    to the fourteenth centuries. This mystic secret
    society killed members of the Abbasid and Seljuq
    élite for political and religious reasons.
  • It is believed that the Y were under the
    influence of opium and hashish during their
    killings or during their indoctrination, and that
    the word X derives from a word meaning the
    influence of the drugs.
  • The earliest known literary use of the term X is
    in The Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare

160
ANSWER
161
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162
A22
  • X - Assassin / Assassination
  • Y - Hashshashin

163
  • At the time of their existence "Hashashins" were
    people who sold medicine. The region of Alamut
    was filled with plants rich with natural medicine
    and many of the residents of that region made a
    living by selling those plants at Bazaars
    (Marketplaces) that were called Bazare Hashashin
    (The medicine market).
  • Due to their advanced medicine during that
    period, they were able to offer free health care
    to their citizens. Also many people in Iran would
    travel to the region of Alamut to get cured for
    unknown illnesses.

164
Q23 dam head
  • Literally meaning "damaged head" from Turkish in
    turn meaning "leaderless" or "disorderly", X was
    an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army.
  • They were armed and maintained by the government,
    but did not receive regular salary and lived off
    loot.
  • They did not wear uniforms or distinctive badges.
    They could fight either mounted or dismounted,
    but were incapable of undertaking major military
    operations.
  • Their uncertain temper occasionally made it
    necessary for the Turkish regular troops to
    disarm them by force, but they were often useful
    in the work of reconnaissance and in outpost
    duty.
  • They were notorious for being brutal and
    undisciplined, thus giving the term its second,
    colloquial meaning of "undisciplined bandit" in
    many languages.
  • X? (see pic clue)

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166
Clue?
167
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168
ANSWER
169
A23
  • A bashi-bazouk or bashibazouk from Turkish
    basibozuk.
  • The word(s) that Captain Haddock 'swears by in
    Tintin comics !

170
Q 24 - jetset
  • All corporate honchos are familiar with
    jet-setting - traveling from one place to another
    by plane usually for pleasure or for work.
  • What then is Set-jetting?

171
ANSWER
172
A24
  • Set-jetting is the trend of traveling to
    destinations that are first seen in movies.
  • For instance, touring London in a high-speed boat
    like James Bond, or visiting the stately homes
    that are seen in the Jane Austen films.
  • Corporations, convention and tourism boards are
    exploiting the trend, creating their own
    set-jetting travel maps, like the Elizabeth The
    Golden Age movie map published by VisitBritain.
  • Other recent movie tie-ins done by tourism boards
    include France (The Da Vinci Code), Belgium (In
    Bruges) and Ireland (P.S., I Love You).

173
Q 25 - Blahyi
  • Joshua Milton Blahyi was originally a tribal
    priest before becoming a Liberian
    warlord-turned-preacher. He was a fiercely
    violent and eccentric leader on the side of
    Roosevelt Johnson in the First Liberian Civil War
    in the first half of the 1990s.
  • Blahyi got his nickname, from his __________
    which was supposedly demanded by the Devil.
  • He claimed to a reporter that he "met Satan
    regularly and talked to him" and that from the
    age of 11 to 25 he took part in monthly human
    sacrifice.
  • "Usually it was a small child, someone whose
    fresh blood would satisfy the devil."
  • But he attained his colorful nickname from the
    manner in which he fought his battles.
  • What nickname?

174
ANSWER
175
A25
  • General Butt Naked!
  • Blahyi led his troops naked except for shoes and
    a gun.
  • Apparently, he believed that his nakedness was a
    source of protection from bullets.

