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Teaching and Addressing


Joseph interpreted Pharaoh's dream and Pharaoh made him governor of Egypt. ... Jacob and his whole family came to live in the best part of Egypt under Joseph's ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching and Addressing

Teaching and AddressingStewardship
  • May 2, 2009 at
  • Christ the King, Willingboro,
  • with the Rev. Lee Powers,
  • Canon to the Ordinary

Gods plan in creation
  • Then God said, Let us make humankind in our
    image, according to our likeness, and let them
    have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over
    the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and
    over all the wild animals of the earth, and over
    every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.
    (Gen. 126)

Humans - Stewards of Creation
  • The LORD God took the man and put him in the
    Garden of Eden to till it and keep it. (Genesis

Harmony is broken by sin
  • And to the man (the LORD God) said, Because you
    have listened to the voice of your wife, and have
    eaten of the tree about which I commanded you,
    You shall not eat of it, cursed is the ground
    because of you, in toil you shall eat of it all
    the days of your life . . . By the sweat of your
    face you shall eat bread until you return to the
    ground, . . . (Genesis 317,19)

The first family grows
  • Now the man knew his wife Eve, and she conceived
    and bore Cain, saying I have produced a man with
    the help of the LORD. Next she bore his brother
    Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a
    tiller of the ground. (Gen.41-2)

After the Fall, the sons bring offerings to the
  • In the course of time Cain brought to the LORD
    an offering of the fruit of the ground, and Abel
    for his part brought of the firstlings of the
    flock, their fat portions. And the LORD had
    regard for Abel and his offering, but for Cain
    and his offering he had no regard. (Genesis

Cains jealousy and anger
  • So Cain was very angry, and his countenance
    fell. The LORD said to Cain, Why are you angry,
    and why has your countenance fallen? If you do
    well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not
    do well, sin is lurking at the door its desire
    is for you, but you must master it?
  • (Genesis 45-7)

Discussion questions
  • As you read this story, why do you think God had
    regard for Abels offering, but not for Cains?
  • What do you think God meant by saying If you do
    well, will you not be accepted?

Gods work in redeeming creation
  • The genealogy of the descendants of Adam goes
    through several generations, and then comes to
    Noah whose name is a blessing.
  • Lamech . . . became the father of a son he
    named him Noah, saying, Out of the ground that
    the LORD has cursed this one shall bring us
    relief from our work and from the toil of our
    hands. (Genesis 529)

  • Now the earth was corrupt in Gods sight, and
    the earth was filled with violence. . . And God
    said to Noah, I have determined to make an end
    of all flesh, for the earth is filled with
    violence because of them now I am going to
    destroy them along with the earth. . . .

Re-creation (continued)
  • . . .But I will establish my covenant with you
    and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons,
    your wife, your sons wives with you. And of
    every living thing, . . . You shall bring two of
    every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with
    you. . . . (Gen. 611, 13-14, 18-19)

Gods Covenant with Noah
  • (After the flood waters had receded) God blessed
    Noah and said, Be fruitful and multiply, and
    fill the earth. . . .
  • I establish my covenant with you, that never
    again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of
    a flood, and never again shall their be a flood
    to destroy the earth. (Genesis 91,11)

God calls Abram
  • The LORD said to Abram, Go from your country
    and your kindred and your fathers house to the
    land that I will show you. I will make of you a
    great nation, and I will bless you, and make your
    name great, so that you will be a blessing. I
    will bless those who bless you, and the one who
    curses you I will curse and in you all the
    families of the earth shall be blessed.

