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Cliff Hanger by Jean Craighead George

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Cliff Hanger by Jean Craighead George Vocabulary, Spelling, and Skills descent ledge a shelf of rock rappel to come down a cliff by sliding down a rope trekked ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cliff Hanger by Jean Craighead George


1
Cliff Hangerby Jean Craighead George
Vocabulary, Spelling, and Skills
2
belay
being tied to a person or a rock with a rope for
safety
On belay, Axels father called out to him.
3
descent
  • A trip down into or from something, such as a
    mountain

They reached the top and were ready for their
descent.
4
harness
  • a set of straps that can attach to a safety rope

Axel took a dog harness and slipped it over
Grits head.
5
ledge
  • a shelf of rock

Half way up the mountain he reached a ledge to
hold on to.
6
rappel
  • to come down a cliff by sliding down a rope

I took a deep breath and began to rappel down
the ridge.
7
trekked
  • made a slow and difficult journey on foot.

Axel and Dag trekked steadily up the rocky trail.
8
Other Vocabulary
  • Cathedral a large or important church
  • registration book a book used to record the
    names of guests at a hotel, club, or school
  • climbing nuts rock climbing tools that are
    jammed into cracks in the rock and used to anchor
    ropes
  • carabiners metal rings used by rock climbers to
    attach ropes to themselves or to climbing nuts
  • avalanches areas of rock, snow, or earth that
    fell down a mountain

9
  • bracing making firm, steadying
  • plunging falling suddenly and quickly
  • splats short splashing noises
  • void a large, empty space
  • handhold something to hold on to for support
  • foresaw knew something before it happened
  • vertical straight up and down
  • free climb to climb without being attached to
    anything
  • concentration the act of thinking hard, staying
    focused.

10
Spelling WordsWords with short vowel patterns
  • mix milk thick
  • thin stick send
  • left smell class
  • last head friend
  • test empty dish
  • glance

11
ComprehensionCause and Effect - T49A
  • Cause and effect is when one event brings about
    another event
  • Cause makes something happen Ask yourself, Why
    does this happen?
  • Effect the event that happens
  • Ask yourself, What happened?
  • Look at Practice Book page 12.

12
Structural Analysis/Vocabulary Base Words T49C
  • Many words are made by adding beginnings and
    endings to smaller words called base words.
  • In climbing, the ending ing has been added to
    the base word climb.
  • When you come to a new word look for the base
    word.
  • washer washable washing washed

13
Base Words
  • Write the base word on your white board.
  • planned shivering counted
  • comfortable drummed wrapped
  • stopping slipping unhappy
  • Practice Book page 16

14
Short Vowel Patternsa, e, and i T49D
  • A short vowel sound is usually spelled with
    one vowel followed by a consonant.
  • Find the short vowel patterns in the following
    phrases.
  • The planned route
  • Split open the black cloud
  • Roped himself to them his left hand

15
Vocabulary ABC Order in a Dictionary T49G
  • Words in a dictionary are arranged in ABC order.
  • Start with the first letter.
  • When words begin with the same letter, move on to
    the second letter.
  • friend harness hand flash
  • Since f comes before h in the alphabet, friend
    and flash come before harness and hand.
  • Friend and flash begin with the same letter so we
    will look at the second letter.
  • flash friend hand harness
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