176
Q 26 - hamid
  • Give me a 2 word connect to a place/institute.
  • (2 slides 4 pics)

177
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178
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179
ANSWER
180
A26
181
  • Princeton University
  • A
  • F.Scott Fitzgerald's literary debut,This Side of
    Paradise,is a loosely autobiographical story of
    his years at Princeton.
  • B
  • Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist is
    partly set at Princeton and the characters
    Changez and Erica are fictional members of the
    Princeton Class of 2001. Hamid was an actual
    member of the Princeton Class of 1993.
  • C
  • The book The Rule of Four is set on Princeton's
    campus and the campus of neighboring Princeton
    Theological Seminary.
  • Written by American authors Ian Caldwell,a
    Princeton University graduate,and Dustin
    Thomason,a Harvard College graduate.
  • D
  • In A Beautiful Mind, the Academy Award-winning
    film about the famous mathematician John Forbes
    Nash, the depiction of Nash's initial days at
    Princeton were filmed on campus.
  • Although the film is a fictionalized biography,
    in real life Nash did receive his doctorate from
    Princeton and is currently a Senior Research
    Mathematician at the university's mathematics
    department.

182
Q 27 - geo
  • According to some studies,this geographical
    entity's name literally translates into "Hindu
    Killer."
  • The name could be referring to the dead Hindus
    that were transported through the mountains or it
    could just mean an attrition of the term X that
    separated the Hindu parts of Southern Afghanistan
    from the non-Hindu parts of Northern Afghanistan.
  • Greek historians adapted the Persian expression
    which was in vogue in that age and called this
    area "Paropanisadae". Hindu books in Sanskrit
    refer to this area as Pariyatra Mountains.
  • Which place?
  • Note The word Hindu originally referred to any
    inhabitant of the Indian subcontinent, or Hind,
    not followers of the religion as it does now.

183
ANSWER
184
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185
A27
  • The Hindu Kush mountains.
  • It is a 500-mile mountain range that stretches
    between central Afghanistan and northern
    Pakistan.
  • One claim is that it's origins relate to Mahmud
    of Ghazni's invasion of India.
  • He invaded Mathura and Sourashtra, amongst other
    places in India, destroyed the Somnath temple and
    took thousands of Hindus as captives and then
    went back to Gaznavi.
  • On the way back due to adverse climatic
    conditions thousand of Hindu captives died in the
    mountains.
  • Blanked out term X is "Hindu Koh".

186
Q 28 - athlete
187
  • This is "Ben" Johnson,the infamous 1980s Canadian
    sprinter who won 2 Olympic bronze medals and an
    Olympic gold (revoked).
  • He set consecutive 100 m world records at the
    1987 World Athletics Championships and the 1988
    Summer Olympics,but was disqualified for
    doping,losing the Olympic title and both records.
  • In 1999,Johnson made headlines again when it was
    revealed that he had been hired by a political
    figure X to act as a football coach for his son Y
    who aspired to join an Italian football club.
  • Y ultimately did join an Italian team but
    ironically (or naturally) was sacked after one
    game when he failed a drug test.
  • Johnson's publicist in Canada had predicted in
    The Globe and Mail that his training of Y would
    earn Johnson a Nobel Peace Prize.
  • In 1997,Johnson briefly acted as trainer for a
    controversial sportstar Z .
  • X,Y and Z? (clue)

188
CLUE?
189
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190
ANSWER
191
A28
  • X - Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi
  • Y - Al-Saadi Qadhafi
  • Z - Diego Maradona
  • Al-Saadi is the third son of Muammar al-Gaddafi.
  • He is currently the commander of Libya's Special
    Forces and is involved in the 2011 Libyan
    uprising.An Interpol notice (orange notice) has
    been issued against him.
  • He signed for Italian Serie A team Perugia in
    2003, playing only one match before failing a
    drug test.
  • He was formerly on the board of the Italian
    team Juventus but stepped down to join Perugia.
  • He was also captain of the Libya national
    football team, captain of his home club in
    Tripoli, and president of the Libyan Football
    Federation.

192
Q 29 redmars
  • The key concept for this appeared in 1895 when
    Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was
    inspired by the Eiffel Tower.
  • It also appears in the 1979 Arthur C. Clarke
    novel The Fountains of Paradise in the 1982
    Robert A. Heinlein's novel Friday in Kim
    Stanley Robinson's 1993 novel Red Mars.
  • What is this commonly called?
  • And what is the concept?
  • (see pic)

193
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194
ANSWER
195
A29
  • Space Elevator
  • Also referred to as beanstalks, space bridges,
    space lifts, space ladders, skyhooks, orbital
    towers, or orbital elevators.
  • Space Elevator is a proposed non-rocket
    spacelaunch structure designed to transport
    material from Earth's surface into space.
  • It involves travelling along a fixed structure
    instead of using rocket powered space launch,
    most often a cable that reaches from the surface
    of the Earth on or near the equator to
    geostationary orbit (GSO) and a counterweight
    outside of the geostationary orbit.
  • This structure is held in tension between Earth
    and the counterweight like a guitar string held
    taut.