Abram offers a tithe
  • And King Melchizedek of Salem brought out bread
    and wine he was priest of God Most High. He
    blessed Abram and said, Blessed be Abram by God
    Most High, maker of heaven and earth and blessed
    be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies
    into your hand! And Abram gave him one tenth of
    everything. (Gen. 1418-20)

Gods promises to Abram
  • The LORD took Abram outside and said to him,
    Look toward heaven and count the stars, if you
    are able. . . . So shall your descendants be.
    And he believed the LORD and the LORD reckoned
    it to him as righteousness. (Genesis 155-6)

Gods covenant with Abram
  • I will make you exceedingly fruitful. . . I
    will establish my covenant between me and you,
    and your offspring after you, . . An everlasting
    covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring
    after you.
  • And I will give to you, and to your offspring
    after you, the land where you are now an alien,
    all the land of Canaan, for a perpetual holding
    and I will be their God. (Gen. 176-8)

Being exceedingly fruitful
  • - Abraham and Sarah bore Isaac.
  • - Isaac and Rebekah bore Esau and Jacob.
  • Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of
    hot soup.
  • Esau vowed to kill Jacob after Isaac dies.
  • - Rebekah sent Jacob away to her family in Haran.

Jacobs dream at Bethel
  • Jacob travelled and slept at Bethel and had a
    dream. The LORD said to him
  • The land on which you lie I will give to you
    and your offspring. . . . Know that I am with you
    and will keep you wherever you go, and I will
    bring you back to this land for I will not leave
    you until I have done what I have promised.
    (Genesis 2813, 15)

Jacobs vow to the LORD
  • Jacob made a vow, saying, If God will be with
    me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and
    will give me bread to eat and clothing to wear,
    so that I come again to my fathers house in
    peace, . . .
  • . . . then the LORD shall be my God, and this
    stone, which I have set up for a pillar, shall be
    Gods house and of all that you give me I will
    surely give one-tenth to you. (Genesis

Jacob returns to Canaan
  • - Jacob worked fourteen years for Laban and
    married his daughters Leah and Rachel.
  • - With his wives and their handmaidens, Jacob
    bore eleven sons and a daughter.
  • - Jacob returned to Canaan with his family.
  • Esau welcomed Jacob home in joy.
  • Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin.

Joseph and his brothers
  • Joseph was the first son born to Rachel and was
    Jacobs favored son. In jealousy his brothers
    sold him to travelling merchants headed to Egypt
    and told Jacob that Joseph had been killed by an

Joseph rises to power
  • The traders sold Joseph to Pharaohs servant.
  • Joseph interpreted Pharaohs dream and Pharaoh
    made him governor of Egypt.
  • Josephs brothers were unwittingly tested by
    Joseph when they came to buy grain.

Joseph and his brothers are reconciled.
  • Jacob and his whole family came to live in the
    best part of Egypt under Josephs care.
  • Long after Josephs death, another Pharaoh became
    afraid of the Hebrews and enslaved them.
  • The Hebrews cried to God for deliverance, and
    the LORD sent Moses to tell Pharaoh to Let my
    people go.

  • - Moses did signs to convince Pharaoh.
  • - Pharaoh refused to listen to Moses, hardening
    his heart against the slaves.
  • - The final plague the Angel of Death killed all
    the first-born of the Egyptians.
  • - Pharaoh thrust the slaves out of Egypt.

The Exodus
  • Moses led the Hebrew slaves across the Red Sea to
    meet the LORD at Mt. Sinai.

God offers of a Covenant
  • Moses went up to God the LORD called to him
    from the mountain, saying Thus you shall. . .
    tell the Israelites You have seen what I did to
    the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles
    wings and brought you to myself. Now therefore,
    if you obey my voice and keep my covenant, you
    shall be my treasured possession out of all the
    peoples. . . .

The Covenant is accepted
  • . . .Indeed, the whole earth is mine, but you
    shall be for me a priestly kingdom and a holy
    nation. These are the words you shall speak to
    the Israelites. (Exodus 193-6)
  • The people all answered as one Everything that
    the LORD has spoken we will do.
  • Amidst terrible signs and wonders, Moses brought
    the people to the mountain of God.

