The Elements of Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – The Elements of Poetry PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3c8c9f-NDM5Y


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

The Elements of Poetry


The Elements of Poetry Prepared by Paula F. Landreneau, Reading Facilitator What is poetry? How do we know? Let s begin a Circle Map to define poetry in context as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1142
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: epsbComde
Tags: elements | poetry


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Elements of Poetry

The Elements of Poetry
  • Prepared by
  • Paula F. Landreneau, Reading Facilitator

What is poetry? How do we know?
  • Lets begin a Circle Map to define poetry in
    context as we go through this workshop.

What do poets have to say about poetry?
  • Poetry by Eleanor Farjeon
  • A Word by Emily Dickinson

Poetry by Eleanor Farjeon
  • What is Poetry? Who knows?
  • Not a rose, but the scent of the rose
  • Not the sky, but the light in the sky
  • Not the fly, but the gleam of the fly
  • Not the sea, but the sound of the sea
  • Not myself, but what makes me
  • See, hear, and feel something that prose
  • Cannot and what it is, who knows?

A Word By Emily Dickinson A word is dead When it
is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to
live that day.
What is Poetry?
  • Poetry is a type of literature in which the
    sound and meaning of language are combined to
    create ideas and feelings.

There are three broad categories of poetry.
  • 1. Narrative
  • 2. Dramatic
  • 3. Lyric

  • Lyric poems paint a picture and include most
    short poems.
  • Narrative poems tell a story. Epics (long poems)
    and ballads are two types of narrative poetry.
  • In dramatic poetry the storys characters act out
    the story. Many plays are written as dramatic

The Reason for the Pelican John Ciardi
  • The reason for the pelican
  • Is difficult to see
  • His beak is clearly larger
  • Than there's any need to be.
  • It's not to bail a boat with-
  • He doesn't own a boat.
  • Yet everywhere he takes himself
  • He has that beak to tote.

  • It's not to keep his wife in-
  • His wife has got one, too.
  • It's not a scoop for eating soup.
  • It's not an extra shoe.
  • It isn't quite for anything.
  • And yet you realize
  • It's really quite a splendid beak
  • In quite a splendid size.

  • Haiku
  • Pelicans at sea
  • Giant cups with wings
  • Fish peek out each side

Humorous Poetry
  • Humorous poetry is sometimes put in a separate
    category, however, poems that make us laugh can
    be classified as narrative, lyric, or dramatic
  • Listen to Jack Prelutsky read one of his poems.

Narrative Poems
  • The Night Before Christmas by Clement Moore
  • Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving
  • Casey at the Bat by Ernest Lawrence Thayer
  • There Was an Old Woman Who Swallowed a Fly

Narrative Poems
  • Paul Reveres Ride by Henry Wadsworth
  • The Creation by James Weldon Johnson
  • Sick by Shel Silverstein

The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth
  • From Part III Hiawathas Childhood
  • By the shores of Gitche Gumee,
  • By the shining Big-Sea-Water,
  • Stood the wigwam of Nokomis,
  • Daughter of the Moon, Nokomis.

(No Transcript)
Common Elements of Poetry
  • Rhythm in poetry means the flow of sound. This
    pattern of rhythm in a poem is called meter.
  • Poets often use the sounds of words to create
    effects. The most common method is to use words
    that rhyme. Rhyme commonly refers to end-rhyme.

Rhythm and Rhyme in an excerpt from ALICE by
Shel Silverstein
  • She drank from a bottle called DRINK ME
  • And up she grew so tall,
  • She ate from a plate called TASTE ME
  • And down she shrank so small.
  • And so she changed, while other folks
  • Never tried nothin at all.

Free verse doesnt rhyme or necessarily have
  • Zebra
  • By Judith Thurman
  • white sun
  • black
  • fire escape
  • morning
  • grazing like a zebra
  • outside my window.
  • Crickets by Valerie Worth
  • I Dreamd in a Dream by Walt Whitman

Common Elements of Poetry
  • Poets also achieve effects by using words that
    have similar sounds but do not rhyme.
  • Repetition of the same first sounds in words is
    called alliteration.
  • Consonance occurs when the same consonant sound
    is repeated.
  • The repetition of an internal vowel sound is
    called assonance.