196
Q 30 - flags
  • Id the two flags and what unique distinction do
    the flags (per se) have ?

197
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198
ANSWER
199
A30
  • Flags of Switzerland and Vatican City.
  • These two are the only square sovereign-state
    flags!

200
Q 31 - planetX
  • In the 19th-century,in an attempt to explain
    peculiarities in Mercury's orbit,French
    mathematician Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier
    hypothesized that they were the result of a
    planet X between Mercury and the Sun.
  • In 1915,when Einstein successfully explained the
    apparent anomaly in Mercury's orbit, most
    astronomers abandoned the search for X.
  • However some still believed that an
    intra-Mercurial planetoid between 130 and 800 kms
    in diameter was orbiting the Sun at a distance of
    about 0.1 astronomical unit.
  • Today,the search continues for these so-called X
    asteroids,which are thought to exist in the
    region where X was once sought.
  • What was the name given to this hypothetical
    planet?

201
ANSWER
202
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203
A31
  • Vulcan
  • If they do exist,the vulcanoids could easily
    evade detection because they would be very small
    and drowned out by the bright glare of the nearby
    Sun.
  • Due to their proximity to the Sun,searches from
    the ground can only be carried out during
    twilight or solar eclipses.
  • Any vulcanoids must be between about 100 metres
    (330 ft) and 60 kilometres (37 mi) in diameter
    and are probably located in nearly circular
    orbits near the outer edge of the gravitationally
    stable zone.

204
Q 32 basu
205
  • Ek Ruka Hua Faisla is a 1986 Hindi film, a remake
    of a famous 1957 American drama film.
  • Directed by Basu Chatterjee, almost the entire
    movie takes place within a single room.
  • It tells the story of a jury made up of 12 men as
    they deliberate the guilt or innocence of a
    defendant on the basis of reasonable doubt.
  • What was the original film and who was its
    luminous director who passed away last week?

206
ANSWER
207
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208
A32
  • 12 Angry Men directed by Sidney Lumet.
  • With over 50 films to his name,he was nominated
    for the Academy Award as Best Director for 12
    Angry Men,Dog Day Afternoon, Network and The
    Verdict.
  • He received an Honorary Academy Award and 14 of
    his films were nominated for various Oscars.

209
Q 33 - northik
  • Developed by the U.S. in World War II by a team
    of Harvard chemists led by Louis Fieser,
  • these were first used in the Pacific Theatre
    during the Battle of Tinian by Marine aviators.
  • In the early 1950s, Norway developed its own
    version Northick II - based on fatty acids in
    whale oil as the American-produced version
    performed rather poorly in the cold Norwegian
    climate.
  • Modern versions of this is composed primarily of
    benzene and polystyrene.
  • What? (clue slide)

210
CLUE?
211
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212
ANSWER
213
A33
  • Napalm
  • Modern napalm is known as napalm-B.
  • Its name is a portmanteau of its original
    ingredients, co-precipitated aluminum salts of
    naphthenic and palmitic acids.
  • Most (in)famous use was during the Vietnam war.

214
Q 34 WW1
  • X is a phrase popularly used to describe the
    British infantry of WW 1 and to condemn the
    generals who commanded them.
  • The contention is that the brave soldiers were
    sent to their deaths by incompetent and
    indifferent leaders.
  • The phrase was the source of the title of one of
    the most scathing examinations of British First
    World War generals, by British historian Alan
    Clark who attributed the phrase to a conversation
    between German generals Erich Ludendorff and Max
    Hoffmann.
  • Ludendorff The English soldiers fight like
    _________.
  • Hoffmann True. But don't we know that they are
    _______ led by __________.
  • The title of a 2007 film, takes off from this.
  • Phrase please? (see next slide for poster)

215
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216
ANSWER
217
A34
  • "Lions led by donkeys"
  • 2007 Movie was Lions For Lambs that conveys the
    same meaning.