The Ten Commandments
  • Ten Commandments were given in the hearing of all
    the people. They are the cornerstone of the

Statutes and Ordinances
  • Moses then received hundreds of other statutes,
    laws, commandments and ordinances. For the LORD
    to be a living presence amongst them, instruction
    was given for the building of a sanctuary. Aaron
    and his descendants would be the priests in the

Consecration of the first-born
  • The LORD said to Moses Consecrate to me all
    the firstborn whatever is first to open the womb
    among the Israelites, of human beings and
    animals, is mine. (Exodus 131-2)
  • When in the future your child asks you, What
    does this mean? you shall answer

Why first-born is consecrated
  • . . .By strength of hand the LORD brought us out
    of Egypt, from the house of slavery. When Pharaoh
    stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed
    all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from
    human firstborn to the firstborn of animals.
    Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD every male that
    first opens the womb, but every firstborn of my
    sons I redeem. (Exodus 1314-15)

The Sanctuary of the LORD
  • The LORD said to Moses Tell the Israelites to
    take for me an offering from all whose hearts
    prompt them to give you shall receive the
    offering for me. . . . And have them make me a
    sanctuary, so that I may dwell among them.
    (Exodus 251-2,8)

Aaron, priest of the sanctuary
  • The LORD said to Moses, Then bring near to you
    your brother Aaron, and his sons with him, from
    among the Israelites, to serve me as priests
    Aaron and Aarons sons, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar
    and Ithamar. (Exodus 281)

Levites given to Aaron . . .
  • Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, Bring the
    tribe of Levi near, and set them before Aaron the
    priest, so that they may assist him. They shall
    perform duties for him and the whole congregation
    in front of the tent of meeting, doing service at
    the tabernacle, . . . . You shall give the
    Levites to Aaron and his descendants they are
    unreservedly given to him from among the
    Israelites. . .

. . .as substitute for first-born
  • I hereby accept the Levites from among the
    Israelites as substitutes for all the firstborn
    that open the womb among the Israelites. The
    Levites shall be mine, for all the firstborn are
    mine when I killed all the firstborn in the land
    of Egypt, I consecrated for mine own all the
    firstborn of Israel, both human and animal they
    shall be mine. I am the LORD. (Numbers 35-13)
    (see also Numbers 814-19)

Total tribe of Levites given
  • The total enrollment of the Levites whom Moses
    and Aaron enrolled . . . was 22,000. . . .Then
    the LORD said to Moses Enroll all the firstborn
    males of the Israelites, . . . So Moses enrolled
    all the firstborn among the Israelites, . . . the
    total enrollment . . . was 22,273. . .
  • (Numbers 339,40,43)

Redemption of the firstborn
  • But you shall accept the Levites for me I am
    the LORD as substitutes for all the firstborn
    among the Israelites . . . . Give to Aaron and
    his sons the money by which the excess number of
    them is redeemed. (Numbers 341,48)

Priests and Levites portions
  • The LORD spoke to Aaron I have given you
    charge of the offerings made to me, all the holy
    gifts of the Israelites I have given them to you
    and your sons as a priestly portion due you in
    perpetuity. . . .
  • To the Levites I have given every tithe in Israel
    for a possession in return for the service they
    perform, the service in the tent of meeting.
    (Numbers 188, 21)

Promise Land apportioned
  • After the plague, the LORD said to Moses and to
    Eleazer son of Aaron the priest, Take a census
    of the whole congregation of the Israelites, from
    twenty years old and upward, by their ancestral
    houses, everyone in Israel able to go to war. . .
    .To these the land shall be apportioned for
    inheritance according to the number of names. . .
    . every tribe shall be given its inheritance
    according to its enrollment. . . .

Levites dont share in land
  • This is the enrollment of the Levites . . . the
    number of those enrolled is 23,000, every male
    one month old and upward for they were not
    enrolled among the Israelites because there was
    no allotment given to them among the Israelites.
    (Numbers 261-2, 53, 56-57, 62)

Moses preaches to Israel
  • It was not because you were more numerous than
    any other people that the LORD set his heart on
    you and chose you for you were the fewest of
    peoples. It was because the LORD loved you and
    kept the oath that he swore to your ancestors,
    that the LORD has brought you out with a mighty
    hand, redeemed you from the house of slavery,
    from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Know
    therefore that the LORD your God is God, the
    faithful one who maintains covenant loyalty with
    those who love him and keep his commandments, to
    a thousand generations, and who repays in their
    own person those who reject him. . . .