Four Seasons Anonymous
  • Spring is showery, flowery, bowery,
  • Summer hoppy, choppy, poppy.
  • Autumn wheesy, sneezy, freezy.
  • Winter slippy, drippy, nippy.

The Hippopotamus by Jack Prelutsky
  • The huge hippopotamus hasnt a hair
  • on the back of his wrinkly hide
  • He carries the bulk of his prominent hulk
  • rather loosely assembled inside.
  • The huge hippopotamus lives without care
  • at a slow philosophical pace,
  • as he wades in the mud with a thump and a thud
  • and a permanent grin on his face.

Lets look at the way poets use sound devices in
more poems
  • Sea Shell by Amy Lowell
  • Waters Edge by Lillian Morrison
  • The Muddy Puddle by Dennis Lee

Common Elements of Poetry
  • Imagery refers to the sensations that the poets
    language creates. These sensations, or images,
    are often thought of as being like pictures.
  • Imagery appeals to the senses of sight, hearing,
    smell, touch, taste. Poets also employ images of
    motion and heat and cold.

Imagery of Color
Figures of Speech
  • It is raining cats and dogs.
  • The young boy must be 15 feet tall.
  • The trees whispered their secrets to the wind.
  • After the brisk run, she was as limp as a rag
  • Her angry eyes were darts waiting to be thrown.

Common Elements of Poetry
  • Poets also create images by comparing things that
    ordinarily have little in common through the use
    of simile and metaphor.
  • Metaphors and similes, along with idioms, are
    called figures of speech. In a figure of speech,
    the meaning is different from the literal meaning
    of the words.

Common Elements of Poetry
  • When a poet gives an inanimate object or an
    abstraction the characteristics of a human, he is
    using a type of figurative language called
  • To make a point a poet may exaggerate. When this
    exaggeration is beyond belief it is called

Common Elements of Poetry
  • Poets use words that imitate the sounds that they
    describe. This poetic device is called
  • Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences are
    used to produce a cumulative effect. Frequently,
    the structure of the phrases rather than the
    phrases themselves are repeated.

I Love the Look of Words by Maya Angelou
  • Popcorn leaps, popping from the floor
  • of a hot black skillet
  • and into my mouth.
  • Black words leap,
  • snapping from the white
  • page. Rushing into my eyes. Sliding
  • into my brain which gobbles them
  • the way my tongue and teeth
  • chomp the buttered popcorn.

  • When I have stopped reading,
  • ideas from the words stay stuck
  • in my mind, like the sweet
  • smell of butter perfuming my
  • fingers long after the popcorn
  • is finished.
  • I love the book and the look of words
  • the weight of ideas that popped into my mind
  • I love the tracks
  • of new thinking in my mind.

Types of Poems
  • Certain types of poems, for example, the
    acrostic, cinquain, couplet, diamante, haiku, and
    limerick, have a set structure.
  • An acrostic presents a word spelled out
  • A cinquain has five lines with 2, 4, 6, 8, and 2

Types of Poems
  • A couplet is simply two lines with end-rhyme.
  • Diamante is a diamond shaped poem using nouns,
    adjectives, and gerunds to describe a topic or
    opposing topics.

Types of Poems
  • Haiku is a Japanese form of three unrhymed lines
    of 5, 7, and 5 syllables usually expressing
    images of nature.
  • A limerick has five lines with an aabba rhyme
    scheme, with 8 or 9 syllables in lines 1, 2, and
    5 and 5 or 6 syllables in lines 3 and 4. Often
    limericks are humorous.

Types of Poems
  • Concrete poems, sometimes called shape or pattern
    poems, form a picture or visual image.

Making Meaning
  • Consider
  • 1. Point of view (the narrative perspective
    who is telling the story or expressing the
  • 2. Voice (authors style or expression of
  • 3. Mood (authors attitude toward the subject)