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Post Classical Era Dark Ages 500 800 Middle Ages 8001500 High Middle Ages 11001500

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Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. Ummayyad and Abbasid. South Asia. Harsha 590-650 ... Merging of 4 language groups Tamil, Tagu, & 2 others. Period of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post Classical Era Dark Ages 500 800 Middle Ages 8001500 High Middle Ages 11001500


1
Post Classical EraDark Ages 500- 800Middle Ages
800-1500High Middle Ages 1100-1500
  • Following the decline of the great classical
    empires, nomadic tribes continued to maraud
    throughout the world.
  • Growth of the Arabic/Islamic Empires pushed them
    further north and west.
  • Pockets of civilization began to occur in western
    Europe, central South Asia, Southwestern Asia and
    East Asia.
  • Short-lived attempts were made to develop
    centralized empires with extensive trade contacts
    with each other.
  • Tributary states surrounded them that began to
    adopt their religions and assimilate until their
    were issues of succession.
  • The empires whose geography and technology
    protected them while still allowing for contact
    with throughout their empire, remained while the
    other areas regionalized.
  • A decentralized system, known as feudalism,
    evolved, changing the society, culture and
    economic systems within these regions.

2
Empires
  • Western Europe
  • Frankish Empire (Merovians Clovis) 431- 751
  • Carolingian Empire 751-843
  • Southwestern Asia
  • Byzantine 312-1453
  • Persian (Sassanid)absorbed into Islamic Empires
    in 651
  • Arabian Peninsula and North Africa
  • Ummayyad and Abbasid
  • South Asia
  • Harsha 590-650
  • East Asia
  • Sui (580-618)
  • Tang (618-907)

3
Frankish Empire (Merovians, Clovis)
4
Frankish Empire
  • Clovis (Merovian)
  • Pepin I becomes mayor of the palace
  • Pepin II
  • Charles Martel mayor of the palace becomes an
    inherited position
  • Defeats the Islamic Moors at the Battle of Tours
  • Song of Roland
  • Pepin III becomes emperor of the Franks
  • Charlemagne - Charles the magnificent, Carolman
    the Great, Charles the Gross, King of the
    Lumbards and Franks
  • Crowned emperor by Pope Leo on Christmas day
    after he came to the aid of the Pope
  • established the precedent of papal ascendancy
    over secular leadership

5
Charlemagne
  • He was six feet four inches tall, and built to
    scale.He had beautiful white hair, animated
    eyes, a powerful nose...a presence "always
    stately and dignified." He was temperate in
    eating and drinking, abominated drunkenness, and
    keptin good health despite every exposure and
    hardship.                                        
                    Eginhardt (the King's secretary)
    describing Charlemagne

6
Charlemagne 768 814 Harsha 590
- 650
  • Post Gupta
  • Rivalry between Hindu, Buddhism, Islam
  • Local rulers had established their authority
  • Traveled throughout his realm to solidify
    alliances with local rulers
  • Patronized scholars and even wrote three plays
  • Sanscrit
  • Led his army throughout northern India and
    subdued those who refused to recognize his
    authority
  • Dogged by Nomadic Turkish speaking peoples from
    central Asia
  • Built roads and rest houses for weary travelers
  • Established hospitals
  • Endowed temples and Buddhist monasteries
  • Some of the artistic creativity of the Gupta age
    was revived during Harshas reign
  • Was tolerant of all faiths
  • Came close to converting to Buddhism or according
    to some was a convert
  • Merging of 4 language groups Tamil, Tagu, 2
    others
  • Period of greater cultural assimilation
  • Chinese visitor, the Buddhist pilgrim Hsuan Tsang
  • Died without a successor
  • Broke up empire
  • Post Roman and Frankish Empires
  • Rivalry between Islam, Christianity and local
    animistic religions
  • Battle with Saxons
  • Helped to restore some church based education in
    Western Europe
  • Level of intellectual activity began a slow
    recovery
  • Spread Christianity in northern lands
  • Assembled scholars at Aachen
  • Corrected texts
  • Copied the Bible and classical Latin literature
  • Ordered monasteries throughout his empire to
    establish elementary schools
  • Increased literacy
  • Set up money standards
  • Missi dominici
  • Reached out to other empires
  • Contact with Arabic Abbassids
  • Contact with Byzantine
  • Defeated Ummayyads in the Pyrenees (Song of
    Roland)
  • Forced kings and queens to kneel at his feet
  • Language groupings Germanic, English and French