Moses tells of blessings
  • . . . If you heed the ordinances, by diligently
    observing them, the LORD your God will maintain
    with you the covenant loyalty that he swore to
    your ancestors he will love you, bless you, and
    multiply you he will bless the fruit of your
    womb and the fruit of your ground, your grain and
    your wine and your oil, the increase of your
    cattle and the issue of your flock, in the land
    that he swore to your ancestors to give you. . .

Fruitfulness and health
  • . . . You shall be the most blessed of people,
    with neither sterility nor barrenness among you
    or your livestock. The LORD will turn away from
    you every illness all the dread diseases of
    Egypt that you experienced, he will not inflict
    on you, but he will lay them on all who hate
    you. (Deuteronomy 77-15)

Remember your deliverance
  • This entire commandment that I command you today
    you must diligently observe, so that you may live
    and increase, and go in and occupy the land that
    the LORD promised on oath to your ancestors.
    Remember the long way that the LORD your God has
    led you these forty years in the wilderness, in
    order to humble you, testing you to know what was
    in your heart, whether or not you would keep his
    commandments. . . .

God cares for you
  • . . . . He humbled you by letting you hunger,
    then by feeding you with manna, with which
    neither you nor your ancestors were acquainted,
    in order to make you understand that one does not
    live by bread alone, but by every word that comes
    from the mouth of the LORD. The clothes on your
    back did not wear out and your feet did not swell
    these forty years. . . .

Walk in Gods ways
  • . . .Know then in your heart that as a parent
    disciplines a child so the LORD your God
    disciplines you. Therefore keep the commandments
    of the LORD your God, by walking in his ways and
    fearing him. For the LORD your God is bringing
    you into a good land, . . .

Eat and bless the LORD
  • . . . a land with flowing streams, with springs
    and underground waters welling up in valleys and
    hills, a land of wheat and barley, of vines and
    fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive trees
    and honey, a land where you will eat bread
    without scarcity, where you will lack nothing, a
    land whose stones are iron and from whose hills
    you may mine copper. You shall eat your fill and
    bless the LORD your God for the good land that he
    has given you. . . .

Do not exalt yourself
  • . . . When you have eaten your fill and have
    built fine houses and live in them, and when your
    herds and flocks have multiplied, and your silver
    and gold is multiplied, and all that you have is
    multiplied, then do not exalt yourself,
    forgetting the LORD your God, who brought you out
    of the land of Egypt, out of the house of
    slavery, . . .

for the LORD gives wealth
  • . . . Do not say to yourself, My power and the
    might of my own hand have gotten me this wealth.
    But remember that LORD your God, for it is he who
    gives you power to get wealth, so that he may
    confirm his covenant that he swore to your
    ancestors, as he is doing today. . . .

Moses ends with a warning
  • . . . If you do forget the LORD your God and
    follow other gods and serve and worship them, I
    solemnly warn you today that you shall surely
    perish. Like the nations that the LORD is
    destroying before you, so shall you perish,
    because you would not obey the voice of the LORD
    your God. (Deuteronomy 81-20)

Entering the Promised Land
  • When you have come into the land that the LORD
    your God is giving you as an inheritance to
    possess, and you possess it, and settle in it,
    you shall take some of the first of all the fruit
    of the ground, which you harvest from the land
    that the LORD your God is giving you, and you
    shall put it in a basket and go to the place that
    the LORD your God will choose as a dwelling for
    his name. . . .

Tithe of the bounty of the land
  • Set apart a tithe of all the yield of your seed
    that is brought in yearly from the field. In the
    presence of the LORD your God, in the place that
    he will choose as a dwelling for his name, you
    shall eat the tithe of your grain, your wine, and
    your oil, as well as the firstlings of your herd
    and flock, so that you may learn to fear the LORD
    your God always. And you shall eat there in the
    presence of the LORD your God, you and your
    household rejoicing together. (Deuteronomy

Tithe for the Levites . . .
  • As for the Levites resident in your towns, do
    not neglect them, because they have no allotment
    or inheritance with you.
  • Every third year you shall bring out the full
    tithe of your produce for that year, . . .