218
Q 35 - astro
  • In astrophysics,
  • X are hypothetical particles serving as one
    possible solution to the dark matter problem.
    These particles interact through the weak force
    and gravity, and possibly through other
    interactions no stronger than the weak force.
  • This combination of properties gives X many of
    the properties of neutrinos, save for being far
    more massive and therefore slower.
  • Y is a general name for any kind of astronomical
    body that might explain the apparent presence of
    dark matter in galaxy halos.
  • Y is a body composed of normal baryonic matter,
    which emits little or no radiation and drifts
    through interstellar space unassociated with any
    solar system. Since Y would not emit any light of
    their own, they would be very hard to detect. Y
    may sometimes be black holes or neutron stars as
    well as brown dwarfs or unassociated planets.
  • The term Y was chosen whimsically by contrast
    with X.
  • Z is a dark cluster made of brown dwarfs or white
    dwarfs.
  • The dynamics of these objects,must be quite
    different from that of standard star clusters.
  • With a very narrow mass range,the evaporation
    rate of Z should be very slow as predicted by the
    evolution of simulated mono-component cluster
    models.
  • X,Y and Z ?

219
ANSWER
220
A35
  • X - WIMPs - Weakly Interacting Massive Particles
  • Y - MACHO - Massive Astrophysical Compact Halo
    Object
  • Z - RAMBO or Robust Association of Massive
    Baryonic Objects

221
Q 36 - broadcast
  • The pseudonymous radio critic Jonah Barrington of
    the Daily Express was the first to use the
    epithet to describe a German broadcaster, in an
    attempt to reduce his possible impact "He speaks
    English of the _______, dammit-get-out-of-my-way-v
    ariety".
  • However, the history of the name is somewhat
    confused it was actually applied to a number of
    different announcers.
  • Even soon after Barrington coined the nickname,
    it was uncertain exactly which German broadcaster
    he was describing. Some people just used
    _________ as a generic term to describe all
    English-language German broadcasters. Poor
    reception may have added to some people's
    difficulties distinguishing between broadcasters.
  • What term?

222
ANSWER
223
(No Transcript)
224
A36
  • Lord Haw-Haw
  • Lord Haw-Haw was the nickname of several
    announcers on the English language propaganda
    radio program Germany Calling,broadcast by Nazi
    German radio to audiences in Great Britain on
    medium wave and by shortwave to the US.
  • The program started on 18 September 1939 and
    continued until 30 April 1945, when Hamburg was
    overrun by the British Army.
  • The nickname generally refers to William Joyce,
    who was German radio's most prominent English
    language speaker and to whom it gradually came to
    be exclusively applied.

225
SVC Short Visual Connect
  • Connect all the pictures to the same theme.
  • 6 pairs of pictures
  • Points
  • 12,10,8,6,4,2 on progressive sets.
  • No negatives.
  • 1 guess per team per set.

226
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227
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228
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229
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230
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231
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232
ANSWER
233
ANS TO SVC
  • All these words have their etymological roots in
    Sanskrit.

234
  • Meerkat from Sanskrit markata meaning "an ape".
  • Krait ultimately from Sanskrit Karait - a kind of
    snake.
  • Atoll ultimately from Sanskrit antala.
  • Dinghy from Hindi dingi "a tiny boat", from
    Sanskrit drona-m.
  • Bandana from Sanskrit bandhan, "a bond".
  • Shawl from Persian shal,finally from Sanskrit
    satl, which means "a strip of cloth".
  • Candy from Sanskrit khanda "piece of sugar".
  • Shampoo probably from Sanskrit champna which
    means "kneads".
  • Avatar from Sanskrit avatara, which means
    "descent" refers to the human incarnation of
    God during times of distress on earth.
  • Guru ultimately from Sanskrit guru-s, which means
    "a teacher".

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