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The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant

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The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant The Middle Colonies New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Characteristics Excellent land for farming ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Colonies: Ethnically Diverse, Religiously Tolerant


1
The Middle ColoniesEthnically
Diverse,Religiously Tolerant
2
The Middle Colonies
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware

3
Characteristics
  • Excellent land for farming
  • Fewer industries than New England, more than in
    the South
  • Population more ethnically mixed, religiously
    tolerant, democratically controlled
  • Less aristocratic than New England and the
    Southern colonies (except N.Y.)

4
New York
  • New Amsterdam
  • Founded in 1626
  • Founded by Dutch English in 1664
  • Shipbuilding and trade
  • Governor appointed by king
  • Dutch Reformed, others

5
Prospect of the City of New York
6
New Jersey
  • Founded in 1664
  • Founded by Dutch and Swedish Lord John Berkeley
    and Sir George Carteret were given the land in
    1664 by the English Duke of York
  • Wheat, rye, and oats
  • Governor appointed by king
  • Quaker, Dutch Reformed, and others

7
Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • Founded in 1681
  • Founded by William Penn as a safe place for
    Quakers
  • Shipbuilding and trade
  • Proprietor selected the governor
  • Quaker

8
Delaware
  • Founded in 1682
  • Founded by William Penn
  • Tobacco
  • Proprietor selected the governor
  • Quaker

9
Colonial Lifestyles
  • Most colonists were farmers
  • Women wove, cooked, cleaned, and cared for
    children
  • Men cleared the land fenced, planted, and
    cropped it cut firewood, and butchered livestock
  • Children helped with adult tasks as well as being
    schooled when possible

10
Lifestyles cont.
  • Compared to most 17th century Europeans, the
    colonist had a higher standard of living
  • Land was cheap
  • Wages were about three times that of Europe

11
The Middle Colonies had excellent land for
farming leading to the region being called the
bread colonies.
12
The Middle Colonies
  • Three rivers, Susquehanna, Delaware,
  • and Hudson tapped fur trade in the
  • interior and exploration in the
  • Backcountry.

13
Pennsbury Rollover
Steuben Rollover
14
The middle colonies were ethnically diverse,
religiously tolerant and democratic. Quakers
contributed to human freedom, farming, lumbering,
shipbuilding, shipping, trade, and fur trapping.
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