. . and aliens, orphans and widows.
  • . . . the Levites, because they have no
    allotment or inheritance with you, as well as the
    resident aliens, the orphans, and the widows in
    your towns, may come and eat their fill so that
    the LORD your God may bless you in all the work
    that you undertake. (Deuteronomy 1428-29)

Worship and Creeds
  • When you have come into the land that the LORD
    your God is giving you as an inheritance to
    possess, and you possess it, and settle in it,
    you shall take some of the first of all the fruit
    of the ground, which you harvest from the land
    that the LORD your God is giving you, and you
    shall put it in a basket and go to the place that
    the LORD your God will choose as a dwelling for
    his name. . . .

Remembering Gods faithfulness
  • . . .You shall go to the priest who is in office
    at that time, and say to him, Today I declare to
    the LORD your God that I have come into the land
    that the LORD swore to our ancestors to give us.
    When the priest takes the basket from your hand
    and sets it down before the altar of the LORD
    your God, . . .

A God who goes with them
  • . . . you shall make this response before the
    LORD your God A wandering Aramean was my
    ancestor he went down into Egypt and lived there
    as an alien, few in number, and there he became a
    great nation, mighty and populous. . . .

A God who saves them
  • . . . When the Egyptians treated us harshly and
    afflicted us, by imposing hard labor on us, we
    cried to the LORD, the God of our ancestors the
    LORD heard our voice and saw our affliction, our
    toil, and our oppression. The LORD brought us out
    of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched
    arm, with a terrifying display of power, and with
    signs and wonders and he brought us into this
    place and gave us this land, a land flowing with
    milk and honey. . . .

A God who provides for all
  • . . .So now I bring the first of the fruit of
    the ground that you, O LORD, have given me. You
    shall set it down before the LORD your God and
    bow down before the LORD your God. Then you,
    together with the Levites and the aliens who
    reside among you, shall celebrate with all the
    bounty that the LORD your God has given to you
    and to your house. (Deuteronomy 261-11)

Discussion Questions
  • What did the LORD offer the Israelites in the
    Covenant of Sinai?
  • 2. What did the LORD require of them?
  • Jesus said that the first and great commandment
    is this Hear, O Israel The LORD is our God,
    the LORD alone. You shall love the LORD your God
    with all your heart, and with all your soul, and
    with all your mind. (Deuteronomy 61-2)

Discussion continued
  • 3. How did the Israelites show their love for the
    LORD their God?
  • 4. What did they need to do to provide for a way
    to love the LORD their God?
  • 5. Does this commandment still pertain to
    Christians today?
  • 6. How do we show our love of God?

Conquest of Promised Land
  • Joshua led the Israelite army in the conquest and
    possession of the land.
  • The tribes settled in their allotted places two
    for Josephs sons Manasseh and Ephraim, ten for
    Jacobs other sons.
  • Levites lived in cities.

Life in the Promised Land
  • - When invaders conquered Israel, God raised up
    judges to deliver them again.
  • - Israel asked for a King and Saul was chosen.
  • - After Saul was killed in battle, David became
    King of Israel.

Prosperity, then Civil War
  • - Davids son Solomon made Israel greater.
  • - Solomon built a house for the LORD.
  • - Solomons son was a harsh King, and the
    northern ten tribes rebelled and left.
  • - Davids descendants ruled in Judah and the
    people worshipped in Jerusalem.
  • - Northern tribes named Israel, had intrigue,
    murder, many kings, and they worshipped at a
    shrine in Samaria.

Israel forgets its Covenant
  • - Israels King Ahab married Jezebel, daughter of
    the King of Sidon.
  • - Jezebel brought Baal prophets to Israel.
  • - Israel began to follow other gods.
  • - God sent a 3 year drought on Israel.

