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Women’s Suffrage

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Women s Suffrage Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America (1840) Alexis de Tocqueville was a French citizen who traveled to America and wrote about his ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women’s Suffrage


1
Womens Suffrage
2
Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy in America
(1840)
  • Alexis de Tocqueville was a French citizen who
    traveled to America and wrote about his
    observations of American culture and politics.
  • In Democracy in America, he discusses how
    Americans viewed the equality of the sexes.
  • Tocqueville acknowledged that women were not
    completely equal in American society, but he also
    claimed that they enjoyed greater equality here
    than in Europe.
  • Americans do not think that man and woman have
    either the duty or the right to perform the same
    offices, but they show an equal regard for both
    their respective parts and though their lot is
    different, they consider both of them as beings
    of equal value.

3
The Seneca Falls Declaration (1848)
  • The Seneca Falls Declaration of 1848 outlined the
    women's rights movement of the mid-19th century.
  • As can be seen in the opening passages, the
    document was modeled after the Declaration of
    Independence.
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident that
    all men and women are created equal that they
    are endowed by their Creator with certain
    inalienable rights that among these are life,
    liberty, and the pursuit of happiness that to
    secure these rights governments are instituted,
    deriving their just powers from the consent of
    the governed.

4
Susan B. Anthony In Favor of Women's Suffrage
(1872)
  • In this speech, given following her arrest for
    attempting to vote in the 1872 election, Anthony
    argues that respect for America's fundamental
    principles requires that women be allowed to
    vote.
  • In thus voting, I not only committed no crime,
    but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's
    right, guaranteed to me and all United States
    citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the
    power of any State to deny.
  • It was we, the people, not we, the white male
    citizens, nor yet we, the male citizens but we,
    the whole people, who formed this Union. And we
    formed it, not to give the blessings or liberty,
    but to secure them not to the half of ourselves
    and the half of our posterity, but to the whole
    people-women as well as men.

5
Agnes Nestor Working Her Fingers to the Bone
(1898)
  • Beginning in the late 19th century, the rapid
    increase in the number of women in the work force
    reflected a significant shift in the role and
    status of women in American culture.
  • As women become more economically empowered,
    their methods and scope of organization also
    became increasingly more apparent and often tied
    to labor disputes.
  • Such disputes often provided the impetus for
    organized movements to achieve suffrage with the
    general understanding that political influence
    would provide women with greater protection in
    the work place.
  • Agnes Nestor was a factory worker who played a
    substantial role in the emerging women's labor
    movement.
  • This reminiscence by Nestor described how the
    oppressive conditions of the glove factory pushed
    her to take a leading role in a successful strike
    of female glove workers in 1898.

6
Alice Stone Blackwell The Military Argument
(1897)
  • Alice Stone Blackwell made a strong argument
    against the connection between eligibility for
    serving in the armed forces and suffrage.
  • The insuperable objection to woman suffrage is
    fundamental and functional, and Nature alone is
    responsible for it, since she has created man
    combatant and woman non-combatant. If this
    theory were correct, all men who can fight would
    be admitted to the ballot box, and all men who
    cannot fight would be excluded.
  • It must be rendered that if women do not render
    military service, they do render equivalent
    service to their country in another way, since it
    is the women who bring all the soldiers into the
    world. This ought in all fairness to be taken as
    an offset for the military service which is not
    required for them.

7
Womens Suffrage Map
8
Headquarters of an Anti-Suffrage Group (c.1910)
  • Opposition to the goal of womens suffrage came
    from many arenas. Some objected because they
    believed that women would only duplicate the
    voting of their husbands, while others believed
    that women were unable to exert the rational
    thought that voting required.

9
Anti-Suffrage Pamphlet (c.1910)
  • Housewives!
  • You do not need a ballot to clean out your sink
    spout. A handful of potash and some boiling water
    is quicker and cheaper
  • Why vote for pure food laws, when your husband
    does that, while you can purify your Ice-box with
    saleratus water?
  • Vote NO on Woman Suffrage
  • BECAUSE 90 of the women either do not want it,
    or do not care.
  • BECAUSE it means competition of women with men
    instead of co-operation.
  • BECAUSE 80 of the women eligible to vote are
    married and can only double or annul their
    husbands votes
  • BECAUSE in some States more voting women than
    voting men will place the Government under
    petticoat rule.
  • BECAUSE it is unwise to risk the good we already
    have for the evil which may occur.

10
Alice Miller Why We Don't Want Men to Vote
(1915)
  • Alice Miller was a prominent writer who often
    expounded on topics relevant to women. Here she
    satirizes the viewpoints of many men who wanted
    to deny women the right to vote.
  • Why We Don't Want Men to Vote
  • Because man's place is in the army.
  • Because no really manly man wants to settle any
    question otherwise than by fighting about it.
  • Because if men should adopt peaceable methods
    women will no longer look up to them.
  • Because men will lose their charm if they step
    out of their natural sphere and interest
    themselves in other matters than feats of arms,
    uniforms, and drums.
  • Because men are too emotional to vote. Their
    conduct at baseball games and political
    conventions shows this, while their innate
    tendency to appeal to force renders them unfit
    for government.

