Mormonisms Promised Land: Zion, America, and the Quest for a Perfect Place - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mormonisms Promised Land: Zion, America, and the Quest for a Perfect Place

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... goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him ... The Pervasive Power of Project Apollo. Robotic Missions to the Moon ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mormonisms Promised Land: Zion, America, and the Quest for a Perfect Place


1
Why Go to the Moon? The Many Faces of Lunar
Policy
Roger D. Launius National Air and Space
Museum Smithsonian Institution
2
The Moon as a Target for Human Exploration
  • Moon captures the fancy of humankind.
  • The most dominant and changeable element in the
    night sky.
  • Kindles enthusiasm, joy, lust, fear, and horror.
  • Often associated with dieties and supernatural
    activities.
  • Moon fundamental part of modern popular culture.
  • Moon early target for U.S./USSR space programs.

3
The Apollo Decision
  • Project Apollo was in large measure a result of
    Cold War rivalry
  • JFK announcement, May 25, 1961
  • I believe this Nation should commitment itself
    to achieving the goal, before this decade is out,
    of landing a man on the moon and returning him
    safely to earth. No single space project in this
    period will be more impressive to mankind, or
    more important for the long-range exploration of
    space and none will be so difficult or expensive
    to accomplish.

4
Coalition Politics and Project Apollo
  • National security space community
  • Spaceflight enthusiasts
  • Aerospace industry
  • Partisan Politicians
  • Scientific community interested in Moon program
    for research purposes

5
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9
The Pervasive Power of Project Apollo
10
Robotic Missions to the Moon
  • Soviet Union undertook three missions to Moon in
    1970s, including one sample return, Luna 21-24.
  • Clementine, 1994, mapped surface in greater
    detail than anything previously.
  • Lunar Prospector, 1998, one-year mission to
    determine if water ice was buried inside the
    lunar crust.

11
Rationales for Spaceflight
  • Scientific Discovery and Understanding
  • National Security
  • Economic Competitiveness
  • Human Destiny/Survival of the Species
  • National Prestige/Geopolitics

12
Making the Moon a Second Home
  • Space Task Group Report, 1969.
  • Post-Apollo program that included
  • Space Shuttle.
  • Space Station.
  • Moon base.
  • Human expedition to Mars.
  • Nixon approved Space Shuttle, January 1972.
  • Space Exploration Initiative, July 20, 1989.
  • Moon base.
  • Human expedition to Mars.
  • Died by 1991 because of 400B price tag.

13
Opportunities in the 2004 Vision for Space
Exploration
  • Establish multiple space communities in the
    Earth-Moon system.
  • Evolve a viable outer space commerce market.
  • Create value and meaning for humankind in space.
  • Understand dynamics between living entities and
    universe.
  • Develop symbiotic relationships between humans
    and intelligent machines.

14
Challenges for Return to the Moon
  • Ensure public supportpolitical will.
  • Build on initial experiences broaden
    international activities.
  • Emphasize military, civil, and commercial
    operations in Earth orbit as part of the pathway
    to lunar operations.
  • Interweave exploration, science, technology
    development, commerce, and infrastructure
    development.

15
If spending had to be cut on federal programs,
which two federal program(s) do you think the
cuts should come from? (Harris Poll 4/10/2007)
16
We Must return to the Moon, if only to
Demonstrate that We Can
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