The LORD destroys Baal prophets
  • - Elijah challenged the Baal prophets to call on
    Baal to end the drought.
  • - Elijah called on the LORD and ends drought.
  • - Elijah killed the 400 Baal prophets.

Prophets call people to the LORD
  • Thus says the LORD . . . Because they have
    rejected the law of the LORD, and have not kept
    his statutes . . . So I will send a fire on
    Judah, and it shall devour the strongholds of
  • For three transgressions of Israel, and for four,
    . . . I will press you down in your place . . .
    (Amos 24-6, 13)

Amos prophesies to Israel
  • Even though you offer me your burnt offerings
    and grain offerings, I will not accept them . . .
    Take away from me the noise of your songs I will
    not listen to the melody of your harps. But let
    justice roll down like waters, and righteousness
    like an ever-flowing stream. (Amos 522-24)

Isaiah speaks the LORDs anger
  • Let me sing for my beloved my love-song
    concerning his vineyard My beloved has a
    vineyard on a very fertile hill. He dug it and
    cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice
    vines he built a watchtower in the midst of it,
    and hewed out a wine vat in it he expected it to
    yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes. . . .

Judah is yielding wild grapes
  • . . . And now, inhabitants of Jerusalem and
    people of Judah, judge between me and my
    vineyard. What more was there to do for my
    vineyard that I have not done in it? When I
    expected it to yield grapes, why did it yield
    wild grapes? . . .

The LORDs wrath
  • . . . .And now I will tell you what I will do to
    my vineyard. I will remove its hedge, and it
    shall be devoured I will break down its wall,
    and it shall be trampled down. I will make it a
    waste it shall not be pruned or hoed, and it
    shall be overgrown with briers and thorns I will
    also command the clouds that they rain no rain
    upon it. . . .

No justice in the land.
  • . . . .For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is
    the house of Israel, and the people of Judah are
    his pleasant planting he expected justice, but
    saw bloodshed righteousness, but heard a cry!
    (Isaiah 51-7)

Micah tells people the way
  • With what shall I come before the LORD?
  • Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams,
    with ten thousands of rivers of oil?
  • Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression,
    the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? . .
    . (Micah 66,7)

What does the LORD require?
  • He has told you, O mortal, what is good and
    what does the LORD require of you but to do
    justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly
    with your God?
  • (Micah 68)

Jeremiah foretells destruction
  • And when you tell this people all these words,
    and they say to you, Why has the LORD pronounced
    all this great evil against us? What is our
    iniquity? What is the sin that we have committed
    against the LORD our God? then you shall say to
    them It is because your ancestors have forsaken
    me, says the LORD, and have gone after other gods
    and have served and worshiped them, and have
    forsaken me and have not kept my law . . .

Exile to another land
  • . . . and because you have behaved worse than
    your ancestors, for here you are, every one of
    you, following your stubborn evil will, refusing
    to listen to me. Therefore I will hurl you out of
    this land into a land that neither you nor your
    ancestors have known, and there you shall serve
    other gods day and night, for I will show you no
    favor. (Jeremiah 1610-13)

Promise of a New Covenant
  • The days are surely coming, says the LORD, when
    I will make a new covenant with the house of
    Israel and the house of Judah. It will not be
    like the covenant that I made with their
    ancestors when I took them by the hand to bring
    them out of the land of Egypt a covenant that
    they broke, though I was their husband, says the
    LORD. . . .

Gods laws on our hearts
  • . . .But this is the covenant that I will make
    with the house of Israel after those days, says
    the LORD I will put my law within them, and I
    will write it on their hearts and I will be
    their God, and they shall be my people. No longer
    shall they teach one another, or say to each
    other, Know the LORD, for they shall all know
    me, from the least of them to the greatest, says
    the LORD and I will forgive their iniquity, and
    remember their sin no more. (Jeremiah 3131-34)

Restored Israel Gods challenge
  • For I the LORD do not change therefore you, O
    children of Jacob, have not perished. Ever since
    the days of your ancestors you have turned aside
    from my statutes and have not kept them. Return
    to me, and I will return to you, says the LORD of
    hosts. But you say, How shall we return? Will
    anyone rob God? Yet you are robbing me. . . .