11
"Kaiser Wilson"
  • During World War I, militant suffragists,
    demanding that President Wilson reverse his
    opposition to a federal amendment, stood vigil at
    the White House and carried banners such as this
    one comparing the President to Kaiser Wilhelm II
    of Germany.
  • In the heated patriotic climate of wartime, such
    tactics met with hostility and sometimes violence
    and arrest.

12
Carrie Chapman Catt Do you know? (1918)
  • This work was intended to inform about the status
    of womens suffrage across the globe and point
    out how far behind America was up to that point
    in time.
  • Catt also stressed the importance of suffrage for
    women working to secure their rights as citizens.
  • DO YOU KNOW that the movement for woman suffrage
    is just a part of the eternal forward march of
    the human race toward a complete democracy that
    in the American colonies only a very small
    proportion of the men could vote that even after
    the Revolution only property-holders could vote
    that it was only by slow and hard-fought stage
    that all men finally won the right to vote and
    that in most foreign countries the franchise for
    men is still heavily loaded with restrictions?...
  • DO YOU KNOW one single sound, logical reason why
    the intelligence and individuality of women
    should not entitle them to the rights and
    privileges of self-government?

13
Women's Voting Rights
  • Possibly the biggest change in the political
    landscape of the 20th century has been the
    enfranchisement of women. When the century began,
    only one small country (New Zealand) allowed
    women to vote, but now, only one small country
    (Kuwait) does not allow women to vote.

14
Chronology of Womens Suffrage
  • 1869 Wyoming Territory grants suffrage to women.
  • 1870 Utah Territory grants suffrage to women.
  • 1880 New York state grants school suffrage to
    women.
  • 1890 Wyoming joins the union as the first state
    with voting rights for women. By 1900 women also
    have full suffrage in Utah, Colorado and Idaho.
    New Zealand is the first nation to give women
    suffrage.
  • 1902 Women of Australia are enfranchised.
  • 1906 Women of Finland are enfranchised.
  • 1912 Suffrage referendums are passed in Arizona,
    Kansas, and Oregon.
  • 1914 Montana and Nevada grant voting rights to
    women.
  • 1915 Women of Denmark are enfranchised.
  • 1917 Women win the right to vote in North Dakota,
    Ohio, Indiana, Rhode Island, Nebraska, Michigan,
    New York, and Arkansas.
  • 1918 Women of Austria, Canada, Czechoslovakia,
    Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Scotland, and
    Wales are enfranchised.
  • 1919 Women of Azerbaijan Republic, Belgium,
    British East Africa, Holland, Iceland,
    Luxembourg, Rhodesia, and Sweden are enfranchised.

15
Passage of the 19th Amendment
  • Passed in 1919
  • The right of citizens of the United States to
    vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
    United States or by any state on account of sex.

16
Multimedia Citation
  • Slide 1 http//www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb
    /jazz/jb_jazz_19tham_1_e.jpg
  • Slide 2 http//clarke.cmich.edu/detroit/images/t
    ocqueville.jpg
  • Slide 3 http//odur.let.rug.nl/usa/images/2003/
    ElizabethCadyStanton.jpg
  • Slide 4 http//teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/
    fi/00000113.htm
  • Slide 5 http//www.kentlaw.edu/ilhs/images/hall/
    nestor.jpg
  • Slide 6 http//lcweb2.loc.gov/pnp/cph/3b30000/3b3
    9000/3b39700/3b39726r.jpg
  • Slide 7 http//www.constitutioncenter.org/timelin
    e/html/cw08_12159.html
  • Slide 8 http//womenshistory.about.com/library/pi
    c/bl_p_opposed_suffrage_hq.htm
  • Slide 9 http//www.jwa.org/teach/primarysources/o
    rgrec_08.pdf
  • Slide 10 http//www.asu.edu/pipercwcenter/how2jou
    rnal/current/miller_feature/intro_mainframe.htm
  • Slide 11 http//www.archives.gov/global-pages/lar
    ger-image.html?i/education/lessons/woman-suffrage
    /images/kaiser-wilson-l.gifc/education/lessons/w
    oman-suffrage/images/kaiser-wilson.caption.html
  • Slide 12 http//www.brynmawr.edu/library/exhibits
    /suffrage/CCCatt.jpg
  • Slide 13 http//users.erols.com/mwhite28/fem-vote
    .htm
  • Slide 14 http//www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb
    /jazz/jb_jazz_19tham_1_e.jpg
  • Slide 15 http//www.archives.gov/exhibits/feature
    d_documents/amendment_19/images/amendment_19.gif
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