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Toes, Foot

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Toes, Foot. Digits of the Foot. 1st Digit. Distal. 2nd 5th digits. Distal. Middle ... to separate toes from superimposition. CR to. Collimate to toe ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Toes, Foot


1
Chapter 7
  • Toes, Foot

2
Digits of the Foot
  • 1st Digit
  • ____________________
  • Distal
  • ___________
  • 2nd 5th digits
  • ________________
  • Distal
  • Middle
  • ___________-

3
Joints of the Digits
  • 1st digit
  • Interphalangeal joint (IP) between
    ____________________________
  • 2nd 5th digit
  • Distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) between
    _________________________
  • Proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP)
    _____________________________

4
Metatarsals
  • Numbered 1 5 as with digits
  • Consisting of 3 parts per metatarsal
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • _______________
  • 5th metatarsal extends laterally off base to
    __________________________

5
Joints of the Metatarsal
  • Metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP)
  • Between __________________________of proximal
    phalanx
  • Tarsometatarsal joint (TM)
  • Between _______________________

6
Sesamoid Bones
  • Small detached bones commonly found on
    _________________________.
  • Can be fxd

7
Tarsals
  • 7 bones making up the proximal foot
  • ________________________ Heel
  • _______________________ Part of Ankle
  • ________________ - Lateral aspect
  • ____________________ Medial aspect
  • ____________________

8
Calcaneus
  • Os Calcis
  • Articulates with
  • ___________________
  • _________________
  • 3 ________________________ supports the weight
    of ______ in erect position
  • Posterior
  • Middle
  • Anterior

9
Talus
  • Astragalus
  • Part of Ankle joint
  • Between lower leg and _____________
  • Articulates with
  • _____________
  • ______________
  • ________________

10
Cuboid
  • Lateral aspect
  • Articulates with
  • ___________________
  • _______________
  • _________________

11
Navicular
  • Scaphoid
  • Medial aspect
  • Articulates with
  • ____________
  • _____________

12
Cuneiforms
  • Medial
  • _______________
  • 1st and 2nd metatarsal
  • _________________
  • Intermediate
  • Navicular
  • _________________
  • Medial and lateral cuneiform
  • Lateral
  • Navicular
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • intermediate cuneiform

13
Foot Arches
  • Longitudinal
  • ____________
  • Most Prominent
  • _____________
  • Flatter
  • Transverse
  • Along the angle of the cuneiforms
  • Along ___________

14
Foot Motions
  • _______________
  • Toes up
  • ________________
  • Toes down
  • _______________
  • Inward turning
  • ________________
  • Outward turning

15
Imaging the Toes
  • Routine
  • AP Foot
  • Oblique Affected toe
  • Lateral affected toe
  • 10 x 12 Split LW
  • 50 60 kVp
  • ______________
  • Extremity Film

16
AP Foot
  • Have pt supine with _____________and
    _______________on cassette
  • ________________to be perpendicular to
    metatarsals ______________________.
  • Center to base of ________________
  • Collimate to skin

17
Oblique Toe
  • Oblique for affected toe closet to the IR
  • CR to _________________________
  • Collimate to affected toe

18
Lateral Toe
  • Rotate leg ____________________or
    ________________________
  • Use sponges and tourniquets to separate toes from
    superimposition
  • CR to
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • Collimate to toe

19
Imaging the Foot
  • Routine
  • AP
  • Internal Oblique
  • Lateral
  • 10 x 12 Split LW (AP Oblique)
  • 8 x 10 Diagonally (Lateral)
  • 60 64 kVp

20
AP Foot
  • Have pt supine with _____________and
    ________________on cassette
  • ____________to be perpendicular to metatarsals
    ________________
  • Center to base of _____________
  • Collimate to skin

21
Oblique
  • Rotate foot medially so _____________is
    ________________cassette
  • A sponge can be helpful
  • Center at base of ________________
  • Collimate to skin

22
Lateral
  • _______________foot for _____________ projection
  • Plantar surface should be ______________cassette.
  • A sponge can be placed under knee for support
  • Center at _________________
  • ___________________is along long axis
  • Collimate to skin
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