Can you out-give the LORD?
  • . . . But you say, How are we robbing you? In
    your tithes and offerings! You are cursed with a
    curse, for you are robbing me the whole nation
    of you! Bring the full tithe into the storehouse,
    so that there may be food in my house, and thus
    put me to the test, says the LORD of hosts see
    if I will not open the windows of heaven for you
    and pour down for you an overflowing blessing.
    (Malachi 36-12)

Wisdom in ancient Israel
  • Two things I ask of you do not deny them to me
    before I die Remove far from me falsehood and
    lying give me neither poverty nor riches feed
    me with the food that I need, or I shall be full,
    and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or I
    shall be poor, and steal, and profane the name of
    my God. (Proverbs 307-9)

Discussion of Old Covenant
  • The LORD offered covenants to Noah, Abraham and
    Moses. The covenants promised that God would
    never again destroy all life by a flood, that
    Abrahams descendants would receive the land and
    be a blessing to all nations, and that if they
    observed all the commandments of the LORD, that
    they would know great blessing, prosperity and
    peace in the land.

Questions for consideration
  • What did the LORD expect from the people as their
    response to the covenants?
  • Why did the LORD claim all the firstborn?
  • Why didnt the Levites inherit any land?
  • How did the LORD provide for the Levites?
  • What was the purpose of giving the tithe?
  • How do people today display the wrong attitudes
    that Malachi condemned?

  • The New
  • Covenant

God the giver
  • For God so loved the world
  • that he gave his only Son,
  • so that everyone who believes in him
  • may not perish
  • but may have eternal life.
  • (John 316)

Gods New Covenant
  • To all who received him, who believe in his
    name, he gave power to become children of God,
    who were born, not of blood or of the will of the
    flesh or of the will of man, but of God. And the
    Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have
    seen his glory, the glory as of the fathers only
    son, full of grace and truth. (John 112-14)

Jesus the Savior
  • And you are to name him Jesus, for he will save
    his people from their sins. (Mt. 121)
  • For the Son of Man came not to be served but to
    serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.
    (Mark 1045)
  • For the Son of Man came to seek out and to save
    the lost. (Luke 1910)
  • For God so loved the world that he gave his only
    Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not
    perish but may have eternal life. (John 316)

Jesus the lamb of God
  • Do not think that I have come to abolish the law
    and the prophets I have come not to abolish but
    to fulfill. (Mt. 517)
  • If any want to become my followers, let them
    deny themselves and take up their cross and
    follow me. (Mark 834)
  • And I, when I am lifted up from the earth will
    draw all people too myself. He said this to
    indicate the kind of death he was to die.
  • Jesus said, It is finished. (John 1930)

The New Covenant fulfilled
  • He took a loaf of bread, and when he had given
    thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying,
    This is my body, which is given for you. Do this
    in remembrance of me. And he did the same with
    the cup after supper, saying, This cup that is
    poured out for you is the new covenant in my
  • (Luke 2219-20)

The Great Commission
  • Jesus came to (the eleven disciples) and said to
    them, All authority in heaven and on earth has
    been given to me. . .

Sent into the World
  • . . .Go therefore and make disciples of all
    nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father
    and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and
    teaching them to obey everything that I have
    commanded you. And remember, I am with you
    always, to the end of the age. (Matthew

Discussion Questions
  • If Jesus is the fulfillment of the law and the
    prophets, and his death is the once for all
    sacrifice for sin, do we still need to offer any
    sacrifices to God?
  • What does Jesus tell us to offer to God?