7
Impact when declined
  • Increased role of Roman Catholic Church in region
    and former tributaries
  • Increase in feudal relationships until
    introduction of primogeniture
  • Decentralization
  • ascendancy of the Brahman priestly and landowning
    groups that later dominated regional institutions
    and political developments
  • Increase in feudal relationships until
    introduction of Islam
  • Decentralization

8
Law of The Visigoths Succession to Inheritance,
c. 475
  • Concerning successions
  • C.l. (Antiqua). Let sisters succeed equally with
    brothers to the inheritance of the parents. If a
    father or mother die intestate, let the sisters
    with the brothers succeed to the inheritance of
    each parent In equa division without any
    oblection.
  • C.2. (Antiqua). The children are first in the
    succession of an inheritance. In the inheritance
    of him who dies intestate the children are first
    if there are no children, the inheritance goes to
    the grandchildren if there are no grandchildren,
    the great-grandchildren are called to the
    inheritance but if he who dies leave neither
    children, grandchildren, father, nor mother, then
    the grandfather or grandmother will establish the
    inheritance for themselves.

9
Treaty of Verdun
10
Harshas Empire
11
Carolinigians
12
Hsein Tsangs pilgrimage
13
Carolingian
14
Carolingian
15
Divisions and invaders
16
Gupta prior to Harsha
17
Disruption of Civilization
18
Assimilation of peoples
  • Sanskritization of local animistic religions
  • Indianization
  • Romanization occurs as Latin becomes the language
    of learning
  • Tributary states
  • Silla
  • Japan
  • Afghani
  • Slavic
  • Khmer

19
Byzantine
20
Issues
  • Bulgaria - Powerful kingdom in northern portions
    of Balkan peninsula exerted constant pressure on
    borders of the Byzantine empire defeated by
    emperor Basil II at the battle of Kleidion in
    1014 C.E. development strongly influenced by
    Byzantium.
  • Byzantine empire - Eastern half of the Roman
    empire, named after Byzantion-latinized as
    Byzantium-a modest market town and fishing
    village. The emperor Constantine designated
    Byzantion as the site of a new imperial capital,
    Constantinople. Beginning in the 7th century, it
    lost Palestine, Syria, and Egypt to Islam.
    Collapsed in 1453 under the attack of Ottoman
    Turks.
  • Caesaropapism - Refers to the domination of
    imperial rule over Christianity in the Byzantine
    empire emperors not only ruled as secular lords
    but also played an active and prominent role in
    ecclesiastical affairs.
  • Constantinople - Literally, "city of
    Constantine." Capital of the Byzantine empire
    built under the Roman emperor Constantine. In
    1453, fell to the Ottoman Turks who renamed it
    Istanbul. Greek fire (sulphur, quick limecalcium
    oxide, petroleum)
  • Corpus iuris civilis - "Body of the Civil Law,"
    codified under emperor Justinian influenced
    civil law codes throughout much of western
    Europe.
  • iconoclasm (p. 293) - Byzantine imperial policy
    inaugurated by emperor Leo III (re. 717-741 C.E.)
    to destroy religious images and prohibit their
    use in churches. Debates about iconoclasm raged
    in Byzantium for more than a century.
  • theme (p. 285) - Administrative organization of
    the Byzantine empire devised to strengthen the
    free peasantry. Each province (theme) was under
    the control of a general who assumed
    responsibility for both military defense and
    civil administration. Generals recruited armies
    from free peasants who received allotments of
    land in exchange for military service.

21
Byzantine Theme System
22
Kievan Rus
  • Crossroads- trade from the northern European
    regions to Byzantine luxury items from
    Byzantine were traded for furs. Rivers flowed
    south to Black Sea which made access easier to
    Constantinople.
  • Fleets of lodyas
  • Vikings (Varangians of the Viking diaspora)
    combined with the Slavs in the area
  • first prince of Kievan Rus was Rurik
    (Rurikovich), from Scandinavia
  • Cyril and Methodius (p. 299) - Two brothers from
    Thessaloniki in Greece who were sent as
    missionaries by Byzantine government to Bulgaria
    and Moravia (which included much of the modern
    Czech, Slovakian, and Hungarian territories)
    during the mid-9th century responsible for
    creating an alphabet, known as the Cyrillic
    alphabet, for previously illiterate Slavic
    peoples.
  • Prince Vladimir (p. 300) - Ruler of Russian
    kingdom of Kiev converted himself and his
    kingdom to Orthodox Christianity in 989
  • Vladimir reject the Islamic religion because it
    forbid alcoholic drink
  • Yaroslav the Wise

23
Kievan Rus
24
Slavs
25
Viking routes
26
Frankish
27
Sui - Tang
28
Timeline
29
Abbassid absorbs
30
Ummayyads - Abbasids
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