The New Israel
  • I appeal to you therefore, brothers and sisters,
    by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as
    a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God,
    which is your spiritual worship. (Romans 121)
  • But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a
    holy nation, Gods own people, in order that you
    may proclaim the mighty acts of him who call you
    our of darkness into his marvelous light.
  • (1 Peter 29)

Parable of the sower explained
  • Jesus said, As for what was sown among thorns,
    this is the one who hears the word, but the cares
    of the world and the lure of wealth choke the
    word, and it yields nothing. But as for what is
    sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the
    word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit
    and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another
    sixty, and in another thirty.(Mt13)

Jesus condemns false piety
  • Jesus said, Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees,
    hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill and cummin,
    and have neglected the weightier matters of the
    law justice and mercy and faith. It is these you
    ought to have practiced without neglecting the
    others. (Matthew 2323)

Jesus teaches us how to live.
  • Do not store up for yourselves treasures on
    earth, where moth and rust consume and where
    thieves break in and steal but store up for
    yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither
    moth nor rust consumes and where thieves do not
    break in and steal. For where your treasure is,
    there your heart will be also. (Matthew 619-21)

. . . free from worry. . .
  • No one can serve two masters for a slave will
    either hate the one and love the other, or be
    devoted to the one and despise the other. You
    cannot serve God and wealth.
  • Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your
    life, what you will eat or what you will drink,
    or about your body, what you will wear. Is not
    life more than food, and the body more than
    clothing? . . .

. . .and trusting in God.
  • . . . Look at the birds of the air they
    neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and
    yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not
    of more value than they? . . .

If God cares for the lilies . . .
  • . . .And can any of you by worrying add a
    single hour to the span of your life? And why do
    you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of
    the field, how they grow, they neither toil nor
    spin . . . .

. . .God will care for you.
  • . . . yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his
    glory was not clothed like one of these. But if
    God so clothes the grass of the field, which is
    alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven,
    will he not much more clothe you you of little
    faith? . . .

Strive for the Kingdom of God.
  • Therefore do not worry, saying, What will we
    eat? or What will we drink? For it is the
    Gentiles who strive for all these things. But
    strive first for the kingdom of God and his
    righteousness, and all these things will be given
    to you as well. (Matthew 631-33)

Early church learned from apostles
  • They devoted themselves to the apostles
    teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread
    and the prayers. Awe came upon everyone, because
    many wonders and signs were being done by the
    apostles. All who believed were together and had
    all things in common they would sell their
    possessions and goods and distribute the proceeds
    to all, as any had need. . . .

And lived as Jesus said to live.
  • . . . Day by day, as they spent much time
    together in the temple, they broke bread at home
    and ate their food with glad and generous hearts,
    praising God and having the goodwill of all
    people. And day by day the Lord added to their
    number those who were being saved. (Acts 247-47)

Collection for the saints
  • We want you to know, brothers and sisters, about
    the grace of God that has been granted to the
    churches of Macedonia for during a severe ordeal
    of affliction, their abundant joy and their
    extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of
    generosity on their part. For as I can testify,
    they voluntarily gave according to their means,
    and even beyond their means, . . .

. . .even from the suffering churches.
  • . . .begging us earnestly for the privilege of
    sharing in this ministry to the saints and
    this, not merely as we expected they gave
    themselves first to the Lord and, by the will of
    God, to us, . . . (2 Corinthians 81-5)
  • For you know the generous act of our Lord Jesus
    Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your
    sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you
    might become rich. (89)

As we reap we will sow
  • The point is this the one who sows sparingly
    will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows
    bountifully will also reap bountifully. Each of
    you must give as you have made up your mind, not
    reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a
    cheerful giver. And God is able to provide you
    with every blessing in abundance, so that by
    always having enough of everything, you may share
    abundantly in every good work. . . .

And God will provide abundantly.
  • . . .He who supplies seed to the sower and bread
    for food will supply and multiply your seed for
    sowing and increase the harvest of your
    righteousness. You will be enriched in every way
    for your great generosity, which will produce
    thanksgiving to God through us for the rendering
    of this ministry not only supplies the needs of
    the saints but also overflows with many
    thanksgivings to God. (2 Cor. 96-8,10-12)

Gods word of assurance
  • Offer to God a sacrifice of thanksgiving and
    make good your vows to the Most High.
  • Call upon me in the day of trouble
  • I will deliver you, and you shall honor me.
  • (Psalm 5014-15, Book of Common Prayer)
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